near point

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英文文献

  • Chronic fluoxetine exposure alters movement and burrowing in adult freshwater mussels.
  • Hazelton PD1, Du B2, Haddad SP3, Fritts AK4, Chambliss CK5, Brooks BW2, Bringolf RB6.Author information 1Interdisciplinary Toxicology Program, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States; Warnell School of Forestry & Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States. Electronic address: peter.hazelton@state.ma.us.2The Institute of Ecological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Baylor University, Waco, TX, United States.3Department of Environmental Science, Center for Reservoir and Aquatic Systems Research, Baylor University, Waco, TX, United States.4Warnell School of Forestry & Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States.5The Institute of Ecological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Baylor University, Waco, TX, United States; Department of Environmental Science, Center for Reservoir and Aquatic Systems Research, Baylor University, Waco, TX, United States; Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Baylor University, Waco, TX, United States.6Interdisciplinary Toxicology Program, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States; Warnell School of Forestry & Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States. Electronic address: bringo@uga.edu.AbstractThe antidepressant fluoxetine is commonly found in aquatic fauna living near or downstream from point-sources of municipal waste effluent. Continuous release of fluoxetine results in increased effective exposure duration in surface waters, resulting in a chronic exposure for animals downstream, particularly in effluent dominated ecosystems. Fluoxetine is known to cause disruptions in reproductive behavior of freshwater mussels (order Unionoida), including stimulating release of gametes, parturition of glochidia (larvae), and changes in lure display and foot protrusion. However, the ecological relevance of these effects at environmental concentrations is unknown. We conducted a 67-d exposure of adult Lampsilis fasciola to fluoxetine concentrations of 0, 0.5, 2.5, and 22.3μg/L and assessed impacts on behavior (lateral movement, burrowing, and filtering) and metabolism (glycogen storage and respiration). Mussels treated with 2.5 and 22.3μg/L fluoxetine displayed mantle lures significantly (p<0.05) more than controls. Animals treated with 22.3μg/L fluoxetine were statistically more likely to have shorter time-to-movement, greater total movement, and initiate burrowing sooner than control animals. These observations suggest that increased activity of mussels exposed to fluoxetine may result in increased susceptibility to predators and may lead to a reduction in energy stores.
  • Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands).Aquat Toxicol.2014 Jun;151:27-35. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2013.12.019. Epub 2013 Dec 28.
  • The antidepressant fluoxetine is commonly found in aquatic fauna living near or downstream from point-sources of municipal waste effluent. Continuous release of fluoxetine results in increased effective exposure duration in surface waters, resulting in a chronic exposure for animals downstream, part
  • PMID 24438840
  • Upper extremity hemodynamics and sensation with backpack loads.
  • Kim SH1, Neuschwander TB2, Macias BR3, Bachman L Jr4, Hargens AR5.Author information 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: drjacobkim@gmail.com.2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, USA. Electronic address: tneuschwander@ucsd.edu.3Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, USA. Electronic address: dr.brandonmacias@gmail.com.4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, USA. Electronic address: jr@ucsd.edu.5Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, USA. Electronic address: ahargens@ucsd.edu.AbstractHeavy backpacks are often used in extreme environments, for example by military during combat, therefore completion of tasks quickly and efficiently is of operational relevance. The purpose of this study was to quantify hemodynamic parameters (brachial artery Doppler and microvascular flow by photoplethysmography; tissue oxygenation by near-infrared spectroscopy; arterial oxygen saturation by pulse oximeter) and sensation in upper extremities and hands (Semmes-Weinstein monofilament test and 2-point discrimination test) while wearing a loaded backpack (12 kg) in healthy adults for 10 min. All values were compared to baseline before wearing a backpack. Moderate weight loaded backpack loads significantly decreased upper extremity sensation as well as all macrovascular and microvascular hemodynamic values. Decreased macrovascular and microvascular hemodynamics may produce neurological dysfunction and consequently, probably affect fine motor control of the hands.
  • Applied ergonomics.Appl Ergon.2014 May;45(3):608-12. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2013.08.005. Epub 2013 Sep 26.
  • Heavy backpacks are often used in extreme environments, for example by military during combat, therefore completion of tasks quickly and efficiently is of operational relevance. The purpose of this study was to quantify hemodynamic parameters (brachial artery Doppler and microvascular flow by photop
  • PMID 24075289

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  • 村田 圭治,荒賀 浩一,江藤 剛治 [他]
  • 実験力学 12(2), 107-113, 2012-06
  • NAID 40019377380

関連リンク

near point (nîr) n. The nearest point of distinct vision. point [point] 1. a small area or spot; the sharp end of an object. 2. to approach the surface, like the pus of an abscess, at a definite spot or place. 3. a tapered, pointed endodontic ...
the point nearest the eye at which an object is clearly focused on the retina when accommodation of the eye is at a maximum.

