reason

出典: meddic

  • n.
  • 理由、根拠、わけ、動悸
  • 道理、理屈
  • (論)論拠。(論)前提(premise)
  • 正気、思慮、分別。推理力、判断力。理知
  • vi.
  • 論理的に考える、推理する、判断を下す
  • 説きつける、理を説く
  • vt.
  • 論理的に考え出す(out)
  • 論ずる(what,whether,why)、論証する(論断)する(that)
  • 説得して~させる。論理的に考えて~する。

WordNet   license wordnet

「think logically; "The children must learn to reason"」

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「a rational motive for a belief or action; "the reason that war was declared"; "the grounds for their declaration"」
ground

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「the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; "we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil"」
understanding, intellect

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「a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion; "there is reason to believe he is lying"」

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「an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon; "the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly"」

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「decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion; "We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house"」
reason out, conclude

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉〈U〉『理由』,わけ,根拠 / 〈U〉『理性』,判断力;道理 / 『論理的に孝える』 / (人に)道理を悟らせる《+『with』+『名』〈人〉》 / …‘を'論理的に孝える《+『out』+『名,』+『名』+『out』》 / 《『reason』+『that節』》…‘と'推論する / 〈人〉‘に'道理を悟らせて(…)させる(しないようにする)《+『名』+『into』(『out of』+『名』(do『ing』)》」

Wikipedia preview

出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2012/11/20 12:02:35」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/10/01 21:51:59」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/11/26 18:48:23」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2017/02/07 09:49:32」(JST)

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UpToDate Contents

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英文文献

  • Antifungal prophylaxis with liposomal amphotericin B and caspofungin in high-risk patients after liver transplantation: impact on fungal infections and immune system.
  • Perrella A1,2, Esposito C3, Amato G4, Perrella O1, Migliaccio C5, Pisaniello D2, Calise F5, Cuomo O2, Santaniello W5.
  • Infectious diseases (London, England).Infect Dis (Lond).2016 Feb;48(2):161-166.
  • Antifungal prophylaxis may be required in high-risk patients undergoing liver transplantation and for that reason we aimed to verify its role and its related impact on the graft. From January 2006 throughout 2012, 250 liver transplants were evaluated and 54 patients identified as being at higher ris
  • PMID 26513601
  • Ortho-7 bound to the active-site gorge of free and OP-conjugated acetylcholinesterase: Cation-π interactions.
  • Pathak AK1, Bandyopadhyay T1.
  • Biopolymers.Biopolymers.2016 Jan;105(1):10-20. doi: 10.1002/bip.22712.
  • Despite the immense importance of cation-π interactions prevailing in bispyridinium drug acetylcholinesterase (AChE) complexes, a precise description of cation-π interactions at molecular level has remained elusive. Here, we consider a bispyridinium drug, namely, ortho-7 in three different structu
  • PMID 26270602
  • Work environment factors and work sustainability in Norwegian cooks.
  • Svedahl SR1, Svendsen K2, Romundstad PR3, Qvenild T4, Strømholm T5, Aas O6, Hilt B7.
  • International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health.Int J Occup Med Environ Health.2016;29(1):41-53. doi: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00446.
  • OBJECTIVES: Cooks have increased morbidity and mortality. A high turnover has also been reported. We aimed to elucidate work environment and work sustainability in Norwegian cooks.MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire inquiring about working conditions and work participation was sent to 2082 cooks w
  • PMID 26489942
  • Energy and carbon footprints of sewage treatment methods.
  • Singh P1, Kansal A2, Carliell-Marquet C3.
  • Journal of environmental management.J Environ Manage.2016 Jan 1;165:22-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.09.017. Epub 2015 Sep 23.
  • The paper presents energy and carbon footprints of sewage treatment plants (STPs) operating at different scales and using different technology options based on primary data from 50 STPs operating in India and the UK. The study used a combination of fundamental mass-balance approach for energy consum
  • PMID 26406876

