trigeminal nerve

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三叉神経 CN V

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/04/15 13:55:20」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Neuroanastomosis and the innervation territory of the mental nerve.
  • Won SY1, Yang HM, Woo HS, Chang KY, Youn KH, Kim HJ, Hu KS.Author information 1Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Woosong University, Daejeon, Korea.AbstractThe aim of this study was to clarify the distribution pattern and innervation territory of the mental nerve (MN) in the skin and mucosa by topographic examination by Sihler's staining, thereby providing reference anatomical information for surgical procedures and to enable prediction of regions of sensory disturbance following nerve damage. Ten human specimens were subjected to Sihler's staining, which is a highly accurate method for visualizing the distribution of nerve fibers without altering their topography. Each branch of the MN overlapped adjacent branches (five cases), or else they were distributed individually at the lower lip (five cases). The MN anastomosed with some branches of the facial nerve near the mental foramen. Moreover, some branches of the MN anastomosed with the buccal nerve of the trigeminal nerve, which supplies sensation to the skin and mucosa over the lateral region of the lower lip (six cases). The details of the distribution pattern and innervations territory of the MN presented herein may enable the prediction of a region of sensory disturbance following MN damage. Moreover, knowledge of the pattern of synapses with adjacent branches of other nerves, such as the facial (marginal mandibular and cervical branches) and the buccal nerves, might help to improve our understanding around incomplete anesthesia during the surgical procedures in oral & maxillofacial region. Clin. Anat. 598-602, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.).Clin Anat.2014 May;27(4):598-602. doi: 10.1002/ca.22310. Epub 2013 Nov 12.
  • The aim of this study was to clarify the distribution pattern and innervation territory of the mental nerve (MN) in the skin and mucosa by topographic examination by Sihler's staining, thereby providing reference anatomical information for surgical procedures and to enable prediction of regions of s
  • PMID 24222330
  • Trigeminal intersubnuclear neurons: Morphometry and input-dependent structural plasticity in adult rats.
  • Martin YB1, Negredo P, Villacorta-Atienza JA, Avendaño C.Author information 1Department of Anatomy, Histology, & Neuroscience, Autonoma University of Madrid, 28029, Madrid, Spain; Department of Anatomy, Francisco de Vitoria University, 28223, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, Spain.AbstractIntersubnuclear neurons in the caudal division of the spinal trigeminal nucleus that project to the principal nucleus (Pr5) play an active role in shaping the receptive fields of other neurons, at different levels in the ascending sensory system that processes information originating from the vibrissae. By using retrograde labeling and digital reconstruction, we investigated the morphometry and topology of the dendritic trees of these neurons and the changes induced by long-term experience-dependent plasticity in adult male rats. Primary afferent input was either eliminated by transection of the right infraorbital nerve (IoN), or selectively altered by repeated whisker clipping on the right side. These neurons do not display asymmetries between sides in basic metric and topologic parameters (global number of trees, nodes, spines, or dendritic ends), although neurons on the left tend to have longer terminal segments. Ipsilaterally, both deafferentation (IoN transection) and deprivation (whisker trimming) reduced the density of spines, and the former also caused a global increase in total dendritic length and a relative increase in more complex arbors. Contralaterally, deafferentation reduced more complex dendritic trees, and caused a moderate decline in dendritic length and spatial reach, and a loss of spines in number and density. Deprivation caused a similar, but more profound, effect on spines. Our findings provide original quantitative descriptions of a scarcely known cell population, and show that denervation- or deprivation-derived plasticity is expressed not only by neurons at higher levels of the sensory pathways, but also by neurons in key subcortical circuits for sensory processing. J. Comp. Neurol. 522:1597-1617, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • The Journal of comparative neurology.J Comp Neurol.2014 May 1;522(7):1597-617. doi: 10.1002/cne.23494.
  • Intersubnuclear neurons in the caudal division of the spinal trigeminal nucleus that project to the principal nucleus (Pr5) play an active role in shaping the receptive fields of other neurons, at different levels in the ascending sensory system that processes information originating from the vibris
  • PMID 24178892
  • Noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation as treatment for trigeminal allodynia.
  • Oshinsky ML1, Murphy AL2, Hekierski H Jr2, Cooper M2, Simon BJ3.Author information 1Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Neurology, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: michael.oshinsky@jefferson.edu.2Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Neurology, Philadelphia, PA, USA.3Electrocore, LLC, Basking Ridge, NJ, USA.AbstractImplanted vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has been used to treat seizures and depression. In this study, we explored the mechanism of action of noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) for the treatment of trigeminal allodynia. Rats were repeatedly infused with inflammatory mediators directly onto the dura, which led to chronic trigeminal allodynia. Administration of nVNS for 2minutes decreased periorbital sensitivity in rats with periorbital trigeminal allodynia for up to 3.5hours after stimulation. Using microdialysis, we quantified levels of extracellular neurotransmitters in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC). Allodynic rats showed a 7.7±0.9-fold increase in extracellular glutamate in the TNC after i.p. administration of the chemical headache trigger glyceryl trinitrate (GTN; 0.1mg/kg). Allodynic rats that received nVNS had only a 2.3±0.4-fold increase in extracellular glutamate after GTN, similar to the response in control naive rats. When nVNS was delayed until 120minutes after GTN treatment, the high levels of glutamate in the TNC were reversed after nVNS. The nVNS stimulation parameters used in this study did not produce significant changes in blood pressure or heart rate. These data suggest that nVNS may be used to treat trigeminal allodynia.
  • Pain.Pain.2014 May;155(5):1037-42. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2014.02.009. Epub 2014 Feb 14.
  • Implanted vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has been used to treat seizures and depression. In this study, we explored the mechanism of action of noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) for the treatment of trigeminal allodynia. Rats were repeatedly infused with inflammatory mediators directly onto t
  • PMID 24530613

