• n.



  1. sound loudly and sonorously; "the bells rang" (同)peal
  2. a toroidal shape; "a ring of ships in the harbor"; "a halo of smoke" (同)halo, annulus, doughnut, anchor ring
  3. jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger; "she had rings on every finger"; "he noted that she wore a wedding band" (同)band
  4. a characteristic sound; "it has the ring of sincerity"
  5. a platform usually marked off by ropes in which contestants box or wrestle
  6. the sound of a bell ringing; "the distinctive ring of the church bell"; "the ringing of the telephone"; "the tintinnabulation that so voluminously swells from the ringing and the dinging of the bells"--E. A. Poe (同)ringing, tintinnabulation
  7. attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify; "ring birds"; "band the geese to observe their migratory patterns" (同)band
  8. make (bells) ring, often for the purposes of musical edification; "Ring the bells"; "My uncle rings every Sunday at the local church" (同)knell
  9. (Fungi) a remnant of the partial veil that in mature mushrooms surrounds the stem like a collar (同)skirt
  10. move in loops; "The bicycle looped around the tree"
  11. anything with a round or oval shape (formed by a curve that is closed and does not intersect itself)
  12. a flight maneuver; aircraft flies a complete circle in the vertical plane (同)loop-the-loop
  13. an intrauterine device in the shape of a loop
  14. a computer program that performs a series of instructions repeatedly until some specified condition is satisfied
  15. an inner circle of advisors (especially under President Reagan); "hes no longer in the loop"
  16. the basic pattern of the human fingerprint
  17. make a loop in; "loop a rope" (同)intertwine
  18. fasten or join with a loop; "He looped the watch through his belt"
  19. fly loops, perform a loop; "the stunt pilot looped his plane"
  20. wheel somebody or something (同)wheel around
  21. a circular helm to control the rudder of a vessel
  22. a simple machine consisting of a circular frame with spokes (or a solid disc) that can rotate on a shaft or axle (as in vehicles or other machines)
  23. forces that provide energy and direction; "the wheels of government began to turn"
  24. move along on or as if on wheels or a wheeled vehicle; "The Presidents convoy rolled past the crowds" (同)roll
  25. change directions as if revolving on a pivot; "They wheeled their horses around and left" (同)wheel around
  26. travel around something; "circle the globe"
  27. ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length; a plane curve generated by one point moving at a constant distance from a fixed point; "he calculated the circumference of the circle"
  28. something approximating the shape of a circle; "the chairs were arranged in a circle"
  29. a curved section or tier of seats in a hall or theater or opera house; usually the first tier above the orchestra; "they had excellent seats in the dress circle" (同)dress_circle
  30. any circular or rotating mechanism; "the machine punched out metal circles" (同)round
  31. move in circles (同)circulate
  32. small Chinese shrub with smooth unfurrowed dark red fruit grown especially for its red or pink or white flowers (同)Prunus glandulosa
  33. gratifying tastes, appetites, or desires; "pampering parents often have spoilt children"; "a very pampering cruise experience"
  34. wearing a wedding ring; lawfully married; "a ringed wife"- Tennyson
  35. having colored rings around the body
  36. gymnastic apparatus consisting of a pair of heavy metal circles (usually covered with leather) suspended by ropes; used for gymnastic exercises; "the rings require a strong upper body"
  37. the giving of a ring as a token of engagement