和文文献

  • 開かれた婚姻制度のための公共的理性
  • 金野 美奈子(1966-)
  • 東京女子大学社会学年報 3, 17-32, 20150302-00-00
  • … Examples of such controversies include the introduction of the option of separate surnames for Japanese husbandsand wives or of same-sex or polygamous marriage in the broader context.Do we, as citizens of a liberal democratic political society, have reason to believe that non-traditional forms of marriage should be included in the institution of marriage? … Thus, this paper presents an argument based on public reason that aims to overcome the limitations of more comprehensive liberalism. …
  • NAID 120005601982
  • 近代日本の台湾原住民に関する 二元的思考の提起 ―宇野浩二「揺籃の唄の思ひ出」を例にして―
  • 簡 中昊,Chunghao CHIEN,チン チュンハオ
  • 総研大文化科学研究 = Sokendai review of cultural and social studies (11), 71-84, 2015-03-31
  • … Uno, who had never been to Taiwan, tried to develop his own way of thinking about the model of "barbarians and civilization" in that work.
Uno designated civilization as "adult" in his work and identified "civilized" men and women as symbols of "reason" and "emotion," respectively. …
  • NAID 120005598105
  • <一般論文>真理概念は論理結合子となりうるか―真理理論とハーモニー―
  • 矢田部 俊介
  • 科学哲学科学史研究 (9), 2015-03-31
  • … The reason of the failure of the harmony isthat these criteria are defined not for coinductively defined paradoxical formulae butfor inductively defined formulae. …
  • NAID 120005593663
  • 存在と無、普遍的人間(オム)と理性
  • SHIMADA Yoshihito,嶋田 義仁
  • 名古屋大学文学部研究論集. 哲学 61, 173-184, 2015-03-31
  • NAID 120005582048

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元base」「ground」「read」「think」「account
拡張検索treason」「reasonability」「unreasoning」「treasonable」「treasonous
関連記事reasoned」「reasoning

base」

  [★]

  • n.
basalbasebasementbasicbasiselementelementaryevidencefoundationfundamentalfundamentalsfundusgroundinfrastructurereason

WordNet   license wordnet

「any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"」
alkali

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「(numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place; "10 is the radix of the decimal system"」
radix

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「the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed; "the base of the triangle"」

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「situate as a center of operations; "we will base this project in the new lab"」

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「a place that the runner must touch before scoring; "he scrambled to get back to the bag"」
bag

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「installation from which a military force initiates operations; "the attack wiped out our forward bases"」
base of operations

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「a support or foundation; "the base of the lamp"」
pedestal, stand

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「(electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector」

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「a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit; "a tub should sit on its own base"」

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「the principal ingredient of a mixture; "glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments"; "he told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green"; "everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base"」

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「the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end」
home

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「(anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment; "the base of the skull"」

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「the bottom or lowest part; "the base of the mountain"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「《文》(人や人の行動・孝えが)『卑しい』,下劣な / (金属が)質の劣った;(貨幣が)粗悪な」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『基礎』,根拠 / 『基部』,基底,土台 / 『根拠地』,基地 / (野球の)塁,ベース / 主成分;塩基(酸と反応シテ塩(官)を生じる化合物) / (数学で図形の)底;底辺;基線 / (…に)…‘の'『基礎をおく』《+『名』+『on』(『upon』)+『名』》」

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「illegitimate」
baseborn

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「of low birth or station (`base'' is archaic in this sense); "baseborn wretches with dirty faces"; "of humble (or lowly) birth"」
baseborn, humble, lowly

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「not adhering to ethical or moral principles; "base and unpatriotic motives"; "a base, degrading way of life"; "cheating is dishonorable"; "they considered colonialism immoral"; "unethical practices in handling public funds"」
immoral

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「having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality; "that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble"- Edmund Burke; "taking a mean advantage"; "chok''d with ambition of the meaner sort"- Shakespeare; "something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics"」
mean, meanspirited

