• n.



  1. drooping of the upper eyelid caused by muscle paralysis and weakness
  2. the kinship relation between an individual and the individuals progenitors (同)line of descent, lineage, filiation
  3. the act of changing your location in a downward direction
  4. a downward slope or bend (同)declivity, fall, decline, declination, declension, downslope
  5. a movement downward


  1. 〈U〉〈C〉『降下』 / 〈C〉『下り坂』,下り傾斜 / 〈U〉『家系』,血統,家柄 / 〈C〉急襲,不意の訪問

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2013/09/08 02:09:28」(JST)

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English Journal

  • How to manage tension gastrothorax: a case report of tension gastrothorax with multiple trauma due to traumatic diaphragmatic rupture.
  • Bunya N1, Sawamoto K2, Uemura S2, Toyohara T2, Mori Y2, Kyan R2, Miyata K2, Irifune H2, Harada K2, Narimatsu E2.
  • International journal of emergency medicine.Int J Emerg Med.2017 Dec;10(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s12245-017-0131-1. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
  • PMID 28127711
  • Congenital eyelid ptosis, decreased glomerular filtration, and orthostatic hypotension: Answers.
  • Wassenberg T1, Willemsen M2, Dijkman H3, Deinum J4, Monnens L5.
  • Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany).Pediatr Nephrol.2017 Jul;32(7):1171-1174. doi: 10.1007/s00467-016-3515-1. Epub 2016 Nov 17.
  • PMID 27858196
  • Congenital eyelid ptosis, decreased glomerular filtration, and orthostatic hypotension: Questions.
  • Wassenberg T1, Willemsen M2, Dijkman H3, Deinum J4, Monnens L5.
  • Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany).Pediatr Nephrol.2017 Jul;32(7):1169-1170. doi: 10.1007/s00467-016-3494-2. Epub 2016 Nov 17.
  • PMID 27858193

Japanese Journal

  • 先天性眼瞼下垂の弱視関連因子についての検討
  • 秋山 智恵,中原 尚美,森 紀和子 [他]
  • あたらしい眼科 31(3), 465-472, 2014-03
  • NAID 40020035824
  • Differential Apoptotic and Proliferative Activities of Wild-type FOXL2 and Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus Inversus Syndrome (BPES)-associated Mutant FOXL2 Proteins
  • KIM Jae-Hong,BAE Jeehyeon
  • The journal of reproduction and development 60(1), 14-20, 2014-02
  • NAID 40019997003
  • 経験 Suture anchor systemを用いた顔面神経麻痺例における眉毛挙上術の検討
  • 渕上 淳太,山内 菜都美,松田 健 [他]
  • 形成外科 57(2), 181-186, 2014-02
  • NAID 40019965028

Related Links

ptosisとは。意味や和訳。[名][U]《病理学》眼瞼(がんけん)下垂症;(臓器の)下垂症.-tic[形] - goo辞書は国語、英和、和英、中国語、百科事典等からまとめて探せる辞書検索サービスです。
Sagging is partly determined by inherited traits like skin elasticity and breast density, which affects the ratio of lightweight fat to heavier mammary glands. [4] Some sagging is due to the aging of the glandular tissues that produce ...

Related Pictures

 Eyelid Blepharoplasty & Ptosis RepairPtosisBOPSS : – Ptosis (drooping) of the upper Ptosis Repair Lisle IL, Amjad Z. Ahmad M.D Ptosis. Causes, symptoms, treatment Ptosis ptosis. rose homestuck cosplay , report

リンク元100Cases 14」「眼瞼下垂」「descent」「eyelid ptosis」「下垂症
拡張検索proptosis」「cellular apoptosis susceptibility protein」「apoptosis induction」「inhibitor of apoptosis protein

100Cases 14」


☆case14 複視
diplopia n. 複視
筋力低下筋無力筋脱力 muscle weakness, muscular weakness
vt. sinkのpp.
3,4-ジアミノピリジン 3,4-diaminopyridine 3,4-DAP K+チャネル阻害薬;ランバートイートン筋無力治療
43-year-old woman
cheif complaint: diplopia
present history: diplopia and holding her head up ; more marked in the evenings, for the last 3 months. difficulty of chewing. voice has become quieter. weight loss (3kg / 6months). non-smoker. drinks about 15 units/week. no regular medication.
past history: no significant previous medical illnesses.
family history: lives with her husband and three children.
診察 examination
looks well.
organ systems: normal; cardiovascular, respiratory, and abdominal systems.
muscle power; grossly normal. decrease after testing a movement repetitively.
motor function: normal; tone, coordination, reflexes and sensation.
bilateral ptosis. exacerbated by prolonged upward gaze
eye: normal; pupillary reflexes, eye movements, and funduscopy
diagnosis: myathenia gravis
differential diagnoses:
上位and/or下位運動ニューロン motor neurone disease 運動ニューロン疾患線維束性攣縮進行例では筋力低下
muscular dystrophy 筋ジストロフィー:ある種の筋肉選択的筋力低下する。家族歴がある。
dystrophia myotonica 強直性筋ジストロフィー咬筋側頭筋胸鎖乳突筋筋萎縮四肢遠位端の筋萎縮顔貌特徴的(前頭部脱毛、無表情、窪んだ頬)。家族歴ある。筋電図診断有用(急降下爆撃音)。
polymyositis 多発筋炎普通皮疹関節痛出現CK上昇筋生検診断有用
myopathy ミオパチー:甲状腺中毒性ミオパチー甲状腺機能低下症によるミオパチークッシング症候群によるミオパチーアルコール性のミオパチー
神経筋接合部non-metastatic associations of malignancy (paraneoplastic syndrome(傍腫瘍性症候群 = 腫瘍随伴症候群)のこと):胸腺腫症例の10%に重症筋無力症がみられる。ランバートイートン筋無力症候群小細胞癌関連がある。
Treatment with penicillamine (used for scleroderma or rheumatoid arthritis) may result in true autoimmune MG, but the weakness is usually mild, and recovery occurs within weeks or months after discontinuing its use.
Aminoglycoside antibiotics or procainamide can cause exacerbation of weakness in myasthenic patients; very large doses can cause neuromuscular weakness in normal individuals.
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版



ptosis, blepharoptosis, eyelid ptosis


  • 上眼瞼の挙上不全。


  • 上眼瞼挙筋の発達障害、上直筋の障害など
  • 後天性眼瞼下垂 or 症候性眼瞼下垂
  • 機械性眼瞼下垂
  • 筋原性眼瞼下垂
  • 麻痺性眼瞼下垂
  • 交感神経性眼瞼下垂




  • n.
blood linedescendkindredlineageptosis


eyelid ptosis」








  • n.
  • (医)(器官の)突出、(医)眼球突出症

眼球突出 exophthalmos

cellular apoptosis susceptibility protein」



CAS protein

apoptosis induction」


  • ア・トーシス誘導
induction of apoptosis

inhibitor of apoptosis protein」

  [★] アポトーシス阻害タンパク質