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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/12/08 07:25:24」(JST)

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  • Aggravation of airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness following nasal challenge with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in perennial allergic rhinitis without symptoms of asthma.
  • Wang W1, Xian M1, Xie Y1, Zheng J1, Li J1,2.
  • Allergy.Allergy.2016 Mar;71(3):378-86. doi: 10.1111/all.12808. Epub 2015 Dec 29.
  • BACKGROUND: House dust mites are the most prevalent allergen causing sensitizations in patients with rhinitis and asthma in China. We aimed to investigate the changes in both upper and lower airway inflammation and responsiveness following Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der-p) nasal provocation tes
  • PMID 26595454
  • Survey of Clinical Laboratory Practices for 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Outbreak in the Republic of Korea.
  • Lee MK1, Kim S2, Kim MN3, Kweon OJ1, Lim YK1, Ki CS4, Kim JS5, Seong MW6, Sung H4, Yong D2, Lee H7, Choi JR2, Kim JH8; MERS-CoV Laboratory Response Task Force of The Korean Society for Laboratory Medicine.
  • Annals of laboratory medicine.Ann Lab Med.2016 Mar;36(2):154-61. doi: 10.3343/alm.2016.36.2.154.
  • BACKGROUND: It is crucial to understand the current status of clinical laboratory practices for the largest outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections in the Republic of Korea to be well prepared for future emerging infectious diseases.METHODS: We conducted a surv
  • PMID 26709263
  • Quality of life changes over time in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Jones GL1.
  • Current opinion in pulmonary medicine.Curr Opin Pulm Med.2016 Mar;22(2):125-9. doi: 10.1097/MCP.0000000000000242.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often considered to be a disease in which an inevitable decline in lung function results in increasing dyspnea and deteriorating quality of life. This review summarizes recent data that calls this classic paradigm into question. Stud
  • PMID 26814143


  • Association of Eosinophilic Inflammation with FKBP51 Expression in Sputum Cells in Asthma.
  • Tajiri Tomoko,Matsumoto Hisako,Niimi Akio,Ito Isao,Oguma Tsuyoshi,Nakaji Hitoshi,Inoue Hideki,Iwata Toshiyuki,Nagasaki Tadao,Kanemitsu Yoshihiro,Petrova Guergana,Mishima Michiaki
  • PloS one 8(6), 2013-06-06
  • … [Objective]: To evaluate the relationship between eosinophilic inflammation and FKBP51 expression in sputum cells in asthma. … [Methods]: The FKBP51 mRNA levels in sputum cells from steroid-naı¨ve patients with asthma (n = 31) and stable asthmatic patients on inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) (n = 28) were cross-sectionally examined using real-time PCR. …
  • NAID 120005296109
  • 血痰を契機に発見された成人における気管支内腔毛細血管腫の1例
  • 齋藤 弘明,足立 雄太,山下 高明,若井 陽子,齊藤 和人,小貫 琢哉,稲垣 雅春,篠原 陽子
  • 気管支学 : 日本気管支研究会雑誌 35(2), 179-183, 2013-03-25
  • 背景.気管支内腔毛細血管腫は小児に比べて,成人において稀である.今回我々は,成人における気管支内腔毛細血管腫の1例を経験したので報告する.症例. 61歳男性.血痰を主訴に受診.胸部X線写真で特記すべきものはなかったが,気管支内視鏡検査で左主気管支に発赤した表面平滑な隆起性病変を認めた.病変は生検後内視鏡所見で認めず,病理所見より毛細血管腫と診断した. 2カ月後に再発したため, Nd-YAGレーザー …
  • NAID 110009597491
  • 気管支食道瘻に対して食道バイパス術を行った肺扁平上皮癌の1例
  • 内堀 健,須原 宏造,千葉 佐保子,土屋 公威,藤江 俊秀,玉岡 明洋,坂下 博之,稲瀬 直彦
  • 気管支学 : 日本気管支研究会雑誌 35(2), 150-155, 2013-03-25
  • 背景.肺癌での気管・気管支食道瘻の発生頻度は非常に稀とされている.治療としては食道ステント・気管ステントを選択されることが多いが,明確な治療指針は示されていない.症例. 62歳女性.湿性咳嗽を主訴に近医を受診.胸部CTにて肺癌を疑われ,精査により肺扁平上皮癌と診断された.腫瘍による気道の高度狭窄のため閉塞性肺炎の合併を認め,抗菌薬併用のもと放射線化学療法を開始した.治療開始5週で腫瘍の著明な縮小を …
  • NAID 110009597486


Routine sputum culture is a laboratory test that looks for organisms that cause infection. Sputum is the material that comes up from air passages when you ... A sputum sample is needed. You will be asked to cough ...
sputum [spu´tum] mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea that is ejected through the mouth, in contrast to saliva, which is the secretion of the salivary glands. Called also expectoration. induced sputum a sputum ...


Meaning of Different Sputum ColorsDescription TB in sputum.pngSputum Sample This sputum sample shows a of haemoptysis – “bloody sputumSputum Unacceptable Specimens and Staining Three layered sputum from

拡張検索foamy sputum」「frothy sputum



lung abscess, pulmonary abscess


  • 肺化膿症の一つで、広義の肺炎である。 → 肺化膿症と同義に使われている印象がある。
  • 肺実質の壊死を来たし、膿瘍・空洞を形成する。
  • ニボー像が特徴的


  • 嫌気性菌が最多。
  • 黄色ブドウ球菌、クレブシエラ、大腸菌、緑膿菌も原因となる。


  • 薬物療法:病原体が特定されれば感受性のある抗菌薬を、不明であれば広域スペクトルの抗菌薬を用いる(セフェム系抗菌薬、クリンダマイシン、カルバペネム系抗菌薬)
  • 外科療法:難治例に対して空洞切開術、肺葉切除


  • Q book p.289 8
  • A patient develops an acute febrile illness with shivers, nonproductive cough, and pleuritic chest pain. Five days later, he presents to the emergency department after abruptly having "cough up" nearly a cup of blood-stained sputum.



expectorationmucus hypersecretionsputum

WordNet   license wordnet

「expectorated matter; saliva mixed with discharges from the respiratory passages; in ancient and medieval physiology it was believed to cause sluggishness」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「痰(たん) / 冷淡,冷静;鈍感,無気力;粘液質」




foamy sputum」

  [★] 泡状喀痰,泡沫状喀痰

frothy sputum」

  [★] 泡状喀痰,泡沫状喀痰

"http://meddic.jp/sputum" より作成