• n.



  1. the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage (同)cellar
  2. the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture
  3. any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia" (同)alkali
  4. (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place; "10 is the radix of the decimal system" (同)radix
  5. the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed; "the base of the triangle"
  6. situate as a center of operations; "we will base this project in the new lab"
  7. a place that the runner must touch before scoring; "he scrambled to get back to the bag" (同)bag
  8. installation from which a military force initiates operations; "the attack wiped out our forward bases" (同)base of operations
  9. a support or foundation; "the base of the lamp" (同)pedestal, stand
  10. (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector
  11. a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit; "a tub should sit on its own base"
  12. the principal ingredient of a mixture; "glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments"; "he told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green"; "everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base"
  13. the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end (同)home
  14. (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment; "the base of the skull"
  15. the bottom or lowest part; "the base of the mountain"
  16. illegitimate (同)baseborn
  17. of low birth or station (`base is archaic in this sense); "baseborn wretches with dirty faces"; "of humble (or lowly) birth" (同)baseborn, humble, lowly
  18. not adhering to ethical or moral principles; "base and unpatriotic motives"; "a base, degrading way of life"; "cheating is dishonorable"; "they considered colonialism immoral"; "unethical practices in handling public funds" (同)immoral
  19. having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality; "that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble"- Edmund Burke; "taking a mean advantage"; "chokd with ambition of the meaner sort"- Shakespeare; "something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics" (同)mean, meanspirited
  20. (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal; "base coins of aluminum"; "a base metal"
  21. debased; not genuine; "an attempt to eliminate the base coinage"
  22. throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage
  23. a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage) (同)earth
  24. (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting
  25. a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle); "they gained ground step by step"; "they fought to regain the lost ground"
  26. a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused
  27. hit or reach the ground (同)run aground
  28. bring to the ground; "the storm grounded the ship" (同)strand, run aground
  29. confine or restrict to the ground; "After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot"
  30. connect to a ground; "ground the electrical connections for safety reasons"
  31. hit a groundball; "he grounded to the second baseman"
  32. hit onto the ground
  33. instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
  34. place or put on the ground
  35. the most important or necessary part of something; "the basis of this drink is orange juice" (同)base
  36. the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained; "the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture" (同)base, foundation, fundament, groundwork, cornerstone
  37. of primary importance (同)primary
  38. serving as or forming a base; "the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats" (同)base
  39. a low or downcast state; "each confession brought her into an attitude of abasement"- H.L.Menchken (同)degradation, abjection


  1. 地階,地下室
  2. basisの複数形
  3. 《文》(人や人の行動・孝えが)『卑しい』,下劣な / (金属が)質の劣った;(貨幣が)粗悪な
  4. 『基礎』,根拠 / 『基部』,基底,土台 / 『根拠地』,基地 / (野球の)塁,ベース / 主成分;塩基(酸と反応シテ塩(官)を生じる化合物) / (数学で図形の)底;底辺;基線 / (…に)…‘の'『基礎をおく』《+『名』+『on』(『upon』)+『名』》
  5. 〈U〉《the~》『地面』,地表 / 〈U〉『土』,土壌;『土地』 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》(特定の目的のための)『場所』 / 《複数形で》(建物の回りの)『庭』,庭園;『構内』,屋敷 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》『根拠』(basis),理由(reason) / 〈U〉(確保すべき)立場,意見;地歩 / 〈U〉(研究などの)分野,範囲;話題,問題 / 〈C〉(図案・塗りなどの)下地 / 〈U〉海底,水底 / 《複数形で》(コーヒーなどの)おり,かす / 〈U〉《米》(電気装置の)アース / …‘を'地上に置く / (…に)〈主義・信念など〉‘を'基づかせる,立脚させる《+名+on+名(doing)》 / 〈人〉‘に'(…の)基礎(初歩)を教え込む《+名+in+名》 / 〈飛行機〉‘を'離陸させない / 〈人〉‘を'飛行勤務をやめさせる,地上勤務にする / 〈船〉‘を'座礁させる / 《米》〈電線など〉‘を'接地する,アースする(《英》earth) / 〈物が〉地面に落ちる(届く〉 / 〈船が〉座礁する / (野球で)ゴロを打つ
  6. grindの過去・過去分詞 / 粉にした,ひいた / すった,磨いた
  7. 『根拠』,基準;…制 / (混合物の)主成分
  8. 基底の,基部の / 基礎的な,基本的な
  9. (品位・地位などの)低下,失墜;屈辱
  10. (品性・貨壁仮値などの)低下,悪化,下落

