• n.
  • 発生、発現、生起、出来。(鉱物などの)産出、存在。(生態)出現
  • できごと、事件

advent, appear, appearance, arrival, develop, development, developmental, emerge, emergence, engender, event, frequency, generate, generation, incidence, incidence rate, incident, manifestation, occur, onset, transpire



  1. an instance of something occurring; "a disease of frequent occurrence"; "the occurrence (or presence) of life on other planets"
  2. superimpose a three-dimensional surface on a plane without stretching, in geometry
  3. cause to grow and differentiate in ways conforming to its natural development; "The perfect climate here develops the grain"; "He developed a new kind of apple" (同)make grow
  4. be gradually disclosed or unfolded; become manifest; "The plot developed slowly";
  5. elaborate by the unfolding of a musical idea and by the working out of the rhythmic and harmonic changes in the theme; "develop the melody and change the key"
  6. expand in the form of a series; "Develop the function in the following form"
  7. grow, progress, unfold, or evolve through a process of evolution, natural growth, differentiation, or a conducive environment; "A flower developed on the branch"; "The country developed into a mighty superpower"; "The embryo develops into a fetus"; "This situation has developed over a long time"
  8. gain through experience; "I acquired a strong aversion to television"; "Children must develop a sense of right and wrong"; "Dave developed leadership qualities in his new position"; "develop a passion for painting" (同)acquire, evolve
  9. grow emotionally or mature; "The child developed beautifully in her new kindergarten"; "When he spent a summer at camp, the boy grew noticeably and no longer showed some of his old adolescent behavior" (同)grow
  10. generate gradually; "We must develop more potential customers"; "develop a market for the new mobile phone"
  11. make something new, such as a product or a mental or artistic creation; "Her company developed a new kind of building material that withstands all kinds of weather"; "They developed a new technique"
  12. make visible by means of chemical solutions; "Please develop this roll of film for me"
  13. move into a strategically more advantageous position; "develop the rook"
  14. move ones pieces into strategically more advantageous positions; "Spassky developed quickly"
  15. processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible; "the development and printing of his pictures took only two hours" (同)developing
  16. a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage); "the development of his ideas took many years"; "the evolution of Greek civilization"; "the slow development of her skill as a writer" (同)evolution
  17. a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess); "after he saw the latest development he changed his mind and became a supporter"; "in chess your should take care of your development before moving your queen"
  18. act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining; "he congratulated them on their development of a plan to meet the emergency"; "they funded research and development"
  19. (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated
  20. a district that has been developed to serve some purpose; "such land is practical for small park developments"
  21. a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation; "recent developments in Iraq"; "what a revolting development!"
  22. present oneself formally, as before a (judicial) authority; "He had to appear in court last month"; "She appeared on several charges of theft"
  23. come into being or existence, or appear on the scene; "Then the computer came along and changed our lives"; "Homo sapiens appeared millions of years ago" (同)come along
  24. be issued or published; "Did your latest book appear yet?"; "The new Woody Allen film hasnt come out yet" (同)come_out
  25. seem to be true, probable, or apparent; "It seems that he is very gifted"; "It appears that the weather in California is very bad" (同)seem
  26. appear as a character on stage or appear in a play, etc.; "Gielgud appears briefly in this movie"; "She appeared in `Hamlet on the London stage"
  27. come into sight or view; "He suddenly appeared at the wedding"; "A new star appeared on the horizon"
  28. formal attendance (in court or at a hearing) of a party in an action (同)appearing, coming into court
  29. pretending that something is the case in order to make a good impression; "they try to keep up appearances"; "that ceremony is just for show" (同)show
  30. outward or visible aspect of a person or thing (同)visual aspect
  31. the act of appearing in public view; "the rookie made a brief appearance in the first period"; "it was Bernhardts last appearance in America"
  32. a mental representation; "I tried to describe his appearance to the police"
  33. the event of coming into sight
  34. absence by virtue of not occurring


