• n.
allaltogethercommonentireentiretygrossoveralltotal amountwhole



  1. determine the sum of; "Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town" (同)tot, tot up, sum, sum_up, summate, tote up, add, add together, tally, add up
  2. damage beyond the point of repair; "My son totaled our new car"; "the rock star totals his guitar at every concert"
  3. add up in number or quantity; "The bills amounted to $2,000"; "The bill came to $2,000" (同)number, add up, come, amount
  4. quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class; "we sat up all night"; "ate all the food"; "all men are mortal"; "all parties are welcome"
  5. completely given to or absorbed by; "became all attention"
  6. to be expected; standard; "common decency"
  7. common to or shared by two or more parties; "a common friend"; "the mutual interests of management and labor" (同)mutual
  8. of or associated with the great masses of people; "the common people in those days suffered greatly"; "behavior that branded him as common"; "his square plebeian nose"; "a vulgar and objectionable person"; "the unwashed masses" (同)plebeian, vulgar, unwashed
  9. commonly encountered; "a common (or familiar) complaint"; "the usual greeting" (同)usual
  10. being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language; "common parlance"; "a vernacular term"; "vernacular speakers"; "the vulgar tongue of the masses"; "the technical and vulgar names for an animal species" (同)vernacular, vulgar
  11. belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public; "for the common good"; "common lands are set aside for use by all members of a community"
  12. having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual; "the common man"; "a common sailor"; "the common cold"; "a common nuisance"; "followed common procedure"; "it is common knowledge that she lives alone"; "the common housefly"; "a common brand of soap"
  13. including all components without exception; being one unit or constituting the full amount or extent or duration; complete; "gave his whole attention"; "a whole wardrobe for the tropics"; "the whole hog"; "a whole week"; "the baby cried the whole trip home"; "a whole loaf of bread"
  14. an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; "how big is that part compared to the whole?"; "the team is a unit" (同)unit
  15. all of something including all its component elements or parts; "Europe considered as a whole"; "the whole of American literature"
  16. (of siblings) having the same parents; "whole brothers and sisters"
  17. lacking fine distinctions or detail; "the gross details of the structure appear reasonable"
  18. twelve dozen (同)144
  19. the entire amount of income before any deductions are made (同)revenue, receipts
  20. repellently fat; "a bald porcine old man" (同)porcine
  21. before any deductions; "gross income"
  22. earn before taxes, expenses, etc.
  23. involving only main features; "the overall pattern of his life"
  24. a loose protective coverall or smock worn over ordinary clothing for dirty work (同)boilersuit, boilers suit
  25. (usually plural) work clothing consisting of denim trousers (usually with a bib and shoulder straps)
  26. including everything; "the overall cost"
  27. a small amount (especially of a drink); "a tot of rum"
  28. used of automobiles; completely demolished; "the insurance adjuster declared the automobile totaled"


  1. 『総計の』,全体の / 『全くの』,完全な(absolute) / 『合計』,総額,総数,総量(sum) / …‘を'合計する / 合計…‘に'なる,総額が…‘に'のぼる(amount to)
  2. 《単数形,または数えられない名詞につけて》(ある一つのものについて,その)『全体の』,全…,…じゅう,…全体 / 《複数形につけて》(個々を一つにまとめて)『全部の』,すべての / 《複数形,または数えられない名詞につけて》(ある全体の中の)いずれの,およそどの,あらゆる / 《数えられない名詞につけて》できる限りの,最大の / 《単数扱い》(物事について)『全部』,全体,すべて / 《複数扱い》『全員』,みんな / いっさいの所有物,いっさいがっさい / 『すっかり』,『全く』,もっぱら / 《all the+比較級の形で》かえって,いっそう / どちらも,双方とも
  3. (二つ以上のものに)『共通の』,共同の,共有の / 『一般の』,公共の,公衆の / 『普通の』,ありふれた / 慢凡な,並みの / 品のない,粗野な,野卑な(vulgar) / (数式で)共通の,公約の通約の・ (文法で)通性の,通格の(男性・女性どちらの格も用いることができる) ・〈C〉《時に複数形で》共有地,公有地,共有牧草;(市町村の)公園・〈U〉共有権
  4. 《the ~,one's ~ の形で名詞の前に用いて》『全体の』,全部の,全… / 《名詞の前にのみ用いて》(時間・距離などが)『まる』…,満… / (物が)完全な,欠けていない;《名詞の後に置いて》丸ごとで,ひとかたまりに / 《冠詞をつけずに複数名詞の前に用いて》ひじょうに多くの / 《古》(人が)無傷の,(肉体的に)健康な / 整数の,分数を含まない / 〈U〉《the ~》(…の)『全部』,全体,全量《+of+名》 / 〈C〉完全なもの,統一体
  5. 『全体の,総計の』(entire) / (人が)太りすぎた,でぶの / 粗野な,下品な(vulgar) / (食物が)粗悪な / (誤り・誤解などが)はなはだしい,全くひどい(very bad) / (植物が)はびこった,伸びほうだいの…(霧などが)濃い,密な / グロス(12ダース,144個) / 《the~》《文》全体;大部分 / …の総利益をあげる
  6. 全部の,全般的な,全面的な / (物の)端から端までの / 全般的に,全面的に / 端から端まで / 《複数形で》胸支てつきの仕事ズボン,オーバーオール / 《英》(婦人用)上っ張り
  7. 幼児,小児 / (特に酒類の)少量,一杯,一口
  8. …‘を'合計する《+up+名,+名+up》 / 合計(…に)なる《+up to+名》

