surrogate marker

出典: meddic

biochemical markerbiologic markerbiological markerbiomarkerclinical markerimmune markerimmunologic markerserum markersurrogate end point、surrogate endpoint

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2014/11/18 22:57:38」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Urinary bromophenol glucuronide and sulfate conjugates: Potential human exposure molecular markers for polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
  • Ho KL1, Yau MS1, Murphy MB2, Wan Y3, Fong BM4, Tam S5, Giesy JP6, Leung KS7, Lam MH8.
  • Chemosphere.Chemosphere.2015 Aug;133:6-12. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.03.003. Epub 2015 Mar 24.
  • One possible source of urinary bromophenol (BP) glucuronide and sulfate conjugates in mammalian animal models and humans is polybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a group of additive flame-retardants found ubiquitously in the environment. In order to study the correlation between levels of PBDEs in human
  • PMID 25817024
  • Chronic oxidative stress leads to malignant transformation along with acquisition of stem cell characteristics, and epithelial to mesenchymal transition in human renal epithelial cells.
  • Mahalingaiah PK1, Ponnusamy L, Singh KP.
  • Journal of cellular physiology.J Cell Physiol.2015 Aug;230(8):1916-28. doi: 10.1002/jcp.24922.
  • Oxidative injury to cellular macromolecules has been suggested as a common pathway shared by multiple etiological factors for kidney cancer. Whether the chronic oxidative stress alone is sufficient to induce malignant transformation in human kidney cells is not clear. Therefore, the objective of thi
  • PMID 25546616
  • Putative floral brood-site mimicry, loss of autonomous selfing, and reduced vegetative growth are significantly correlated with increased diversification in Asarum (Aristolochiaceae).
  • Sinn BT1, Kelly LM2, Freudenstein JV3.
  • Molecular phylogenetics and evolution.Mol Phylogenet Evol.2015 Aug;89:194-204. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.04.019. Epub 2015 Apr 30.
  • The drivers of angiosperm diversity have long been sought and the flower-arthropod association has often been invoked as the most powerful driver of the angiosperm radiation. We now know that features that influence arthropod interactions cannot only affect the diversification of lineages, but also
  • PMID 25937558

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元surrogate end point」「biochemical marker」「biologic marker」「biomarker」「biological marker
関連記事mark」「marker」「surrogate

surrogate end point」

  [★]

代替エンドポイントサロゲートエンドポイント

biochemical markerbiologic markerbiological markerbiomarkerclinical markerimmune markerimmunologic markerserum marker、surrogate endpoint、surrogate marker

biochemical marker」

  [★]

biologic markerbiological markerbiomarkerclinical markerimmune markerimmunologic markerserum markersurrogate end point、surrogate endpoint、surrogate marker


biologic marker」

  [★]

biochemical markerbiological markerbiomarkerclinical markerimmune markerimmunologic markerserum markersurrogate end point、surrogate endpoint、surrogate marker


biomarker」

  [★]

biochemical markerbiologic markerbiological markerclinical markerimmune markerimmunologic markerserum markersurrogate end point、surrogate endpoint、surrogate marker

biological marker」

  [★]

biochemical markerbiologic markerbiomarkerclinical markerimmune markerimmunologic markerserum markersurrogate end point、surrogate endpoint、surrogate marker


mark」

  [★]

  • n.
  • v.
characterisecharacterizelabellabelinglandmarkmarkermarkingtag

WordNet   license wordnet

「make or leave a mark on; "the scouts marked the trail"; "ash marked the believers'' foreheads"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「formerly the basic unit of money in Germany」
German mark, Deutsche Mark, Deutschmark

WordNet   license wordnet

「the impression created by doing something unusual or extraordinary that people notice and remember; "it was in London that he made his mark"; "he left an indelible mark on the American theater"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student''s performance); "she made good marks in algebra"; "grade A milk"; "what was your score on your homework?"」
grade, score

WordNet   license wordnet

「a visible indication made on a surface; "some previous reader had covered the pages with dozens of marks"; "paw prints were everywhere"」
print

WordNet   license wordnet

「a symbol of disgrace or infamy; "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis」
stigma, brand, stain

WordNet   license wordnet

「a written or printed symbol (as for punctuation); "his answer was just a punctuation mark"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉(…の表面についた)『跡』,汚れ,はん点《+『on』+『名』》 / 〈C〉『印』,記号,符号,標章 / 〈C〉《おもに英》(学業などの)『点数』,成績,評価,(…の)得点《+『in』(『for』)+『名』》 / 〈C〉(ある性質の)『徴候』,『特徴』,現れ,様相《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉(思想・生活などに及ぼす)『影響』,感化《+『on』+『名』》 / 〈C〉(境界などの)位置を示すもの,指標,目印 / 〈C〉『的』,標的 / 〈C〉《the mark》水準,標準 / 〈U〉《文》著名,重要性;名声 / 〈C〉(軽べつ・もの笑いなどの)対象,的 / 〈U〉《通例M-》武器記号,…型 / 〈C〉スタートライン / (…で)…‘に'『印をつける』,跡をつける《+『名』++『with』+『名』》 / 〈物が〉…‘を'印となっている,‘を'示している / …‘を'印(記号など)で示す / 〈物・事柄などが〉…‘を'『特徴づける』,目立たせる / 〈答案など〉‘に'点(印)をつける / (…の候補に)…‘を'選び出す《+『名』+『out for』+『名』》 / …‘に'注意を払う,柱目する」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「マルク(ドイツノ貨幣単位;《略》『MK.』)」

WordNet   license wordnet

「designate as if by a mark; "This sign marks the border"」


marker」

  [★]

  • n.
labellabelinglandmarkmarkmarkingtag

WordNet   license wordnet

「a writing implement for making a mark」

WordNet   license wordnet

「some conspicuous object used to distinguish or mark something; "the buoys were markers for the channel"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a distinguishing symbol; "the owner''s mark was on all the sheep"」
marking, mark

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「印をつける人(道具) / (ゲームなどの)採点者 / 目印,目標」


surrogate」

  [★]

  • n.
  • vt.
  • adj.
alternativeproxysubstitutesubstitution

WordNet   license wordnet

「someone who takes the place of another person」
alternate, replacement

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(…の)代理人;代用品《+of(for)+名》 / 《米》(ある州での)遺言検認判事」



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