- eat until one is sated; "He filled up on turkey" (同)fill
- used up; "time is up"
- raise; "up the ante"
- extending or moving toward a higher place; "the up staircase"; "a general upward movement of fish" (同)upward
- to a later time; "they moved the meeting date up"; "from childhood upward" (同)upwards, upward
- spatially or metaphorically from a lower to a higher position; "look up!"; "the music surged up"; "the fragments flew upwards"; "prices soared upwards"; "upwardly mobile" (同)upwards, upward, upwardly
- (used of computers) operating properly; "how soon will the computers be up?"
- (usually followed by `on or `for'
- being or moving higher in position or greater in some value; being above a former position or level; "the anchor is up"; "the sun is up"; "he lay face up"; "he is up by a pawn"; "the market is up"; "the corn is up"
- nearer to the speaker; "he walked up and grabbed my lapels"
- open; "the windows are up"
- to a higher intensity; "he turned up the volume"
- to a more central or a more northerly place; "was transferred up to headquarters"; "up to Canada for a vacation"
- appoint someone to (a position or a job)
- a quantity sufficient to satisfy; "he ate his fill of potatoes"; "she had heard her fill of gossip"
- plug with a substance; "fill a cavity"
- become full; "The pool slowly filled with water"; "The theater filled up slowly" (同)fill_up
- make full, also in a metaphorical sense; "fill a container"; "fill the child with pride" (同)fill_up, make full
- assume, as of positions or roles; "She took the job as director of development"; "he occupies the position of manager"; "the young prince will soon occupy the throne" (同)take, occupy
- any material that fills a space or container; "there was not enough fill for the trench" (同)fill
- flow into something (as a container)
- (dentistry) a dental appliance consisting of any of various substances (as metal or plastic) inserted into a prepared cavity in a tooth; "when he yawned I could see the gold fillings in his teeth"; "an informal British term for `filling is `stopping"
- the act of filling something
- a food mixture used to fill pastry or sandwiches etc.
- preservation and methodical arrangement as of documents and papers etc.; "I have some filing to do"
- the act of using a file (as in shaping or smoothing an object)
- a fragment rubbed off by the use of a file
- the entering of a legal document into the public record; "he filed a complaint"; "he filed his tax return"
- of purchase orders that have been filled
- (of time) taken up; "well-filled hours"
- (usually followed by `with or used as a combining form) generously supplied with; "theirs was a house filled with laughter"; "a large hall filled with rows of desks"; "fog-filled air"
- 《上への動作》『上へ』,上のほうへ / 《上の位置》『上に』,上のほうで / 『起こして』,立てて,直立して / (地図・紙面などの)『上へ(に)』,北のほうへ(に) / (遠くから)『近くへ,中心へ』;(周辺から)中心へ;(川下から)川上へ;(地方から)都会へ / (大きさ・量・価値・地位などが)『上のほうへ』,高く / (話者,話題の場所へ)『近づいて』,追いついて / 『活動して』,活動状態に / (物事・人が)現れて・起こって / 『すっかり』,完全に,終わって,…し尽くして / 保管(貯蔵)して;くるんだ(閉ざした)状態に / 《動詞を省略した命令文で》 / (野球・クリケットで)打席へ / (競技で)勝ち越して / (対抗の競技で)おのおの / 《移動・位置》『…の高いほうへ』,をのぼって;…の上のほうに / (川の)『上流へ』;(流れ・風)に逆らって;…の内陸(奥地)のほうへ / (自分が今いる所,またはある地点から前方へ)『…に沿って』 / 『上へ向かう』,(列車などが)上りの;上り坂の,(情勢などが)上向きの / 上り,上昇,上り坂 / 上昇気運,向上,幸運 / 上りの列車(バス・エレボーターなど) / 値上がり / …‘を'持ち上げる / …‘を'増大する,〈賃金・物価など〉‘を'引き上げる / 〈人〉‘を'昇進させる / 立ち上がる,起き上がる / 《and を伴って》急に(突然)…する
- 〈容器など〉‘を'『いっぱいにする』,満たす,‘に'つぐ / 〈人・物が〉〈場所・空間〉‘を'『占める』,いっぱいにする / (…で)…‘を'満たす,埋める,ふさぐ《+『名』+『with』+『名』》 / 〈人の要求など〉‘を'満たす,かなえる / 〈注文〉‘に'応じる;〈処方箋〉‘を'調剤する / 〈地位〉‘を'占める;〈職務〉‘を'果たす / (…で)『いっぱいになる』,満る《+『with』+『名』》 / 《ones fill》欲しいだけ,存分 / 《a fill》(…の)1杯の量《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉盛り土(石)
- (歯の)詰め物,充填材 / 詰め物をした食物(パイ,サンドイッチなど)
- 〈U〉やすり仕上げ,やすりかけ / 《復数形で》やすりくず
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- Photodynamic therapy of malignant brain tumours: A complementary approach to conventional therapies.
