renal insufficiency

出典: meddic


  • 腎機能不全の程度:renal insufficiency >>> renal failure
  • renal failureと使い分けられている
(medullary sponge kidney)The disorder has been generally considered benign; however, the associated complications (eg, nephrolithiasis and urinary tract infections) may rarely lead to renal insufficiency and even renal failure.

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2013/07/18 21:16:25」(JST)

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  • Renal function and bone mineral density in community-dwelling elderly Japanese men: The Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men (FORMEN) Study.
  • Fujita Y, Iki M, Tamaki J, Kouda K, Yura A, Kadowaki E, Sato Y, Moon JS, Tomioka K, Okamoto N, Kurumatani N.SourceDepartment of Public Health, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, 377-2 Oono-higashi, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka 589-8511, Japan.
  • Bone.Bone.2013 Sep;56(1):61-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2013.05.004. Epub 2013 May 15.
  • End-stage renal failure deteriorates bone mass and increases fracture risk. However, there are conflicting reports in the literature regarding the effects of mild to moderate renal dysfunction on bone mineral density (BMD). We investigated the association between renal function and BMD at the spine
  • PMID 23684959
  • Human uraemic serum displays calcific potential in vitro that increases with advancing chronic kidney disease.
  • Patidar A, Singh DK, Winocour P, Farrington K, Baydoun AR.SourceSchool of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK.
  • Clinical science (London, England : 1979).Clin Sci (Lond).2013 Sep;125(5):237-45. doi: 10.1042/CS20120638.
  • Vascular calcification (VC) strongly correlates with declining renal function and contributes to the high morbidity and mortality of patients with CKD (chronic kidney disease). It is closely regulated by circulating factors but little is known about the capacity of serum from patients to induce calc
  • PMID 23464884
  • Prevalence, clinical predictors, and prognostic impact of chronic renal insufficiency in very old Chinese patients with coronary artery disease.
  • Fu S, Yi S, Zhu B, Liu Y, Wang L, Bai Y, Ye P, Luo L.SourceDepartment of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Haidian District, Beijing, 100853, China.
  • Aging clinical and experimental research.Aging Clin Exp Res.2013 Aug;25(4):385-91. doi: 10.1007/s40520-013-0059-0. Epub 2013 Jun 13.
  • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: An aging population leads to the increased prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and chronic renal insufficiency (CRI). Nevertheless, the prevalence, clinical predictors, and prognostic impact of CRI in very old Chinese patients with CAD are unclear.METHODS: Baseline chara
  • PMID 23760945
  • Effect of renal disease on the standardized mortality ratio and life expectancy of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • Mok CC, Kwok RC, Yip PS.SourceTuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
  • Arthritis and rheumatism.Arthritis Rheum.2013 Aug;65(8):2154-60. doi: 10.1002/art.38006.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of renal disease on the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) and life expectancy of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).METHODS: Patients whose diagnosis met ≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria for SLE were longitudinally followed up from 1995 to
  • PMID 23754671


