castor oil

ricinoleic acid


  1. large shrub of tropical Africa and Asia having large palmate leaves and spiny capsules containing seeds that are the source of castor oil and ricin; widely naturalized throughout the tropics (同)castor bean plant, palma christi, palma christ, Ricinus_communis
  2. select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet; "He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona"
  3. the distinctive form in which a thing is made; "pottery of this cast was found throughout the region" (同)mold, mould, stamp
  4. object formed by a mold (同)casting
  5. bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal (同)plaster_cast, plaster_bandage
  6. the act of throwing dice (同)roll
  7. the actors in a play (同)cast of characters, dramatis_personae
  8. form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold; "cast a bronze sculpture" (同)mold, mould
  9. assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors; "Who cast this beautiful movie?"
  10. deposit; "cast a vote"; "cast a ballot"
  11. cover with oil, as if by rubbing; "oil the wooden surface"
  12. a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water
  13. oil paint containing pigment that is used by an artist (同)oil_color, oil colour
  14. type genus of the Castoridae: beavers (同)genus Castor
  15. a multiple star with 6 components; second brightest in Gemini; close to Pollux (同)Alpha Geminorum
  16. treated with oil; "oiled country roads"; "an oiled walnut table"


  1. …'を'『投げる』,ほうる / …'を'『投げ捨てる』,ほうり出す《+『off』+『名』,+『名』+『off』》 / (…に)〈影・光〉'を'『投げ掛ける』;〈疑に・魔法など〉'を'かける《+『名』+『on』 (『upon』)+『名』》 / 〈目・視線など〉'を'『向ける』,投げ掛ける / 〈票〉'を'『投じる』 / (…に)〈名誉・祝福〉'を'与える,〈非難など〉'を'浴びせる《+『名』+『on』(『upon』)+『名』》 / (人に)〈役〉'を'つける《+『名』〈役〉+『to』+『名』》;(ある役に)〈人〉'を'当てる《+『名』+『for』+『名』〈役〉》 / (鋳型に流し込んで)…'を'鋳造する / 物を投げる,(特に)釣り糸を投げる / 鋳造される / 〈C〉『投げること』,(光・影・視線などを)投げかけること / 〈C〉(物を)投げられる距離,射程 / 〈C〉(劇・映鹿を)『配役』 / 〈C〉(骨折した手足を固定する)ギプス / 〈C〉(…の)鋳型,鋳造[物]《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉〈U〉(人・物の特懲的な)外形,外観;(…の)型,傾向;性質《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈U〉(…の)色あい,色調《+『of』+『名』》 / 《a cast》(材木などの)ゆがみ,そり;《まれ》(軽度の)斜視
  2. 〈U〉〈C〉『油』;油状物 / =petroleum / 《複数形で》=oil paint / =oil painting / …‘に'油を塗る,油を引く,油を差す
  3. 油を差した(しみ込ませた) / 《俗》酒に酔った(drunk)
  4. =caster
  5. ビーバー香(ビーバーからとれる香水・薬品)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/08/08 11:00:13」(JST)

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English Journal

  • Gut and airways relaxant effects of Carum roxburghianum.
  • Khan M, Khan AU, Najeeb-Ur-Rehman, Gilani AH.SourceNatural Products Research Unit, Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, The Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi-74800, Pakistan; Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Karachi, 75270, Pakistan.
  • Journal of ethnopharmacology.J Ethnopharmacol.2012 Jun 14;141(3):938-46. Epub 2012 Apr 4.
  • ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Carum roxburghianum is traditionally used in hyperactive gastrointestinal and respiratory disorders. The present study was carried out to investigate the possible gut and airways relaxant potential of Carum roxburghianum to rationalize its folk uses.MATERIALS AND METH
  • PMID 22497734
  • Antidiarrhoeal and bronchodilatory potential of Valeriana wallichii.
  • Khan AU, Gilani AH.Sourcea Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences , Aga Khan University Medical College , Karachi 74800 , Pakistan.
  • Natural product research.Nat Prod Res.2012 Jun;26(11):1045-9. Epub 2011 Oct 20.
  • This study describes the antidiarrhoeal and bronchodilatory activities of Valeriana wallichii D.C. (Valerianaceae). The crude extract of V. wallichii (Vw.Cr) caused inhibition of castor oil-induced diarrhoea in mice at 300-600 mg kg(-1). In guinea-pig trachea, Vw.Cr concentration dependently (0.
  • PMID 22010976

Japanese Journal

  • ひまし油由来分解性エステル結合を有するポリテトラメチレングリコールの合成とそれによるリサイクル可能なポリウレタン材料の開発
  • 箕輪 岳郎,漆崎 美智遠,阪口 壽一
  • 福井大学大学院工学研究科研究報告 59, 61-72, 2011-03-31
  • NAID 110008439975
  • ひまし油由来分解性エステル結合を有するポリテトラメチレングリコールの合成とそれによるリサイクル可能なポリウレタン材料の開発
  • 箕輪 岳郎,漆崎 美智遠,阪口 壽一,橋本 保,MINOWA Takero,URUSHISAKI Michio,SAKAGUTHI Toshikazu,HASHIMOTO Tamotsu
  • 福井大学大学院工学研究科研究報告 59, 61-72, 2011-03
  • … Ricinoleic acid derived from castor oil was utilized for the preparation of ester linkages-containing poly(tetramethylene ether) [or poly(tetrahydrofuran)] glycol{HO-CH[(CH2)5CH3]CH2CH=CH(CH2)7-C(=O)O-[(CH2)4O]n-1-(CH2)4-OC(=O)-(CH2)7-CH=CH-CH-CH2CH[(CH2)5CH3]-OH; …
  • NAID 120002950683

Related Links

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拡張検索polyethoxylated castor oil



castor oil
oleum ricini
下剤トウゴマ Ricinus communisリシノール酸



  • 膵液で加水分解されてグリセリンとリチノール酸に分解される。リチノール酸は腸粘膜に刺激を与え瀉下作用を呈する。


  • 瀉下作用



  • 便秘症


  • 軽い腹痛を呈し、腹鳴を伴う。
  • 妊婦への使用は骨盤内充血を引き起こすことがある。
  • 腸吸収を妨げるので長期不要には不向き



  • 腹痛


polyethoxylated castor oil」

  [★] ポリエトキシル化ひまし油



  • v.
  • n.
coincylindergypsumpitchplasterplaster bandageplaster castthrow
casts, urinary