- burn, thermal burn
- a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
- burn with a hot liquid or steam; "She scalded her hands when she turned on the faucet and hot water came out"
- heat to the boiling point; "scald the milk"
- treat with boiling water; "scald tomatoes so that they can be peeled"
- the act of burning with steam or hot water
- milk heated almost to boiling
- the act of arranging in a graduated series (同)grading
- act of measuring or arranging or adjusting according to a scale
- ascent by or as if by a ladder
- 〈熱湯・湯気(ゆげ)が〉…‘を'やげどさせる / ‘を'煮沸[消毒]する / 〈ミルクなど〉‘を'沸点近くまで煮たたせる(熱する) / (熱湯・湯気での)やけど
- やけどするほど熱い / (批評などが)てきびしい
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- 1. 熱傷の局所治療：外用抗菌薬と被覆材 local treatment of burns topical antimicrobial agents and dressings
- 2. 熱傷の世界的疫学 epidemiology of burn injuries globally
- 3. 軽症熱傷の治療 treatment of minor thermal burns
- 4. 小児における中等度および重度熱傷の救急治療 emergency care of moderate and severe thermal burns in children
- 5. 熱傷の分類 classification of burns
- Outpatient treated burns in infants younger than 1 year in Helsinki during 2005-2009.
- Laitakari E1, Koljonen V2, Pyörälä S3, Rintala R3.Author information 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: email@example.comDepartment of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Institute of Clinical Medicine, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland.3Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.AbstractIn general, voluminous data exists concerning burns in children, but the data focusing specially on children less than 1 year of age is sporadic. We therefore focused on examining the special features of burns in children less than 1 year of age. A retrospective study of all outpatient treated burn patients <1 year old at the Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland, from January 2005 to December 2009 was performed. During the 5-year period we identified 106 outpatient treated infants with burns, representing 15% of all pediatric burns during the study period. The majority was male and aged 9-12 months. Most of the burns occurred at home, and in most cases a caregiver was present in the injury room. Scalds were the most common type of injury followed by contact burns. The most common source of scald was from cups containing hot drink, and the most common source of contact burn was hot stoves or oven doors. Special attention needs to be targeted toward the prevention of burns in children less than 1 year of age. The majority of the injuries could have been prevented with more vigilance.
- Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries.Burns.2014 May;40(3):489-94. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2013.08.007. Epub 2013 Sep 1.
- In general, voluminous data exists concerning burns in children, but the data focusing specially on children less than 1 year of age is sporadic. We therefore focused on examining the special features of burns in children less than 1 year of age. A retrospective study of all outpatient treated burn
- PMID 24001919
- Patterns of burns and scalds in children.
- Kemp AM1, Jones S, Lawson Z, Maguire SA.Author information 1Early Years Research Programme, Institute of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, , Heath Park, Cardiff, UK.AbstractOBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of childhood burns and scalds, mechanisms and agents to inform prevention.
- Archives of disease in childhood.Arch Dis Child.2014 Apr;99(4):316-21. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2013-304991. Epub 2014 Feb 3.
- OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of childhood burns and scalds, mechanisms and agents to inform prevention.METHODS: Prospective multicentred cross-sectional study of children (<16 years) with unintentional burns/scalds from five Emergency Departments (ED), a burns assessment unit and th
- PMID 24492796
- Mouse Mast Cell Proteases 4 and 5 Mediate Epidermal Injury through Disruption of Tight Junctions.
- Bankova LG1, Lezcano C, Pejler G, Stevens RL, Murphy GF, Austen KF, Gurish MF.Author information 1Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115;AbstractWe previously established a mast cell (MC)-dependent thermal injury model in mice with ulceration and scar formation that depended on nonredundant functions of mouse MC protease (mMCP)4 and mMCP5. We hypothesized that MC activation is an early event and now find by histology that exocytosis of granule contents occurred by 2 min after thermal injury in wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice and in the mMCP4- or mMCP5-deficient mice. The degranulation was equivalent for MCs in the dermis and hypodermis of all three strains, but only the WT mice showed an appreciable increase in epidermal thickness. There was no loss of total MCs, partially degranulated plus intact, during the 4 h of observation. By electron microscopy, MCs in all strains showed early zonal degranulation at 30 s with marked progression in magnitude by 120 s and no mitochondrial injury or cellular necrosis. Concomitantly there was an increase in intercellular spaces indicative of tight junction (TJ) disruption in WT mice but not in the mMCP4- or mMCP5-deficient strains. The desmosomes were intact in all strains. Immunodetection of the TJ protein claudin 4 in WT and mMCP5-deficient mice indicated a significant reduction after scald injury whereas mMCP4(-/-) mice showed no significant changes. Taken together, these findings reveal that a second-degree burn injury can initiate an immediate novel zonal degranulation of MCs throughout all skin layers and a disruption of the epidermal TJs dependent on the nonredundant presence of mMCP4 and mMCP5.
- Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950).J Immunol.2014 Mar 15;192(6):2812-20. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1301794. Epub 2014 Feb 12.
- We previously established a mast cell (MC)-dependent thermal injury model in mice with ulceration and scar formation that depended on nonredundant functions of mouse MC protease (mMCP)4 and mMCP5. We hypothesized that MC activation is an early event and now find by histology that exocytosis of granu
- PMID 24523504
- Assessment and management of scalds and burns in children.
- Hollywood E1, O'Neill T.Author information 1Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.AbstractIn childhood, burn or scald injuries are comparatively common, and the greatest risk is to infants and toddlers. The extent and severity of injuries can vary greatly, which can significantly affect recovery and outcome. To provide high quality nursing care to the child who has sustained a burn injury and the family, the children's nurse should understand the pathophysiology of the trauma and the associated physical and psychological suffering. Evidence-based nursing management of these aspects is an essential component of recovery. Children's nurses working in hospitals, schools or in the community can engage with parents, families, school staff and children to provide information, advice, and health and safety promotion for burn prevention.
- Nursing children and young people.Nurs Child Young People.2014 Mar 11;26(2):28-33. doi: 10.7748/ncyp2014.03.26.2.28.e396.
- In childhood, burn or scald injuries are comparatively common, and the greatest risk is to infants and toddlers. The extent and severity of injuries can vary greatly, which can significantly affect recovery and outcome. To provide high quality nursing care to the child who has sustained a burn injur
- PMID 24617891
- 1A2-K03 事故データベースを用いたリスク予見支援のための状況構造の要約可視化手法の開発(デジタルヒューマン)
- Secondary Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Associated with Massive Fluid Resuscitation in Extensive Burn Patients : Report of Two Cases and a Revision of the Institutional Fluid Resuscitation Protocol
- Interferon-gamma inhibits healing post scald burn injury
- Plant Pathology. a blanching of the epidermis and adjacent tissues, which turn pale or dark brown, caused by extreme heat or sun exposure. a condition ... scald a quart of cream; when almost cold, put to it four eggs well beaten, a ...
- scaldとは。意味や和訳。[動](他)1 …を（熱湯・湯気などで）やけどさせる((with, by ...))；…にやけどするような熱さを感じさせるbe scalded to death by steam蒸気のやけどで死ぬscald one's hand手にやけどするscald oneself with hot water ...
- : to burn (someone or something) with hot liquid or steam: to put (something) in hot liquid or steam for a brief time: to heat (a liquid) until it is very hot but ... Definition of SCALD 1 archaic: scabby, scurfy 2 archaic: shabby, contemptible
- burn, burn injury, thermal injury, scald
- 第1度：表皮内 (表皮熱傷：紅斑、2-3日で治癒)
- 第2度：真皮内 (真皮浅層熱傷：疼痛、水疱形成、水疱底赤色、1-2週間で治癒。真皮深層熱傷：知覚鈍麻、水疱形成△、水疱底白色、3-4週間で治癒。)
- 4ml x 熱傷面積 (%) x 体重 (kg) = 補液量 (ml/day)
- 1. [charged] Emergency care of moderate and severe thermal burns in adults - uptodate 
- 初期治療には輸液が大切。だけど、入れ過ぎも問題だからちゃんと計算して輸液しろ。なにが問題って、血圧上昇、腹部、四肢、眼窩のcompartment syndromeが起こる。
- 2. 「血液製剤の使用指針」（改定版） 平成17年９月
- staphylococcal scalded-skin syndrome, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, SSSS(4S)
- リッター病 Ritter disease Ritter's disease、ブドウ球菌性皮膚剥脱症候群、新生児剥脱性皮膚炎 dermatitis exfoliativa neonatorum DEN
- 黄色ブドウ球菌 Staphylococcus aureus