  • Impact of Chronic Kidney Disease on Left Main Coronary Artery Disease and Prognosis in Japanese Patients
  • DAN Kazuhiro,MIYOSHI Toru,UEEDA Masayuki,OHTSUKA Hiroaki,UGAWA Satoko,OHNISHI Nobuhiko,TAKAISHI Atsushi,NAKAMURA Kazufumi,KUSANO Kengo,ITO Hiroshi
  • Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society 76(9), 2266-2272, 2012-08-25
  • … Background: Renal insufficiency plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease. … The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of renal dysfunction and its impact on prognosis in patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) and stable angina pectoris. … Renal insufficiency was graded using estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) before coronary angiography. …
  • NAID 10030697155
  • Adult Bicuspid Aortic Valve Endocarditis with Extensive Paravalvular Invasion Attributable to Disseminated Varicella Zoster Infection
  • CHEN Shao-Wei,TSAI Feng-Chun,CHOU An-Hsun
  • Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 18(4), 382-384, 2012-08-01
  • … We report a previously healthy 21-year-old man who developed disseminated varicella zoster infection complicated with encephalitis, acute renal insufficiency, liver dysfunction, and an apparent pustular skin superinfection with Staphylococcus aureus. …
  • NAID 10031034468
  • Long-Term Outcome of Active Infective Endocarditis with Renal Insufficiency in Cardiac Surgery
  • TAMURA Kiyoshi,ARAI Hirokuni,YOSHIZAKI Tomoya
  • Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 18(3), 216-221, 2012-06-01
  • … Background: The relation between infective endocarditis (IE) and renal insufficiency is uncertain. … The aim of this study was to investigate active IE with renal insufficiency in cardiac surgery. …
  • NAID 10030789549
  • A case of minimal change nephrotic syndrome with immunoglobulin A nephropathy transitioned to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Hirose Misaki,Nishino Tomoya,Uramatsu Tadashi,Obata Yoko,Kitamura Mineaki,Kawazu Tayo,Miyazaki Masanobu,Taguchi Takashi,Kohno Shigeru
  • Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 16(3), 473-479, 2012-06-00
  • … The results of a renal biopsy indicated slight mesangial proliferation in the glomeruli by light microscopy, and an immunofluorescence study confirmed the deposition of immunoglobulin (Ig) A and C3 in the mesangial area. … A second relapse in May 2001, showed steroid resistance with renal insufficiency, and an increase in the selectivity index to 0.195. …
  • NAID 80022574804


Renal insufficiency is poor function of the kidneys that may be due to a reduction in blood-flow to the kidneys caused by renal artery disease. Normally, the kidneys regulate body fluid and blood pressure, as well as regulate blood ...
re·nal in·suf·fi·cien·cy defective function of the kidneys, with accumulation of waste products (particularly nitrogenous) in the blood. renal insufficiency Etymology: L, ren, kidney, in + sufficere, to suffice partial kidney function failure ...
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リンク元腎不全」「renal dysfunction」「腎機能不全
拡張検索acute renal insufficiency」「chronic renal insufficiency



renal failure, renal insufficiency, renal dysfunction
  • 腎機能の低下を来す病態の総称




  • 急激に腎機能が低下。組織の一時的な障害
  • ネフロン数の持続的な減少。進行は緩徐。



  • 呼吸・循環器症状
  • 消化器症状
  • 中枢・末梢神経症状
  • 骨代謝異常
  • 造血障害
  • 免疫不全
  • 内分泌機能異常
  • 糖・脂質代謝障害
  • 眼症状
  • 皮膚症状


  • 高窒素血症
  • 代謝性アシドーシス
  • 高カリウム血症
  • 高リン血症
  • 低カルシウム血症
  • 副甲状腺ホルモン増加
  • 画像検査:(超音波エコー、CT、MRI)慢性腎不全であれば腎の萎縮が認められる。


  • 重篤な腎不全:血液浄化療法(人工腎)


  • 造影剤の使用:腎機能をさらに悪化させる ← 血液透析で造影剤を除去する


  • 1. CKD診察ガイド2009


renal dysfunction」


  • n.
  • 腎障害、腎機能障害、腎機能不全
impaired renal functionkidney disorderkidney dysfunctionnephropathianephropathicnephropathyrenal damagerenal disorderrenal impairmentrenal insufficiency



renal insufficiencyrenal dysfunction

acute renal insufficiency」


acute kidney failureacute renal failureARF

chronic renal insufficiency」


chronic kidney failurechronic renal failure



  • n.
dearthdeficientdeficitdysfunctionfailingfailurehypofunctionimperfectain shortinadequateincompetenceinsufficientinsufficientlylacklowmalfunctionpaucitypoorlyregurgitationscantyscarcescarcityshortshortageshortnessstun

WordNet   license wordnet

「a lack of competence; "pointed out the insufficiencies in my report"; "juvenile offenses often reflect an inadequacy in the parents"」

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「(pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally」

WordNet   license wordnet

「lack of an adequate quantity or number; "the inadequacy of unemployment benefits"」
inadequacy, deficiency

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic




  • adj.
  • 腎臓の、腎性の、腎の

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic