• adj.
  • 機器の、手段になる、役立つ



  1. relating to or designed for or performed on musical instruments; "instrumental compositions"; "an instrumental ensemble"
  2. put the ball into play; "It was Agassis turn to serve"
  3. (sports) a stroke that puts the ball in play; "his powerful serves won the game" (同)service
  4. work for or be a servant to; "May I serve you?"; "She attends the old lady in the wheelchair"; "Can you wait on our table, please?"; "Is a salesperson assisting you?"; "The minister served the King for many years" (同)attend_to, wait on, attend, assist
  5. spend time in prison or in a labor camp; "He did six years for embezzlement" (同)do
  6. serve a purpose, role, or function; "The tree stump serves as a table"; "The female students served as a control group"; "This table would serve very well"; "His freedom served him well"; "The table functions as a desk" (同)function
  7. help to some food; help with food or drink; "I served him three times, and after that he helped himself" (同)help
  8. deliver a warrant or summons to someone; "He was processed by the sheriff" (同)process, swear out
  9. provide (usually but not necessarily food); "We serve meals for the homeless"; "She dished out the soup at 8 P.M."; "The entertainers served up a lively show" (同)serve up, dish out, dish up, dish
  10. promote, benefit, or be useful or beneficial to; "Art serves commerce"; "Their interests are served"; "The lake serves recreation"; "The Presidents wisdom has served the country well" (同)serve well
  11. mate with; "male animals serve the females for breeding purposes" (同)service
  12. contribute or conduce to; "The scandal served to increase his popularity"
  13. devote (part of) ones life or efforts to, as of countries, institutions, or ideas; "She served the art of music"; "He served the church"; "serve the country"
  14. do duty or hold offices; serve in a specific function; "He served as head of the department for three years"; "She served in Congress for two terms"
  15. do military service; "She served in Vietnam"; "My sons never served, because they are short-sighted"
  16. have a specified degree of importance; "My ex-husband means nothing to me"; "Happiness means everything"
  17. an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n (同)mean_value
  18. mean or intend to express or convey; "You never understand what I mean!"; "what do his words intend?" (同)intend
  19. denote or connote; "`maison means `house in French"; "An example sentence would show what this word means" (同)intend, signify, stand_for
  20. (used of persons or behavior) characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity; "a mean person"; "he left a miserly tip" (同)mingy, miserly, tight
  21. destine or designate for a certain purpose; "These flowers were meant for you"
  22. excellent; "famous for a mean backhand"
  23. contribute to the furtherance of; "This money will help the development of literacy in developing countries"
  24. improve the condition of; "These pills will help the patient" (同)aid
  25. improve; change for the better; "New slipcovers will help the old living room furniture"
  26. give help or assistance; be of service; "Everyone helped out during the earthquake"; "Can you help me carry this table?"; "She never helps around the house" (同)assist, aid
  27. be of use; "This will help to prevent accidents" (同)facilitate
  28. obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service; "kept a fire extinguisher available"; "much information is available through computers"; "available in many colors"; "the list of available candidates is unusually long"
  29. not busy; not otherwise committed; "he was not available for comment"; "he was available and willing to accompany her" (同)uncommitted
  30. convenient for use or disposal; "the house is available after July 1"; "2000 square feet of usable office space" (同)usable, useable
  31. written contract or certificate of insurance; "you should have read the small print on your policy" (同)insurance policy, insurance
  32. a line of argument rationalizing the course of action of a government; "they debated the policy or impolicy of the proposed legislation"
  33. a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group; "it was a policy of retribution"; "a politician keeps changing his policies"
  34. an artifact (or system of artifacts) that is instrumental in accomplishing some end (同)instrumentation
  35. the quality of being instrumental for some purpose
  36. a subsidiary organ of government created for a special purpose; "are the judicial instrumentalities of local governments adequate?"; "he studied the French instrumentalities for law enforcement"
  37. a system of pragmatic philosophy that considers idea to be instruments that should guide our actions and their value is measured by their success
  38. the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process (同)instrument
  39. music produced by playing a musical instrument
  40. equip with instruments for measuring, recording, or controlling
  41. the means whereby some act is accomplished; "my greed was the instrument of my destruction"; "science has given us new tools to fight disease" (同)tool
  42. a device that requires skill for proper use
  43. a person used by another to gain an end (同)pawn, cat''s-paw
  44. write an instrumental score for (同)instrumentate
  45. address a legal document to


