target cells

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/12/12 06:44:43」(JST)

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  • [Nanopathology as a new scientific disciplineMinireview].
  • Dvořáčková J, Bielniková H, Mačák J.AbstractThe detection of metal particles in the pathologically altered tissues (eg. in inflammatory lesions or tumors) led to the idea that they might be associated with emergence of some idiopathic diseases. To understand the etiopathogenesis of diseases associated with the presence of nanoparticles in the tissue there is a new area of patology - nanopathology. Numerous studies have shown that nanoparticles can enter the human body through inhalation or ingestion. Through the pulmonary alveoli, skin and intestinal mucosa, the nanoparticles may reach the blood and lymphatic system, which subsequently distributes them to other target organs. Epithelial surfaces of conjunctiva and skin represent another potential way of penetration of nanoparticles into the body. There is a number of studies, which described the adverse effects of ultrafine particles on respiratory and cardiovascular system. Recent studies have also shown that some nanoparticles are able to pass through the pores of the nuclear membrane, where they may pose a risk of damage to cells and genetic information and they are also potentially capable to cross the placental and hematoencephalic barriers. Further, their role in the induction of oxidative stress is significant in relation to the mutagenesis. Scanning electron microscopy with energy disperse spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) represents a suitable tool for identification of metal-based particles in tissues and body fluids. Importance of nanopathogy can be seen in the elucidation of the etiopathogenesis of many diseases, not only of respiratory and cardiovascular systems, but also of many other organ systems. Keywords: nanoparticles - nanopathology - diseases of nanoparticles (nanopathologies) - ESEM-EDS.
  • Ceskoslovenská patologie.Cesk Patol.2013 Dec;49(1):46-50.
  • The detection of metal particles in the pathologically altered tissues (eg. in inflammatory lesions or tumors) led to the idea that they might be associated with emergence of some idiopathic diseases. To understand the etiopathogenesis of diseases associated with the presence of nanoparticles in the
  • PMID 23432076
  • Saponins from Platycodon grandiflorum inhibit hepatic lipogenesis through induction of SIRT1 and activation of AMP-activated protein kinase in high-glucose-induced HepG2 cells.
  • Hwang YP, Choi JH, Kim HG, Lee HS, Chung YC, Jeong HG.SourceDepartment of Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, International University of Korea, Jinju, Republic of Korea.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2013 Sep 1;140(1-2):115-23. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.02.041. Epub 2013 Feb 21.
  • Saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum (Changkil saponins, CKS) have antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties. This study investigated the effects of CKS on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation and hepatic lipogenesis in HepG2 cells. CKS suppressed high-glucose-induced lipid
  • PMID 23578622


  • Suppression of iASPP-dependent aggressiveness in cervical cancer through reversal of methylation silencing of microRNA-124
  • CCL2 as a potential therapeutic target for clear cell renal cell carcinoma
  • BMS-708163 and Nilotinib restore synaptic dysfunction in human embryonic stem cell-derived Alzheimer's disease models


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tar·get cell 1. an erythrocyte with a dark center surrounded by a light band that again is encircled by a darker ring; it thus resembles a shooting target; such cells appear in target-cell anemias or after splenectomy; Synonym(s): Mexican hat cell





  [★] 細胞

WordNet   license wordnet

「small room in which a monk or nun lives」

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「a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction」
electric cell

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「a room where a prisoner is kept」
jail cell, prison cell

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「(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals」

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「any small compartment; "the cells of a honeycomb"」

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「a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(刑務所の)『独房』;(修道院の)小さい独居室 / (ミツバチの)みつ房,巣穴 / 小さい部屋 / 『細胞』 / 電池 / 花粉室 / (共産党などの)細胞」



  • n.
  • v.

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「intend (something) to move towards a certain goal; "He aimed his fists towards his opponent''s face"; "criticism directed at her superior"; "direct your anger towards others, not towards yourself"」
aim, place, direct, point

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「a reference point to shoot at; "his arrow hit the mark"」

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「the location of the target that is to be hit」
target area

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(鉄砲などの)『標的』,的,攻撃目標 / (批評・軽べつなどの)的,種《+of+名》 / (行為などの)目標,到達目標」

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「sports equipment consisting of an object set up for a marksman or archer to aim at」







1マーフィー徴候 18
2narrow segment 16
3" wounds are made"  15
4グレイ症候群 15
5"phenoxypolyethoxylethanol" 15
6ロイシンエンケファリン 13
7硝酸ミコナゾール 11
8Common Laboratory Equipment 11
9content 10
10だいすいたいしんけい 9
11粟粒結核と肉下種 9
12全身性ヒマン細胞小 9
13細胞内寄生菌 9
14kligler培地 原理 9
15不整脈  9
16角膜反射 中枢 9
17膜性骨化 8
18ソルデム 8
19ハプロ不全 疾患 8
20日本多毛 8

1" wounds are made"  15
2kligler培地 原理 9
3kligler培地 硫化鉄 4
4ǸCαꥦ륹ΤǤ뤳ȤŦƤ֤Ƥ 4
5歳の女性。右目の疼痛、充血および霧視を主訴に来院した。眼底に異常を認めない。視力は右 0.9 (矯正不能)、左 1.2 (矯正不能)。眼圧は右 11 mmHg、左 12 mmHg。フルオレセイン染色後の前眼部写真 (別冊No. 5) を別に示す。 治療薬として適切なのはどれか。 4
6胃癌 borrmann分類 3
7回復過程 3
8ジェンドラシック法 メカニズム 3
9しょうすいたいしんけい 3
10ラリンゲルマスク ゼリー 3
11ハッセルバッハ三角 3
12白内障 grade 3
13フォンギールケ病 3
14マッコーネルサイン 3
15小児骨折 好発部位 3
16咽頭神経叢 3
17低アルドステロン症 3
18フロマン徴候 3
19オーグメンチン 販売中止 3
20クスマウル徴候 3