pathognomonic

出典: meddic

gnomonic->gnomic
  • adj.
  • (医)(症状が)ある疾患に特徴的な
The pathognomonic finding of a thyroglossal duct is elevation during protrusion of the tongue, which is true in this case.
Aneurysms of vessels are not pathognomonic of PAN.(HIM.2125)(血管の瘤は結節性多発動脈炎に特徴的ではない)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/06/12 13:03:42」(JST)

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英文文献

  • The placental mTOR-pathway: correlation with early growth trajectories following intrauterine growth restriction?
  • Fahlbusch FB1, Hartner A1, Menendez-Castro C1, Nögel SC1, Marek I1, Beckmann MW2, Schleussner E3, Ruebner M2, Huebner H2, Dörr HG1, Schild RL4, Dötsch J5, Rascher W1.
  • Journal of developmental origins of health and disease.J Dev Orig Health Dis.2015 Aug;6(4):317-26. doi: 10.1017/S2040174415001154. Epub 2015 May 20.
  • Idiopathic intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a result of impaired placental nutrient supply. Newborns with IUGR exhibiting postnatal catch-up growth are of higher risk for cardiovascular and metabolic co-morbidities in adult life. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) was recently shown to fu
  • PMID 25989725
  • PMID 26047748
  • R705H mutation of MYH9 is associated with MYH9-related disease and not only with non-syndromic deafness DFNA17.
  • Verver E1, Pecci A2, De Rocco D3, Ryhänen S4, Barozzi S2, Kunst H5, Topsakal V1, Savoia A3,6.
  • Clinical genetics.Clin Genet.2015 Jul;88(1):85-9. doi: 10.1111/cge.12438. Epub 2014 Jul 26.
  • MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by mutation of MYH9, the gene encoding for the heavy chain of non-muscle myosin IIA (NMMHC-IIA). MYH9-RD patients have macrothrombocytopenia and granulocyte inclusions (pathognomonic sign of the disease) containing wild-type
  • PMID 24890873

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関連リンク

pathognomonic [path″og-no-mon´ik] specifically distinctive or characteristic of a disease or pathologic condition; denoting a sign or symptom on which a diagnosis can be made. path·og·no·mon·ic (path'og-nō-mon'ik), Characteristic or ...
Seen and Heard What made you want to look up pathognomonic? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

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★リンクテーブル★
先読みgnomic」「gnomonic
リンク元オピオイド」「distinct」「characteristic」「diagnostic」「distinctive

gnomic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • (gnome)の、格言的な。格言詩を得意とする。(文法)一般的心理を表す、格言的(時制)

WordNet   license wordnet

「relating to or containing gnomes; "gnomic verse"」


gnomonic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 指時計/日時計(による時刻読み)の。
  • =gnomic

オピオイド」

  [★]

opioid
類麻薬
オピオイド受容体


作用

縮瞳

  • モルフィンと多くのμ,κアゴニストは瞳孔の縮小を引き起こす。これは瞳孔を支配する副交感神経の興奮による。μアゴニストを中毒量投与すると縮瞳し、pinpoints pupupilsはpathognomonicである。(GOO.559)

オピオイドとオピオイド類似物質の作用

GOO.552
Drugs  RECEPTOR TYPES
μ受容体 δ受容体 κ受容体
morphine +++  
methadone +++    
etorphine +++ +++ +++
levorphanol +++    
fentanyl +++    
sufentanil +++
DAMGO +++    
butorphanol P   +++
buprenorphine P   ーー
naloxone ーーー ーー
naltrexone ーーー ーーー
CTOP ーーー    
diprenorphine ーーー ーー ーーー
β-funaltrexamine ーーー ++
naloxonazine ーーー
nalorphine ーーー  
pentazocine P   ++
nalbuphine ーー   ++
naloxone benzoylhydrazone ーーー
bremazocine +++ ++ +++
ethylketocyclazocine P +++
U50,488     +++
U69,593     +++
spiradoline   +++
nor-Binaltorphimine ーーー
naltrindole ーーー
DPDPE   ++  
[[[[D-Ala2,Glu4]deltorphin]]   ++  
       
DSLET ++  
endogenous Peptides       
met-enkephalin ++ +++  
leu-enkephalin ++ +++  
β-endorphin +++ +++  
dynorphin A ++   +++
dynorphin B +++
α-neoendorphin +++
+アゴニスト ーアンタゴニスト P partial agonist


distinct」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • はっきりした、明瞭な、(論)判明な。明確な、紛れもない、めざましい
There is usually no distinct murmur related to the VSD, because it is typically large and thus generates little turbulence.(PHD.393)
distinct entity:はっきりとした
  • はっきりと識別する(視覚など)
  • 別個の(separate)、独特な(individual)、性質(種類が)が異なる(from)


characteristic, characteristically, clear, clearly, definite, definitely, diagnostic, differ, different, differently, discrete, discriminative, discriminatively, discriminatory, disparate, dissimilar, distinctive, distinctively, distinctly, explicit, explicitly, pathognomonic, separate, separately, unambiguous, unambiguously, variant, vary

WordNet   license wordnet

「easy to perceive; especially clearly outlined; "a distinct flavor"; "a distinct odor of turpentine"; "a distinct outline"; "the ship appeared as a distinct silhouette"; "distinct fingerprints"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『別の』,別個の(separate) / 『明りょうな』,はっきりした;まぎれもない / 特異な,独特な;目立つ,目ざましい」

WordNet   license wordnet

「recognizable; marked; "noticed a distinct improvement"; "at a distinct (or decided) disadvantage"」
decided

WordNet   license wordnet

「(often followed by `from'」
distinguishable

characteristic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 特徴的な、独特の、特有の、特性の、特徴ある
  • n.
charactercharacteristicallydiagnosticdiscriminatorydistinctdistinctiondistinctivedistinctivelyfeaturehallmarkparticularpathognomonicpeculiarpeculiarityprofilepropertysalienceunique

WordNet   license wordnet

「typical or distinctive; "heard my friend''s characteristic laugh"; "red and gold are the characteristic colors of autumn"; "stripes characteristic of the zebra"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「any measurable property of a device measured under closely specified conditions」
device characteristic

WordNet   license wordnet

「a distinguishing quality」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the integer part (positive or negative) of the representation of a logarithm; in the expression log 643 = 2.808 the characteristic is 2」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『特有の』,独特の / 『特性』,特色,特微」

diagnostic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 診断上の、診断の、特徴的な
assessmentcharacteristiccharacteristicallydiagnosediagnosesdiagnosisdiagnosticallydiscriminatorydistinctdistinctivedistinctivelypathognomonic

WordNet   license wordnet

「concerned with diagnosis; used for furthering diagnosis; "a diagnostic reading test"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「診断の,診断のために役立つ」

WordNet   license wordnet

「characteristic or indicative of a disease; "a diagnostic sign of yellow fever"; "a rash symptomatic of scarlet fever"; "symptomatic of insanity"; "a rise in crime symptomatic of social breakdown"」
symptomatic


distinctive」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 特有の、特徴的な、弁別的な
characteristiccharacteristicallydiagnosticdiscriminativediscriminativelydiscriminatorydistinctdistinctivelypathognomonicpeculiar

WordNet   license wordnet

「of a feature that helps to distinguish a person or thing; "Jerusalem has a distinctive Middle East flavor"- Curtis Wilkie; "that is typical of you!"」
typical

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「はっきりした差異のある,特有の,独特の」




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