  1. 役立つ;(…をするのに)役立つ《+『in』 do『ing』》 / 楽器の,器楽の
  2. 〈人が〉〈人〉‘に'『仕える』,‘の'役に立つ;〈社会など〉‘に'尽くす / 〈神・君主など〉‘に'仕える,服従する / (公職・兵役などで)〈ある期間〉‘を'『勤める』,〈判決・刑罰など〉‘に'『服する』 / 〈要求など〉‘を'満たす,〈目的など〉‘に'かなう / 〈物が〉(…として)〈人〉‘の'役に立つ《+『名』〈人〉+『as』(『for』)+『名』》 / 〈食事・飲物など〉‘を'出す,〈人〉‘に'配膳する / (規則的にまたは引き続いて)(…を)…‘に'供給する《+『名』+『with』+『名』》 / (テニス・バレーなどで)〈ボール〉‘を'サーブする / (人に)〈令状など〉‘を'送達する《+『名』+『on』+『名』〈人〉》;(令状などを)〈人〉‘に'送達する《+『名』〈人〉+『with』+『名』》 / (また『service』)〈動物が〉…‘と'交尾する / (…として…のもとで)『仕える』,勤務する《+『under』(『at, on』)+『名』+『as』+『名』》 / 『役立つ』,利用できる / 『給仕をする』,食事をすすめる / 〈天候・時間などが〉都合がよい / (テニスなどで)ボールをサーブする / (テニスなどの)サープ[の番],サープの仕方
  3. 〈人が〉…‘を'『意図する』,‘の'つもりである;…‘を'言おうとある;示そうとする / 〈単語・句・文章などが〉…‘を'『意味を持つ』,‘を'『意味する』 / (人に対して)…‘を'当てる,向ける《+『名』+『for』+『名』》 / 《受動態で》〈人・物〉‘を'(…)向きにする / 〈物事が〉…‘を'示す,表す / (結果として)〈物事が〉…‘を'もたらす,生じさせる / 《『mean』+『for』+『名』+『to』 do》《米話》(…が…するような)つもりでいる
  4. 《名詞の前にのみ用いて》(品質・価値・才能などが)『劣った』,つまらない / (人・行為などが)『卑劣な』,さもしい / 《古》(身分・地位などが)卑しい / 《まれ》(身なり・建物などが)みずぼらしい,見るもあわれな / 《米話》(動物が)御しにくい;(一般に)扱いにくい
  5. 中庸,中道 / (数学で) / 平均[値];(特に)算術平均,相加平均 / (比例式の)中項,内項 / (両極端の)中間の,中央に位置する / (大きさ・品質・程度などが)平均的な,平均の
  6. 《しばしば副詞〈句〉を伴って》〈人が〉〈人〉を『手伝う』,『助ける』,の役に立つ / 〈物事が〉〈人・事〉‘に'役立つ,‘を'よくするのに役立つ / …‘を'救う,助ける,救助する / 〈料理など〉‘を'盛り分ける / (料理などを)〈人〉‘に'よそってあげる,ついでやる《+『名』+『to』+『名』》 / 《cannotと共に》…‘を'避ける,防ぐ;…‘を'がまんする,こらえる / 〈人が〉(…を)助ける,手伝う《+『with』+『名』(do『ing』)》 / 〈物事が〉役立つ,助けになる / 〈U〉『助け』,援助,助力;救助 / 〈C〉(…にとって)助けとなるもの(人),役立つもの(人)《+『to』+『名』》 / 〈C〉雇い人,使用人,な手伝い;《米》《集合的に》家政婦 / 〈U〉『救済手段』,防止策
  7. 『利用できる』,『役に立つ』 / (品物・情報などが)『手にはいる』 / (人が)手があいている,暇である / (法律が)効力のある;《英》(切符など)有効な
  8. 〈C〉(政府・政党・企業などの)『方針』,方策,政策 / 〈U〉処世上の知恵,抜け目のなさ,思慮分別
  9. 保険証券(証書)
  10. 〈U〉役に立つこと / 〈C〉手段,尽力
  11. 器楽奏者
  12. (主として精密な)『器具』,器械,計器・(また『musical instrument』)『楽器』) / 手段,方便(means);(人の)手先 / 法律文書(証書・遺書・協定書・約束手形など)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2013/06/05 01:53:38」(JST)

