admixadmixtureblendcocktailcombinationcomplex mixturecompoundmergemixshuffling



  1. (chemistry) a substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together (not in fixed proportions and not with chemical bonding)
  2. create by mixing or combining
  3. (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight (同)chemical_compound
  4. put or add together; "combine resources" (同)combine
  5. an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient)
  6. a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
  7. combine so as to form a whole; mix; "compound the ingredients" (同)combine
  8. calculate principal and interest
  9. composed of more than one part; "compound leaves are composed of several lobes; "compound flower heads"
  10. consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts; "soap is a compound substance"; "housetop is a compound word"; "a blackberry is a compound fruit"
  11. the act of combining things to form a new whole (同)combining, compounding
  12. the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order
  13. a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities
  14. a coordinated sequence of chess moves
  15. a group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose; "they were a winning combination"
  16. a sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock; "he forgot the combination to the safe"
  17. an alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes)
  18. combine (electronic signals); "mixing sounds"
  19. add as an additional element or part; "mix water into the drink" (同)mix in
  20. the act of mixing together; "paste made by a mix of flour and water"; "the mixing of sound channels in the recording studio" (同)commixture, admixture, mixture, intermixture, mixing
  21. an event that combines things in a mixture; "a gradual mixture of cultures" (同)mixture
  22. a commercially prepared mixture of dry ingredients (同)premix
  23. to bring or combine together or with something else; "resourcefully he mingled music and dance" (同)mingle, commix, unify, amalgamate
  24. mix together different elements; "The colors blend well" (同)flux, mix, conflate, commingle, immix, fuse, coalesce, meld, combine, merge
  25. combine into one; "blend the nuts and raisins together"; "he blends in with the crowd"; "We dont intermingle much" (同)intermix, immingle, intermingle
  26. the act of blending components together thoroughly (同)blending
  27. a new word formed by joining two others and combining their meanings; "`smog is a blend of `smoke and `fog"; "`motel is a portmanteau word made by combining `motor and `hotel"; "`brunch is a well-known portmanteau" (同)portmanteau_word, portmanteau
  28. an occurrence of thorough mixing
  29. blend or harmonize; "This flavor will blend with those in your dish"; "This sofa wont go with the chairs" (同)go, blend_in


  1. 〈U〉(…を)『混ぜ合わせること』,(…の)茶合《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉『混合した物』,混合薬
  2. (…になるように)〈要素・成分など〉'を'混ぜ合わせる《+『名』+『into』+『名』》;(…から)〈薬など〉'を'調合する,混ぜ合わせて作る《+『名』+『from』(『of』)+『名』》 / 《しばしば受動態で》〈めんどうな事・損害など〉'を'もっとひどくする / 〈利子〉'を'複利で計算する / (…と)話し合いをつける,妥協する《+『with』+『名』》 / 複合の,合成の / 『合成物』,混合物,調合物;化合物 / 複合語,合成語(classroom, heart-to-heartなどをいう)
  3. (異民族の家屋・商館などがある)囲み地区,構内
  4. 〈U〉(…の)『結合』,組み合わせ;〈C〉(…の)組み合わされたもの,結合体《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈U〉(…との)『連合』,団結,共同,提携;〈C〉連合体,共同体,組合《+『with』+『名』》 / 〈C〉=combination lock / 《複数形で》(また《話》coms)コンビネーション(上下続きの肌着)
  5. 〈複数のもの〉‘を'『混ぜ合わせる』,混合する,混同する / …‘を'混ぜ合わせて作る,調合して作る / …‘を'寄せ集める,まとめる / 〈物が〉(…と)混ざる,混合する《+『with』+『名』》 / 〈人が〉(他の人と)交わる,交際する《+『with』+『名』》 / 〈C〉〈U〉混合 / 〈C〉混合物(食品,薬) / 〈C〉〈U〉(水・火を加えて即席にでき上がる)素(もと),ミックス
  6. (分離できないほどに)…'を'『混ぜ合わせる』;(…に)…'を'混ぜる《+『名』+『with』+『名』》 / 『混じる』;溶け合う / (…と)『調和する』《+『with』+『名』》(harmonize) / 『混合』,調合;〈C〉『混合物』

