• n.
  • v.




  1. supply the force or power for the functioning of; "The gasoline powers the engines"
  2. (physics) the rate of doing work; measured in watts (= joules/second)
  3. one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority; "the mysterious presence of an evil power"; "may the force be with you"; "the forces of evil" (同)force
  4. possession of controlling influence; "the deterrent power of nuclear weapons"; "the power of his love saved her"; "his powerfulness was concealed by a gentle facade" (同)powerfulness
  5. do forcibly; exert force; "Dont force it!"
  6. (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity; "force equals mass times acceleration"
  7. physical energy or intensity; "he hit with all the force he could muster"; "it was destroyed by the strength of the gale"; "a government has not the vitality and forcefulness of a living man" (同)forcefulness, strength
  8. group of people willing to obey orders; "a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens" (同)personnel
  9. a group of people having the power of effective action; "he joined forces with a band of adventurers"
  10. a powerful effect or influence; "the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them"
  11. force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically; "She rammed her mind into focus"; "He drives me mad" (同)drive, ram
  12. impose urgently, importunately, or inexorably; "She forced her diet fads on him" (同)thrust
  13. the amount that can be contained; "the gas tank has a capacity of 12 gallons" (同)content
  14. (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive; "the capacity of a hard disk drive is usually expressed in megabytes"
  15. a specified function; "he was employed in the capacity of director"; "he should be retained in his present capacity at a higher salary"
  16. the maximum production possible; "the plant is working at 80 per cent capacity"
  17. tolerance for alcohol; "he had drunk beyond his capacity"
  18. the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior (同)mental ability
  19. capability to perform or produce; "among his gifts is his capacity for true altruism"; "limited runway capacity"; "a great capacity for growth"
  20. (physics) a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs; "energy can take a wide variety of forms" (同)free_energy
  21. a healthy capacity for vigorous activity; "jogging works off my excess energy"; "he seemed full of vim and vigor" (同)vim, vitality
  22. any source of usable power; "the DOE is responsible for maintaining the energy policy"
  23. an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); "his writing conveys great energy"; "a remarkable muscularity of style" (同)muscularity, vigor, vigour, vim
  24. enterprising or ambitious drive; "Europeans often laugh at American energy" (同)push, get-up-and-go
  25. forceful exertion; "he plays tennis with great energy"; "hes full of zip" (同)vigor, vigour, zip
  26. having great power or force or potency or effect; "the most powerful government in western Europe"; "his powerful arms"; "a powerful bomb"; "the horses powerful kick"; "powerful drugs"; "a powerful argument"
  27. (often used in combination) having or using or propelled by means of power or power of a specified kind; "powered flight"; "kerosine-powered jet engines"


  1. 〈U〉(名身が生れつき備えている,また物事を遂行できる)『能力』,『力』 / 〈U〉(…に対する)権力,支配権《+『over』+『名』》 / 〈C〉(法・官職などによる)権限 / 《複数形で》(生まれながらの)体力,知力,才能 / 〈C〉権力者,実力者;影響力のある集団;強国・大国〈U〉軍事力;国力 / 〈U〉強さ,力 / 〈C〉《通例複数形で》神;悪魔 / 〈U〉動力;工率,仕事率 / 〈U〉(電気などの)エネルギー,力 / 〈C〉(数学で)累乗 / 〈U〉(レンズの)倍率 / 〈U〉《a~》《話》(…の)多数,多量 / 〈機械〉‘に'動力を供給する
  2. 〈U〉(物理的な)『力』,勢い;体力 / 〈U〉『暴力』,腕ずく / 〈C〉《集合的に》(共通の目的・活動のための)集団,隊 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》『軍隊』,部隊 / 〈C〉(社会的)勢力;有力な人物 / 〈U〉(精神あるいは知性の)力 / 〈U〉『影響力』,効果 / 〈U〉(言葉の)意味,真意 / 〈人〉‘に'『強いる』,無理を言う / (…から)…‘を'力ずくで手に入れる《+『名』+『from』(『out of』)+『名』》 / …‘を'むりに押し出す / (容器などに)…‘を'むりに押し込む《+『名』+『into』+『名』》 / (人に)…‘を'『押しつける』《+『名』+『on』(『upon』)+『名』〈人〉》 / 〈植物〉‘を'促成栽培する
  3. 〈U〉《しばしばa capacity》(建物などの)『収容力』,(容器などの)『容量』,『容積』 / 〈U〉《しばしばa capacity》(人の)『能力』,才能;(物の)性能 / 〈C〉(…の)『資格』,地位《+『of』(『as』)+『名』》
  4. (一般的な力としての)『精力』,気力,元気 / (個人の)精力,活動力 / エネルギー
  5. 『強力な』,強い / 効果的な,ききめの強い / 勢力のある,有力な
  6. =motorboat

