• adj.
  • 抗菌性の、抗菌的な、抗菌の
  • n.
anti-bacterial agentantibacterial agentantibacterial drugantibacteriallyantibacterialsantibioticantibioticsantimicrobialantimicrobial agentantimicrobials



  1. any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth (同)antibacterial_drug, bactericide
  2. destroying bacteria or inhibiting their growth
  3. capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms (同)antimicrobic

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/07/25 05:39:00」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Dual-recognition detection of Staphylococcus aureus using vancomycin-functionalized magnetic beads as concentration carriers.
  • Yang S1, Ouyang H1, Su X1, Gao H1, Kong W1, Wang M1, Shu Q1, Fu Z2.
  • Biosensors & bioelectronics.Biosens Bioelectron.2016 Apr 15;78:174-80. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2015.11.041. Epub 2015 Nov 14.
  • Vancomycin, which has a strong antibacterial effect to Gram-positive bacteria, was adopted as one molecular recognition agent for bacterial detection. Magnetic beads (MBs) were functionalized with this antibiotic to effectively concentrate Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). In addition, alkaline pho
  • PMID 26606309
  • Effect of plasma activated water on the postharvest quality of button mushrooms, Agaricus bisporus.
  • Xu Y1, Tian Y2, Ma R3, Liu Q4, Zhang J5.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2016 Apr 15;197(Pt A):436-44. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.10.144. Epub 2015 Oct 30.
  • Non-thermal plasma is a new approach to improving microbiological safety while maintaining the sensory attributes of the treated foods. Recent research has reported that plasma activated water (PAW) can also efficiently inactivate a wide variety of microorganisms. This study invested the effects of
  • PMID 26616972
  • Antimicrobial activity of syringic acid against Cronobacter sakazakii and its effect on cell membrane.
  • Shi C1, Sun Y1, Zheng Z1, Zhang X1, Song K1, Jia Z1, Chen Y1, Yang M1, Liu X1, Dong R1, Xia X2.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2016 Apr 15;197(Pt A):100-6. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.10.100. Epub 2015 Oct 20.
  • Syringic acid (SA) has been reported to exhibit antibacterial ability against various microorganisms, but little work has been done on its effect on Cronobacter sakazakii. In this study, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of SA against various C. sakazakii strains were determined. Moreover, ch
  • PMID 26616929
  • Bactericidal action mechanism of negatively charged food grade clove oil nanoemulsions.
  • Majeed H1, Liu F1, Hategekimana J1, Sharif HR1, Qi J1, Ali B1, Bian YY1, Ma J1, Yokoyama W2, Zhong F3.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2016 Apr 15;197(Pt A):75-83. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.10.015. Epub 2015 Oct 22.
  • Clove oil (CO) anionic nanoemulsions were prepared with varying ratios of CO to canola oil (CA), emulsified and stabilized with purity gum ultra (PGU), a newly developed succinylated waxy maize starch. Interfacial tension measurements showed that CO acted as a co-surfactant and there was a gradual d
  • PMID 26616926

Japanese Journal

  • Complestatin Exerts Antibacterial Activity by the Inhibition of Fatty Acid Synthesis
  • Kwon Yun-Ju,Kim Hyun-Ju,Kim Won-Gon
  • Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin 38(5), 715-721, 2015-05
  • NAID 40020440762
  • Vaickelioniene Rita,Mickeviciene Kristina,Anusevicius Kazimieras [他]
  • Heterocycles : an international journal for reviews and communications in heterocyclic chemistry 91(4), 747-763, 2015-04-01
  • NAID 40020423207
  • ドラッグデリバリーシステム(5)吸収改善
  • 畑中 朋美,杉林 堅次
  • 日本防菌防黴学会誌 = Journal of Antibacterial
  • NAID 40020441603
  • 木材劣化の現状とその対策(11)拡散性を利用した木材の防腐処理
  • 蒔田 章
  • 日本防菌防黴学会誌 = Journal of Antibacterial
  • NAID 40020441596

Related Links

An antibacterial is an agent that either kills bacteria or inhibits their growth. The term antibiotic was first used in 1942 by Selman Waksman and his collaborators in journal art
They climbed up the ladder and said nothing as the airlock went through its cycle and the antibacterial spray covered them. The Judas Valley Gerald Vance Hence the immunity may be antibacterial or antitoxic or both. Expand / ...
antibacterial [an″te-, an″ti-bak-tēr´e-al] 1. destroying or suppressing the growth or reproduction of bacteria. 2. an agent having such properties. an·ti·bac·te·ri·al (an'tē-bak-tēr'ē-ăl), Destructive to or preventing the growth of bacteria.

リンク元抗菌薬」「antimicrobial agent」「antimicrobial」「anti-bacterial agent」「antimicrobials
拡張検索oxazolidinone antibacterial agents」「antibacterial susceptibility test」「antibacterial-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae



antibacterial drug, antibacterial
first aid step 1 2006 p.165


  • 細菌/微生物に静菌作用、殺菌作用を示す物質。結果として、人において病原性を除去する目的で使用される。
  • このうち、微生物によって産生される物質を抗生物質と呼ぶ


first aid step 1 2006 p.165
  Mechanism of action Drugs
1 Block cell wall synthesis by inhibition of peptidoglycan cross-linking penicillin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, piperacillin, imipenem, aztreonam, cephalosporins
2 Block peptidoglycan synthesis bacitracin, vancomycin, cycloserine
3 Disrupt bacterial/fungal cell membranes polymyxins
4 Disrupt fungal cell membranes amphotericin B, nystatin, fluconazole/azoles
5 Block nucleotide synthesis sulfonamides, trimethoprim
6 Block DNA topoisomerases quinolones
7 Block mRNA synthesis rifampin
8 Block protein synthesis at 50S ribosomal subunit chloramphenicol, erythromycin/macrolides, lincomycin, clindamycin, streptogramins (quinupristin, dalfopristin), linezolid
9 Block protein synthesis at 30S ribosomal subunit aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, spectinomycin
 ATuSi → あつし


  • 濃度依存性:アミノグリコシド系抗菌薬、ニューロキノロン系抗菌薬
  • 時間依存性:βラクタム系抗菌薬



尾内一信 ; 第 39 回日本小児感染症学会教育講演 2 小児感染症の抗菌薬療法 -耐性菌時代の適正使用-
感染臓器・臨床診断 原因菌 投与期間(抗菌薬)
髄膜炎 インフルエンザ菌 7-10日
肺炎球菌 10-14日
髄膜炎菌 7-10日
GBS,腸内細菌,リステリア 21日
中耳炎 <2 歳 10日
2 歳≦ 5-7日
咽頭炎 A 群連鎖球菌 10日(ペニシリン系薬)
肺炎 肺炎球菌,インフルエンザ菌 解熱後3-4日
黄色ブドウ球菌 3-4週間
マイコプラズマ,クラミジア 10-21日
腎臓、膀胱炎、腎盂腎炎 大腸菌,プロテウス,腸球菌 3日
骨髄炎 黄色ブドウ球菌 21日
連鎖球菌,インフルエンザ菌 14日


感染レジマニュ p.27
骨髄炎 4-6週
耳鼻咽喉 中耳炎 5-7日
副鼻腔炎 5-14日
A群溶連菌咽頭炎 10日
肺炎 肺炎球菌 7-10日 or 解熱後3日間
インフルエンザ菌 10-14日
マイコプラズマ 14日(7-10日)
レジオネラ 21日
肺化膿症 28-42日
心臓 感染性心内膜炎 α連鎖球菌 2-4週
黄色ブドウ球菌 4-6週
消化管 腸炎 赤痢菌 3日
チフス 14日(5-7日)
腹膜炎 特発性 5日
二次性 10-14日
胆肝膵 肝膿瘍 細菌性 4-8週
アメーバ性 10日
尿路 膀胱炎 3日
急性腎盂腎炎 14日(7-10日)
急性腎盂腎炎・再発 6週
慢性前立腺炎 1-3ヶ月
髄腔 髄膜炎 インフルエンザ菌 7-10日
肺炎球菌 10-14日
リステリア 21日
敗血症 敗血症 コアグラーゼ陰性ブドウ球菌 5-7日
黄色ブドウ球菌 28日(14日)
グラム陰性桿菌 14日(7-14日)
カンジダ 血液培養陰性化後, 14日



  • Antibiotics to avoid in pregnancy
  • Sulfonamides––kernicterus.
  • Aminoglycosides––ototoxicity.
  • Fluoroquinolones––cartilage damage.
  • Erythromycin––acute cholestatic hepatitis in mom
(and clarithromycin––embryotoxic).
  • Metronidazole––mutagenesis.
  • Tetracyclines––discolored teeth, inhibition of bone growth.
  • Ribavirin (antiviral)––teratogenic.
  • Griseofulvin (antifungal)––teratogenic.
  • Chloramphenicol––“gray baby.”
  • SAFE Moms Take Really Good Care.


  • βラクタム系
  • エリスロマイシン、アジスロマイシン


  • 抗菌薬インターネットブック


antimicrobial agent」


anti-bacterial agentanti-infective agentantibacterialantibacterial agentantibacterial drugantibacterialsantibioticantibioticsantiinfective agentantimicrobialantimicrobialsmicrobicide



  • adj.
  • 抗菌の
  • n.
anti-bacterial agentantibacterialantibacterial agentantibacterial drugantibacterialsantibioticantibioticsantimicrobial agentantimicrobials


anti-bacterial agent」


antibacterialantibacterial agentantibacterial drugantibacterialsantibioticantibioticsantimicrobialantimicrobial agentantimicrobialsbacteriocide



  • np.
anti-bacterial agentantibacterialantibacterial agentantibacterial drugantibacterialsantibioticantibioticsantimicrobialantimicrobial agent

oxazolidinone antibacterial agents」

  [★] オキサゾリジノン系合成抗菌薬

antibacterial susceptibility test」

  [★] 一般細菌薬剤感受性試験

antibacterial-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae」

  [★] 抗菌薬耐性肺炎球菌