  1. 『指輪』 / 『輪』,環;輪形,円形 / (円形の)サーカス演技場,公演場,競技場;(ボクシング・レスリングの)リング / 《複数形で》(体操の)つり輪 / (不法な目的で結託した)(…の)徒党,一味《+『of』+『名』》 / (原子の)環 / …を円形に取り囲む,円で囲む《+『about』(『around』,《英》『round』)+『名,』+『名』+『about』(『around』,《英》『round』)+『名』》 / 〈動物〉‘に'鼻輪(首輪,足輪)をはめる / (遊びで)…‘に'輪を投げる / 環状に動く,輪を描く
  2. 〈鐘・ベルなどが〉『鳴る』 / 《『ring』+『形』〈補〉》(…のように)聞こえる / (…を)ベルを鳴らして求める《+『for』+『名』》 / 〈音声・楽器などが〉鳴り響く;〈場所が〉(音などで)満ちる《+『with』+『名』》 / 耳鳴りがする / 〈鐘・ベルなど〉‘を'『鳴らす』 / 〈人〉‘を'(鐘などを)『鳴らして呼ぶ』;…‘を'鐘を鳴らして知らせる / 《英》…‘に'電話をかける《+『up』+『名』,+『名』+『up』》 / 《単数形で》(鐘・ベルなどの)『鳴る音,響き』《+『of』+『名』》 / 鐘(ベルなど)を鳴らすこと;ベル(など)が鳴ること / 《単数形で》(…の)固有の響き,調子,感じ《+『of』+『名』》 / 《話》電話をかけること
  3. 環(ring);環形のもの / (幾何で)環形 / (シダ類の胞子のうちの)環帯;(動体の)体環
  4. (糸・ひも・針金などで作った)『輪』・輪状のもの;(輪状の)湾曲部・(宙返り飛行・スケートなどで描く)輪・ループ (ある条件が成立するまで繰り返し実行される,プログラム中に記述された一連の命令のこと)・仲間、影響}を受け合う間柄・同列の立場・「keep誰々in the loop」として、「keep誰々informed:情報を(人)に絶えず提供し続ける、報告を(人)に欠かさない、(人)に逐次連絡する、(人)に常に通知する」・避妊リング; (鉄道・電線などの)環状線(loop line)・…‘を'輪にする,輪で囲む・…‘を'輪で結ぶ,輪で締める《+『up』+『名,』+『名』+『up』》・輪になる,輪を描く
  5. 『車輪』 / 《the ~》(自動車の)『ハンドル』,(船の)『舵輪』(steering wheel) / (製陶用の)ろくろ(potter's wheel);紡ぎ車(spinning wheel) / 《複数形で》(…の)推進力,原動力;機関,機構《of+『名』》 / 回転[運動],旋回[運動] / 《複数形で》《俗》足,自動車,車 / 《場所を表す副詞[句]を伴って》〈物〉‘を'車で運ぶ / 〈車〉‘を'動かす / 車(車輪)で進む / くるりと回る,向きを変える《+around(about)》 / 〈鳥が〉輪を描く / 《英》〈隊列が〉旋回する
  6. 『円』 / (劇場などの)半円形のさじき / (…の)円形のもの《+『of』+『名』》 / (活動・勢力などの)範囲 / 《時に複数形で》(共通の利害・活動などで結ばれた)『仲間』,団体,…界 / 一巡;循環 / 『円を描く』,旋回する / …'を'『円で囲む』;…'を'取り囲む / …‘の'回りを回る
  7. 輪にある;環状の / 指輪をはめた

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2017/01/05 21:08:23」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Ultrasound assisted, ruthenium-exchanged FAU-Y zeolite catalyzed alkylation of indoles with epoxides under solvent free conditions.
  • Khorshidi A.SourceDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Guilan, P.O. Box 41335-1914, Iran.
  • Ultrasonics sonochemistry.Ultrason Sonochem.2012 May;19(3):570-5. Epub 2011 Nov 16.
  • Ruthenium-exchanged FAU-Y zeolite (RuY) was used as a recyclable catalyst for regioselective ring-opening of epoxides with indoles under irradiation of sonic waves. It was found that a solvent free process, under the above mentioned conditions provides good yields of the desired 3-alkylated indole d
  • PMID 22169618
  • Ultrasound assisted lipase catalyzed synthesis of poly-6-hydroxyhexanoate.
  • Gumel AM, Annuar MS, Chisti Y, Heidelberg T.SourceInstitute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Ultrasonics sonochemistry.Ultrason Sonochem.2012 May;19(3):659-67. Epub 2011 Nov 7.
  • Ultrasonic irradiation greatly improved the Candida antarctica lipase B mediated ring opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone to poly-6-hydroxyhexanoate in the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetraflouroborate. Compared to the conventional nonsonicated reaction, sonication improved the mo
  • PMID 22105013
  • Absence of MCP-1 leads to elevated bone mass via impaired actin ring formation.
  • Sul OJ, Ke K, Kim WK, Kim SH, Lee SC, Kim HJ, Kim SY, Suh JH, Choi HS.SourceDepartment of Biological Sciences (BK21 Program) and the Immunomodulation Research Center, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea.
  • Journal of cellular physiology.J Cell Physiol.2012 Apr;227(4):1619-27. doi: 10.1002/jcp.22879.
  • Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is associated with various inflammatory diseases involving bone loss, and is expressed along with its receptor by bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM), which are osteoclast (OC) precursors. To investigate the role of MCP-1 in bone remodeling, we compared M
  • PMID 21678414
  • Synthesis, radiometal labeling and in vitro evaluation of a targeted PPIX derivative.
  • Behnam Azad B, Cho CF, Lewis JD, Luyt LG.SourceDepartment of Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B7.
  • Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine.Appl Radiat Isot.2012 Mar;70(3):505-11. Epub 2011 Dec 6.
  • In pursuit of a single molecule with potential applications for both in vitro fluorescence microscopy and in vivo PET imaging, novel targeted (69/71)Ga/(68)Ga-protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) probes were developed. Optical analysis, fluorescence microscopy and radiolabeling with gallium-68 were performed to
  • PMID 22178308

