Ancylostoma duodenale

hookworm

WordNet

  1. infestation of the intestines by hookworms which enter the body (usually) through the skin (同)hookworm_disease
  2. parasitic bloodsucking roundworms having hooked mouth parts to fasten to the intestinal wall of human and other hosts
  3. in or relating to the duodenum; "duodenal ulcer"

PrepTutorEJDIC

  1. 十二指腸虫 / 十二指腸虫症
  2. 十二指腸の

Wikipedia preview

出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2012/06/07 12:52:21」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Helminths and human ancestral immune ecology: What is the evidence for high helminth loads among foragers?
  • London D1, Hruschka D.Author information 1Department of Anthropology, Adelphi University, Garden City, New York, 11530.AbstractOBJECTIVES: Recent theories of human immune ecology have invoked high helminth loads as an important selection factor among early humans. However, few studies have assessed this assumption among extant human foragers.
  • American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council.Am J Hum Biol.2014 Mar 4;26(2):124-9. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22503. Epub 2014 Jan 28.
  • OBJECTIVES: Recent theories of human immune ecology have invoked high helminth loads as an important selection factor among early humans. However, few studies have assessed this assumption among extant human foragers.METHODS: We review the current evidence for high helminth loads in documented forag
  • PMID 24469911
  • Data on the parasitological status of golden jackal (Canis aureus L., 1758) in Hungary.
  • Takács A1, Szabó L2, Juhász L1, Takács AA3, Lanszki J4, Takács PT5, Heltai M2.Author information 1University of Debrecen Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences Debrecen Hungary.2Szent István University Institute for Wildlife Conservation Páter K. u. 1 H-2100 Gödöllő Hungary.3University of West Hungary Faculty of Geoinformatics Székesfehérvár Hungary.4University of Kaposvár Department of Nature Conservation Kaposvár Hungary.5Sárospatak Hungary.AbstractIn Hungary, twenty Canis aureus individuals were submitted to parasitological examinations in 2010-2012. Two Coccidia: Cystoisospora canis (15%) and Toxoplasma-type oocysts (5%), one Trematoda: Alaria alata (10%), six Cestoda: Mesocestoides lineatus (20%), Echinococcus granulosus (10%), Dipylidium caninums (5%), Taenia hydatigena (15%), Taenia pisiformis (20%), Taenia crassiceps (40%), and nine Nematoda: Angiostrongylus vasorum (10%), Crenosoma vulpis (30%), Capillaria aerophila (5%), Toxocara canis (20%), Toxascaris leonina (15%), Trichuris vulpis (10%), Ancylostoma caninum (45%), Uncinaria stenocephala (40%), Capillaria plica (45%) have been identified. Angiostronglyus vasorum has been reported from carnivores in Europe, Africa, South America and North America. The helminth A. vasorum or French heartworm is a metastrongylid nematode, widely distributed in Western Europe, that infects the pulmonary arterial tree of dogs, various species of foxes, wolves, Eurasian badgers, coyotes and stoats. To our knowledge, this is the first report of natural A. vasorum infection in golden jackal.
  • Acta veterinaria Hungarica.Acta Vet Hung.2014 Mar;62(1):33-41. doi: 10.1556/AVet.2013.058.
  • In Hungary, twenty Canis aureus individuals were submitted to parasitological examinations in 2010-2012. Two Coccidia: Cystoisospora canis (15%) and Toxoplasma-type oocysts (5%), one Trematoda: Alaria alata (10%), six Cestoda: Mesocestoides lineatus (20%), Echinococcus granulosus (10%), Dipylidium c
  • PMID 24334089
  • Parasitological and hematological aspects of co-infection with Angiostrongylus vasorum and Ancylostoma caninum in dogs.
  • Dracz RM1, Mozzer LR1, Fujiwara RT1, Lima Wdos S2.Author information 1Department of Parasitology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Presidente Antônio Carlos 6627, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.2Department of Parasitology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Presidente Antônio Carlos 6627, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: wlima@icb.ufmg.br.AbstractDogs are frequently infected by one or more species of endoparasites, which can lead to secondary infections that cause high morbidity and death. In this context, 2 nematode species are of veterinary importance: Angiostrongylus vasorum, which is a parasite of the pulmonary artery and right ventricle in domestic and wild canids, and Ancylostoma caninum, which is a parasite of the small intestine in felids and domestic and wild canids. We used 20 mongrel dogs that were divided into groups and infected as follows: Group A included 5 uninfected dogs, Group B included 5 dogs infected with A. vasorum, Group C included 5 dogs infected with A. caninum, and Group D included 5 dogs co-infected with A. vasorum and A. caninum. Parasitological and hematological monitoring were performed. The counts of larvae and eggs shed in the feces varied throughout the collection period. Moreover, negativation was not observed in any of the infected groups. The animals in Group C had macrocytic and hypochromic anemia, whereas the animals in Group D had macrocytic and normochromic anemia. Infected dogs also presented with eosinophilia and lymphocytosis. These data from coproparasitological techniques provide an improved assessment of disease severity and a more thorough understanding of parasitism in the host.
  • Veterinary parasitology.Vet Parasitol.2014 Feb 24;200(1-2):111-6. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.12.003. Epub 2013 Dec 10.
  • Dogs are frequently infected by one or more species of endoparasites, which can lead to secondary infections that cause high morbidity and death. In this context, 2 nematode species are of veterinary importance: Angiostrongylus vasorum, which is a parasite of the pulmonary artery and right ventricle
  • PMID 24373514

