- undergo military training or do military exercises
- similar to the mandrill but smaller and less brightly colored (同)Mandrillus leucophaeus
- (military) the training of soldiers to march (as in ceremonial parades) or to perform the manual of arms
- a tool with a sharp point and cutting edges for making holes in hard materials (usually rotating rapidly or by repeated blows)
- learn by repetition; "We drilled French verbs every day"; "Pianists practice scales" (同)exercise, practice, practise
- teach by repetition
- train in the military, e.g., in the use of weapons
- cause to be bored (同)tire
- a hole or passage made by a drill; usually made for exploratory purposes (同)bore-hole, drill hole
- diameter of a tube or gun barrel (同)gauge, caliber, calibre
- a person who evokes boredom (同)dullard
- make a hole, especially with a pointed power or hand tool; "dont drill here, theres a gas pipe"; "drill a hole into the wall"; "drill for oil"; "carpenter bees are boring holes into the wall" (同)drill
- drive forcibly as if by a punch; "the nail punched through the wall"
- (boxing) a blow with the fist; "I gave him a clout on his nose" (同)clout, poke, lick, biff, slug
- a tool for making holes or indentations (同)puncher
- an iced mixed drink usually containing alcohol and prepared for multiple servings; normally served in a punch bowl
- make a hole into or between, as for ease of separation; "perforate the sheets of paper" (同)perforate
- deliver a quick blow to; "he punched me in the stomach" (同)plug
- a line of small holes for tearing at a particular place
- the act of punching a hole (especially a row of holes as for ease of separation)
- a hole made in something; "a perforation of the eardrum"
- baboon of west Africa with a bright red and blue muzzle and blue hindquarters (同)Mandrillus sphinx
- baboons (同)genus Mandrillus
- a power tool for drilling holes into hard materials
- the act of drilling (同)boring
- trained in a skill by repetitious practice; "well-drilled in military procedures"
- 〈C〉『きり』,『ドリル』,穴あけ機 / 〈U〉練兵,教練 / 〈U〉〈C〉『反復練習』,(系統的な)けいこ / 〈U〉〈C〉(事態に処するための)訓練 / 〈穴〉‘を'『あける』;…‘に'穴をあける / (…を)〈人〉‘に'『繰り返し教え込む』《+『名』〈人〉+『in』+『名』》;(人に)〈物事〉‘を'厳しく訓練して教え込む《+『名』+『into』+『名』〈人〉》 / 〈兵士〉‘を'教練する / 《米俗》〈人〉‘を'撃ち抜く / (きりなどで)貫く,穴をあける / (軍事などの)訓練を受ける,練習する
- (種をまくための)小みぞ / 種まき機 / (筋まきした)種の列 / 〈種〉‘を'筋まきする,〈苗〉‘を'筋植えする
- (…に)(きり・ドリルなどで)…‘に'『穴をあける』;〈トンネルなど〉'を'掘る《+『名』+『in』(『into, through』)+名》 / (…に)穴をあける《+in(into, through)+名》 / 穴があく / (穴をあけるように)押し分ける / きりであけた穴 / (穴・円筒・銃身の)内側 / (穴・円筒の)直径,(銃の)口径
- (…で)〈人〉'を'『うんざりさせる』,退屈させる《+『名』+『with』(『by』)+『名』(do-『ing』)》 / 《軽べつして》退屈な人(事)
- …‘を'『げんこつでなぐる』 / (機械などを動かすために)…‘を'押す / 《話》〈家畜〉‘を'追う・げんこつでなぐる / 〈C〉『げんこつの一打ち』 / 〈U〉《話》迫力
- 『パンチ』(穴あけ器,刻印器など) / …‘に'パンチを入れる,穴をあける,刻印する;(…に)〈穴〉‘を'あける《+『名』〈穴〉+『in』+『名』》
- 〈U〉穴をあけること / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》穴,ミシン目,切り取り線
- 教練,訓練 / きりで穴をあけること
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- Force and torque modelling of drilling simulation for orthopaedic surgery.
- Macavelia T1, Ghasempoor A, Janabi-Sharifi F.Author information 1a Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering , Ryerson University , 350 Victoria Street, Toronto , Ontario , M5B 2K3 Canada.AbstractThe advent of haptic simulation systems for orthopaedic surgery procedures has provided surgeons with an excellent tool for training and preoperative planning purposes. This is especially true for procedures involving the drilling of bone, which require a great amount of adroitness and experience due to difficulties arising from vibration and drill bit breakage. One of the potential difficulties with the drilling of bone is the lack of consistent material evacuation from the drill's flutes as the material tends to clog. This clogging leads to significant increases in force and torque experienced by the surgeon. Clogging was observed for feed rates greater than 0.5 mm/s and spindle speeds less than 2500 rpm. The drilling simulation systems that have been created to date do not address the issue of drill flute clogging. This paper presents force and torque prediction models that account for this phenomenon. The two coefficients of friction required by these models were determined via a set of calibration experiments. The accuracy of both models was evaluated by an additional set of validation experiments resulting in average R(2) regression correlation values of 0.9546 and 0.9209 for the force and torque prediction models, respectively. The resulting models can be adopted by haptic simulation systems to provide a more realistic tactile output.
- Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering.Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin.2014 Sep;17(12):1285-94. doi: 10.1080/10255842.2012.739163. Epub 2012 Nov 21.
- The advent of haptic simulation systems for orthopaedic surgery procedures has provided surgeons with an excellent tool for training and preoperative planning purposes. This is especially true for procedures involving the drilling of bone, which require a great amount of adroitness and experience du
- PMID 23167723
- Built-up edge investigation in vibration drilling of Al2024-T6.
- Barani A1, Amini S2, Paktinat H3, Fadaei Tehrani A1.Author information 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran. Electronic address: Amini.email@example.comDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran.AbstractAdding ultrasonic vibrations to drilling process results in an advanced hybrid machining process, entitled "vibration drilling". This study presents the design and fabrication of a vibration drilling tool by which both rotary and vibrating motions are applied to drill simultaneously. High frequency and low amplitude vibrations were generated by an ultrasonic transducer with frequency of 19.65kHz. Ultrasonic transducer was controlled by a MPI ultrasonic generator with 3kW power. The drilling tool and workpiece material were HSS two-flute twist drill and Al2024-T6, respectively. The aim of this study was investigating on the effect of ultrasonic vibrations on built-up edge, surface quality, chip morphology and wear mechanisms of drill edges. Therefore, these factors were studied in both vibration and ordinary drilling. Based on the achieved results, vibration drilling offers less built-up edge and better surface quality compared to ordinary drilling.
- Ultrasonics.Ultrasonics.2014 Jul;54(5):1300-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ultras.2014.01.003. Epub 2014 Feb 15.
- Adding ultrasonic vibrations to drilling process results in an advanced hybrid machining process, entitled "vibration drilling". This study presents the design and fabrication of a vibration drilling tool by which both rotary and vibrating motions are applied to drill simultaneously. High frequency
- PMID 24582556
- Fully automated laser ablation liquid capture surface analysis using nanoelectrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
- Lorenz M1, Ovchinnikova OS, Van Berkel GJ.Author information 1Organic and Biological Mass Spectrometry Group, Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6131, USA.AbstractRATIONALE: Laser ablation provides for the possibility of sampling a large variety of surfaces with high spatial resolution. This type of sampling when employed in conjunction with liquid capture followed by nanoelectrospray ionization provides the opportunity for sensitive and prolonged interrogation of samples by mass spectrometry as well as the ability to analyze surfaces not amenable to direct liquid extraction.
- Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM.Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom.2014 Jun 15;28(11):1312-20. doi: 10.1002/rcm.6904.
- RATIONALE: Laser ablation provides for the possibility of sampling a large variety of surfaces with high spatial resolution. This type of sampling when employed in conjunction with liquid capture followed by nanoelectrospray ionization provides the opportunity for sensitive and prolonged interrogati
- PMID 24760572
- Heat Generated by Dental Implant Drills During Osteotomy-A Review: Heat Generated by Dental Implant Drills.
- Mishra SK1, Chowdhary R2.Author information 1Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implantology, Rishiraj College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal, 462036 Madhya Pradesh India.2Branemark Osseointegration Center India, Golden Plaza Complex, Court Road, Gulbarga, 585103 Karnataka India.AbstractStatement of problem: Osseointegration is the more stable situation and results in a high success rate of dental implants. Heat generation during rotary cutting is one of the important factors influencing the development of osseointegration. Purpose: To assess the various factors related to implant drills responsible for heat generation during osteotomy. Materials and Methods: To identify suitable literature, an electronic search was performed using Medline and Pubmed database. Articles published in between 1960 to February 2013 were searched. The search is focused on heat generated by dental implant drills during osteotomy. Various factors related to implant drill such effect of number of blades; drill design, drill fatigue, drill speed and force applied during osteotomies which were responsible for heat generation were reviewed. Titles and abstracts were screened, and literature that fulfilled the inclusion criteria was selected for a full-text reading. Results: The initial literature search resulted in 299 articles out of which only 70 articles fulfils the inclusion criteria and were included in this systematic review. Many factors related to implant drill responsible for heat generation were found. Successful preparation of an implant cavity with minimal damage to the surrounding bone depends on the avoidance of excessive temperature generation during surgical drilling. Conclusion: The relationship between heat generated and implant drilling osteotomy is multifactorial in nature and its complexity has not been fully studied. Lack of scientific knowledge regarding this issue still exists. Further studies should be conducted to determine the various factors which generate less heat while osteotomy such as ideal ratio of force and speed in vivo, exact time to replace a drill, ideal drill design, irrigation system, drill-bone contact area.
- Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society.J Indian Prosthodont Soc.2014 Jun;14(2):131-143. Epub 2014 Feb 18.
- Statement of problem: Osseointegration is the more stable situation and results in a high success rate of dental implants. Heat generation during rotary cutting is one of the important factors influencing the development of osseointegration. Purpose: To assess the various factors related to implant
- PMID 24757349
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- burr hole
- punch、drill, trepan
- 穿頭円鋸 trephine
- Balamuthia mandrillaris