Japanese Journal

  • A Novel Fluorescent Chemosensor Based on β-(2-Pyridyl)acrolein-Rhodamine B Derivative: Polymer Particle Interaction with an Enhanced Sensing Performance
  • Ku Kyo-Sun,Hwang Ji-Yong,Muthukumar Palanisamy,Son Young-A
  • KONA Powder and Particle Journal advpub(0), 2016
  • … The fluorescent response was attributed to the spirolactam ring opening of RB-AC. …
  • NAID 130005085629
  • Aiassa Martinez Gonzalo,Arrua Pedro,Eberhardt Marcelo
  • International journal of GEOMATE : geotechnique, construction materials and environment 9(1・2), 1360-1364, 2015-09
  • NAID 40020537309
  • Group-graded and group-bigraded rings
  • Hoshino Mitsuo,Kameyama Noritsugu,Koga Hirotaka
  • Journal of algebra and its applications 14(7), 1550100, 2015-09
  • … Let I be a nontrivial finite multiplicative group with the unit element e and A = ⨁x∈I Ax an I-graded ring. … We construct a Frobenius extension Λ of A and study when the ring extension A of Ae can be a Frobenius extension. … Also, formulating the ring structure of Λ, we introduce the notion of I-bigraded rings and show that every I-bigraded ring is isomorphic to the I-bigraded ring Λ constructed above. …
  • NAID 120005613907
  • アシル基に電子求引性置換基を導入した芳香族有機過酸前駆体の漂白性能
  • 久保園 隆康,野村 安雄,堀部 峰子
  • 色材協会誌 = Journal of the Japan Society of Colour Material 88(8), 251-256, 2015-08
  • NAID 40020567947

Related Links

Announcement from the Ring Server Project We discontinued the experimental service provided by the TENBIN system. We appeal to you to use "{ftp,www}.dnsbalance.ring.gr.jp" from now on instead of ...
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+RING(プラスリング) originalは、デッドストックパーツから、おしゃれでスタイリッシュに再生した完全1点ものの傘です。全て国内の工場にて企画製造そして最終試験まで行なっております。

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リンク元100Cases 33」「loop」「」「circle」「wheel
拡張検索flowering hormone」「glycoengineering