  1. 〈U〉(事件などが)『起こること』,発生 / 〈C〉『でき事』,事件
  2. (今まではなかったが)…‘を'『生じさせる』,‘を'現す / …‘を'『発展させる』,伸ばす,成長させる / 〈病気・悪習など〉‘に'だんだん感染する,かかりはじめる,‘を'発病させる / 〈資源など〉‘を'『開発する』 / …‘を'十分に考える,〈議論・主題など〉‘を'展開する / 〈フイルム〉‘を'現像する / 〈ないもの・隠れているものが〉『現れる』,明らかになる / (…から…に)『発展する』,発育する《+『from』+『名』+『into』+『名』》 / 〈フイルムが〉現像される
  3. 〈U〉〈C〉『発達』,発展,発育,成長;『開発』;進化 / 〈U〉(写真の)現像 / 〈C〉発達(発展)の結果できたもの / 〈C〉開発した土地(地区);(特に)住宅団地(housing development) / 〈C〉(最近の)でき事,新事実
  4. 『姿を現す』,出現する / 〈本・記事などが〉公になる,出版される / (劇などに)出演する;(法廷などに)出廷する,出頭する / (…のように)『見える』,『思われる』
  5. 〈C〉『現れること』,出現;出演,出廷;出版,発刊 / 〈U〉〈C〉『外観』,見かけ,風さい(outward look) / 《複数形で》形勢

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/11/14 15:30:42」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Epidemiology of proximal humerus fractures.
  • Launonen AP1, Lepola V, Saranko A, Flinkkilä T, Laitinen M, Mattila VM.
  • Archives of osteoporosis.Arch Osteoporos.2015 Dec;10(1):209. doi: 10.1007/s11657-015-0209-4. Epub 2015 Feb 13.
  • There are only a few previous population-based studies that include both inpatient and outpatient treatment data. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of proximal humerus fractures. The incidence of proximal humerus fractures increases with age, and we observe a seasonal variati
  • PMID 25675881
  • Association between breast-feeding duration and posterior crossbites.
  • Limeira AB1, Aguiar CM2, de Lima Bezerra NS3, Câmara AC1.
  • Journal of dentistry for children (Chicago, Ill.).J Dent Child (Chic).2015 Sep-Dec;81(3):122-7.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between breast-feeding duration and the subsequent occurrence of posterior crossbite in Brazilian children.METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 714 six- to nine-year-old children. A questionnaire was completed by
  • PMID 25514255
  • Protective role of probiotic lactic acid bacteria against dietary fumonisin B1-induced toxicity and DNA-fragmentation in sprague-dawley rats.
  • Khalil AA1, Abou-Gabal AE, Abdellatef AA, Khalid AE.
  • Preparative biochemistry & biotechnology.Prep Biochem Biotechnol.2015 Aug 18;45(6):530-50. doi: 10.1080/10826068.2014.940969.
  • The genus Fusarium, especially F. verticillioides and F. proliferatum, has been found in several agricultural products worldwide, especially in maize. Regardless the occurrence of symptoms, the presence of Fusarium in maize constitutes an imminent risk due to its ability to produce fumonisins, mycot
  • PMID 25036875
  • Epidemiology and patterns of transport-related fatalities in austria 1980-2012.
  • Majdan M1, Rusnak M, Rehorcikova V, Brazinova A, Leitgeb J, Mauritz W.
  • Traffic injury prevention.Traffic Inj Prev.2015 Jul 4;16(5):450-5. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2014.962133. Epub 2015 Jan 21.
  • OBJECTIVES: Transport-related accidents remain the largest single cause of death among people aged 15 to 29 in the European Union, and despite the decrease in number of fatalities from 1990 onwards they remain a significant public health problem. The aim of this article was to analyze the long-term
  • PMID 25256803

Japanese Journal

  • 2007年能登半島地震による建物被害調査報告
  • Relation between Increases in Stomatal Conductance of Decorative Sepals and the Quality of Antique-stage Cut Hydrangea Flowers
  • シビアアクシデント発生時におけるBWR プラント挙動の基礎的研究(2) -(給水系LOCA+ECCS 注入失敗)事故と(SBO+SRV 開固着)事故 -
  • 普及過程における商品カテゴリー構成概念の変化