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2014/11/17 03:42:43」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Postinflammation stage of autoimmune orchitis induced by immunization with syngeneic testicular germ cells alone in mice.
  • Naito M, Hirai S, Terayama H, Qu N, Kuerban M, Musha M, Kitaoka M, Ogawa Y, Itoh M.SourceDepartment of Anatomy, Tokyo Medical University, 6-1-1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8402, Japan.
  • Medical molecular morphology.Med Mol Morphol.2012 Dec;45(1):35-44. Epub 2012 Mar 20.
  • We previously established an immunological infertility model, experimental autoimmune orchitis (EAO), which can be induced by two subcutaneous injections of viable syngeneic testicular germ cells on days 0 and 14 in mice without using any adjuvant. In this EAO model, CD4+ T-cell-dependent lymphocyti
  • PMID 22431182
  • Engineering endostatin-expressing cartilaginous constructs using injectable biopolymer hydrogels.
  • Jeng L, Olsen BR, Spector M.SourceTissue Engineering, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA; Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
  • Acta biomaterialia.Acta Biomater.2012 Jul;8(6):2203-12. Epub 2012 Feb 24.
  • The release of an anti-angiogenic agent, such as type XVIII/endostatin, from an implantable scaffold may be of benefit in the repair of articular cartilage. The objectives of this study are to develop an injectable mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-incorporating collagen-based hydrogel capable of undergoi
  • PMID 22370447
  • Characterization of natural, decellularized and reseeded porcine tooth bud matrices.
  • Traphagen SB, Fourligas N, Xylas JF, Sengupta S, Kaplan DL, Georgakoudi I, Yelick PC.SourceDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Division of Craniofacial and Molecular Genetics, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
  • Biomaterials.Biomaterials.2012 Jul;33(21):5287-96. Epub 2012 Apr 30.
  • Dental tissue engineering efforts have yet to identify scaffolds that instruct the formation of bioengineered teeth of predetermined size and shape. Here we investigated whether extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules present in natural tooth scaffolds can provide insight on how to achieve this goal. W
  • PMID 22551485

Japanese Journal

  • Direct estimation of near-surface damping based on normalized energy density
  • Goto H.,Kawamura Y.,Sawada S.,Akazawa T.
  • Geophysical Journal International 194(1), 488-498, 2013-06-10
  • … The ratio of the NED, defined as the NED for the uppermost layer divided by the NED for the basement, correlates well with the total damping, t^∗_S. …
  • NAID 120005300464
  • AMT観測から推定される桜島火山の浅部比抵抗構造(<特集>桜島火山)
  • 神田 径,山崎 友也,小川 康雄,橋本 武志,坂中 伸也,相澤 広記,高倉 伸一,小山 崇夫,山田 健太,小林 宰,小森 省吾
  • 火山 58(1), 251-267, 2013-03-29
  • 2007年11月,第7次火山噴火予知計画の一環として,桜島火山の山麓でAMT法比抵抗構造調査を実施した.南岳山頂火口および昭和火口では,ブルカノ式噴火が繰り返し発生するため,山頂付近へ近づくことができない.そこで我々は,山体の北,西,南東山麓にそれぞれ測線を設定し,合計27観測点で周波数1〜10400Hzの電磁場データを取得した.データは,2Hz以上の周波数帯で概ね良好であった.まず,各測線で得ら …
  • NAID 110009597105
  • 屈折法地震探査による姶良カルデラと桜島火山の浅部速度構造(<特集>桜島火山)
  • 宮町 宏樹,泊 知里,八木原 寛,井口 正人,為栗 健,山本 圭吾,大倉 敬宏,安藤 隆志,尾西 恭亮,清水 洋,山下 裕亮,中道 治久,山脇 輝夫,及川 純,植木 貞人,筒井 智樹,森 済,西田 誠,平松 秀行,小枝 智幸,増田 与志郎,加藤 幸司,畠山 謙吾,小林 哲夫
  • 火山 58(1), 227-237, 2013-03-29
  • 2008年に実施された屈折法地震探査によって得られたP波初動走時により,姶良カルデラおよび桜島火山の深さ3kmまでの速度構造を推定した.本研究地域の基盤層である四万十層群は4.6-5.0km/sのP波速度を持ち,姶良カルデラの中央部に向け傾斜している.姶良カルデラの中央部には,4.2-4.4km/sの低速度域が深さ1.5-3kmに存在している.そして,この低速度域はカルデラ下に存在する深部マグマ溜 …
  • NAID 110009597103
  • 〈Original Papers〉異種異所移植によるウシ精巣様構造の再構築と精子形成の誘導
  • 喜多 章太,森木 甲子郎,谷口 俊仁,安齋 政幸,加藤 博己,佐伯 和弘,細井 美彦,三谷 匡
  • Memoirs of Institute of Advanced Technology, Kinki University 18, 29-38, 2013-03-00
  • Basement Membrane Matrix(Matrigel). … However, immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that bovine germ cells failed to colonize along the basement membrane of reconstructed seminiferous tubules and to proliferate thereafter. …
  • NAID 120005260089