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/04/07 22:16:14」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Anti-glycation properties of the aqueous extract solutions of dried algae products and effect of lactic acid fermentation on the properties.
  • Kuda T1, Eda M2, Kataoka M2, Nemoto M2, Kawahara M2, Oshio S3, Takahashi H2, Kimura B2.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2016 Feb 1;192:1109-15. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.07.073. Epub 2015 Jul 18.
  • The antioxidant and anti-glycation properties in aqueous extract solutions (AESs) of 11 dried algae products were investigated. AESs of brown algae Ecklonia kurome (kurome) and Ecklonia stolonifera (tsuruarame) showed a strong DPPH radical-scavenging capacity and Fe-reducing power with high total ph
  • PMID 26304454
  • Bioactive compounds and antioxidant potential fruit of Ximenia americana L.
  • Almeida ML1, Freitas WE2, Morais PL3, Sarmento JD4, Alves RE5.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2016 Feb 1;192:1078-82. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.07.129. Epub 2015 Jul 29.
  • The caatinga ecoregion in northeast Brazil presents a wide variety in plant species. However, the potential of these species as a source of energy, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and bioactive properties beneficial to health is still unknown. Among these species we can find the wild plum (Ximenia
  • PMID 26304450
  • Evaluation of umami taste in mushroom extracts by chemical analysis, sensory evaluation, and an electronic tongue system.
  • Phat C1, Moon B2, Lee C3.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2016 Feb 1;192:1068-77. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.07.113. Epub 2015 Jul 23.
  • Seventeen edible mushrooms commercially available in Korea were analysed for their umami taste compounds (5'-nucleotides: AMP, GMP, IMP, UMP, XMP; free amino acids: aspartic, glutamic acid) and subjected to human sensory evaluation and electronic tongue measurements. Amanita virgineoides featured th
  • PMID 26304449
  • Variation in mineral elements in grains of 20 brown rice accessions in two environments.
  • Huang Y1, Tong C1, Xu F1, Chen Y1, Zhang C2, Bao J3.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2016 Feb 1;192:873-8. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.07.087. Epub 2015 Jul 21.
  • Twenty rice accessions were planted in Hainan province, China, for 2years to investigate the effects of genotype, environment, and their interactions on the Ca, Mg, Na, K, Fe, Zn, and Cu contents in brown rice. Analysis of variance showed that the Ca, Na and K were mainly affected by the genotypic v
  • PMID 26304423

Japanese Journal

  • 路面電車停留所へのアクセスに関する研究
  • 大東 延幸,本岡 哲也
  • 広島工業大学紀要. 研究編 41, 37-40, 39114-00-00
  • … Not only the performance of public traffic but also it shows and the performance is verified about the total as "Movement" including on foot. …
  • NAID 120005403162
  • Enantioselective synthesis of (+)-N-(desmethyl)dysibetaine CPb
  • Tanaka Kento,Sakai Michihiro,Takamizawa Satoshi,Oikawa Masato
  • Chemistry Letters, 2015
  • … (+)-N-(Desmethyl)dysibetaine CPb was finally synthesized in 0.37% yield in total 14 steps. …
  • NAID 130004712958
  • The effects of coaching on salivary cortisol stress marker in mothers with young children, a randomized controlled trial
  • Ohashi Junko,Katsura Toshiki
  • Journal of Rural Medicine, 2015
  • … A total of 74 mothers with median EI scores or lower were enrolled in a RCT involving the coaching program. …
  • NAID 130004705333
  • Kinetics of Solid-State Reactive Diffusion in the (Pd–Cr)/Sn System
  • Hashiba Masaki,Masui Koji,Kajihara Masanori
  • … The total thickness of the compound layer is proportional to a power function of the annealing time. …
  • NAID 130004704648

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リンク元100Cases 33」「overall」「gross」「全体」「common
拡張検索total pelvic exenteration

