substance abuse

出典: meddic

薬物濫用

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2012/12/12 05:38:31」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2017/08/11 18:57:27」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Personality traits of problem gamblers with and without alcohol dependence.
  • Lister JJ1, Milosevic A2, Ledgerwood DM3.
  • Addictive behaviors.Addict Behav.2015 Aug;47:48-54. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.02.021. Epub 2015 Mar 27.
  • INTRODUCTION: A large proportion of individuals with gambling disorder also present with a history of alcohol dependence, but few studies have directly examined the relationship between these two conditions. This study's primary and secondary aims were to 1) examine the relationship of personality t
  • PMID 25864135
  • Treating substance abuse is not enough: Comorbidities in consecutively admitted female prisoners.
  • Mir J1, Kastner S1, Priebe S2, Konrad N3, Ströhle A1, Mundt AP4.
  • Addictive behaviors.Addict Behav.2015 Jul;46:25-30. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.02.016. Epub 2015 Feb 21.
  • INTRODUCTION: Several studies have pointed to high rates of substance use disorders among female prisoners. The present study aimed to assess comorbidities of substance use disorders with other mental disorders in female prisoners at admission to a penal justice system.METHODS: A sample of 150 femal
  • PMID 25770695
  • Mapping patient-identified barriers and facilitators to retention in HIV care and antiretroviral therapy adherence to Andersen's Behavioral Model.
  • Holtzman CW1, Shea JA, Glanz K, Jacobs LM, Gross R, Hines J, Mounzer K, Samuel R, Metlay JP, Yehia BR.
  • AIDS care.AIDS Care.2015 Jul;27(7):817-28. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1009362. Epub 2015 Feb 11.
  • Andersen's Behavioral Model (ABM) provides a framework for understanding how patient and environmental factors impact health behaviors and outcomes. We compared patient-identified barriers/facilitators to retention in care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and evaluated how they mapped to A
  • PMID 25671515

和文文献

  • 物質依存の世界 (特集 依存症の新しい展開)
  • 物質関連障害 (特集 DSM-5で良くなったこと,悪くなったこと)
  • 欧米の影響を受け変化するわが国の薬物依存症者の家族に対する支援 (特集 メンタルヘルスにおける家族支援の意義)
  • 近藤 あゆみ
  • 精神保健研究 = Journal of mental health : official journal of the National Institute of Mental Health, NCNP, Japan (28), 23-29, 2015
  • NAID 40020345486

関連リンク

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a substance ( drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals. Substance abuse/ drug ...

関連画像

Substance Abuse Awareness Training and Substance Abuse DSSTsubstance abuse How Prominent Is the Use Substance Abuse is an overindulgence in or Substance Abuse May 3, 2013 Volume 1 Substance-Abuse


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元薬物濫用」「drug usage」「drug habituation
拡張検索intravenous substance abuse
関連記事abuse」「substance」「abused

薬物濫用」

  [★]

drug abuse, substance abuse
薬物乱用
薬物依存、薬物嗜癖、物質乱用物質依存症薬物使用接着剤吸引


薬物使用が身体に及ぼす効果

  • 濫用 substance abuse:a pattern of abnormal substance use that leads to impairment of occupational, physical, or social functioning(BBS.73)
  • 依存 substance dependence:ub stance abuse puls withdrawal symptoms, tolerance, or a pattern of repetitive use(BBS.73)
  • 離脱 withdrawal:the development of physical or pschological symptoms after the reduction or cessation of intake of a substance(BBS.73)
  • 耐性 tolerance:the need for increased amounts of the substance to achieve the same positive psychological effect(BBS.73)
  • 交差耐性 cross-tolerance:the development of tolerance to one substance as the result of using another substance(BBS.73)

薬物

  • コカイン cocaine crack freebase 精神依存有り。身体依存無し 精神依存生じやすい。耐性発現殆ど無し コカ

精神依存、身体依存

  精神依存 身体依存
コカイン、アンフェタミン類(アンフェタミン、メチルフェタミン)、大麻  
麻薬(モルヒネヘロインコデイン)、バルビツール酸系(フェノバルビタールチオペンタール)、アルコール




drug usage」

  [★]

drug abusedrug addictiondrug dependencedrug habituation、drug use disorder、glue sniffingsubstance abusesubstance dependence、substance use disorder、substance-related disorder

drug habituation」

  [★]

  • 薬物嗜癖
drug abusedrug addictiondrug dependencedrug usage、drug use disorder、glue sniffingsubstance abusesubstance dependence、substance use disorder、substance-related disorder


intravenous substance abuse」

  [★]

静脈内薬物乱用

intravenous drug abuse

abuse」

  [★]

  • vt.
  • (才能、地位、人の好意などを)濫用する、悪用する、誤用する。(薬物などを)濫用する
  • 虐待する、酷使する。口汚く罵る、罵倒する
  • n.
  • 濫用、悪用、誤用。(薬物、酒などの)不正使用、過剰摂取、濫用。悪弊、悪習
  • 虐待、酷使


  • ex.


substance abuse
dependence

WordNet   license wordnet

「use wrongly or improperly or excessively; "Her husband often abuses alcohol"; "while she was pregnant, she abused drugs"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「use foul or abusive language towards; "The actress abused the policeman who gave her a parking ticket"; "The angry mother shouted at the teacher"」
clapperclaw, blackguard, shout

WordNet   license wordnet

「a rude expression intended to offend or hurt; "when a student made a stupid mistake he spared them no abuse"; "they yelled insults at the visiting team"」
insult, revilement, contumely, vilification

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉〈C〉(自分の,あるいは人の権利などの)『乱用』,悪用《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》悪習,悪弊 / 〈U〉『悪口』,悪態,ののしり / 〈地位・権力など〉'を'『乱用する』,悪用する / …'を'『虐待する』(maltreat),酷使する / …'を'『ののしる』,‘の'悪口をいう」

substance」

  [★]

  • n.
entitymaterialmatter

WordNet   license wordnet

「material of a particular kind or constitution; "the immune response recognizes invading substances"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉『物質』,物 / 〈U〉《the~》(…の)『趣旨』,本音《+of+名》 / 〈U〉(スープなどの)濃さ,こく,中身[の詰まっていること] / 〈U〉『実質』,実 / 〈U〉《古》財産,資産」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties; "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"」

abused」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「used improperly or excessively especially drugs; "an abused substance"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「subjected to cruel treatment; "an abused wife"」
ill-treated, maltreated, mistreated




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