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リンク元100Cases 59」「base」「ground」「basis」「fundus
拡張検索thin glomerular basement membrane disease

100Cases 59」


☆case59 尿中の血液
52歳 ビジネスマン
現病歴:6ヶ月前、new jofのためのisurance medical血尿指摘された。以来家庭医に2回血尿指摘された。以前尿検査正常だった。一度も顕微鏡指摘されたことが無く、泌尿器系症状もなかった。顕微鏡的血尿であることを除けば健康である。視覚聴覚問題なし。タバコ1日30本、アルコール35 unit/week(缶ビール(350ml)20本/週)
 栄養状態良く体調はよい。心拍:72/分、整。血圧:146/102 mmHg心血管系呼吸器系腹部神経学所見:異常なし。眼底鏡arteriovenous nippingを認める。
蛋白:++。血尿:++。赤血球:>100 red cells
24時間尿蛋白:1.2g; 正常値 <200mg/24hr
 ・顕微鏡的血尿 + 高度タンパク尿 + 高血圧 + 腎障害 = 慢性糸球体腎炎病態
 ・男性推奨されるアルコール摂取上限は、28unit/週 ()
 ・IgA腎症は多くは特発性だけど、ヘノッホ-シェーンライン紫斑病(Henoch-Schonlein purpura)とアルコール性肝硬変(alcoholic cirrhosis)と関連するのが普通である。
 ・IgA腎症患者の20%は20年の経過末期腎不全(end-stage renal failure)に陥る。
 ・菲薄基底膜病はisolated microscopic hematuriaminimal proteinuria及び正常腎機能(悪化しない)をしめす家族性疾患である。
 ・電顕的にはびまん性の糸球体基底膜の菲薄化が見られる(300-400nm -> 150-225nm)
(第四パラグラフ)What further incestigations would you organize?
 ・age>50: 尿細胞診前立腺特異抗原膀胱鏡 → 除外診断のため(膀胱前立腺病変)
(第五パラグラフ)What advice would you give this patient
 ・血清/血漿クレアチニン:これはGFRが50%減らないと上昇しない → この症例では軽度クレアチニン上昇腎機能正常腎機能の40%であることを示す。
菲薄基底膜病(thin basement membrane disease)
■高血圧病理的帰結 HIM.1552
・高血圧悪化因子?(predisposing factor)となる疾患心不全、冠動脈疾患梗塞腎臓病、末梢動脈疾患
 心臓:高血圧性心疾患は高血圧に対する機能的構造的適応 → 左心室肥大、拡張期機能不全(diastolic dysfunction)、うっ血性心不全血行異常(冠状動脈粥状硬化微小血管障害による)、不整脈
 左心室肥大(1遺伝的要因と血行動態要因による) → ↑リスク:冠動脈疾患梗塞、慢性心不全突然死
 拡張期機能不全:(左心室壁が肥厚して拡張期に十分拡張できないという意味での機能不全(written by s))
  ・高血圧脳症(autoreguration(50-150mmHg)が傷害され、重度頭痛悪心嘔吐、巣状神経徴候(focal neurologic sign)、精神状態変調をきたす)
 末梢動脈長期にわたって持続する高血圧により、下肢動脈狭窄させる → 跛行
 網膜交差現象( )
AV nipping is indicative of hypertension and describes the changes which occur at arteriovenous crossings in the retina where an artery crosses a vein. In patients with hypertension and associated arteriolosclerosis (narrowing of the artery) the artery applies increased pressure on the vein at the point where it passes over the top of the vein.
 血尿のうち、肉眼的には血尿ではないが、尿沈渣で400倍毎視野1個以上の赤血球を認める場合をいう。 しかしそれでは再現性に乏しいので、一般的には5個以上の赤血球を認める場合顕微鏡的血尿といい病的意義をもつ。
modest adj. 謙虚な。慎み深い、控えめな、遠慮がちの。(主に女性が)しとやかにした、ひどく上品な。質素な、地味な。適度の、穏当な。大きくない、ささやかな。



  • n.




  • n.
  • 基底、根拠、素因
  • adj.
  • 地上の、地面の。穴を掘る終生の、地上に住む。基本の、基礎の




  • n.




  • n.
basalbasementbasesbasiseyegroundfloorfundalfundifundus oculigastric fundusgroundocular fundusstomach fundus


thin glomerular basement membrane disease」

  [★] 菲薄基底膜病 TGBMD