100Cases 33」


☆case33 頭痛と混乱
slurred n. 不明瞭
強直間代痙攣 tonic-clonic convulsion
 意識消失とともに全身随意筋強直痙攣が生じ(強直痙攣tonic convulsion)、次いで全身の筋の強直弛緩とが律動的に繰り返される時期(間代痙攣clonic convulsion)を経て、発作後もうろう状態を呈する一連発作
28歳、女性 黒人 南アフリカ 手術室看護師 ロンドン住在
診察 examination
やせている。55kg。38.5℃。口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis)。リンパ節腫脹無し。心血管呼吸器系、消化器系正常。痙攣前における神経検査では時間場所、人の見当識無し。神経局所症状無し(no focal neurological sign)。眼底両側に乳頭浮腫有り。
検査 investigation
口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis)
口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis) → 細胞免疫低下状態(DM免疫抑制AIDSなど) or 常在細菌叢の攪乱(長期抗菌薬の使用)
 ・The occurrence of thrush in a young, otherwise healthy-appearing person should prompt an investigation for underlying HIV infection.(HIM.1254)
 ・More commonly, thrush is seen as a nonspecific manifestation of severe debilitating illness.(HIM.1254)
精神症状強直間代痙攣 → 一次的、あるいは二次的な脳の疾患がありそう
頭痛 → 漠然としていて絞れないが、他の症状からして機能性頭痛ではなく症候性頭痛っぽい。
・眼底両側に乳頭浮腫 → 脳圧亢進徴候 → 原因は・・・脳腫瘍、ことにテント下腫瘍側頭葉腫瘍クモ膜下出血、脳水腫など、そのほか、眼窩内病変、低眼圧などの局所的要因、悪性高血圧、血液疾患大量出血肺気腫などの全身的要因 (vindicate本のp342も参考になる)
 ・頭痛脳圧亢進 → 頭蓋内圧占拠性病変脳炎(IMD.274)
CT所見 → ringform病変脳浮腫脳圧亢進
・低ナトリウム血症 → 脳ヘルニア続発して起こることがあるらしい。実際には下垂体トキソプラズマによる病変形成されることにより起こりうる。
パターン認識HIV + 精神症状 + てんかん発作(強直間代痙攣) + 脳圧亢進 + CT所見 = 一番ありそうなのはToxoplasma gondiiによるトキソプラズマ脳症 cerebral toxoplasosis (トキソプラズマ脳炎 toxoplasmic encephalitis)
Toxoplasma gondii
 原虫 胞子原虫
(感染予防学 080521のプリント、CASES p,92、HIM p.1305-)
 ・終宿主ネコネコ小腸上皮細胞で有性・無性生殖 糞便オーシスト排泄
病原病因 phathogenesis
 1. オーシスト経口摂取
 2. 中間宿主の生肉中のシスト経口摂取
 3. 初感染妊婦からの経胎盤感染。既感染なら胎盤感染しないらしい(HIM.1306)
 (4)移植臓器、輸血確率は低い(at low rate)(HIM.1306)
 1. 先天性トキソプラズマ症 congenital toxoplasmosis
   ①網脈絡膜炎、 ②水頭症、 ③脳内石灰化、 ④精神運動障害
 2. 後天性トキソプラズマ症 acquired toxoplasmosis
  (1) 健常者
   ・(少数例)筋肉痛、暈疼痛、腹痛、斑状丘疹状皮疹(maculopapular rash)、脳脊髄炎、混乱(HIM.1308)
   ・急性感染症状は数週間で消失 筋肉中枢神経系緩増虫体残存
   AIDSでは、トキソプラズマ脳炎が指標疾患 AIDS-defineing illness(CASES)
 (日本)アセチルスピラマイシンファンシダール(感染予防学 080521)
トキソプラズマ脳炎 toxoplasmic encephalitisトキソプラズマ脳症 cerebral toxoplasosis
 (CT,MRI)多発性両側性ring-enhancing lesion、特に灰白質-白質境界、大脳基底核脳幹小脳が冒されやすい(CASES)
このCTcerebral toxoplasmosis特徴的かは不明
 AIDSWBC(leukocyte)の数はどうなるんだろう???AIDSの初診患者ではWBCが低い人が多いらしいし()、HIVCD4+ T cellmacrophage感染して殺すから、これによってB cellは減るだろうし、CD8+ T cellも若干減少するだろうからWBCは減るんじゃないか?!好中球AIDSとは関係ない?好中球は他の感染症に反応性増加している?ちなみに、好酸球寄生虫(原虫)の感染のために増える傾向にあるらしい(HIMのどこか)。
スルファメトキサゾールトリメトプリム合剤 sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim mixture
A CD4+ T-cell count below 200 cells/μl (or a CD4+ T-cell percentage of total lymphocytes of less than 14%).
or he/she has one of the following defining illnesses:
People who are not infected with HIV may also develop these conditions; this does not mean they have AIDS. However, when an individual presents laboratory evidence against HIV infection, a diagnosis of AIDS is ruled out unless the patient has not:
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版



  • adj.
  • 全部の。端から端までの。総合的な、全般的な
As long-term survival in ALL improves, more children experience late adverse effects including CNS imparirment, decreased linear growth, cardiotoxicity, infertility, and an increased incidence of secondary cancers, al well as an overall decreased health status due to such factors as neurocognitive dysfunction, depression, fatigue, and anxiety.




  • adj.
  • 総計の、全体の、全部の
  • ひどい、はなはだしい
  • でぶの。巨大な
  • 大まかな、大体の、概略の
altogetherentireentiretymacroscopicoverallterribletotaltotal amountviciousviolentwhole







  • adj.
  • 共通の、通常の、、普通の、共通性の
commonlyconventionalgeneralgenerallyin generalnormalnormallyordinarilyordinarytotalusualusually


total pelvic exenteration」

  [★] 骨盤内臓器全摘除術