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/10/09 22:16:12」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Solid dispersions of the penta-ethyl ester prodrug of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA): formulation design and optimization studies.
  • Yang YT1, Di Pasqua AJ, Zhang Y, Sueda K, Jay M.
  • Pharmaceutical development and technology.Pharm Dev Technol.2014 Nov;19(7):806-12. doi: 10.3109/10837450.2013.836216. Epub 2013 Sep 19.
  • The penta-ethyl ester prodrug of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), which exists as an oily liquid, was incorporated into a solid dispersion for oral administration by the solvent evaporation method using blends of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), Eudragit® RL PO and α-tocopherol. D-optimal mix
  • PMID 24047113
  • Dissolution properties, solid-state transformation and polymorphic crystallization: progesterone case study.
  • Araya-Sibaja AM1, Paulino AS, Rauber GS, Campos CE, Cardoso SG, Monti GA, Heredia V, Bianco I, Beltrano D, Cuffini SL.
  • Pharmaceutical development and technology.Pharm Dev Technol.2014 Nov;19(7):779-88. doi: 10.3109/10837450.2013.829096. Epub 2013 Sep 13.
  • Progesterone is a natural steroid hormone and a poor soluble drug which presents two polymorphs (forms 1 and 2). Different methods to obtain form 2 were tested and a complete solid-state characterization of both polymorphs (forms 1 and 2) was conducted. X-ray powder diffraction, hot stage microscopy
  • PMID 24032356
  • Dynamic light scattering-based method to determine primary particle size of iron oxide nanoparticles in simulated gastrointestinal fluid.
  • Yang SC1, Paik SY2, Ryu J3, Choi KO4, Kang TS5, Lee JK6, Song CW7, Ko S8.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2014 Oct 15;161:185-91. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.04.022. Epub 2014 Apr 13.
  • Simple dynamic light scattering (DLS)-based methodologies were developed to determine primary particle size distribution of iron oxide particles in simulated gastrointestinal fluid. Iron oxide particles, which easily agglomerate in aqueous media, were converted into dispersed particles by modificati
  • PMID 24837939
  • Milk prevents the degradation of daikon (Raphanus sativus L.) isothiocyanate and enhances its absorption in rats.
  • Ippoushi K1, Ueda H2, Takeuchi A2.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2014 Oct 15;161:176-80. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.04.013. Epub 2014 Apr 13.
  • Epidemiological and experimental researches show that isothiocyanate (ITC), a class of phytochemical compounds that imparts a characteristic biting taste and pungent odour to cruciferous vegetables, such as daikon (Japanese white radish, Raphanus sativus L. Daikon Group), broccoli, cabbage, and Chin
  • PMID 24837937

Japanese Journal

  • Z-scheme Water Splitting into H2 and O2 under visible light over Photocatalyst Panels consisting of Rh-doped SrTiO3 and BiVO4 Fine Particles
  • 経皮吸収型製剤 : 局所麻酔薬 (特集 痛み治療に関わるドラッグデリバリーシステム)
  • ボルドー液によるニホンナシ'幸水'の省力的な着果管理法
  • 冷凍機油と冷媒混合下における体積抵抗率の測定 (特集 冷凍・空調製品を支える計測技術と開発の現状) -- (計測技術)

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作曲ソフト・楽譜作成ソフトSinger Song Writer Lite 5.0 for Windows.
下北沢のカフェ mixtureは多くの可能性と個性を混合させた(mixture)ベーカリーカフェ です。伝統とニューコンセプトをテーマに焼きたてのパン、フレッシュなサンド、 味わい深いコーヒーでお出迎えします。

リンク元100Cases 33」「combination」「配合」「mix」「merge
拡張検索dibucaine hydrochloride and p-butylaminobenzoyl diethylaminoethyl hydrochloride mixture」「potassium L-aspartate and magnesium L-aspartate mixture」「opium alkaloid and atropine mixture」「azeotropic mixture

100Cases 33」


☆case33 頭痛と混乱
slurred n. 不明瞭
強直間代痙攣 tonic-clonic convulsion
 意識消失とともに全身随意筋強直痙攣が生じ(強直痙攣tonic convulsion)、次いで全身の筋の強直弛緩とが律動的に繰り返される時期(間代痙攣clonic convulsion)を経て、発作後もうろう状態を呈する一連発作
28歳、女性 黒人 南アフリカ 手術室看護師 ロンドン住在
診察 examination
やせている。55kg。38.5℃。口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis)。リンパ節腫脹無し。心血管呼吸器系、消化器系正常。痙攣前における神経検査では時間場所、人の見当識無し。神経局所症状無し(no focal neurological sign)。眼底両側に乳頭浮腫有り。
検査 investigation
口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis)
口腔カンジダ症(oral candidiasis) → 細胞免疫低下状態(DM免疫抑制AIDSなど) or 常在細菌叢の攪乱(長期抗菌薬の使用)
 ・The occurrence of thrush in a young, otherwise healthy-appearing person should prompt an investigation for underlying HIV infection.(HIM.1254)
 ・More commonly, thrush is seen as a nonspecific manifestation of severe debilitating illness.(HIM.1254)
精神症状強直間代痙攣 → 一次的、あるいは二次的な脳の疾患がありそう
頭痛 → 漠然としていて絞れないが、他の症状からして機能性頭痛ではなく症候性頭痛っぽい。
・眼底両側に乳頭浮腫 → 脳圧亢進徴候 → 原因は・・・脳腫瘍、ことにテント下腫瘍側頭葉腫瘍クモ膜下出血、脳水腫など、そのほか、眼窩内病変、低眼圧などの局所的要因、悪性高血圧、血液疾患大量出血肺気腫などの全身的要因 (vindicate本のp342も参考になる)
 ・頭痛脳圧亢進 → 頭蓋内圧占拠性病変脳炎(IMD.274)
CT所見 → ringform病変脳浮腫脳圧亢進
・低ナトリウム血症 → 脳ヘルニア続発して起こることがあるらしい。実際には下垂体トキソプラズマによる病変形成されることにより起こりうる。
パターン認識HIV + 精神症状 + てんかん発作(強直間代痙攣) + 脳圧亢進 + CT所見 = 一番ありそうなのはToxoplasma gondiiによるトキソプラズマ脳症 cerebral toxoplasosis (トキソプラズマ脳炎 toxoplasmic encephalitis)
Toxoplasma gondii
 原虫 胞子原虫
(感染予防学 080521のプリント、CASES p,92、HIM p.1305-)
 ・終宿主ネコネコ小腸上皮細胞で有性・無性生殖 糞便オーシスト排泄
病原病因 phathogenesis
 1. オーシスト経口摂取
 2. 中間宿主の生肉中のシスト経口摂取
 3. 初感染妊婦からの経胎盤感染。既感染なら胎盤感染しないらしい(HIM.1306)
 (4)移植臓器、輸血確率は低い(at low rate)(HIM.1306)
 1. 先天性トキソプラズマ症 congenital toxoplasmosis
   ①網脈絡膜炎、 ②水頭症、 ③脳内石灰化、 ④精神運動障害
 2. 後天性トキソプラズマ症 acquired toxoplasmosis
  (1) 健常者
   ・(少数例)筋肉痛、暈疼痛、腹痛、斑状丘疹状皮疹(maculopapular rash)、脳脊髄炎、混乱(HIM.1308)
   ・急性感染症状は数週間で消失 筋肉中枢神経系緩増虫体残存
   AIDSでは、トキソプラズマ脳炎が指標疾患 AIDS-defineing illness(CASES)
 (日本)アセチルスピラマイシンファンシダール(感染予防学 080521)
トキソプラズマ脳炎 toxoplasmic encephalitisトキソプラズマ脳症 cerebral toxoplasosis
 (CT,MRI)多発性両側性ring-enhancing lesion、特に灰白質-白質境界、大脳基底核脳幹小脳が冒されやすい(CASES)
このCTcerebral toxoplasmosis特徴的かは不明
 AIDSWBC(leukocyte)の数はどうなるんだろう???AIDSの初診患者ではWBCが低い人が多いらしいし()、HIVCD4+ T cellmacrophage感染して殺すから、これによってB cellは減るだろうし、CD8+ T cellも若干減少するだろうからWBCは減るんじゃないか?!好中球AIDSとは関係ない?好中球は他の感染症に反応性増加している?ちなみに、好酸球寄生虫(原虫)の感染のために増える傾向にあるらしい(HIMのどこか)。
スルファメトキサゾールトリメトプリム合剤 sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim mixture
A CD4+ T-cell count below 200 cells/μl (or a CD4+ T-cell percentage of total lymphocytes of less than 14%).
or he/she has one of the following defining illnesses:
People who are not infected with HIV may also develop these conditions; this does not mean they have AIDS. However, when an individual presents laboratory evidence against HIV infection, a diagnosis of AIDS is ruled out unless the patient has not:
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版



  • n.
allycombinatorialcombinecombined applicationcomplicatecompoundconcomitantconcurrentconjunctionmatchingmergemergermixturepair











  • v.
  • 混合する、合併する


dibucaine hydrochloride and p-butylaminobenzoyl diethylaminoethyl hydrochloride mixture」

  [★] 塩酸ジブカイン・塩酸パラブチルアミノ安息香酸ジエチルアミノエチル合剤

potassium L-aspartate and magnesium L-aspartate mixture」

  [★] アスパラギン酸カリウム・アスパラギン酸マグネシウム合剤

opium alkaloid and atropine mixture」

  [★] アヘンアルカロイド・アトロピン合剤

azeotropic mixture」