出典: meddic

  • adj.
  • 求心性の、求心の、輸入の
  • n.
afferent fiberafferent fibreafferent neuronafferent pathwayafferentscentripetalconcentricimportimportation

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「of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS; "afferent nerves"; "afferent impulses"」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2014/04/24 08:47:21」(JST)

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  • Genetic tracing of Nav1.8-expressing vagal afferents in the mouse.
  • Gautron L, Sakata I, Udit S, Zigman JM, Wood JN, Elmquist JK.SourceDivision of Hypothalamic Research, Departments of Internal Medicine and Pharmacology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390.
  • The Journal of comparative neurology.J Comp Neurol.2011 Oct 15;519(15):3085-101. doi: 10.1002/cne.22667.
  • Nav1.8 is a tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channel present in large subsets of peripheral sensory neurons, including both spinal and vagal afferents. In spinal afferents, Nav1.8 plays a key role in signaling different types of pain. Little is known, however, about the exact identity and role of Nav1.
  • PMID 21618224
  • A1 receptors inhibit glutamate release in rat medullary dorsal horn neurons.
  • Choi IS, Cho JH, Jang IS.SourceaDepartment of Pharmacology, School of Dentistry bBrain Science and Engineering Institute, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
  • Neuroreport.Neuroreport.2011 Oct 5;22(14):711-5.
  • We have investigated the adenosine-mediated presynaptic inhibition of primary afferent-evoked glutamate release in rat substantia gelatinosa neurons of the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis using a conventional whole-cell patch clamp technique. Adenosine reversibly and concentration dependently decreas
  • PMID 21878793
  • Glutamic acid decarboxylase isoform 65 immunoreactivity in the motor thalamus of humans and monkeys: γ-aminobutyric acidergic connections and nuclear delineations.
  • Kultas-Ilinsky K, Ilinsky IA, Verney C.SourceINSERM U676, Universite Paris 7, Faculte de Medecine Denis Diderot, PremUP, Paris 75019, France.
  • The Journal of comparative neurology.J Comp Neurol.2011 Oct 1;519(14):2811-37. doi: 10.1002/cne.22653.
  • The neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in the motor thalamic nuclei. This report analyzes the distribution of the GABA-producing enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase isoform 65 (GAD65), stained with monoclonal antibody, in human and rhesus monkey thalami and compares
  • PMID 21491431


  • Remodeling of Monoplanar Purkinje Cell Dendrites during Cerebellar Circuit Formation.
  • Kaneko Megumi,Yamaguchi Kazuhiko,Eiraku Mototsugu,Sato Motohiko,Takata Norio,Kiyohara Yoshimoto,Mishina Masayoshi,Hirase Hajime,Hashikawa Tsutomu,Kengaku Mineko
  • PloS one 6(5), 2011-05
  • … Planar and highly branched dendrites of the cerebellar Purkinje cell receive specific topographical projections from two major afferent pathways; … The dendrite remodeling was also impaired by pharmacological disruption of normal afferent activity during the second or third postnatal week. …
  • NAID 120003163707
  • 繰り返された消化管刺激に対する脳活動(シンポジウム:Neuroimagingの新展開,2010年,第51回日本心身医学会総会ならびに学術講演会(仙台))
  • 濱口 豊太,金澤 素,鹿野 理子,福土 審
  • 心身医学 51(2), 130-134, 2011-02-01
  • ヒトの内臓知覚形成を司る神経基盤が明らかにされつつある.消化管が反復刺激を受けると消化管運動は増大し,消化管知覚閾値は低下する.この急性感作現象は消化管知覚過敏発生モデルの1つであり,感作現象発生には中枢神経の関与がある.健常人を対象とした過敏性腸症候群(irritable bowel syndrome:IBS)発生機序のモデル検証において,消化管と中枢神経系の機能的変化には,刺激の強度と順序が関 …
  • NAID 110008440568
  • 内臓感覚から作られる情動の役割(日本心身医学会・東北大学脳科学GCOE合同シンポジウム:医学・生物学これからの50年の大問題:心脳問題をいかに解明してゆくか,2010年,第51回日本心身医学会総会ならびに学術講演会(仙台))
  • 福土 審
  • 心身医学 51(1), 45-52, 2011-01-01
  • 心身医学では,陰性情動がどのように成立するのか,そしてその異常がなぜ生じるのか,という問題が特に重要である.代表的な心身症である過敏性腸症候群(irritable bowel syndrome:IBS)の病態生理を解くことはこの問題解決につながる.生体に加わった刺激は大脳皮質と皮質下の処理により情動を惹起する.情動にはどんな感じがするかという感情と身体状態である情動状態の2つの成分があり,変化した …
  • NAID 110008006726


Afferent is an anatomical term with the following meanings: Conveying towards a center, for example the afferent arterioles conveying blood towards the Bowman's capsule in the Kidney. Opposite to Efferent. Something that so conducts, see ...
In the nervous system, afferent neurons (otherwise known as sensory or ...


Afferent nerves such as the RA1 are Afferent arteriole Efferent arteriole II Afferent arteriole Efferent arteriole afferent vs efferent nerve fibers afferent Afferent vs. Efferent ArteriolesAfferent And EfferentEfferent nerve fiberFile:Afferent (PSF).jpg - Wikimedia

拡張検索corticoafferent」「vagal afferent nerve



  • n.
  • v.

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「transfer (electronic data) into a database or document」

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「commodities (goods or services) bought from a foreign country」

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「an imported person brought from a foreign country; "the lead role was played by an import from Sweden"; "they are descendants of indentured importees"」

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「(…から)…‘を'『輸入する』《+『名』+『from』+『名』》 / 《文》'‘を'意味する,‘の'意味を導入する / 〈U〉(…の)『輸入』《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》『輸入品』 / 〈U〉《文》重大,重要性 / 〈U〉意味,意義」

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「bring in from abroad」



  • adj.
  • 求心性の

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「tending to move toward a center; "centripetal force"」

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「of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system; "sensory neurons"」
receptive, sensory

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「tending to unify」



  • adj.
  • 同一中心の、同心の、同心円状の。同軸を有する。集中的な
(adj.)eccentric 偏心の

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「having a common center; "concentric rings"」
concentrical, homocentric

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「of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the cerebral cortex」

vagal afferent nerve」

  [★] 迷走神経求心性神経



  • n.
afferentafferent pathway