lead poisoning

出典: meddic

鉛中毒

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/01/07 21:39:57」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Comparison of bacterial cells and amine-functionalized abiotic surfaces as support for Pd nanoparticle synthesis.
  • De Corte S, Bechstein S, Lokanathan AR, Kjems J, Boon N, Meyer RL.SourceLaboratory of Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET), Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium.
  • Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces.Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces.2013 Feb 1;102:898-904. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2012.08.045. Epub 2012 Sep 7.
  • An increasing demand for catalytic Pd nanoparticles has motivated the search for sustainable production methods. An innovative approach uses bacterial cells as support material for synthesizing Pd nanoparticles by reduction of Pd(II) with e.g. hydrogen or formate. Nevertheless, drawbacks of microbia
  • PMID 23107967
  • Comparison of brain mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase activity with cyanide LD(50) yields insight into the efficacy of prophylactics.
  • Marziaz ML, Frazier K, Guidry PB, Ruiz RA, Petrikovics I, Haines DC.SourceDepartment of Chemistry, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas, TX 77341, USA.
  • Journal of applied toxicology : JAT.J Appl Toxicol.2013 Jan;33(1):50-5. doi: 10.1002/jat.1709. Epub 2011 Jul 13.
  • Cyanide inhibits cytochrome c oxidase, the terminal oxidase of the mitochondrial respiratory pathway, therefore inhibiting the cell oxygen utilization and resulting in the condition of histotoxic anoxia. The enzyme rhodanese detoxifies cyanide by utilizing sulfur donors to convert cyanide to thiocya
  • PMID 21751223
  • A systematic review of screening questionnaires for childhood lead poisoning.
  • Ossiander EM.SourceWashington State Department of Health, Olympia.
  • Journal of public health management and practice : JPHMP.J Public Health Manag Pract.2013 Jan;19(1):E21-9. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3182249523.
  • CONTEXT: : The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention encourages the use of risk factor questionnaires to screen children for lead poisoning. A majority of state health departments have formal lead screening guidelines that recommend health care providers use questionnaires.OBJECTIVE: : We condu
  • PMID 22668673

和文文献

  • 学校行事等で起きた食中毒について
  • 櫻井 秀樹
  • 鈴鹿短期大学紀要 33, 57-68, 2013-03-01
  • … A case study was conducted of food poisoning reported to the Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare. … Cases were gathered from multiple internet sites and newspaper articles of food poisoning taking place in schools in recent years and were examined for tendencies of food poisoning to occur in school events such as cooking classes. …
  • NAID 110009613761
  • 中国有機農業の発展と有機認証システムの構築
  • 徐 屹暉,岩元 泉,XU Yihui,IWAMOTO Izumi
  • 鹿児島大学農学部学術報告 (63), 1-12, 2013-03
  • … In recent years, China has been facing various kinds of environmental problems in the agricultural products market, suchas food poisoning and the over use of chemical fertilizers, the Chinese government has been taken a national strategy to improveagricultural product quality and food safety. …
  • NAID 120005232195
  • 化粧をめぐる企業と消費者の関わり : その歴史的考察 (特集 企業の社会的責任と消費科学)
  • 平松 隆円
  • 繊維製品消費科学 = Journal of the Japan Research Association for Textile End-uses 53(12), 1032-1037, 2012-12
  • NAID 40019537953

関連リンク

関連画像

Lead Poisoning Prevention Week - 2013 Prevention of lead poisoning » Health Lead-Poisoning-DangersLead Poisoning Treatmentlead poisoning Lead PoisoningVideo] Lead Poisoning Awareness - Lead


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元鉛中毒」「stipple」「plumbism
関連記事lead」「leading」「leaded」「poisoning」「lea

鉛中毒」

  [★]

lead poisoning
鉛化合物中毒
鉛中毒予防規則


  • first aid step1 2006 p.103,206,298
  • sulfhydryl groupを持つ酵素に結合
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase, α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase

病態生理

  • 酵素活性を阻害

症状

  • 貧血、悪心・嘔吐、唾液分泌亢進、腹痛、下痢、知覚異常、疼痛、血圧低下、運動失調、血尿、腎障害、呼吸麻痺など

検査

  • 血液検査
  • 網赤血球:増加
  • 赤血球寿命:短縮

治療

  • CaNa2-EDTAの筋注、D-ペニシラミン経口投与 (SUB12.389)
  • DMSA経口投与、CaNa2-EDTA経口投与。エビデンスが弱いがアスコルビン酸も血中の鉛濃度を下げるので、治療の選択肢となるかもしれない。 (参考1)

参考

  • 1. [charged] Adult lead poisoning - uptodate [1]

国試


stipple」

  [★]

  • n.
  • 点描/点彩/点刻(法)
  • vt.vi.
  • 点描/点彩/点刻する。~に反転をつける。
lead poisoning would produce microcytosis with basophilic stippling.