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occurrenceとは。意味や和訳。[名]1 事件, 出来事. ⇒EVENT[類語]an everyday occurrence日常茶飯事an unexpected occurrence思いがけない出来事Traffic accidents are almost daily occurrences here.交通事故は当地ではほとんど毎日の ...
occurrenceの意味は?goo辞書は無料で使える日本最大級の辞書サービスです。国語辞典、英和辞典、和英辞典、類語辞典、中国語辞典、百科事典などを提供しています。 ... バルザック 名言一覧 | Wiki 男の初恋を満足させる者は、女 ...
occurrence. 265 likes · 9 talking about this. Occurrence is the electronic music project of Ken Urban and Wayne S Feldman. Associate members: Dan Pecci, Jeff Stern, Mike RobbGrieco. Contact us at: occurrencemusic@gmail.com

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 of Life - An Unfortunate OccurrenceAn Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge : The Occurrence | HappylabOccurrence - Download Images, Photos and Below is a screenshot of the Occurrence Co-occurrence Pattern - Ed Tech Blogger  agence - Nos partenaires - OccurrenceFalcon Occurrence Books

リンク元100Cases 33」「appear」「develop」「development」「onset

100Cases 33」


☆case33 頭痛と混乱
slurred n. 不明瞭
強直間代痙攣 tonic-clonic convulsion
 意識消失とともに全身随意筋強直痙攣が生じ(強直痙攣tonic convulsion)、次いで全身の筋の強直弛緩とが律動的に繰り返される時期(間代痙攣clonic convulsion)を経て、発作後もうろう状態を呈する一連発作
28歳、女性 黒人 南アフリカ 手術室看護師 ロンドン住在
診察 examination
やせている。55kg。38.5℃。口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis)。リンパ節腫脹無し。心血管呼吸器系、消化器系正常。痙攣前における神経検査では時間場所、人の見当識無し。神経局所症状無し(no focal neurological sign)。眼底両側に乳頭浮腫有り。
検査 investigation
口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis)
口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis) → 細胞免疫低下状態(DM免疫抑制AIDSなど) or 常在細菌叢の攪乱(長期抗菌薬の使用)
 ・The occurrence of thrush in a young, otherwise healthy-appearing person should prompt an investigation for underlying HIV infection.(HIM.1254)
 ・More commonly, thrush is seen as a nonspecific manifestation of severe debilitating illness.(HIM.1254)
精神症状強直間代痙攣 → 一次的、あるいは二次的な脳の疾患がありそう
頭痛 → 漠然としていて絞れないが、他の症状からして機能性頭痛ではなく症候性頭痛っぽい。
・眼底両側に乳頭浮腫 → 脳圧亢進徴候 → 原因は・・・脳腫瘍、ことにテント下腫瘍側頭葉腫瘍クモ膜下出血、脳水腫など、そのほか、眼窩内病変、低眼圧などの局所的要因、悪性高血圧、血液疾患大量出血肺気腫などの全身的要因 (vindicate本のp342も参考になる)
 ・頭痛脳圧亢進 → 頭蓋内圧占拠性病変脳炎(IMD.274)
CT所見 → ringform病変脳浮腫脳圧亢進
・低ナトリウム血症 → 脳ヘルニア続発して起こることがあるらしい。実際には下垂体トキソプラズマによる病変形成されることにより起こりうる。
パターン認識HIV + 精神症状 + てんかん発作(強直間代痙攣) + 脳圧亢進 + CT所見 = 一番ありそうなのはToxoplasma gondiiによるトキソプラズマ脳症 cerebral toxoplasosis (トキソプラズマ脳炎 toxoplasmic encephalitis)
Toxoplasma gondii
 原虫 胞子原虫
(感染予防学 080521のプリント、CASES p,92、HIM p.1305-)
 ・終宿主ネコネコ小腸上皮細胞で有性・無性生殖 糞便オーシスト排泄
病原病因 phathogenesis
 1. オーシスト経口摂取
 2. 中間宿主の生肉中のシスト経口摂取
 3. 初感染妊婦からの経胎盤感染。既感染なら胎盤感染しないらしい(HIM.1306)
 (4)移植臓器、輸血確率は低い(at low rate)(HIM.1306)
 1. 先天性トキソプラズマ症 congenital toxoplasmosis
   ①網脈絡膜炎、 ②水頭症、 ③脳内石灰化、 ④精神運動障害
 2. 後天性トキソプラズマ症 acquired toxoplasmosis
  (1) 健常者
   ・(少数例)筋肉痛、暈疼痛、腹痛、斑状丘疹状皮疹(maculopapular rash)、脳脊髄炎、混乱(HIM.1308)
   ・急性感染症状は数週間で消失 筋肉中枢神経系緩増虫体残存
   AIDSでは、トキソプラズマ脳炎が指標疾患 AIDS-defineing illness(CASES)
 (日本)アセチルスピラマイシンファンシダール(感染予防学 080521)
トキソプラズマ脳炎 toxoplasmic encephalitisトキソプラズマ脳症 cerebral toxoplasosis
 (CT,MRI)多発性両側性ring-enhancing lesion、特に灰白質-白質境界、大脳基底核脳幹小脳が冒されやすい(CASES)
このCTcerebral toxoplasmosis特徴的かは不明
 AIDSWBC(leukocyte)の数はどうなるんだろう???AIDSの初診患者ではWBCが低い人が多いらしいし()、HIVCD4+ T cellmacrophage感染して殺すから、これによってB cellは減るだろうし、CD8+ T cellも若干減少するだろうからWBCは減るんじゃないか?!好中球AIDSとは関係ない?好中球は他の感染症に反応性増加している?ちなみに、好酸球寄生虫(原虫)の感染のために増える傾向にあるらしい(HIMのどこか)。
スルファメトキサゾールトリメトプリム合剤 sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim mixture
A CD4+ T-cell count below 200 cells/μl (or a CD4+ T-cell percentage of total lymphocytes of less than 14%).
or he/she has one of the following defining illnesses:
People who are not infected with HIV may also develop these conditions; this does not mean they have AIDS. However, when an individual presents laboratory evidence against HIV infection, a diagnosis of AIDS is ruled out unless the patient has not:
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版