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「(used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal; "base coins of aluminum"; "a base metal"」

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「debased; not genuine; "an attempt to eliminate the base coinage"」


ground」

  [★]

  • n.
  • 基底、根拠、素因
  • adj.
  • 地上の、地面の。穴を掘る終生の、地上に住む。基本の、基礎の
basalbasementbasesbasisdiathesisdiatheticevidencefoundationfundusgroundingpredispositionreason

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「throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage」

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「a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)」
earth

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「(art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting」

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「a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle); "they gained ground step by step"; "they fought to regain the lost ground"」

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「a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉《the~》『地面』,地表 / 〈U〉『土』,土壌;『土地』 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》(特定の目的のための)『場所』 / 《複数形で》(建物の回りの)『庭』,庭園;『構内』,屋敷 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》『根拠』(basis),理由(reason) / 〈U〉(確保すべき)立場,意見;地歩 / 〈U〉(研究などの)分野,範囲;話題,問題 / 〈C〉(図案・塗りなどの)下地 / 〈U〉海底,水底 / 《複数形で》(コーヒーなどの)おり,かす / 〈U〉《米》(電気装置の)アース / …‘を'地上に置く / (…に)〈主義・信念など〉‘を'基づかせる,立脚させる《+名+on+名(doing)》 / 〈人〉‘に'(…の)基礎(初歩)を教え込む《+名+in+名》 / 〈飛行機〉‘を'離陸させない / 〈人〉‘を'飛行勤務をやめさせる,地上勤務にする / 〈船〉‘を'座礁させる / 《米》〈電線など〉‘を'接地する,アースする(《英》earth) / 〈物が〉地面に落ちる(届く〉 / 〈船が〉座礁する / (野球で)ゴロを打つ」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「grindの過去・過去分詞 / 粉にした,ひいた / すった,磨いた」

WordNet   license wordnet

「hit or reach the ground」
run aground

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「bring to the ground; "the storm grounded the ship"」
strand, run aground

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「confine or restrict to the ground; "After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot"」

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「connect to a ground; "ground the electrical connections for safety reasons"」

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「hit a groundball; "he grounded to the second baseman"」

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「hit onto the ground」

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「instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject」

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「place or put on the ground」


read」

  [★]

  • v.
(過去-過去分詞read=発音はred)読む、解読する、判断する
decipherdecisiondecodedecodingjudgejudgementjudgmentreason

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「to hear and understand; "I read you loud and clear!"」

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「something that is read; "the article was a very good read"」

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「indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments; "The thermometer showed thirteen degrees below zero"; "The gauge read `empty''"」
register, show, record

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「have or contain a certain wording or form; "The passage reads as follows"; "What does the law say?"」
say

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「obtain data from magnetic tapes; "This dictionary can be read by the computer"」
scan

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「audition for a stage role by reading parts of a role; "He is auditioning for `Julius Caesar'' at Stratford this year"」

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「interpret something that is written or printed; "read the advertisement"; "Have you read Salman Rushdie?"」

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「interpret the significance of, as of palms, tea leaves, intestines, the sky; also of human behavior; "She read the sky and predicted rain"; "I can''t read his strange behavior"; "The fortune teller read his fate in the crystal ball"」

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「look at, interpret, and say out loud something that is written or printed; "The King will read the proclamation at noon"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈書かれた物・印刷された物〉‘を'『読む』 / 〈書かれた物・印刷された物〉‘を'『読み上げる』,読んで聞かせる / 〈外国語・文学・記号など〉を判読する,解読する / 〈事〉‘を'『読んで知る』 / 〈隠れた意味など〉‘を'『読み取る』,見抜く / 〈計器・時計が〉…‘を'示す,表示する(show) / 《文》(…を)…‘と'訂正して読む,読み替える《+『名』+『for』+『名』》 / 《英》(大学で)…‘を'学ぶ,専攻する / 『本を読む』,読書する / 『音読する』;(人に)読み上げる《+『to』+『名』》 / (…のことを)読んで知る《+『about』(『of』)+『名』》 / 《副詞[句]を伴って》〈本などが〉(…と)読める,読んでみると(…)である,〈物事が〉(…と)解釈される」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「readの過去分詞 / 《『be』 『read』 『in』+『名』》よく読んで(…に)精通した」

think」

  [★]

