stroma of hematopoietic organs

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英文文献

  • Clonal precursor of bone, cartilage, and hematopoietic niche stromal cells.
  • Chan CK, Lindau P, Jiang W, Chen JY, Zhang LF, Chen CC, Seita J, Sahoo D, Kim JB, Lee A, Park S, Nag D, Gong Y, Kulkarni S, Luppen CA, Theologis AA, Wan DC, DeBoer A, Seo EY, Vincent-Tompkins JD, Loh K, Walmsley GG, Kraft DL, Wu JC, Longaker MT, Weissman IL.Author information Department of Surgery, H3680, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. chazchan@stanford.eduAbstractOrgans are composites of tissue types with diverse developmental origins, and they rely on distinct stem and progenitor cells to meet physiological demands for cellular production and homeostasis. How diverse stem cell activity is coordinated within organs is not well understood. Here we describe a lineage-restricted, self-renewing common skeletal progenitor (bone, cartilage, stromal progenitor; BCSP) isolated from limb bones and bone marrow tissue of fetal, neonatal, and adult mice. The BCSP clonally produces chondrocytes (cartilage-forming) and osteogenic (bone-forming) cells and at least three subsets of stromal cells that exhibit differential expression of cell surface markers, including CD105 (or endoglin), Thy1 [or CD90 (cluster of differentiation 90)], and 6C3 [ENPEP glutamyl aminopeptidase (aminopeptidase A)]. These three stromal subsets exhibit differential capacities to support hematopoietic (blood-forming) stem and progenitor cells. Although the 6C3-expressing subset demonstrates functional stem cell niche activity by maintaining primitive hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) renewal in vitro, the other stromal populations promote HSC differentiation to more committed lines of hematopoiesis, such as the B-cell lineage. Gene expression analysis and microscopic studies further reveal a microenvironment in which CD105-, Thy1-, and 6C3-expressing marrow stroma collaborate to provide cytokine signaling to HSCs and more committed hematopoietic progenitors. As a result, within the context of bone as a blood-forming organ, the BCSP plays a critical role in supporting hematopoiesis through its generation of diverse osteogenic and hematopoietic-promoting stroma, including HSC supportive 6C3(+) niche cells.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.2013 Jul 30;110(31):12643-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1310212110. Epub 2013 Jul 15.
  • Organs are composites of tissue types with diverse developmental origins, and they rely on distinct stem and progenitor cells to meet physiological demands for cellular production and homeostasis. How diverse stem cell activity is coordinated within organs is not well understood. Here we describe a
  • PMID 23858471
  • Peripherally administered nanoparticles target monocytic myeloid cells, secondary lymphoid organs and tumors in mice.
  • Kourtis IC, Hirosue S, de Titta A, Kontos S, Stegmann T, Hubbell JA, Swartz MA.Author information Institute of Bioengineering, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.AbstractNanoparticles have been extensively developed for therapeutic and diagnostic applications. While the focus of nanoparticle trafficking in vivo has traditionally been on drug delivery and organ-level biodistribution and clearance, recent work in cancer biology and infectious disease suggests that targeting different cells within a given organ can substantially affect the quality of the immunological response. Here, we examine the cell-level biodistribution kinetics after administering ultrasmall Pluronic-stabilized poly(propylene sulfide) nanoparticles in the mouse. These nanoparticles depend on lymphatic drainage to reach the lymph nodes and blood, and then enter the spleen rather than the liver, where they interact with monocytes, macrophages and myeloid dendritic cells. They were more readily taken up into lymphatics after intradermal (i.d.) compared to intramuscular administration, leading to ∼50% increased bioavailability in blood. When administered i.d., their distribution favored antigen-presenting cells, with especially strong targeting to myeloid cells. In tumor-bearing mice, the monocytic and the polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cell compartments were efficiently and preferentially targeted, rendering this nanoparticulate formulation potentially useful for reversing the highly suppressive activity of these cells in the tumor stroma.
  • PloS one.PLoS One.2013 Apr 23;8(4):e61646. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061646. Print 2013.
  • Nanoparticles have been extensively developed for therapeutic and diagnostic applications. While the focus of nanoparticle trafficking in vivo has traditionally been on drug delivery and organ-level biodistribution and clearance, recent work in cancer biology and infectious disease suggests that tar
  • PMID 23626707