WordNet   license wordnet

「make by small short touches that together produce an even or softly graded shadow, as in paint or ink」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉点彩(点画,点刻)[法] / 点彩(点画,点刻)による作品 / …‘を'点彩(点描,点刻)する」

WordNet   license wordnet

「produce a mottled effect; "The sunlight stippled the trees"」
speckle

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「apply (paint) in small dots or strokes」

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「engrave by means of dots and flicks」


plumbism」

  [★]

Lead, poisoning
lead poisoning
lead poisoning


lead」

  [★]

  • n.

WordNet   license wordnet

「tend to or result in; "This remark lead to further arguments among the guests"」

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「a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey; "the children were playing with lead soldiers"」
Pb, atomic number 82

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「(sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning」

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「the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile)」

WordNet   license wordnet

「thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing」
leading

WordNet   license wordnet

「mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil」
pencil lead

WordNet   license wordnet

「a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead'」

WordNet   license wordnet

「an advantage held by a competitor in a race; "he took the lead at the last turn"」

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「the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge; "the lead was in the dummy"」

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「a news story of major importance」
lead story

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「the introductory section of a story; "it was an amusing lead-in to a very serious matter"」
lead-in, lede

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「evidence pointing to a possible solution; "the police are following a promising lead"; "the trail led straight to the perpetrator"」
track, trail

WordNet   license wordnet

「(baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; "he took a long lead off first"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「《方向を表す副詞[句]を伴って》…‘を'『導く』,案内する / 〈道・灯火などが〉…‘に'道筋を示す;(…へ)…‘を'導く《+『名』+『to』(『into』)+『名』》 / …‘の'先頭になる,1番である / …‘の'『率いる』,指揮する / 〈ある人生・生活〉‘を'経験する,生きる,送る / 『先頭に立つ』,(競技・成績などで)リードスル / 〈人が〉『案内する』,先導する / (…に)〈道などが〉『通じている』《+『to』+『名』》 / (…の)結果となる《+『to』+『名』(do『ing』)》 / 〈U〉《the~》『先頭』,首位 / 〈C〉《a~》相手を引き離した点(時間,距離) / 〈C〉模範,手本(example) / 〈C〉(問題解決の)手がかり,ヒント(clue) / 〈C〉(劇・映画などの)主役,主演俳優 / 〈C〉(新聞報道記事などの本文の前におく要約した)前文,前書き,リード / 先頭の,主要な」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉『鉛』(化学記号はは『pb』) / 〈C〉鉛のおもり,測鉛 / 〈C〉《複数形で》(ガラスをはめる)鉛の枠(わく);《英》(屋根をふくのに用いる)鉛板 / 〈U〉〈C〉黒鉛,鉛筆のしん / 〈U〉《集合的に》(鉛の)弾丸 / …‘に'鉛をかぶせる,鉛を詰める,鉛のおもりを付ける」

WordNet   license wordnet

「travel in front of; go in advance of others; "The procession was headed by John"」
head

WordNet   license wordnet

「take somebody somewhere; "We lead him to our chief"; "can you take me to the main entrance?"; "He conducted us to the palace"」
take, direct, conduct, guide

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「be ahead of others; be the first; "she topped her class every year"」
top

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「cause to undertake a certain action; "Her greed led her to forge the checks"」


leading」

  [★]

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「going or proceeding or going in advance; showing the way; "we rode in the leading car"; "the leading edge of technology"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『先導する』,先頭の / 『主要な』,一流の / 指導する / 指導」

WordNet   license wordnet

「greatest in importance or degree or significance or achievement; "our greatest statesmen"; "the country''s leading poet"; "a preeminent archeologist"」
preeminent

WordNet   license wordnet

「indicating the most important performer or role; "the leading man"; "prima ballerina"; "prima donna"; "a star figure skater"; "the starring role"; "a stellar role"; "a stellar performance"」
prima, star, starring, stellar


leaded」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「treated or mixed with lead; "leaded gasoline"; "leaded zinc"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(ガソリンが)四エチル鉛入りの」

WordNet   license wordnet

「(of panes of glass) fixed in place by means of thin strips of lead; "leaded windowpanes"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「having thin strips of lead between the lines of type」


poisoning」

  [★]

  • n.

WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of giving poison to a person or animal with the intent to kill」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance」
toxic condition, intoxication


lea」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「a unit of length of thread or yarn」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「草原,牧草地(meadow)」




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