- any violent blow
- injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
- shake (a body part) to communicate a greeting, feeling, or cognitive state; "shake ones head"; "She shook her finger at the naughty students"; "The old enemies shook hands"; "Dont shake your fist at me!"
- move with or as if with a tremor; "his hands shook" (同)didder
- undermine or cause to waver; "my faith has been shaken"; "The bad news shook her hopes"
- move or cause to move back and forth; "The chemist shook the flask vigorously"; "My hands were shaking" (同)agitate
- get rid of; "I couldnt shake the car that was following me" (同)shake_off, throw off, escape from
- bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking; "He was shaken from his dreams"; "shake the salt out of the salt shaker"
- a shaky motion; "the shaking of his fingers as he lit his pipe" (同)shakiness, trembling, quiver, quivering, vibration, palpitation
- the act of causing something to move up and down (or back and forth) with quick movements
- 〈U〉〈C〉(打撃,衡突などによる)衡撃,震動 / 〈U〉〈C〉脳震とう
- (前後・上下・左右などに)…‘を'『振る,』揺り動かす,揺する / (…から)…‘を'『振り落とす』《+『名』+『from』(『out of』)+『名』》 / 〈地震・爆発などが〉…‘を'『震動される』 / 〈基礎・信念など〉‘を'『動揺させる,』ぐらつかせる / 〈人〉‘を'動揺させる,』‘を'心をかき乱す / 〈ちり・病気・悪習・追っ手など〉‘を'振り払う,振り切る,除く《+『off』+『名,』+『名』+『off』》 / 『揺れる,』震動する / (恐布・寒さなどで)『振える』《+『with』+『名』》 / 揺り動かす / 〈C〉『揺ること』;揺れ;震え / 《the shakes》《話》(熱・寒けによる)身震い,悪寒(おかん)
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- The efficacy of pulsed ultrahigh current for the stunning of cattle prior to slaughter.
- Robins A1, Pleiter H2, Latter M1, Phillips CJ1.Author information 1Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland 4343, Australia.2Meat and Livestock Australia, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.AbstractWe present results from the development of a new system of reversible electrical stunning of cattle. A single-pulse ultra-high current (SPUC) was generated from a capacitance discharge current spike of at least 5000V at 70A, for approximately 50ms. Ninety-seven cattle were stunned in three experimental protocols. With improvements made to the design of the stun box and charge delivered, 38 cattle were either stunned and immediately jugulated or monitored for signs of reappearance of brain stem reflexes at which point a concussion stun was administered. This use of the SPUC charge, provided as a biphasic-pulse waveform, resulted in a high level of stunning efficacy, with unconsciousness lasting for up to 4min. These results were supported by EEG data taken from a subsequent cohort of stunned cattle. The SPUC stun also apparently eliminated post-stun grand mal seizures that can occur following short-acting conventional electrical stun, with its associated negative consequences on operator safety and meat quality.
- Meat science.Meat Sci.2014 Mar;96(3):1201-9. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2013.10.030. Epub 2013 Oct 29.
- We present results from the development of a new system of reversible electrical stunning of cattle. A single-pulse ultra-high current (SPUC) was generated from a capacitance discharge current spike of at least 5000V at 70A, for approximately 50ms. Ninety-seven cattle were stunned in three experimen
- PMID 24334041
- Practice effects reveal visuomotor vulnerability in school and university rugby players.
- Shuttleworth-Edwards AB, Radloff SE, Whitefield-Alexander VJ, Smith IP, Horsman M.Author information Department of Psychology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.AbstractThis article reports on three pre- versus post-season prospective studies in which male university and high school contact sport players predominantly of Rugby Union (hereafter rugby) were compared with age, education, and IQ equivalent non-contact sport controls on the ImPACT (Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) test. All analyses revealed a relative absence of practice effects on the Visual Motor Speed (VMS) composite for contact sport groups compared with controls. The VMS data for rugby players from each study were pooled and subjected to additional analysis (Rugby, n = 145; Controls, n = 106). Controls revealed significant improvement over the season (p < .001), whereas no learning effect was in evidence for rugby players whose performance remained the same (interaction effect, p = .028). It is apparent that practice effects have diagnostic potential in this context, implicating vulnerability on speeded visuomotor processing in association with participation in rugby. Pointers for further research and concussion management in the individual case are explored.
- Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists.Arch Clin Neuropsychol.2014 Feb;29(1):86-99. doi: 10.1093/arclin/act061. Epub 2013 Aug 4.
- This article reports on three pre- versus post-season prospective studies in which male university and high school contact sport players predominantly of Rugby Union (hereafter rugby) were compared with age, education, and IQ equivalent non-contact sport controls on the ImPACT (Immediate Postconcuss
- PMID 23917347
- Mean girls: Sex differences in the effects of mild traumatic brain injury on the social dynamics of juvenile rat play behaviour.