考える思う

appearassumebelieveconsiderfeelreasonregardsupposesuspect

WordNet   license wordnet

「ponder; reflect on, or reason about; "Think the matter through"; "Think how hard life in Russia must be these days"」

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「an instance of deliberate thinking; "I need to give it a good think"」

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「judge or regard; look upon; judge; "I think he is very smart"; "I believe her to be very smart"; "I think that he is her boyfriend"; "The racist conceives such people to be inferior"」
believe, consider, conceive

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「use or exercise the mind or one''s power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments; "I''ve been thinking all day and getting nowhere"」
cogitate, cerebrate

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「expect, believe, or suppose; "I imagine she earned a lot of money with her new novel"; "I thought to find her in a bad state"; "he didn''t think to find her in the kitchen"; "I guess she is angry at me for standing her up"」
opine, suppose, imagine, reckon, guess

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「be capable of conscious thought; "Man is the only creature that thinks"」

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「bring into a given condition by mental preoccupation; "She thought herself into a state of panic over the final exam"」

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「decide by pondering, reasoning, or reflecting; "Can you think what to do next?"」

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「dispose the mind in a certain way; "Do you really think so?"」

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「focus one''s attention on a certain state; "Think big"; "think thin"」

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「have or formulate in the mind; "think good thoughts"」

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「imagine or visualize; "Just think--you could be rich one day!"; "Think what a scene it must have been!"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『…‘を'考える』,心に抱く,想像する,思い描く / …‘と'『思う』,信じる,判断する:《think+that 節…であると思う》 / 『…‘を'企てる』,もくろむ / 《英》…を予期する / 《しばしば think oneself の後に形容詞・副詞[句]を伴って》考えて…の状態にする / 『考える』,思う;思案する,熟考する;予期する / (…について)考えること,一考《+about+名》 / 思考の,思考を促す」

account」

  [★]

becausecausedealreasonsincetrade-offtrafficvalueworth

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「a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance; "they send me an accounting every month"」
accounting, account statement

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「a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking or brokerage or business services; "he asked to see the executive who handled his account"」
business relationship

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「the quality of taking advantage; "she turned her writing skills to good account"」

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「be the sole or primary factor in the existence, acquisition, supply, or disposal of something; "Passing grades account for half of the grades given in this exam"」

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「importance or value; "a person of considerable account"; "he predicted that although it is of small account now it will rapidly increase in importance"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉『計算』,勘定 / 〈C〉『計算書』,勘定書;簿記 / 〈C〉(商売の)取引;(銀行の)口座 / 〈C〉『説明』,報告;記事 / 《文》〈U〉価値(value),重要性(importance) / 〈U〉根拠;理由 / 《『account』+『名』〈目〉+『形』(『名』,『過分』)〈補〉》(…と)…'を'考える,みなす(consider)」

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「furnish a justifying analysis or explanation; "I can''t account for the missing money"」
answer for

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「keep an account of」
calculate

treason」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「a crime that undermines the offender''s government」
high treason, lese majesty

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「disloyalty by virtue of subversive behavior」
subversiveness, traitorousness

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(君主・国に対する) 反逆(罪); 背信(行為),むほん」

reasonability」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「道理にかなっていること,正当性,妥当性」

unreasoning」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「理性を働かさない,思慮のない」

treasonable」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「反逆の,大逆の,国事犯の」

treasonous」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「treasonable」

reasoned」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「logically valid; "a sound argument"」
sound, well-grounded

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「よく考えた上での,筋の通った」

reasoning」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「thinking that is coherent and logical」
logical thinking, abstract thought

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「論理的思考;推論」


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