malaria

マラリア    

WordNet

  1. an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever
  2. of or infected by or resembling malaria; "malarial fever"
  3. transmits the malaria parasite (同)malaria mosquito

PrepTutorEJDIC

  1. (また『swamp fever』)マラリア / 《古》毒気
  2. マラリア[性]の;マラリアにかかった

Wikipedia preview

出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/10/31 21:11:55」(JST)

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UpToDate Contents

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English Journal

  • Evaluation of Pistia stratiotes fractions as effective larvicide against Anopheles mosquitoes.
  • Ma J, Ugya YA, Isiyaku A, Hua X, Imam TS.
  • Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology. 2019 Dec;47(1)945-950.
  • Mosquito are well-known vectors that cause diseases particularly malaria and filariasis which are detrimental to human health. These vectors occur mainly in tropical countries where more than 2 billion people live in endemic regions with about one million deaths been claimed yearly from malaria and
  • PMID 30855191
  • Determination of the inhibitory effects of N-methylpyrrole derivatives on glutathione reductase enzyme.
  • Kocaoğlu E, Talaz O, Çavdar H, Şentürk M, Supuran CT, Ekinci D.
  • Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry. 2019 Dec;34(1)51-54.
  • Glutathione reductase (GR) is a crucial antioxidant enzyme which is responsible for the maintenance of antioxidant GSH molecule. Antimalarial effects of some chemical molecules are attributed to their inhibition of GR, thus inhibitors of this enzyme are expected to be promising candidates for the tr
  • PMID 30362388
  • Prevalence and identification of arthropod-transmitted viruses in Kassala state, Eastern Sudan.
  • Mohamed N, Magzoub M, Mohamed REH, Aleanizy FS, Alqahtani FY, Nour BYM, Alkarsany MMS.
  • The Libyan journal of medicine. 2019 Dec;14(1)1564511.
  • Vector-borne diseases are responsible for more than 20% of the infectious diseases worldwide. The prevalence of arboviruses transmit diseases to humans in Sudan has not been investigated. Mosquito-borne viral diseases increase globally incidence, including the Sudan. Frequent unknown fever outbreaks
  • PMID 30716013

Japanese Journal

  • Foul wind, spirits and witchcraft: illness conceptions and health-seeking behaviour for malaria in the Gambia
  • O'Neill Sarah,Gryseels Charlotte,Dierickx Susan,Mwesigwa Julia,Okebe Joseph,d'Alessandro Umberto,Peeters Grietens Koen
  • Malaria
  • … BackgroundAs the disease burden in the Gambia has reduced considerably over the last decade, heterogeneity in malaria transmission has become more marked, with infected but asymptomatic individuals maintaining the reservoir. … The identification, timely diagnosis and treatment of malaria-infected individuals are crucial to further reduce or eliminate the human parasite reservoir. …
  • NAID 120005602578
  • Re-imagining malaria: heterogeneity of human and mosquito behaviour in relation to residual malaria transmission in Cambodia
  • Gryseels Charlotte,Durnez Lies,Gerrets René,Uk Sambunny,Suon Sokha,Set Srun,Phoeuk Pisen,Sluydts Vincent,Heng Somony,Sochantha Tho,Coosemans Marc,Peeters Grietens Koen
  • Malaria
  • … BackgroundIn certain regions in Southeast Asia, where malaria is reduced to forested regions populated by ethnic minorities dependent on slash-and-burn agriculture, malaria vector populations have developed a propensity to feed early and outdoors, limiting the effectiveness of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN) and indoor residual spraying (IRS). …
  • NAID 120005602577
  • マラリアとグローバル・ヘルス (第1土曜特集 感染症最前線とグローバル・ヘルス) -- (三大感染症)
  • Epidemiology of forest malaria in Central Vietnam: the hidden parasite reservoir
  • Thanh Pham Vinh,Van Hong Nguyen,Van Van Nguyen,Van Malderen Carine,Obsomer Valérie,Rosanas-Urgell Anna,Peeters Grietens Koen,Xa Nguyen Xuan,Bancone Germana,Chowwiwat Nongnud,Duong Tran Thanh,D'Alessandro Umberto,Speybroeck Niko,Erhart Annette
  • Malaria
  • … BackgroundAfter successfully reducing the malaria burden to pre-elimination levels over the past two decades, the national malaria programme in Vietnam has recently switched from control to elimination. … However, in forested areas of Central Vietnam malaria elimination is likely to be jeopardized by the high occurrence of asymptomatic and submicroscopic infections as shown by previous reports. …
  • NAID 120005602576