- Mychasiuk R1, Hehar H2, Farran A2, Esser MJ2.Author information 1Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Faculty of Medicine, Heritage Medical Research Building, Room 277, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.orgAlberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Faculty of Medicine, Heritage Medical Research Building, Room 277, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada.AbstractClinical studies indicate that children who experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often the victim of peer rejection, have very few mutual friends, and are at risk for long-term behavioural and social impairments. Owing to the fact that peer play is critical for healthy development, it is possible that the long-term impairments are associated not only with the TBI, but also altered play during this critical period of brain development. This study was designed to determine if social dynamics and juvenile play are altered in rats that experience a mild TBI (mTBI) early in life. Play-fighting behaviours were recorded and analyzed for young male and female Sprague Dawley rats that were given either an mTBI or a sham injury. The study found that the presence of an mTBI altered the play fighting relationship, and the nature of the alterations were dependent upon the sex of the pairing and the injury status of their peers. Sham rats were significantly less likely to initiate play with an mTBI rat, and were more likely to respond to a play initiation from an mTBI rat with an avoidant strategy. This effect was significantly more pronounced in female rats, whereby it appeared that female rats with an mTBI were particularly rejected and most often excluded from play experiences. Male rats with an mTBI learned normal play strategies from their sham peers (when housed in mixed cages), whereas female rats with an mTBI show heightened impairment in these conditions. Play therapy may need to be incorporated into treatment strategies for children with TBI.
- Behavioural brain research.Behav Brain Res.2014 Feb 1;259:284-91. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.10.048. Epub 2013 Nov 11.
- Clinical studies indicate that children who experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often the victim of peer rejection, have very few mutual friends, and are at risk for long-term behavioural and social impairments. Owing to the fact that peer play is critical for healthy development, it is po
- PMID 24231261
- Insights and Advances in Post-traumatic Headache: Research Considerations.
- Monteith TS, Borsook D.Author information Department of Neurology, Headache Division, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th Street, 13th Floor, Miami, FL, 33136, USA, email@example.com.AbstractDespite the growing awareness of mild traumatic brain injury in military and civilian populations, understanding of the acute and chronic effects of concussion on central nervous system structure and function is limited. Even less is understood about the underpinnings of the cardinal postconcussive symptom, post-traumatic headache (PTH). Here, we review recent advances in PTH, with special emphasis on the migraine-like phenotype, the most disabling form. Considerations for future research in PTH are discussed, including diagnostic classification, and applications with advanced neuroimaging techniques, biomarkers, and treatments.
- Current neurology and neuroscience reports.Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep.2014 Feb;14(2):428. doi: 10.1007/s11910-013-0428-2.
- Despite the growing awareness of mild traumatic brain injury in military and civilian populations, understanding of the acute and chronic effects of concussion on central nervous system structure and function is limited. Even less is understood about the underpinnings of the cardinal postconcussive
- PMID 24435590
- 森本 晃司,粕山 達也,桜井 進一 [他],中澤 理恵,坂本 雅昭
- 日本臨床スポーツ医学会誌 = The journal of Japanese Society of Clinical Sports Medicine 20(2), 292-298, 2012-04-30
- NAID 10030761873
- 成相 直,稲次 基希,日浦 幹夫,石井 賢二,細田 千尋,大野 喜久郎
- 脳神経外科ジャーナル 20(12), 880-886, 2011-12-20
- 【目的】頭部外傷によるびまん性軸索損傷は,治療により家庭復帰が可能になった後も,高次脳機能障害が問題になり社会復帰の障害となることが多い,一方その形態的画像所見の乏しさにより,脳局所の神経機能異常を検出することが困難である.最近は脳振盪などのより軽度のびまん性脳外傷も高次脳機能障害の発生に関与しているのではないかということが注目されている.複数の診断プローブを組み合わせたPET分子イメージング法に …
- NAID 110008799372
- At least 41 systems measure the severity, or grade, of a mild head injury,  and there is little agreement about which is best.  In an effort to simplify, the 2nd International Conference on Concussion in Sport, meeting in Prague in ...
- concussionとは。意味や和訳。[名][U][C]1 脳しんとう.2 衝撃，震動.con・cus・sion・al[形] - goo英和辞書は14万項目以上を収録し、発音、音声、慣用句、例文が分かる英和辞書です。
- Latest Feature Straight to the Bottom Trailer [video]
- concussion、brain concussion、cerebral concussion, brain concussion cerebral contusion
- commotio cerebri
- 振盪、振盪症、震盪症、脳震盪、震盪。脳挫傷(brain contusion)、脳損傷(brain injury)
- 頭部への衝撃よって生じた病態の臨床分類 ⇔ 脳挫傷；病理的・画像的な脳皮質の器質的損傷を表す
- 1) 受傷直後から意識障害が6時間以上続く。
- 2) 脳の局所症状を示す。意識障害の有無によらない。
- cerebral concussion、concussion