Streptococcus pneumoniae infection

出典: meddic

肺炎球菌感染症肺炎球菌感染Streptococcus pneumoniae感染症

pneumococcal infection


  • Organizing empyema induced in mice by Streptococcus pneumoniae: effects of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 deficiency.
  • Tucker TA1, Jeffers A2, Boren J2, Quaid B2, Owens S2, Koenig KB2, Tsukasaki Y2, Florova G2, Komissarov AA2, Ikebe M2, Idell S2.
  • Clinical and translational medicine.Clin Transl Med.2016 Dec;5(1):17. doi: 10.1186/s40169-016-0097-2. Epub 2016 May 13.
  • BACKGROUND: Pleural infection affects about 65,000 patients annually in the US and UK. In this and other forms of pleural injury, mesothelial cells (PMCs) undergo a process called mesothelial (Meso) mesenchymal transition (MT), by which PMCs acquire a profibrogenic phenotype with increased expressio
  • PMID 27271877
  • A case report of bacteremia manifesting as an overwhelming postsplenectomy infection due to Streptococcus pneumoniae post vaccination.
  • Hirose K1, Okabe H1,2, Yoshizumi T3, Uchiyama H1, Ikegami T1, Harimoto N1, Itoh S1, Kimura K1, Baba H2, Maehara Y1.
  • Surgical case reports.Surg Case Rep.2016 Dec;2(1):48. doi: 10.1186/s40792-016-0173-2. Epub 2016 May 25.
  • A 62-year-old woman was admitted for acute epigastralgia and high-grade fever of over 39 °C. The patient had undergone splenectomy for idiopathic portal hypertension 1 year ago and vaccination against Streptococcus pneumoniae immediately post operation. She developed localized peritoneal irritati
  • PMID 27221131
  • Septicemia with Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae: report of three cases with an apparent hepatic or bile duct association.
  • Fuursted K1, Littauer PJ2, Greve T3, Scholz CF4.
  • Infectious diseases (London, England).Infect Dis (Lond).2016 Aug;48(8):636-9. doi: 10.3109/23744235.2016.1157896. Epub 2016 Apr 21.
  • Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae was described in 2004 as a new human pathogen, acknowledged in a range of clinical infections typically associated to the respiratory tract. This report demonstrates that S. pseudopneumoniae has the potential to cause invasive infection. In blood cultures from three pa
  • PMID 27100044


  • ユーカリ葉抽出物による日和見感染,歯周疾患,う蝕予防についての検討 重症心身障害児・者への口腔ケアのために
  • 河瀬 聡一朗,宮沢 裕夫,平井 要,金子 仁子
  • 松本歯学 38(1), 12-21, 2012-04-30
  • … In children and adults with severe psychosomatic disorders accompanied by eating and swallowing disorders, saliva contains a high number of bacteria, particularly after assisted brushing, and retention of the etiologic agent of opportunistic infection increases the risk of aspiration pneumonia. …
  • NAID 120004631691
  • 肺炎球菌 (特集 多剤耐性菌) -- (多剤耐性菌の現状と対策)




先読みpneumococcal infection
リンク元肺炎球菌感染症」「肺炎球菌感染」「Streptococcus pneumoniae感染症
関連記事Streptococcus pneumoniae」「infection」「pneumonia」「streptococcus」「pneumoniae

pneumococcal infection」

  [★] 肺炎球菌感染症




pneumococcal infection, pneumococcal infections, Streptococcus pneumoniae infection
肺炎球菌性感染症, 肺炎球菌感染, Streptococcus pneumoniae感染症
Streptococcus pneumoniae



pneumococcal infectionStreptococcus pneumoniae infection
肺炎球菌性感染症肺炎球菌感染症Streptococcus pneumoniae感染症

Streptococcus pneumoniae感染症」


Streptococcus pneumoniae infection

Streptococcus pneumoniae」


Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • first aid step1 2006 p.134,138


  • グラム陽性球菌
  • 西洋槍(ランセット)型の双球菌
  • α溶血性。ランスフィールド分類には分類されない
  • オプトヒン感受性
  • 自己融解 autolysis ← 培養しすぎに注意
  • 中心部の陥凹した集落
  • 莢膜多糖体を有する ← 抗食菌作用(C3bの付着に抵抗する)
  • IgA proteaseを分泌
  • 健常人の5-250%の気道に存在するが莢膜がない弱毒の株


  • 慢性気道感染症の急性増悪


  • 2歳以下の乳幼児や老人で重症化しやすい
  • 脾臓を受けた患者、急性骨髄性白血病、骨髄移植、HIV感染症で発症しやすい

most common cause of:

MOPS are Most OPtochin Sensitive


  • 臨床像から疑い、胸部X線、喀痰のグラム染色、尿中抗原を行う。グラム染色と尿中抗原が陽性であれば特異的な治療を開始する。 (IRE.1010)
  • (経験的治療の前に?)診断及び感受性検査のために喀痰培養、血液培養検査を行う。


  • 光顕像


  • Q book p.192 29



  • n.
contagioninfectinfectious diseaseinfestationtransmissiontransmit

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「(medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease」

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「(phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound」

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「the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms」

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「(international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure」

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「moral corruption or contamination; "ambitious men are led astray by an infection that is almost unavoidable"」

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「an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted」
contagion, transmission

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「〈U〉(病気の)伝染;感染 / 〈C〉伝染病」


  [★] 肺炎

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「respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants」

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WordNet   license wordnet

「spherical Gram-positive bacteria occurring in pairs or chains; cause e.g. scarlet fever and tonsillitis」
streptococci, strep

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  [★] Streptococcus pneumoniaeKlebsiella pneumoniaeMycoplasma pneumoniaeChlamydia pneumoniaeChlamydophila pneumoniae