Related Links

Malaria: WHO health topic page on malaria provides links to descriptions of malaria activities, reports, publications, statistics, news, multimedia and events, as well as contacts and cooperating partners in the various WHO ...
Malaria diagnosis and treatment and prevention, including transmission, antimalarial prophylaxis, malaria map, malaria hotline re: travelers and VFRs. Insecticide-treated bed nets, malaria in pregnancy prevention, ACTs ...
MALARIA.com is a comprehensive Malaria information resource: Free ASK A QUESTION service, Malaria Symptoms, Malaria information for travelers, Malaria research. ... The malaria parasite – and in particular, Plasmodium ...


Related Pictures

Malaria PreventionMalaria | Understanding and the definition The malaria parasite life cycle involves  with areas of malaria transmissionWhat is Malaria?WorldMalariaFull.jpgtechnique to identify hotspots of malaria  malariae determine the Four-day Malaria



★リンクテーブル★
リンク元マラリア」「Plasmodium infection」「remittent fever」「malarial
拡張検索antimalarial agent」「avian malaria
関連記事malar

マラリア」

  [★]

malaria
原虫三日熱マラリア四日熱マラリア卵形マラリア、熱帯マラリア

概念

疫学

  • 患者数:日本76人、世界3-5億人 (H22)
  • 三日熱マラリアはアジア、熱帯マラリアはアフリカで多い
  • 日本での発生はなく、全て輸入感染例
参考1
西暦 平成 マラリア 合計
三日熱 四日熱 卵形 熱帯熱 不明
1999 11 52 0 3 43 14 112
2000 12 57 2 6 64 25 154
2001 13 39 1 4 54 11 109
2002 14 35 2 3 38 5 83
2003 15 40 2 6 30 0 78
2004 16 34 1 7 32 1 75
2005 17 25 2 2 38 0 67
2006 18 21 2 4 31 4 62
2007 19 25 0 2 23 2 52
2008 20 18 1 1 35 1 56
2009 21 14 0 1 37 4 56

感染経路

マラリア原虫とマラリア

感染症 熱帯熱マラリア 三日熱マラリア 卵形マラリア 四日熱マラリア
falciparum malaria tertian malaria ovale malaria quartan malaria
マラリア原虫 Plasmodium falciparum Plasmodium vivax Plasmodium ovale Plasmodium malariae
潜伏期(日) 5-10 9-14 16-18 30-40
発熱周期(時間) 不定 48 48 72
感染赤血球 全て 幼若 幼若・全て 老化
赤血球表面 マウレル斑点 シュフナー斑点 シュフナー斑点  
赤血球変化 無変化 膨大 卵形 無変化
肝休眠体
(hypnozoite)
再発
(recurrence)
   
再燃
(recrudesoence)
不完全治療
血中残存虫体
   
特徴 Usually only ring formsa; banana-shaped gametocytes
輪状体:2-3個の虫体をみる
Irregularly shaped large rings and trophozoites; enlarged erythrocytes Infected erythrocytes, enlarged and oval with tufted ends Band or rectangular forms of trophozoites common

参考

  • 1. 年別報告数一覧(その1:全数把握) 一類~五類感染症、新型インフルエンザ等感染症および指定感染症(全数) - 国立感染症研究所
[display]http://idsc.nih.go.jp/idwr/ydata/report-Ja.html

国試

Plasmodium infection」

  [★]

プラスモディウム感染症プラスモディウム感染マラリア感染マラリア感染症マラリア原虫感染Plasmodium感染症

malariaremittent fever

remittent fever」

  [★]

malariaPlasmodium infection

malarial」

  [★]

  • マラリアの
malaria

   

antimalarial agent」

  [★]

antimalarialantimalarial drugantimalarials

avian malaria」

  [★]

malar」

  [★]

  • n.
  • adj.
  • 頬の/頬骨の