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UpToDate Contents

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English Journal

  • Molecular mechanisms of cardiomyocyte aging.
  • Sheydina A, Riordon DR, Boheler KR.SourceLaboratory of Cardiovascular Sciences, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Gerontology Research Center, 5600 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, U.S.A.
  • Clinical science (London, England : 1979).Clin Sci (Lond).2011 Oct 1;121(8):315-29.
  • Western societies are rapidly aging, and cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death. In fact, age and cardiovascular diseases are positively correlated, and disease syndromes affecting the heart reach epidemic proportions in the very old. Genetic variations and molecular adaptations are
  • PMID 21699498
  • Utilization of adzuki bean extract as a natural antioxidant in cured and uncured cooked pork sausages.
  • Jayawardana BC, Hirano T, Han KH, Ishii H, Okada T, Shibayama S, Fukushima M, Sekikawa M, Shimada K.SourceDepartment of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, KY 20400, Sri Lanka.
  • Meat science.Meat Sci.2011 Oct;89(2):150-3. Epub 2011 May 7.
  • A commercial adzuki bean extract (AE) was evaluated for antioxidant effectiveness in cured and uncured cooked pork sausages. TBARS values, instrumental color evaluation and sensory panel scores were assessed. For uncured sausages, AE at 0.2% was equally effective as 0.1% butylated hydroxytoluene (BH
  • PMID 21663804
  • How is the instrumental color of meat measured?
  • Tapp WN 3rd, Yancey JW, Apple JK.AbstractPeer-reviewed journal articles (n=1068) were used to gather instrumental color measurement information in meat science research. The majority of articles, published in 10 peer-reviewed journals, originated from European countries (44.8%) and North America (38.5%). The predominant specie was pork (44.2%), and most researchers used Minolta (60.0%) over Hunter (31.6%) colorimeters. Much of the research was done using illuminant D(65) (32.3%); nevertheless, almost half (48.9%) of the articles did not report the illuminant. Moreover, a majority of the articles did not report aperture size (73.6%) or the number of readings per sample (52.4%). Many factors influence meat color, and a considerable proportion of the peer-reviewed, published research articles failed to include information necessary to replicate and/or interpret instrumental color results; therefore, a standardized set of minimum reportable parameters for meat color evaluation should be identified.
  • Meat science.Meat Sci.2011 Sep;89(1):1-5. Epub 2010 Nov 27.
  • Peer-reviewed journal articles (n=1068) were used to gather instrumental color measurement information in meat science research. The majority of articles, published in 10 peer-reviewed journals, originated from European countries (44.8%) and North America (38.5%). The predominant specie was pork (44
  • PMID 21546168

Japanese Journal

  • ハイダ語の手段接頭辞について
  • 堀 博文
  • 北方言語研究 1, 1-22, 2011-03-25
  • … Haida has instrumental prefixes that are attached to a verbal root in order to denote theinstrument (such as “with ears” or “with lips”) and the manner (such as “by pulling” or“by poking”) whereby an action is performed.Morphologically, instrumental prefixes are not added to all verbal roots; …
  • NAID 120002911981
  • <個人論文>準実験的手法による学級規模効果研究のメタアナリシス
  • 橋野 晶寛
  • 東京大学大学院教育学研究科教育行政学論叢 30, 49-60, 2011-03
  • … First, we synthesize the previous researches by quasi-experimental design such as instrumental variable regression, regression discontinuity design and difference-in-differences. …
  • NAID 120002924379
  • 浪曲三味線の即興性に関する予備的考察
  • 北川 純子,キタガワ ジュンコ,KITAGAWA Junko
  • 大阪教育大学紀要. 1, 人文科学 59(2), 27-43, 2011-02-28
  • … Through analyzing the "hikidashi", i.e. the instrumental prelude part in rokyoku, the author tries to clarify some aspects of "invisible musical theory" about rokyoku shamisen. …
  • NAID 120002808692

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拡張検索instrumental learning」「instrumental conditioning」「instrumental analyses」「instrumental analysis



  • vt.
  • 助力/援助する、助ける、救う。手伝う。手伝って~させる。(rflx)必要なことを自分でする。困難を切り抜ける。(~ sbに副詞(句)を伴って)助けて~させる
  • (~の状態を)よくする、改善する
  • 促進する、助長する。~の助けとなる
  • (can(not ~ it (doing sth)で)避ける(prevent)、制する、抑える、禁ずる
  • (人に食べ物などを)取ってやる、酌をする、勧める(to)
  • vi.
  • n.
aid, assist, assistance, avail, available, helpful, instrumental, serve, serviceable, subserve, support, useful, valuable




  • v.




  • n.
  • 平均値、 手段
  • adj.
  • 平均の
  • v.
  • 意味する
avenueaverageevengatewayimplicationimplyinstrumentalmean valuemeaningmeanspolicypurportrepresentsemanticsensetool




  • adj.
  • 有用な、役立つ、便利な、有益な、有意義な
avail, available, beneficial, convenient, conveniently, help, helpful, informative, instrumental, meaningful, of use, salutary, serve, serviceable, subserve, usefully, valuable, worthwhile




  • 入手可能な、利用可能な、利用できる、有用な、役立つ
accessibleaffordableavailhelphelpfulinstrumentalobtainableof useserveserviceablesubserveusefulusefullyvaluable


instrumental learning」



operant conditioning

instrumental conditioning」


instrumental conditioning

instrumental analyses」



instrumental analysis

instrumental analysis」


instrumental analyses



  • n.
  • v.