  • vi.
  • 見えてくる、現れる。発生/出現する、出る。出頭/出場/出演する(as)。
  • 明白である、はっきりしてくる。見たところ~らしい、~と思われる。
The ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome appears to be due to increased capillary permeability triggered by excessive release of one or more vasoactive substances secreted during maturation and luteinization of multiple follicles.(uptodate)(OHSSは、多数の卵胞が成熟し黄体となる過程で放出されるいくつかの血管作動性物質の過剰な放出が引き金となり、毛細血管の透過性が増加することによると思われる。)




  • vt.
  • 発達/発育させる、発展させる(from, into)。(生)発生させる、進化させる
  • (議論・思索などを)展開する(evolve)、詳しく説く
  • (新しい物を)創り出す。(資源・土地を)開発する、(宅地を)造成する、(鉱山などを)開く
  • (潜在力・けいこうなどを)発現/顕出させる、発揮する。(新事実などを)明らかにする。
  • (事故・火災などを)起こす
  • vi.
buildup, deployment, development, developmental, emergence, engender, evolution, expand, exploit, exploitation, generate, generation, growth, occur, occurrence, onset, transpire, unfold




  • n.
growth and development




  • n.
  • 襲撃、攻撃。(病気などの)始まり、開始、襲来。着手、手始め

affectcommencecommencementdevelopdevelopmentdevelopmentalemergenceengenderepisodeeventgenerategenerationinitiateinitiationinstitutemountoccuroccurrencepathogenesisstartsymptom onsettranspire