和文文献

  • 生体内微小環境による幹細胞の制御
  • 帯刀 益夫
  • 炎症・再生 : 日本炎症・再生医学会雑誌 = Inflammation and regeneration 23(1), 18-22, 2003-01-10
  • … In bone marrow, stromal cells may provide the microenvironment for self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoieticstem/progenitor cells through complex cell-cell interaction. … To elucidate the regulatory mechanisms ofhematopoiesis by stromal cells, we established many stromal cell lines from various hematopoietic organs. … hematopoietic microenvironment and succeeded to establish the stroma-dependenthematopoietic cell lines. …
  • NAID 130000165283
  • Integrin-Associated Protein (IAP, Also Termed CD47) Is Involved in Stroma-Supported Erythropoiesis.
  • Furusawa Tadashi,Yanai Nobuaki,Hara Takahiko,Miyajima Atsushi,Obinata Masuo
  • The Journal of
  • … Erythropoiesis is regulated by the hematopoietic microenvironment of the spleen, fetal liver, and bone marrow in mice. … We previously showed that established stromal cells from these organs selectively support erythropoiesis in vitro. …
  • NAID 130003533333

関連リンク

Hematopoietic Organs in animals and man, the organs in which the formed elements of the blood and lymph are produced. In adult mammals and man, the principal hematopoietic organ is the bone marrow, where the red blood cells ...
Publication » [Role of the stroma of the hematopoietic organs in the development of hematologic diseases. Intramedullary regulation of granulomonocytopoiesis].. Article [Role of the stroma of the hematopoietic organs in the B V ...

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★リンクテーブル★
関連記事organ」「of」「hematopoietic」「stroma」「OF

organ」

  [★]

  • n.
  • 臓器、器官


WordNet   license wordnet

「wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard」
pipe organ

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「a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function; "The Census Bureau is an organ of the Commerce Department"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a periodical that is published by a special interest group; "the organ of the communist party"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『オルガン』,パイプオルガン(pipe organ),リードオルガン(reed organ),電子オルガン(electronic organ),手回しオルガン(barrel organ) / (動植物の)『器官』 / (政党・会社などの)機関誌,機関紙 / 《しばしば複数形で》(行動・実施などの)組織,機関」


of」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「《所有・所属》…『の』,…のものである,…に属する・《材料・要素》…『でできた』,から成る・《部分》…『の』[『中の』] ・《数量・単位・種類を表す名詞に付いて》…の・《原因・動機》…『で』,のために(because of) ・《主格関係》…『の』,による,によって・《目的格関係》…『を』,の・《同格関係》…『という』・《関係・関連》…『についての』[『の』],の点で・《抽象名詞などと共に》…の[性質をもつ] ・《『It is』+『形』+『of』+『名』+『to』 doの形で,ofの後の名詞を意味上の主語として》・《分離》…『から』・《起原・出所》…『から』[『の』](out of) ・《『名』+『of』+『a』(『an』)+『名』の形で》…のような・《『名』+『of』+『mine』(『yours, his』など独立所有格)の形で》…の…・《時》(1)《副詞句を作って》…に《形容詞句を作って》…の・《時刻》《米》…前(to,《米》before)」


hematopoietic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 造血性の、造血の
blood-forminghaematopoiesishaematopoietichaemopoiesishaemopoietichematopoiesishemopoiesishemopoietic

WordNet   license wordnet

「pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells; "hemopoietic stem cells in bone marrow"」
haematopoietic, hemopoietic, haemopoietic, hematogenic, haematogenic


stroma」

  [★]

  • n.


WordNet   license wordnet

「a mass of fungal tissue that has spore-bearing structures embedded in it or on it」

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「the dense colorless framework of a chloroplast」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the supporting tissue of an organ (as opposed to parenchyma)」


OF」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「OLD French古[代]フランス語」




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