- Bechet D, Mordon SR, Guillemin F, Barberi-Heyob MA.Author information CRAN, Centre de Recherche en Automatique de Nancy, UMR 7039 CNRS, Université de Lorraine, Centre Alexis Vautrin, Brabois, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France.AbstractThe poor outcome of primary malignant brain tumours is predominantly due to local invasion and local recurrence and their prognosis is highly dependent on the degree of resection. They have no border and, at best, a marginal zone that remains invisible to the surgeon. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) appears to be an interesting modality to fill the need for a targeted treatment that may reduce recurrence and extend survival with minimal side effects. In this review, we summarize the different technologies of brain tumour PDT employed such as interstitial PDT, and PDT-associated surgical resection, describing new light delivery devices. The role of dosimetry - one of the key factors behind successful brain tumour PDT - is discussed. This can be achieved by integrating results from in vivo studies. In this context, the development of new therapeutic photosensitizer delivery systems is also an area of significant research interest. Multifunctionality can be engineered into a single nanoplatform to provide tumour-specific detection, treatment, and follow-up. Such multitasking systems appear to be complementary to conventional technologies.
- Cancer treatment reviews.Cancer Treat Rev.2014 Mar;40(2):229-41. doi: 10.1016/j.ctrv.2012.07.004. Epub 2012 Aug 2.
- The poor outcome of primary malignant brain tumours is predominantly due to local invasion and local recurrence and their prognosis is highly dependent on the degree of resection. They have no border and, at best, a marginal zone that remains invisible to the surgeon. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) appe
- PMID 22858248
- Are you sure? Delusion conviction moderates the behavioural and emotional consequences of paranoid ideas.
- Moritz S, Van Quaquebeke N.Author information a Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy , University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf , Martinistr. 52, Hamburg , Germany.AbstractIntroduction Paranoid beliefs strongly impact behaviour and emotion: Most people with paranoid delusions engage in safety behaviours and a relevant minority even commits violent acts under the influence of delusional thoughts. The present study examined whether different levels of belief conviction modulate subsequent behaviour and emotion. To be able to control for important confounds, we set up an analogue study using nonclinical participants. Methods Participants were recruited from the general population (N=1935) and asked to fill out the Paranoia Checklist. Individuals had to imagine being persecuted by a secret service, whereby the level of subjective conviction was set at 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, 90%, or 100%. Subsequently, participants had to estimate for 37 behavioural and emotional items how they might respond to this threat. Results Three quarters of the sample affirmed the presence of at least one paranoid idea from the Paranoia Checklist over the duration of a month. The level of belief conviction and paranoia was positively associated with behavioural and emotional consequences. Conclusions Our investigation suggests that a higher degree of belief conviction aggravates the behavioural consequences of persecutory beliefs in a linear fashion. The study is limited by its "what if" character and should be replicated with clinical participants. The study suggests that treatment approaches that aim to reduce overconviction may positively impact behaviour in psychosis.
- Cognitive neuropsychiatry.Cogn Neuropsychiatry.2014 Mar;19(2):164-80. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2013.819781. Epub 2013 Aug 9.
- Introduction Paranoid beliefs strongly impact behaviour and emotion: Most people with paranoid delusions engage in safety behaviours and a relevant minority even commits violent acts under the influence of delusional thoughts. The present study examined whether different levels of belief conviction
- PMID 23931728
- Accelerating prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Ten-year experience of Universal Antenatal HIV Testing Programme in a low HIV prevalence setting in Hong Kong.
- Lin AW, Wong KH, Chan K, Chan WK.Author information a Special Preventive Programme, Department of Health , Centre for Health Protection , Hong Kong , China.AbstractHong Kong has a low prevalence of HIV infection at less than 0.01%. Universal Antenatal HIV Testing Programme (UATP) was launched in all public antenatal units in September 2001. In 2008, voluntary rapid HIV testing was introduced in all public labour units to fill up the gap for pregnant women without HIV testing during the antenatal period. This study evaluated the performance of UATP and rapid HIV testing with indicators. From September 2001 to December 2011, process and outcome indicators for monitoring and evaluation were collected from the service providers in the form of monthly return of workload statistics and case-based statistics of each identified HIV-positive pregnancy via reporting forms. A total of 479,160 antenatal HIV tests and 2,675 rapid tests were performed in the study period. The acceptance rate for UATP and rapid HIV testing was 98% and 80.4% respectively. With the implementation of rapid HIV testing in January 2008, the proportion of pregnant women with HIV status discerned before delivery increased from 84.9% in 2006 to over 99.5% since 2008. The HIV prevalence in UATP and rapid HIV testing was 0.02% and 0.1% respectively. Fifty-three (68%) out of 78 HIV-infected pregnant women identified from the programme have delivered locally. Forty-three (81%) of them delivered by caesarean section and 50 (94%) of them were given antiretrovirals for intervention. Only three children born before the implementation of rapid HIV testing were HIV-infected. In conclusion, UATP and its rapid HIV testing component have been highly accepted and effective in the prevention of perinatal HIV transmission in Hong Kong.
- AIDS care.AIDS Care.2014 Feb;26(2):169-75. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2013.819402. Epub 2013 Jul 22.
- Hong Kong has a low prevalence of HIV infection at less than 0.01%. Universal Antenatal HIV Testing Programme (UATP) was launched in all public antenatal units in September 2001. In 2008, voluntary rapid HIV testing was introduced in all public labour units to fill up the gap for pregnant women with
- PMID 23869699
- Second-Order Sampling of 2-D Frequency Distributions by Using the Concepts of Tiling Clusters and Pair Regions
- IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences E100.A(6), 1286-1295, 2017
- NAID 130005685911
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