和文文献

関連リンク

The trigeminal nerve is the largest and most complex of the 12 cranial nerves (CNs). It supplies sensations to the face, mucous membranes, and other structures of the head. ... Type Function Pathway Branchial motor
What is trigeminal neuralgia? Trigeminal neuralgia (TN), also called tic douloureux, is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal or 5th cranial nerve, one of the most widely distributed nerves in the head. TN is a form of ...

関連画像

Trigeminal Nerve Transview | Art of Bryan Nerve and Functional DisordersTrigeminal nerve neuralgia - diagnosis Trigeminal Nerve www.frca.co.uk/images/trigeminal_nerve.jpgtrigeminal nerve | Trigeminal Nerve-Schema


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元三叉神経」「fifth cranial nerve」「cranial nerve V」「nervi trigemini
拡張検索principal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve」「motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve
関連記事nerve」「trigeminal

三叉神経」

  [★]

trigeminal nerve
nervus trigeminus
CN V, fifth cranial nerve
脳神経鰓弓
  • 図:N.116(分布)

概念

核 (B.33)

  1. 三叉神経中脳路核
  2. 三叉神経主知覚核
  3. 三叉神経脊髄路核

支配

走行

CN# 一般感覚性 臓性感覚性 特殊感覚性 体性運動性 臓性運動性 鰓弓運動性 神経細胞(中枢神経外) 神経細胞(中脳) 神経細胞(橋) 神経細胞(延髄) 神経細胞(脊髄) ○-< 節後ニューロン 頭蓋からの出口 分布と機能
V1 眼神経           三叉神経節           上眼窩裂 角膜、前頭部、頭皮、眼瞼、鼻の皮膚、鼻腔と副鼻腔の粘膜からの感覚
V2 上顎神経           三叉神経節           正円孔 上唇を含む上顎部の顔の皮膚、上顎の歯、鼻粘膜、上顎洞、口蓋の感覚
V3 下顎神経           三叉神経節           卵円孔 下唇を含む下顎と顔の外側部の皮膚、下顎の歯、顎関節、口の粘膜、舌の2/3の感覚
                    支配筋:咀嚼筋顎舌骨筋顎二腹筋の前腹、口蓋帆張筋鼓膜張筋

臨床関連






fifth cranial nerve」

  [★] 三叉神経 = 第V脳神経第5脳神経第五脳神経

cranial nerve Vtrigeminal nerve


cranial nerve V」

  [★]

第V脳神経

fifth cranial nervetrigeminal nerve


nervi trigemini」

  [★] 三叉神経

trigeminaltrigeminal nerve


principal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve」

  [★]

三叉神経主知覚核


motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve」

  [★]

三叉神経運動核


nerve」

  [★]

  • n.
nervinervousnervusneuralneuroneuron


WordNet   license wordnet

「any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body」
nervus

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉『神経』 / 〈C〉《複数形で》『神経過敏』,いらだち / 〈U〉『勇気』,度胸(courage) / 〈U〉《時にa ~》厚かましさ,ずぶとさ;無礼 / 〈C〉葉脈;(昆虫の)翅脈(しみゃく) / 〈人,特に自分〉‘に'力を与える,‘を'元気づける」


trigeminal」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 三叉神経の
nervi trigeminitrigeminal nerve

WordNet   license wordnet

「the main sensory nerve of the face and motor nerve for the muscles of mastication」
trigeminal nerve, trigeminus, nervus trigeminus, fifth cranial nerve




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