関連画像

Near Point The Human Eye – Near Point and Far PointNear Point Card Set. Two double side card  near Point Woronzof, Anchorage, Alaska.jpg Free Stock Photo: Flowers Near Point ReyesView near Point de Galle, Ceylon #IMG382


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元近点
関連記事point」「near」「pointed」「poi

近点」

  [★]

near point
調節近点


point」

  [★]

  • vt.
  • vi.
  • 指さす、示す(at,to)
  • (ある方向に)向いている(to,toward)
  • 傾向にある(to)
  • n.
dictatedirectdotindicateindicationinstructinstructionspot

WordNet   license wordnet

「mark with diacritics; "point the letter"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the gun muzzle''s direction; "he held me up at the point of a gun"」
gunpoint

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「the property of a shape that tapers to a sharp tip」
pointedness

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「a wall socket」
power point

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「an outstanding characteristic; "his acting was one of the high points of the movie"」
spot

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「a distinguishing or individuating characteristic; "he knows my bad points as well as my good points"」

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「sharp end; "he stuck the point of the knife into a tree"; "he broke the point of his pencil"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a very small circular shape; "a row of points"; "draw lines between the dots"」
dot

WordNet   license wordnet

「an instant of time; "at that point I had to leave"」
point in time

WordNet   license wordnet

「repair the joints of bricks; "point a chimney"」
repoint

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「a V shape; "the cannibal''s teeth were filed to sharp points"」
tip, peak

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「a linear unit used to measure the size of type; approximately 1/72 inch」

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「a style in speech or writing that arrests attention and has a penetrating or convincing quality or effect」

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「one percent of the total principal of a loan; it is paid at the time the loan is made and is independent of the interest on the loan」

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「the unit of counting in scoring a game or contest; "he scored 20 points in the first half"; "a touchdown counts 6 points"」

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「a V-shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer; "the point of the arrow was due north"」
head

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「a brief version of the essential meaning of something; "get to the point"; "he missed the point of the joke"; "life has lost its point"」

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「a geometric element that has position but no extension; "a point is defined by its coordinates"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a promontory extending out into a large body of water; "they sailed south around the point"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the object of an activity; "what is the point of discussing it?"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the precise location of something; a spatially limited location; "she walked to a point where she could survey the whole street"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉(針・鉛筆・剣などの)『とがった先』,(…の)先端《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉岬(みさき) / 〈C〉(小数点・句読点などの)点 / 〈C〉(図形上の)点 / 〈C〉(ある特定の)『地点』(spot),場所(place) / 〈C〉(計器の目盛りなどの)『点』,『度』 / 〈C〉時点,瞬間 / 〈C〉《単数形で》(物語・議論などの)『要点』,核心《+『of』(『in』)+『名』》 / 〈U〉(…の)『目的』,『意義』,ねらっている点《+『of』(『in』)+『名』(do『ing』)》 / 〈C〉(全体の中の)個々の項目,細目(item),細部(detail) / 〈C〉特徴(characteristic),特質(trait) / 〈C〉(競技・学校の成績などの)得点 / 〈C〉ポイント(活字の大きさの単位;約1/72インチの大きさ) / (…に)〈銃・指など〉‘を'『向ける』《+『名』+『at』(『to, toward』)+『名』》 / …‘に'『指し示す』《point+名+to+名…に…をさし示す》 / …‘の'先をとがらせる,‘に'先を付ける / …‘に'点を打つ;…‘に'小数点を付ける;…‘に'句読点を付ける / 〈猟犬が〉〈獲物〉‘を'指し示す / (…を)(指などで)『示す』,指し示す《+『at』(『to, toward』)+『名』(do『ing』)》 / 〈猟犬が〉獲物の位置を示す」

WordNet   license wordnet

「be positionable in a specified manner; "The gun points with ease"」

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「indicate the presence of (game) by standing and pointing with the muzzle; "the dog pointed the dead duck"」

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「mark (a psalm text) to indicate the points at which the music changes」

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「mark (Hebrew words) with diacritics」


near」

  [★]

  • adv. prep.
  • 付近に、近くに
adjacentapproximateclosecloselynearbyneighboringproximityvicinity

WordNet   license wordnet

「closely resembling the genuine article; "near beer"; "a dress of near satin"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(空間的・時間的に)(…の)『近くに』,(…に)接近して《+『to』+『名』》 / 《しばしば複合語を作って》『ほとんど』(almost, nearly) / (空間的・時間的に)『近い』,接近した / (関係などが)『身近な』 / 『きわどい』,やっとの / (空間的・時間的に)…『に近く』,『の近くに』 / (状態などが)…に近く,…しそうで / (時間・空間上)…‘に'近づく / 近づく,接近する」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「「ほとんど…,ほぼ…」の意を表す」

WordNet   license wordnet

「not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; "near neighbors"; "in the near future"; "they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb"; "she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a close call"」
close, nigh

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「being on the left side; "the near or nigh horse is the one on the left"; "the animal''s left side is its near or nigh side"」
nigh

WordNet   license wordnet

「near in time or place or relationship; "as the wedding day drew near"; "stood near the door"; "don''t shoot until they come near"; "getting near to the true explanation"; "her mother is always near"; "The end draws nigh"; "the bullet didn''t come close"; "don''t get too close to the fire"」
nigh, close


pointed」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「having a point」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『先のとがった』,鋭い / (皮肉など)痛烈な,しんらつな / (ある目標に)向けられた,(はっきりと特定の人に)向けられた,当てこすりの」

WordNet   license wordnet

「direct and obvious in meaning or reference; often unpleasant; "a pointed critique"; "a pointed allusion to what was going on"; "another pointed look in their direction"」


poi」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「Hawaiian dish of taro root pounded to a paste and often allowed to ferment」




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