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/07/06 22:51:34」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Resting state brain activity in patients with migraine: a magnetoencephalography study.
  • Liu H1, Ge H, Xiang J, Miao A, Tang L, Wu T, Chen Q, Yang L, Wang X.
  • The journal of headache and pain.J Headache Pain.2015 Dec;16(1):525. doi: 10.1186/s10194-015-0525-5. Epub 2015 May 7.
  • BACKGROUND: Recent advances in migraine research have shown that the cerebral cortex serves a primary role in the pathogenesis of migraine. Since aberrant brain activity in migraine can be noninvasively detected with magnetoencephalography (MEG), The object of this study was to investigate the resti
  • PMID 25968099
  • Comparison of microwave, ultrasound and accelerated-assisted solvent extraction for recovery of polyphenols from Citrus sinensis peels.
  • Nayak B1, Dahmoune F2, Moussi K3, Remini H4, Dairi S5, Aoun O6, Khodir M7.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2015 Nov 15;187:507-16. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.04.081. Epub 2015 Apr 24.
  • Peel of Citrus sinensis contains significant amounts of bioactive polyphenols that could be used as ingredients for a number of value-added products with health benefits. Extraction of polyphenols from the peels was performed using a microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) technique. The effects of aque
  • PMID 25977057
  • Effects of citric acid esterification on digestibility, structural and physicochemical properties of cassava starch.
  • Mei JQ1, Zhou DN1, Jin ZY2, Xu XM2, Chen HQ3.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2015 Nov 15;187:378-84. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.04.076. Epub 2015 Apr 24.
  • In this study, citric acid was used to react with cassava starch in order to compare the digestibility, structural and physicochemical properties of citrate starch samples. The results indicated that citric acid esterification treatment significantly increased the content of resistant starch (RS) in
  • PMID 25977040
  • Antioxidant peptides from corn gluten meal: Orthogonal design evaluation.
  • Zhou C1, Hu J2, Ma H3, Yagoub AE4, Yu X2, Owusu J5, Ma H6, Qin X2.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2015 Nov 15;187:270-8. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.04.092. Epub 2015 Apr 23.
  • Protamex catalyzed corn gluten meal (CGM) hydrolysis peptides (CHP) were prepared. Orthogonal design L16 (4(5)) was used to optimize processing variables of CGM concentration, CGM heat pretreatment (121°C) time, and enzymolysis pH, temperature, and time. Degree of hydrolysis (DH), undigested residu
  • PMID 25977026

Japanese Journal

  • 路面電車停留所へのアクセスに関する研究
  • Microwave Power Dependence of Deconvolution of Dangling Bond ESR Spectra in a-Si:H
  • Energy harvesting potential of tuned inertial mass electromagnetic transducers
  • Picture Power チャベスが遺したどん底国家

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リンク元100Cases 14」「100Cases 13」「competent」「capacity」「capability
拡張検索power point」「low power

