出典: meddic


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「that part of the ovary of a flowering plant where the ovules form」

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「the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2014/05/14 21:34:20」(JST)

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  • Maternal exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate disrupts placental growth and development in pregnant mice.
  • Zong T1, Lai L1, Hu J2, Guo M1, Li M1, Zhang L1, Zhong C1, Yang B1, Wu L1, Zhang D1, Tang M1, Kuang H3.
  • Journal of hazardous materials.J Hazard Mater.2015 Oct 30;297:25-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.04.065. Epub 2015 Apr 24.
  • Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is used as a plasticizer and widely dispersed in the environment. DEHP exposure reduces embryo implantations, increases embryonic loss, and decreases fetal body weights. However, no detailed information is available about the effect of DEHP on the placentation duri
  • PMID 25935407
  • Maternal high-fat diet acts as a stressor increasing maternal glucocorticoids' signaling to the fetus and disrupting maternal behavior and brain activation in C57BL/6J mice.
  • Bellisario V1, Panetta P1, Balsevich G2, Baumann V2, Noble J3, Raggi C1, Nathan O4, Berry A1, Seckl J3, Schmidt M2, Holmes M3, Cirulli F5.
  • Psychoneuroendocrinology.Psychoneuroendocrinology.2015 Oct;60:138-50. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.06.012. Epub 2015 Jun 24.
  • Maternal diet during pregnancy can impact maternal behavior as well as the intrauterine environment, playing a critical role in programming offspring's physiology. In a preliminary study, we found a strong association between high-fat diet (HFD) during pregnancy and increased cannibalistic episodes
  • PMID 26143538
  • Origin and levels of circulating microparticles in normal pregnancy: A longitudinal observation in healthy women.
  • Radu CM1, Campello E, Spiezia L, Dhima S, Visentin S, Gavasso S, Woodhams B, Cosmi E, Simioni P.
  • Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation.Scand J Clin Lab Invest.2015 Oct;75(6):487-95. doi: 10.3109/00365513.2015.1052551. Epub 2015 Jun 12.
  • OBJECTIVE: Microparticles (MP) are actively involved in the hypercoagulable state reported both in normal pregnancies and in pregnancy diagnosed with placenta-mediated complications. In this study the origin and the levels of plasma MP as well as MP activity were evaluated in a group of healthy wome
  • PMID 26067611
  • Low concentrations of Bisphenol A and para-Nonylphenol affect extravillous pathway of human trophoblast cells.
  • Spagnoletti A1, Paulesu L1, Mannelli C1, Ermini L1, Romagnoli R1, Cintorino M2, Ietta F3.
  • Molecular and cellular endocrinology.Mol Cell Endocrinol.2015 Sep 5;412:56-64. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2015.05.023. Epub 2015 May 28.
  • Bisphenol A (BPA) and para-Nonylphenol (p-NP) are chemicals of industrial origin which may influence human reproductive health. The effects of these substances in the prenatal life is an important topic that is receiving greater attention in the developed countries. In this study, human trophoblast
  • PMID 26027920


  • 4)CQ305前置胎盤の診断・管理は?(産科改訂版,産婦人科診療ガイドライン解説,第63回日本産科婦人科学会 第63回学術講演会生涯研修プログラム,研修コーナー)
  • 松田 秀雄
  • 日本産科婦人科學會雜誌 63(12), "N-324"-"N-329", 2011-12-01
  • NAID 110008799089
  • 2)流産における免疫学的機序の解明 : 免疫グロブリン治療は流産抑止に有効か(シンポジウム1「流産の原因と対策」,第63回日本産科婦人科学会・学術講演会)
  • 島田 茂樹
  • 日本産科婦人科學會雜誌 63(12), 2153-2166, 2011-12-01
  • … MIVIg treatment showed a sufficient successful rate in our facilities with increased Th cytokine production, induced macrophages accumulation in placenta, and decreased NK cell activation with elevated expression of inhibitory receptors. …
  • NAID 110008799035
  • Differential expression and the anti-apoptotic effect of human placental neurotrophins and their receptors.
  • Fujita K,Tatsumi K,Kondoh E,Chigusa Y,Mogami H,Fujii T,Yura S,Kakui K,Konishi I
  • Placenta
  • … however, the expression of NT and its receptors (NTR) in human placenta and their influence on fetal growth are unclear. … Here we investigated the correlation of NT and NTR in human placenta with uterine environment and fetal growth. … Villous TrkB mRNA was significantly increased in preeclampsia (PE) than in controls and was higher in the normotensive small for gestational age (SGA) placenta, although it was not significant. …
  • NAID 120003477795


日本生物製剤(JBP)のプラセンタエキスに関する情報や、論文の紹介をしています。プラセンタのことをよく知って、健康で美しい人生を楽しみましょう。 ... ラエンネック製法 酵素分解法は一般的に、酵素の反応で、ほぼ完全 ...
胎盤およびそれに関連する臓器についての研究を主眼として集まり、その結果を学術集会にて発表し、斯学の向上をはかることを目的とするは国際胎盤学連盟(International Federation of Placental Association;IFPA)日本支部の活動を ...
プラセンタとは英語でPlacenta と綴られ、「胎盤」を指しますプラセンタには胎児をつつむ命のゆりかごとしてさまざまな栄養が含まれています。そして今、そのすばらしい有効成分が、トータルな美容と健康をめざすエッセンス ...


What can I do with my placenta, other than  that purpose the placenta must appear asNormal placenta (28 weeks)Placenta circumvallata with marginal PlacentaNormal placenta (28 weeks)Normal placentaPlacentas: Love Them or Eat Them

拡張検索apical placentation」「aplacental」「Crede method of placental expression



placenta (Z)


G10M.30 NGY.287
  • 妊娠7週から形成が始まり、妊娠4ヶ月末(妊娠15週末,妊娠前期末)に完成。妊娠10ヶ月末まで増大し続ける。


  • 正期産では500g、直径20cm、厚さは中央部で2cmの扁平な円盤状構造物である。

Henry Gray (1825-1861). Anatomy of the Human Body. 1918.



単純核酸 酸素、二酸化炭素、遊離脂肪酸、脂溶性ビタミン、ナトリウム、カリウム、尿素、尿酸、薬剤の大部分、麻酔学
促進拡散 グルコース。GLUT1とGLUT3による
能動輸送 アミノ酸、水溶性ビタミン、カルシウム、リン酸塩、鉄、ヨード
エンドサイトーシス IgG, LDLコレステロール


  • 通過しやすい物質
  • 脂溶性・非イオン性薬剤、分子量≧600、非抱合型ステロイドホルモン、脂質
  • 通過しにくい物質
  • 水溶性・イオン性薬剤、分子量<1000、血清蛋白結合能の強い薬剤、ポリペプチドホルモン、抱合型ステロイドホルモン




  • adj.
  • 胎盤の、胎盤性の

WordNet   license wordnet

「pertaining to or having or occurring by means of a placenta; "all mammals except monotremes and marsupials are placental mammals"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials」
placental mammal, eutherian, eutherian mammal



  • np.








apical placentation」


WordNet   license wordnet

「where one or few ovules develop at the top of a simple or compound ovary」



WordNet   license wordnet

「having no placenta; "monotremes and marsupials are aplacental mammals"」

Crede method of placental expression」

  [★] クレデ胎盤圧出法