100Cases 33」


☆case33 頭痛と混乱
slurred n. 不明瞭
強直間代痙攣 tonic-clonic convulsion
 意識消失とともに全身随意筋強直痙攣が生じ(強直痙攣tonic convulsion)、次いで全身の筋の強直弛緩とが律動的に繰り返される時期(間代痙攣clonic convulsion)を経て、発作後もうろう状態を呈する一連発作
28歳、女性 黒人 南アフリカ 手術室看護師 ロンドン住在
診察 examination
やせている。55kg。38.5℃。口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis)。リンパ節腫脹無し。心血管呼吸器系、消化器系正常。痙攣前における神経検査では時間場所、人の見当識無し。神経局所症状無し(no focal neurological sign)。眼底両側に乳頭浮腫有り。
検査 investigation
口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis)
口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis) → 細胞免疫低下状態(DM免疫抑制AIDSなど) or 常在細菌叢の攪乱(長期抗菌薬の使用)
 ・The occurrence of thrush in a young, otherwise healthy-appearing person should prompt an investigation for underlying HIV infection.(HIM.1254)
 ・More commonly, thrush is seen as a nonspecific manifestation of severe debilitating illness.(HIM.1254)
精神症状強直間代痙攣 → 一次的、あるいは二次的な脳の疾患がありそう
頭痛 → 漠然としていて絞れないが、他の症状からして機能性頭痛ではなく症候性頭痛っぽい。
・眼底両側に乳頭浮腫 → 脳圧亢進徴候 → 原因は・・・脳腫瘍、ことにテント下腫瘍側頭葉腫瘍クモ膜下出血、脳水腫など、そのほか、眼窩内病変、低眼圧などの局所的要因、悪性高血圧、血液疾患大量出血肺気腫などの全身的要因 (vindicate本のp342も参考になる)
 ・頭痛脳圧亢進 → 頭蓋内圧占拠性病変脳炎(IMD.274)
CT所見 → ringform病変脳浮腫脳圧亢進
・低ナトリウム血症 → 脳ヘルニア続発して起こることがあるらしい。実際には下垂体トキソプラズマによる病変形成されることにより起こりうる。
パターン認識HIV + 精神症状 + てんかん発作(強直間代痙攣) + 脳圧亢進 + CT所見 = 一番ありそうなのはToxoplasma gondiiによるトキソプラズマ脳症 cerebral toxoplasosis (トキソプラズマ脳炎 toxoplasmic encephalitis)
Toxoplasma gondii
 原虫 胞子原虫
(感染予防学 080521のプリント、CASES p,92、HIM p.1305-)
 ・終宿主ネコネコ小腸上皮細胞で有性・無性生殖 糞便オーシスト排泄
病原病因 phathogenesis
 1. オーシスト経口摂取
 2. 中間宿主の生肉中のシスト経口摂取
 3. 初感染妊婦からの経胎盤感染。既感染なら胎盤感染しないらしい(HIM.1306)
 (4)移植臓器、輸血確率は低い(at low rate)(HIM.1306)
 1. 先天性トキソプラズマ症 congenital toxoplasmosis
   ①網脈絡膜炎、 ②水頭症、 ③脳内石灰化、 ④精神運動障害
 2. 後天性トキソプラズマ症 acquired toxoplasmosis
  (1) 健常者
   ・(少数例)筋肉痛、暈疼痛、腹痛、斑状丘疹状皮疹(maculopapular rash)、脳脊髄炎、混乱(HIM.1308)
   ・急性感染症状は数週間で消失 筋肉中枢神経系緩増虫体残存
   AIDSでは、トキソプラズマ脳炎が指標疾患 AIDS-defineing illness(CASES)
 (日本)アセチルスピラマイシンファンシダール(感染予防学 080521)
トキソプラズマ脳炎 toxoplasmic encephalitisトキソプラズマ脳症 cerebral toxoplasosis
 (CT,MRI)多発性両側性ring-enhancing lesion、特に灰白質-白質境界、大脳基底核脳幹小脳が冒されやすい(CASES)
このCTcerebral toxoplasmosis特徴的かは不明
 AIDSWBC(leukocyte)の数はどうなるんだろう???AIDSの初診患者ではWBCが低い人が多いらしいし()、HIVCD4+ T cellmacrophage感染して殺すから、これによってB cellは減るだろうし、CD8+ T cellも若干減少するだろうからWBCは減るんじゃないか?!好中球AIDSとは関係ない?好中球は他の感染症に反応性増加している?ちなみに、好酸球寄生虫(原虫)の感染のために増える傾向にあるらしい(HIMのどこか)。
スルファメトキサゾールトリメトプリム合剤 sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim mixture
A CD4+ T-cell count below 200 cells/μl (or a CD4+ T-cell percentage of total lymphocytes of less than 14%).
or he/she has one of the following defining illnesses:
People who are not infected with HIV may also develop these conditions; this does not mean they have AIDS. However, when an individual presents laboratory evidence against HIV infection, a diagnosis of AIDS is ruled out unless the patient has not:
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版



  • n.













flowering hormone」