100Cases 14」


☆case14 複視
diplopia n. 複視
筋力低下筋無力筋脱力 muscle weakness, muscular weakness
vt. sinkのpp.
3,4-ジアミノピリジン 3,4-diaminopyridine 3,4-DAP K+チャネル阻害薬;ランバートイートン筋無力治療
43-year-old woman
cheif complaint: diplopia
present history: diplopia and holding her head up ; more marked in the evenings, for the last 3 months. difficulty of chewing. voice has become quieter. weight loss (3kg / 6months). non-smoker. drinks about 15 units/week. no regular medication.
past history: no significant previous medical illnesses.
family history: lives with her husband and three children.
診察 examination
looks well.
organ systems: normal; cardiovascular, respiratory, and abdominal systems.
muscle power; grossly normal. decrease after testing a movement repetitively.
motor function: normal; tone, coordination, reflexes and sensation.
bilateral ptosis. exacerbated by prolonged upward gaze
eye: normal; pupillary reflexes, eye movements, and funduscopy
diagnosis: myathenia gravis
differential diagnoses:
上位and/or下位運動ニューロン motor neurone disease 運動ニューロン疾患線維束性攣縮進行例では筋力低下
muscular dystrophy 筋ジストロフィー:ある種の筋肉選択的筋力低下する。家族歴がある。
dystrophia myotonica 強直性筋ジストロフィー咬筋側頭筋胸鎖乳突筋筋萎縮四肢遠位端の筋萎縮顔貌特徴的(前頭部脱毛、無表情、窪んだ頬)。家族歴ある。筋電図診断有用(急降下爆撃音)。
polymyositis 多発筋炎普通皮疹関節痛出現CK上昇筋生検診断有用
myopathy ミオパチー:甲状腺中毒性ミオパチー甲状腺機能低下症によるミオパチークッシング症候群によるミオパチーアルコール性のミオパチー
神経筋接合部non-metastatic associations of malignancy (paraneoplastic syndrome(傍腫瘍性症候群 = 腫瘍随伴症候群)のこと):胸腺腫症例の10%に重症筋無力症がみられる。ランバートイートン筋無力症候群小細胞癌関連がある。
Treatment with penicillamine (used for scleroderma or rheumatoid arthritis) may result in true autoimmune MG, but the weakness is usually mild, and recovery occurs within weeks or months after discontinuing its use.
Aminoglycoside antibiotics or procainamide can cause exacerbation of weakness in myasthenic patients; very large doses can cause neuromuscular weakness in normal individuals.
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版

100Cases 13」


☆case13 手の筋力の低下
brisk adj. (人・態度が)活発な、元気のよい、きびきびした。ぶっきらぼうな、素っ気ない。(商売が)活況の(⇔dull)。小気味のよい、(大気など)爽快な、気持ちのよい。(味などが)ピリッとする。鋭い。(飲料が)盛んに泡立つ
dysarthria n. difficulty in articulating words due to disease of the central nervous system 構音障害
dysphasia n. loss of or deficiency in the power to use or understand language as a result of injury to or disease of the brain 失語症言語障害
multidisciplinary adj. 集学的
gastrostomy 胃瘻造設術
feeding gastrostomy n. Surgery A procedure in which an opening is created in the anterior wall of the stomach to allow suction decompression and improved respiratory function by eliminating the need for a nasogastric feeding tube
67歳、男性 元大学講師(retired university lecturer)
現病歴左手を使った労作後に左手筋力が低下する(例えば、ドライバーを使った後など)。前腕の筋に疝痛をみとめる。発話はわずかに流暢であり(slight slurred)、水を飲んだあとで窒息しだす。服用薬はシンバスタチンアスピリンアテノロール喫煙はしない。飲酒は週にワインのボトルを1本あける。
診察 examination
 血圧:146/88 mmHg心血管系呼吸器系腹部に異常を認めない。上肢萎縮を認める。特に左手に著しい萎縮を認める。両側上腕の筋にいくらか線維性筋攣縮を認める。筋力は左で全般的に低下(globaly reduced)、右手でわずかに低下。筋緊張正常上腕二頭筋反射上腕三頭筋反射両側ともに活発に認められる(brisk)。感覚喪失(sensory loss)は認めない。わずかに構音障害を認める
(第1パラグラフ) 疫学
(第2パラグラフ) 症状
筋力低下と筋萎縮一側の手か腕にあらわれるのが一般的 ← 両側性でないということか。
・この病態特徴的な生理的徴候は線維性攣縮(筋束不規則で早い収縮。下位運動ニューロン障害示唆) → 下肢運動ニューロン損傷による筋肉脱神経原因
反射著明 → 皮質運動ニューロン喪失による。
(第3パラグラフ) 鑑別
進行例では診断容易だが、初期ではmore problematic
・末梢運動神経優位のニューロパチー対側性筋力低下と反射の低下というパターンを起こす。 ← ?
(第4パラグラフ) 症状経過
(第5パラグラフ) 治療管理
feeding gastrostomy十分カロリー摂取可能するために必要かもしれない。
運動ニューロン疾患 motor neuron disease MND
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版



  • adj.
  • 有能な。(発生)反応能を持つ。(免疫)免疫応答を起こしうる
  • 適任で(for)。要求にかなう、十分な。(法)(法定の)資格のある。(裁判官・法定が)審理権を有する。(行為が)

ability, capability, capacity, competence, competency, competently, eligibility, facility, power




  • n.
  • 能力、容量
  • ex.




  • n.


power point」




low power」