peristalsis

出典: meddic

蠕動


WordNet   license wordnet

「the process of wavelike muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along」
vermiculation

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「蠕動(ぜんどう)運動(筋肉の収縮と弛緩(しかん)の運動)」

Wikipedia preview

出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2014/02/10 16:01:29」(JST)

wiki en

[Wiki en表示]

UpToDate Contents

全文を閲覧するには購読必要です。 To read the full text you will need to subscribe.

英文文献

  • Achalasia-like disorder after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding: a reversible side effect?
  • Robert M, Golse N, Espalieu P, Poncet G, Mion F, Roman S, Boulez J, Gouillat C.SourceDepartment of General Surgery and Bariatric Surgery, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon-Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University, 5, Place d'Arsonval, 69 437, Lyon, France, maud.robert@chu-lyon.fr.
  • Obesity surgery.Obes Surg.2012 May;22(5):704-11.
  • Literature data concerning the effect of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on esophageal motility are conflicting. Achalasia-like disorder involving the absence of esophageal peristalsis and impaired esophago-gastric junction (EGJ) is probably under-estimated and can result in failure a
  • PMID 22411570
  • Balancing neural crest cell intrinsic processes with those of the microenvironment in Tcof1 haploinsufficient mice enables complete enteric nervous system formation.
  • Barlow AJ, Dixon J, Dixon MJ, Trainor PA.AbstractThe enteric nervous system (ENS) comprises a complex neuronal network that regulates peristalsis of the gut wall and secretions into the lumen. The ENS is formed from a multipotent progenitor cell population called the neural crest, which is derived from the neuroepithelium. Neural crest cells (NCCs) migrate over incredible distances to colonize the entire length of the gut and during their migration they must survive, proliferate and ultimately differentiate. The absence of an ENS from variable lengths of the colon results in Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) or colonic aganglionosis. Mutations in about 12 different genes have been identified in HSCR patients but the complex pattern of inheritance and variable penetrance suggests that additional genes or modifiers must be involved in the etiology and pathogenesis of this disease. We discovered that Tcof1 haploinsufficiency in mice models many of the early features of HSCR. Neuroepithelial apoptosis diminished the size of the neural stem cell pool resulting in reduced NCC numbers and their delayed migration along the gut from E10.5 to E14.5. Surprisingly however, we observe continued and complete colonization of the entire colon throughout E14.5-E18.5, a period in which the gut is considered to be non- or less-permissive to NCC. Thus, we reveal for the first time that reduced NCC progenitor numbers and delayed migration do not unequivocally equate with a predisposition for the pathogenesis of HSCR. In fact, these deficiencies can be overcome by balancing NCC intrinsic processes of proliferation and differentiation with extrinsic influences of the gut microenvironment.
  • Human molecular genetics.Hum Mol Genet.2012 Apr 15;21(8):1782-93. Epub 2012 Jan 6.
  • The enteric nervous system (ENS) comprises a complex neuronal network that regulates peristalsis of the gut wall and secretions into the lumen. The ENS is formed from a multipotent progenitor cell population called the neural crest, which is derived from the neuroepithelium. Neural crest cells (NCCs
  • PMID 22228097
  • parkin-induced defects in neurophysiology and locomotion are generated by metabolic dysfunction and not oxidative stress.
  • Vincent A, Briggs L, Chatwin GF, Emery E, Tomlins R, Oswald M, Middleton CA, Evans GJ, Sweeney ST, Elliott CJ.SourcePresent address: Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK.
  • Human molecular genetics.Hum Mol Genet.2012 Apr 15;21(8):1760-9. Epub 2012 Jan 3.
  • Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by movement disorders, including bradykinesia. Analysis of inherited, juvenile PD, identified several genes linked via a common pathway to mitochondrial dysfunction. In this study, we demonstrate that the larva of the Drosophila parkin mutant faithfully mode
  • PMID 22215442

和文文献

  • 胃消化シミュレーターを用いたテクスチャーの異なる寒天ゲル粒子の微細化挙動の解析
  • KOZU Hiroyuki,NAKATA Yuki,NAKAJIMA Mitsutoshi [他]
  • 日本食品工学会誌 = Japan journal of food engineering 16(2), 161-166, 2015-06
  • NAID 40020514577
  • 腸の蠕動運動を追従する可視化アプリケーションの開発と時間周波数解析 (マルチメディア情報ハンディング・エンリッチメント)
  • 山口 千佳,長保 龍,古川 顕 [他]
  • 電子情報通信学会技術研究報告 = IEICE technical report : 信学技報 114(424), 39-44, 2015-01-28
  • NAID 40020364077
  • 頸部郭清術後に発症した乳糜漏にオクトレオチドが著効した1例
  • 池田 雅一,松塚 崇,鈴木 政博,西條 聡,仲江川 雄太,松井 隆道,大槻 好史,大森 孝一
  • 頭頸部外科 25(1), 61-65, 2015
  • 頸部郭清術後に発症した乳糜漏症例に外科的治療を計画したが,創部感染から敗血症を来たし,全身状態増悪のため外科的治療が困難となった。そこで頸部郭清術後24日目からオクトレオチドを投与した。オクトレオチド投与開始後11日目でリンパ液の排液は停止した。オクトレオチドはソマトスタチンのアナログ製剤である。ソマトスタチンは消化管蠕動運動と消化管ホルモンの分泌を抑制する作用を持つペプチドホルモンである。オクト …
  • NAID 130005091166

関連リンク

peristalsisとは。意味や和訳。[名](複 -ses 〔-siːz〕)[U][C]《生理》(腸などの)蠕動(ぜんどう)(運動).per・i・stal・tic[形] - goo英和辞書は14万項目以上を収録し、発音、音声、慣用句、例文が分かる英和辞書です。
Peristalsis definition, the progressive wave of contraction and relaxation of a tubular muscular system, especially the alimentary canal, by which the contents are forced through the system. See more. Thesaurus Translator Blog ...

関連画像


押しても画像が表示されない場合はサーバが混雑しています。2週間ほどあけて、再度押下してください。


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元蠕動」「peristaltic」「ぜん動
拡張検索megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome

蠕動」

  [★]

peristalsis
蠕動運動 peristaltic movement



発生機構

  • 徐波
  • 大弯側中央部に3-5回/分の頻度で収縮するペースメーカ→幽門洞に移動(3-4 cm/s)
  • 徐波が収縮閾値を超えると平滑筋収縮(Ca2+流入による)

調節機構

  • 筋原性調節
  • 神経性調節(遠心性)
  • 交感神経 :
  • ノルアドレナリン作動性ニューロン(抑制性、α作用による)
  • 副交感神経:
  • コリン作動性介在ニューロン(興奮性)
  • VIP,NO作動性介在ニューロン(抑制性)
  • 液性調節
  • 幽門洞部輪状筋 :
  • ガストリン    :収縮力増大 (興奮性)
  • セクレチン、CCK  :弛緩    (抑制性)
  • 幽門括約筋   :
  • セクレチン、CCK  :      (興奮性)


peristaltic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 蠕動の、ぜん動の
peristalsisperistaltic wave

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(腸壁などの)蠕動(ぜんどう)運動の[ような]」


ぜん動」

  [★]

peristalsisperistaltic
蠕動


megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome」

  [★] 巨大膀胱・狭小大腸・腸蠕動不全症候群, MMIHS




★コメント★

[メモ入力エリア]
※コメント5000文字まで
ニックネーム:
コメント:




表示
個人用ツール


  meddic.jp

リンク
連絡