Ephedra

出典: meddic

マオウ麻黄、オウ属、エフェドラ属Ephedra属

chinese ephedraEphedra herbEphedrae HerbaGnetophyta

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2013/06/17 23:12:25」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Effect of salinity on moisture content, pigment system, and lipid composition in Ephedra alata Decne.
  • Alqarawi AA1, Hashem A2, Abd Allah EF1, Alshahrani TS1, Huqail AA2.Author information 1King Saud University Plant Production Department, College of Food & Agriculture Sciences P. O. Box 2460 Riyadh 11451 Saudi Arabia.2King Saud University Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science Riyadh 11451 Saudi Arabia.AbstractThe present work was carried out to uncover the effect of salinity stress on shoot moisture percentage, pigment content and lipid composition of Ephedra alata Decne. The results suggested that salinity caused significant decrease in plant moisture content. The chl. a, b and carotenoids showed significant decrease with increasing concentration of salt. Total pigment content also showed decline at all salt stress levels. Salt stress caused significant decrease in total lipids (TL), triacylglycerol (TG) and sterol (S) accompanied with an increase in diacylglycerol (DG), sterol ester (SE), and non-esterified fatty acids (FAA) of E. alata. Moreover, saline stress caused significant decrease in all phospholipid fractions except phosphatidic acid which increases during salt stress. Salinity stress resulted in increase of saturated fatty acids and decreases the percentage of un-saturated fatty acids in E. alalta.
  • Acta biologica Hungarica.Acta Biol Hung.2014 Mar;65(1):61-71. doi: 10.1556/ABiol.65.2014.1.6.
  • The present work was carried out to uncover the effect of salinity stress on shoot moisture percentage, pigment content and lipid composition of Ephedra alata Decne. The results suggested that salinity caused significant decrease in plant moisture content. The chl. a, b and carotenoids showed signif
  • PMID 24561895
  • Allergy to illicit drugs and narcotics.
  • Swerts S1, Van Gasse A, Leysen J, Faber M, Sabato V, Bridts CH, Jorens PG, De Clerck LS, Ebo DG.Author information 1Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Department of Immunology, Allergology and Rheumatology, University Antwerp and Antwerp University Hospital, Antwerpen, Belgium.AbstractDespite their frequent use, allergy to illicit drugs and narcotics is rarely reported in literature. We present a review of the different classes of drugs of abuse that might be involved in allergies: central nervous system (CNS) depressants (such as cannabis, opioids and kava), CNS stimulants (cocaine, amphetamines, khat and ephedra) and hallucinogens such as ketamine and nutmeg. Diagnosis of drug and narcotic allergy generally relies upon careful history taking, complemented with skin testing eventually along with quantification of sIgE. However, for various reasons, correct diagnosis of most of these drug allergies is not straightforward. For example, the native plant material applied for skin testing and sIgE antibody tests might harbour irrelevant IgE-binding structures that hamper correct diagnosis. Diagnosis might also be hampered due to uncertainties associated with the non-specific histamine releasing characteristics of some compounds and absence of validated sIgE tests. Whether the introduction of standardized allergen components and more functional tests, that is, basophil activation and degranulation assays, might be helpful to an improved diagnosis needs to be established. It is anticipated that due to the rare character of these allergies further validation is although necessary.
  • Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology.Clin Exp Allergy.2014 Mar;44(3):307-18. doi: 10.1111/cea.12177.
  • Despite their frequent use, allergy to illicit drugs and narcotics is rarely reported in literature. We present a review of the different classes of drugs of abuse that might be involved in allergies: central nervous system (CNS) depressants (such as cannabis, opioids and kava), CNS stimulants (coca
  • PMID 24588864
  • The anti-obesity effect of Ephedra sinica through modulation of gut microbiota in obese Korean women.
  • Kim BS1, Song MY2, Kim H3.Author information 1Chunlab Inc., Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea.2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, 707 Seokjang-dong, Gyeonsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, 814 Siksa-dong, Gyeonggi-do 410-773, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: kimklar@dongguk.ac.kr.AbstractETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ephedra sinica (Ma Huang) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for more than 5000 years for treatment of various conditions, including modern-day obesity. Ephedra has been used as a supplement for weight loss and its effects have been reported. The current study investigated the influence of ephedra on the composition of gut microbiota, and its correlation with weight loss.
  • Journal of ethnopharmacology.J Ethnopharmacol.2014 Feb 17. pii: S0378-8741(14)00098-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.01.038. [Epub ahead of print]
  • ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ephedra sinica (Ma Huang) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for more than 5000 years for treatment of various conditions, including modern-day obesity. Ephedra has been used as a supplement for weight loss and its effects have been reported. The current st
  • PMID 24556223

和文文献

  • 宋代の煮散法にヒントを得た簡便かつ成分抽出効率良好な煎薬調製法の開発(第2報)生薬残渣の簡便な分離法
  • 複数の漢方薬内服による周術期の低カリウム血症が疑われた1症例
  • Ephedra major subsp. procera(マオウ科)の分類に関する新知見 : DNAとエフェドリンアルカロイドにおけるE. equisetinaとの比較

関連リンク

Evidence-based information from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). ... Ephedra. In: Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckman J, eds. Herbal Medicine: Expanded ...
ハーブ系ダイエット薬、エフェドラの危険性について、最新の医学文献や海外情報に基づいて解説 ... [ エフェドラとは ] (註:このページの情報は、一部を除いて2000年年末頃の状況に基づいています) エフェドラ(Ephedra)というのは ...

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元麻黄」「マオウ属」「Ephedra属」「エフェドラ属」「chinese ephedra
拡張検索genus Ephedra」「Ephedraceae」「Ephedra herb」「Ephedrae Herba
関連記事ephedra

麻黄」

  [★]

まおう、マオウ
Ephedra herb
Ephedra, Ephedrae Herba
マオウ属エフェドラ属



マオウ属」

  [★]

Ephedra
麻黄マオウエフェドラ属Ephedra属


Ephedra属」

  [★]

Ephedra
麻黄マオウマオウ属エフェドラ属

エフェドラ属」

  [★]

Ephedra
麻黄マオウマオウ属Ephedra属


chinese ephedra」

  [★]

マオウ

EphedraEphedra herbEphedra sinicama huang


genus Ephedra」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「type and sole genus of Ephedraceae: tropical and subtropical evergreen shrubby or creeping plants native to dry and inhospitable regions」


Ephedraceae」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「ephedras: in some classifications included in the Gnetaceae」
family Ephedraceae


Ephedra herb」

  [★]

麻黄マオウ

chinese ephedraEphedraEphedrae Herba


Ephedrae Herba」

  [★]

麻黄

EphedraEphedra herb


ephedra」

  [★]


WordNet   license wordnet

「jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds」
joint fir


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