Japanese Journal

  • Hookworm burden reductions in Balb/c mice vaccinated with recombinant Ancylostoma secreted proteins (ASPs) from Ancylostoma duodenale, Ancylostoma caninum and Necator americanus
  • Ancylostoma duodenale is responsible for hookworm infections among pregnant women in the rural plains of Nepal
  • ネパール国カトマンズ市内の附属大学病院における鉤虫感染状況 : lO年間の記録
  • KUMAR RAI SHIBA,GOVINDA SHRESTHA HARI,中西 守,久保 隆,小野 一男,宇賀 昭二,松村 武男
  • 日本熱帯医学会雑誌 25(2), 81-84, 1997-06-15
  • NAID 10011490709

Related Links

Definition of Ancylostoma duodenale in the Medical Dictionary. Ancylostoma duodenale explanation. Information about Ancylostoma duodenale in Free online English dictionary. What is Ancylostoma duodenale? Meaning of ? ...
Geographic Range Human hookworms are found in tropical and subtropical regions between 30 north and south of the equator. Ancylostoma duodenale is found in the Mediterranean region, Southeast Asia, and scattered in the ...


Related Pictures

 Ancylostoma duodenale boca.jpglarva of Ancylostoma duodenale 所属词条 > 胆道蛔虫病 americanus dan Ancylostoma duodenaleancylostoma duodenale old world hookwormsegg capsule of Ancylostoma duodenale , the



★リンクテーブル★
リンク元蠕虫」「Ancylostomatoidea」「ズビニ鉤虫」「Uncinaria stenocephala
関連記事Ancylostoma」「duodenal

蠕虫」

  [★]

helminth, worms
helminthen
微生物学蠕虫症家畜伝染病予防法


蠕虫類

蠕虫類と感染症

蠕虫類 病原体名   病名 感染経路 寄生部位 症状 診断 治療
線虫類 Ancylostoma duodenale ズビニ鉤虫 鈎虫症/十二指腸虫症 F型幼虫経口感染、経皮 空腸上部 皮膚炎、若菜病、貧血 飽和食塩水浮遊法、遠心沈降法 pyrantel pamoate、鉄剤
Necator americanus アメリカ鉤虫
Strongyloides stercoralis 糞線虫 糞線虫症 F型幼虫経皮感染 小腸上部 Loffler症候群 糞便塗沫、普通寒天平板培養による
R型、F型幼虫の検出
thiabendazole, ivermectin
Enterobius vermicularis 蟯虫 蟯虫症 虫卵経口感染 盲腸~大腸 夜間の掻痒、不眠、情緒不安定 肛囲検査法「柿の種」 pyrantel pamoate
Ascaris lumbricoides 回虫 回虫症 虫卵経口感染 小腸孵化→門脈→
肺発育→食道嚥下→小腸
Loffler症候群。急性腹痛 糞便虫の虫卵の証明 pyrantel pamoate
Toxocara canis イヌ回虫 幼虫移行症 生後1-2ヶ月の感染犬の
糞から経口感染
なし 幼虫移行症→失明 免疫診断 治療法無し?
Wuchereria bancrofti バンクロフト糸状虫 フィラリア症/糸状虫症 アカイエカ リンパ系 急性期:リンパ肝炎、リンパ腺炎を伴う熱発作(filarial fever)
慢性期:乳糜尿、リンパ管瘤、陰嚢水腫、象皮病
急性期:夜間のmicrofilariaの検出
慢性期:特有の症状を考慮
diethylcarbamazine &
ivermectin
Brugia malayi マレー糸状虫
Dirofilaria immitis イヌ糸状虫   アカイエカ なし 幼虫移行症→肺血管閉塞→胸部X線画像銭形陰影    
Gnathostoma spinigerum 有棘顎口虫 顎口虫症 ドジョウ、雷魚、ヘビの生食   消化管壁貫通→皮下移動による腫瘤や線状皮膚炎 移動性腫瘤、皮膚爬行疹
雷魚やドジョウの生殖の問診
免疫血清診断
なし
Gnathostoma hispidum 剛棘顎口虫
Gnathostoma doloresi ドロレス顎口虫
Gnathostoma nipponicum 日本顎口虫
Anisakis simplex, larva アニキサス幼虫 アニサキス症
(1)胃アニサキス症、
(2)腸アニサキス症、
(3)異所性アニサキス症
経口感染
終宿主:クジラ、イルカ。
中間宿主:オキアミ。
待機宿主:サバ、ニシン、アジ、タラなど
胃や腸 (1)急激な上腹部痛"胃けいれん"
(2)腹痛、急性虫垂炎、イレウス様。劇症型と緩和型がある
(3)腹腔内の炎症性肉芽腫
胃内視鏡検査 内視鏡による虫体摘出
Pseudoterranova decipiens
Trichinella spiralis 旋毛虫 旋毛虫症 経口感染
豚肉、クマ肉の生食
  (1)成虫侵襲期:下痢、腹痛
(2)幼虫筋肉移行期:顔面浮腫、心筋障害など
(3)幼虫被嚢期:全身浮腫、衰弱
  急性期:ステロイド
殺虫:mebendazole
    鞭虫症   盲腸 慢性下痢、腹痛、異食症、貧血 セロファン重層塗沫法、
ホルマリンエーテル法
mebendazole
Spirurin nematode larva 旋尾線虫 旋尾線虫幼虫 ホタルイカの生食 なし 皮膚爬行疹、イレウス様症状 予防:-30℃24時間。
生食には-30℃4日間以上
摘出
吸虫類 Shistosoma japonicum 日本住血吸虫 日本住血吸虫症 糞便虫の虫卵→ミラシジウム
ミヤイリガイ体内でセルカリア
人畜の皮膚より浸入→循環系→
門脈に寄生
門脈 (1)潜伏期:侵入部の掻痒性皮膚炎。肺移行期:咳、発熱
(2)急性期:虫卵の門脈系寄生、産卵。住血吸虫性赤痢。
(3)慢性期:虫卵の肝、脳などの塞栓。肝硬変。脾腫、腹水
糞便虫の虫卵の検出。
直腸粘膜層掻爬法、
肝穿刺による組織内虫卵の検出。
補助診断として免疫血清学的検査。
praziquantel
Paragonimus westermani ウェステルマン肺吸虫 肺吸虫症/肺ジストマ症 経口感染
淡水産のカニ、イノシシ肉の生食
痰、咳、胸痛、時に喀血 痰や便の虫卵検査、
胸部写真、
断層写真で明らかな虫嚢。
免疫学血清検査
 
Paragonimus miyazakii 宮崎肺吸虫 気胸、胸水貯留、膿胸、好酸球増加   praziquantel
Clonorchis sinensis 肝吸虫 肝吸虫症/肝ジストマ症 経口感染
虫卵→(マメタニシ:セルカリア)→
セルカリア→(魚:メタセルカリア)→
摂取→(ヒト:成虫)→虫卵
胆管 胆汁流出障害による肝障害→肝硬変 糞便、胆汁(十二指腸ゾンデ法)。
肝吸虫卵の検出。CT像。エコー検査。
praziquantel
    横川吸虫症 淡水魚(アユ、フナ、ウグイ、シラウオ)の生食 小腸粘膜 下痢、腹痛 糞便虫の虫卵 praziquantel
条虫類 Taeniarhynchus saginatus 無鉤条虫 腸管条虫症 経口感染。中間宿主:ウシ 小腸 無症状。下痢。
広節裂頭条虫感染では悪性貧血。
糞便虫の虫卵と体節により診断 praziquantel
有鉤条虫の場合はガストログラフィン
有鉤条虫の駆虫の際、
虫体を破壊しない
→虫体の融解による嚢虫症
Taenia solium 有鉤条虫 経口感染。中間宿主:ブタ
Diphyllobothrium latum 広節裂頭条虫 経口感染。中間宿主:サケ、マス
  日本海裂頭条虫 経口感染。中間宿主:サケ
  腸管外条虫症  
    有鉤嚢虫症 有鉤条虫の虫卵の経口摂取 皮下、筋肉内
脳、脊髄、眼球
皮下、筋肉内:小指頭大の無症状腫瘤
脳、脊髄、眼球:Jacksonてんかん。痙性麻痺など
皮下の虫嚢 外科的摘出。
成虫寄生がなければ、praziquantel,
albendazole +
ステロイド
Echinococcus granulosus 単包虫 包虫症/
エキノコックス症
(単包虫症)
終宿主:イヌ、キツネなど。
中間宿主:ヒト、ブタ、野ネズミなど。
終宿主の糞便虫の虫卵を中間宿主が接種して発症
肝、肺、まれに脳、腎、筋肉 肝寄生:肝部疼痛、満腹、時に黄疸、下肢浮腫
肺寄生:胸部圧迫感、胸痛、咳、血痰、時に喀血
肝や肺の嚢胞形成から疑う。
早期に診断に皮内反応→
CT、エコー→
生検。免疫血清学的診断法
外科的切除。
albendazoleの長期投与
Echinococcus multilocularis 多包虫 包虫症/
エキノコックス症
(多包虫症)

Ancylostomatoidea」

  [★]

鉤虫上科

AncylostomaAncylostoma caninumAncylostoma duodenalehookwormUncinaria stenocephala

ズビニ鉤虫」

  [★]

Old World hookworm
Ancylostoma duodenale
鈎虫イヌ鉤虫狭頭鉤虫鉤虫上科
鉤虫症

Uncinaria stenocephala」

  [★]

狭頭鉤虫

AncylostomaAncylostoma caninumAncylostoma duodenaleAncylostomatoideahookworm

Ancylostoma」

  [★]

鉤虫鈎虫アンシロストーマ鉤虫属アンシロストーマ属Ancylostoma属

Ancylostoma caninumAncylostoma duodenaleAncylostomatoideahookwormUncinaria stenocephala

duodenal」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 十二指腸の
duodenum