• n.
  • v.
  • 遊離する、放出する



  1. part with a possession or right; "I am relinquishing my bedroom to the long-term house guest"; "resign a claim to the throne" (同)relinquish, resign, free, give_up
  2. a process that liberates or discharges something; "there was a sudden release of oxygen"; "the release of iodine from the thyroid gland"
  3. a device that when pressed will release part of a mechanism (同)button
  4. activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion; "she had no other outlet for her feelings"; "he gave vent to his anger" (同)outlet, vent
  5. (music) the act or manner of terminating a musical phrase or tone (同)tone ending
  6. a formal written statement of relinquishment (同)waiver, discharge
  7. merchandise issued for sale or public showing (especially a record or film); "a new release from the London Symphony Orchestra"
  8. release (gas or energy) as a result of a chemical reaction or physical decomposition (同)free, liberate
  9. unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion; "free expansion"; "free oxygen"; "a free electron"
  10. people who are free; "the home of the free and the brave" (同)free people
  11. free from obligations or duties (同)discharge
  12. free or remove obstruction from; "free a path across the cluttered floor" (同)disengage
  13. grant freedom to; free from confinement (同)liberate, release, unloose, unloosen, loose
  14. not literal; "a loose interpretation of what she had been told"; "a free translation of the poem" (同)loose, liberal
  15. make (information) available for publication; "release the list with the names of the prisoners" (同)release
  16. able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or restraint; "free enterprise"; "a free port"; "a free country"; "I have an hour free"; "free will"; "free of racism"; "feel free to stay as long as you wish"; "a free choice"
  17. not held in servitude; "after the Civil War he was a free man"
  18. not occupied or in use; "a free locker"; "a free lane"
  19. remove the charge from
  20. a substance that is emitted or released (同)emission
  21. any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body; "the discharge of pus" (同)emission, expelling
  22. electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field (同)spark, arc, electric arc, electric_discharge
  23. the act of discharging a gun (同)firing, firing off
  24. the act of venting (同)venting
  25. the pouring forth of a fluid (同)outpouring, run
  26. the sudden giving off of energy
  27. release from military service (同)muster out
  28. pour forth or release; "discharge liquids"
  29. release from something that holds fast, connects, or entangles; "I want to disengage myself from his influence"; "disengage the gears" (同)withdraw
  30. become free; "in neutral, the gears disengage"
  31. the act of coming (or going) out; becoming apparent (同)egression, emergence
  32. (astronomy) the reappearance of a celestial body after an eclipse (同)emersion
  33. of or relating to a preparation that gradually releases an active substance (especially a drug) over a period of time


  1. (束縛・義務などから)〈人・動物など〉‘を'『自由にする』,解放する《+『名』+『from』+『名』》 / 〈矢など〉‘を'放つ,〈爆弾〉‘を'投下する;〈締めつけた物〉‘を'ゆるめて放す / 〈ニュースなど〉‘を'発表する;〈レコード・書籍など〉‘を'発売する,〈映画〉‘を'封切りする / (人に)〈権利など〉‘を'譲渡する《+『名』+『to』+『名』》 / (束縛・義務などからの)『解放』,放免,免除《+『from』+『名』》 / (ガスなどの)放出;(爆弾の)投下;(感情の)吐露《+『of』(『to』)+『名』》 / (ニュースなどの)発表;(映画などの)封切り,(レコードなどの)発表 / (機械の)作動装置,レリーズ
  2. (束縛された状態になく)『自由な』,自由の身の / (国家・国民などが)『独立している』 / (思想・行為などが)強制されない,自発的な / (動作が)拘束されない,無理のない / 《補語にのみ用いて》(苦痛・制約などを)『免れている』,(誤り・偏見などの)ない《+『from』(『of』)+『名』》 / 《補語にのみ用いて》《『be free to』do》『自由に』…『できる』 / (仕事から)解放された,暇になった;(部屋などが)使用されていない,空いた / 『無料の』;無税の / 出し惜しみしない / 遠慮のない,慎みがない / (道路などが)障害のない,自由に通れる / 固定していない,離れた / 無料で / 自由に,妨げられずに(freely) / (…から)〈人・国など〉‘を'『自由にする』,解放する《+『名』+『from』+『名』》 / (困難などから)〈人〉‘を'救う《+『名』+『form』+『名』》 / (障害などを)〈人・物〉‘から'取り除く《+『名』+『of』(『from』)+『名』》 / (物を)…‘から'片付ける,外す《+『名』+『of』+『名』》
  3. 〈船〉‘の'『荷を降ろす』;(積荷・客を)〈船〉‘から'降ろす《+『名』〈船〉+『of』+『名』〈荷〉》;(船から)〈積荷・客〉‘を'降ろす《+『名』〈荷〉+『from』+『名』〈船〉》 / (…に)…‘を'『発射する』《+『名』+『at』(『into』)+『名』》 / 〈煙・液体〉‘を'『出す』,排出する / (…から)〈人〉‘を'解放する,‘に'行くことを許す《+『名』〈人〉+『from』+『名』》 / (仕事から)〈人〉‘を'解雇する,くびにする《+『名』〈人〉+『from』+『名』》 / 〈職務・義務・約束など〉‘を'果たす,遂行する(fulfill) / 〈借金〉‘を'返済する,支払う(pay) / 〈電池など〉‘から'放電する / 〈船が〉『荷を降ろす』,荷揚げする / 〈水などが〉流れ出る,注ぐ,流出する / 〈鉄砲などが〉発射される / 放電する / 〈U〉『荷降ろし』,荷揚げ / 〈C〉発砲,発射 / 〈C〉『放出』,流出,排出;排出物 / 〈U〉解任,退出,解雇;解放,釈放 / 〈U〉(職務・義務などの)『遂行』,履行 / 〈U〉(負債の)『返済』,弁済 / 〈C〉〈U〉(電気の)放電
  4. …‘を'解き放す;(束縛・義務から)…‘を'解放する《+『名』+『from』(『of』)+『名』》
  5. 〈U〉《文》(…から)外へ出ること;外へ出る権利《+『from』+『名』》 / 〈C〉《文》(…からの)出口《+『from』+『名』》

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/08/17 13:45:20」(JST)

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releaseとは。意味や和訳。[動](他)1 [III[名]([副])]〈人・動物を〉(拘束などから)自由にする, 解放[釈放]する;〈人の〉(義務・負債などを)免除[解消]する;〈人の〉(苦痛などを)取り除く;〈支配下選手を ...
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リンク元100Cases 14」「discharge」「free」「放出」「遊離
拡張検索glutamate release」「drugs inhibiting release of chemical mediators」「MSH release-inhibiting hormone」「sustained release

100Cases 14」


☆case14 複視
diplopia n. 複視
筋力低下筋無力筋脱力 muscle weakness, muscular weakness
vt. sinkのpp.
3,4-ジアミノピリジン 3,4-diaminopyridine 3,4-DAP K+チャネル阻害薬;ランバートイートン筋無力治療
43-year-old woman
cheif complaint: diplopia
present history: diplopia and holding her head up ; more marked in the evenings, for the last 3 months. difficulty of chewing. voice has become quieter. weight loss (3kg / 6months). non-smoker. drinks about 15 units/week. no regular medication.
past history: no significant previous medical illnesses.
family history: lives with her husband and three children.
診察 examination
looks well.
organ systems: normal; cardiovascular, respiratory, and abdominal systems.
muscle power; grossly normal. decrease after testing a movement repetitively.
motor function: normal; tone, coordination, reflexes and sensation.
bilateral ptosis. exacerbated by prolonged upward gaze
eye: normal; pupillary reflexes, eye movements, and funduscopy
diagnosis: myathenia gravis
differential diagnoses:
上位and/or下位運動ニューロン motor neurone disease 運動ニューロン疾患線維束性攣縮進行例では筋力低下
muscular dystrophy 筋ジストロフィー:ある種の筋肉選択的筋力低下する。家族歴がある。
dystrophia myotonica 強直性筋ジストロフィー咬筋側頭筋胸鎖乳突筋筋萎縮四肢遠位端の筋萎縮顔貌特徴的(前頭部脱毛、無表情、窪んだ頬)。家族歴ある。筋電図診断有用(急降下爆撃音)。
polymyositis 多発筋炎普通皮疹関節痛出現CK上昇筋生検診断有用
myopathy ミオパチー:甲状腺中毒性ミオパチー甲状腺機能低下症によるミオパチークッシング症候群によるミオパチーアルコール性のミオパチー
神経筋接合部non-metastatic associations of malignancy (paraneoplastic syndrome(傍腫瘍性症候群 = 腫瘍随伴症候群)のこと):胸腺腫症例の10%に重症筋無力症がみられる。ランバートイートン筋無力症候群小細胞癌関連がある。
Treatment with penicillamine (used for scleroderma or rheumatoid arthritis) may result in true autoimmune MG, but the weakness is usually mild, and recovery occurs within weeks or months after discontinuing its use.
Aminoglycoside antibiotics or procainamide can cause exacerbation of weakness in myasthenic patients; very large doses can cause neuromuscular weakness in normal individuals.
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版



  • vt.
  • (荷を)おろす、陸揚げする(城郭を)おろす
  • (水などを)放出する(intop)。外に出す、吐き出す、発する。排出する、排泄する。
  • vi.
  • n.
  • 荷揚げ、荷下ろし
  • 発射、発砲。放電。吐き出し。放出、流出、吐出。排出物、分泌物。流出量
desorbdiapedesiseffluxegressejectionemissionexcrementexcretaextrusionfecesfiringhospital dischargeleakleakageoutflowpatient dischargereleaserunoffsecretesecretionshot




  • adj.
  • 遊離の、遊離型の、自由な、無料の、フリーの、取り除く、(接尾辞的に用いて;~を)含まない
ad libad libitumdeprivedisengagefree formfree of chargefreedomfreelyliberateliberationobviateomitreleaseremovestripwithdraw








glutamate release」


drugs inhibiting release of chemical mediators」

  [★] ケミカルメディエーター遊離抑制薬

MSH release-inhibiting hormone」



sustained release」


controlled release