pathognomonic

出典: meddic

gnomonic->gnomic
  • adj.
  • (医)(症状が)ある疾患に特徴的な
The pathognomonic finding of a thyroglossal duct is elevation during protrusion of the tongue, which is true in this case.
Aneurysms of vessels are not pathognomonic of PAN.(HIM.2125)(血管の瘤は結節性多発動脈炎に特徴的ではない)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/06/12 13:03:42」(JST)

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英文文献

  • The placental mTOR-pathway: correlation with early growth trajectories following intrauterine growth restriction?
  • Fahlbusch FB1, Hartner A1, Menendez-Castro C1, Nögel SC1, Marek I1, Beckmann MW2, Schleussner E3, Ruebner M2, Huebner H2, Dörr HG1, Schild RL4, Dötsch J5, Rascher W1.
  • Journal of developmental origins of health and disease.J Dev Orig Health Dis.2015 Aug;6(4):317-26. doi: 10.1017/S2040174415001154. Epub 2015 May 20.
  • Idiopathic intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a result of impaired placental nutrient supply. Newborns with IUGR exhibiting postnatal catch-up growth are of higher risk for cardiovascular and metabolic co-morbidities in adult life. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) was recently shown to fu
  • PMID 25989725
  • PMID 26047748
  • R705H mutation of MYH9 is associated with MYH9-related disease and not only with non-syndromic deafness DFNA17.
  • Verver E1, Pecci A2, De Rocco D3, Ryhänen S4, Barozzi S2, Kunst H5, Topsakal V1, Savoia A3,6.
  • Clinical genetics.Clin Genet.2015 Jul;88(1):85-9. doi: 10.1111/cge.12438. Epub 2014 Jul 26.
  • MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by mutation of MYH9, the gene encoding for the heavy chain of non-muscle myosin IIA (NMMHC-IIA). MYH9-RD patients have macrothrombocytopenia and granulocyte inclusions (pathognomonic sign of the disease) containing wild-type
  • PMID 24890873

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関連リンク

pathognomonic [path″og-no-mon´ik] specifically distinctive or characteristic of a disease or pathologic condition; denoting a sign or symptom on which a diagnosis can be made. path·og·no·mon·ic (path'og-nō-mon'ik), Characteristic or ...
Seen and Heard What made you want to look up pathognomonic? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

関連画像

scapulothoracic space : A pathognomonic Pathognomonic Negri Bodies (Rabies Sideroblastic Anemia Sideroblastic AnemiaPathognomonic Needle-shaped crystals in  First): Opportunistic and Deep Mycoses Pulmonary Edema) : Pathognomonic


★リンクテーブル★
先読みgnomic」「gnomonic
リンク元オピオイド」「distinct」「characteristic」「diagnostic」「distinctive

gnomic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • (gnome)の、格言的な。格言詩を得意とする。(文法)一般的心理を表す、格言的(時制)

WordNet   license wordnet

「relating to or containing gnomes; "gnomic verse"」


gnomonic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 指時計/日時計(による時刻読み)の。
  • =gnomic


オピオイド」

  [★]

opioid
類麻薬
オピオイド受容体


作用

縮瞳

  • モルフィンと多くのμ,κアゴニストは瞳孔の縮小を引き起こす。これは瞳孔を支配する副交感神経の興奮による。μアゴニストを中毒量投与すると縮瞳し、pinpoints pupupilsはpathognomonicである。(GOO.559)

オピオイドとオピオイド類似物質の作用

GOO.552
Drugs  RECEPTOR TYPES
μ受容体 δ受容体 κ受容体
morphine +++  
methadone +++    
etorphine +++ +++ +++
levorphanol +++    
fentanyl +++    
sufentanil +++
DAMGO +++    
butorphanol P   +++
buprenorphine P   ーー
naloxone ーーー ーー
naltrexone ーーー ーーー
CTOP ーーー    
diprenorphine ーーー ーー ーーー
β-funaltrexamine ーーー ++
naloxonazine ーーー
nalorphine ーーー  
pentazocine P   ++
nalbuphine ーー   ++
naloxone benzoylhydrazone ーーー
bremazocine +++ ++ +++
ethylketocyclazocine P +++
U50,488     +++
U69,593     +++
spiradoline   +++
nor-Binaltorphimine ーーー
naltrindole ーーー
DPDPE   ++  
[[[[D-Ala2,Glu4]deltorphin]]   ++  
       
DSLET ++  
endogenous Peptides       
met-enkephalin ++ +++  
leu-enkephalin ++ +++  
β-endorphin +++ +++  
dynorphin A ++   +++
dynorphin B +++
α-neoendorphin +++
+アゴニスト ーアンタゴニスト P partial agonist

各鎮痛薬のオピオイド受容体への作用

         μ受容体 κ受容体
レミフェンタニル +++  ー
フェンタニル   +++  -
モルヒネ     +++  +
ペチジン     ++   +
トラマドール   +    -
ペンタゾシン   ー    ++
ブプレノルフィン P    ー
ナロキソン    ー    -



distinct」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • はっきりした、明瞭な、(論)判明な。明確な、紛れもない、めざましい
There is usually no distinct murmur related to the VSD, because it is typically large and thus generates little turbulence.(PHD.393)
distinct entity:はっきりとした
  • はっきりと識別する(視覚など)
  • 別個の(separate)、独特な(individual)、性質(種類が)が異なる(from)


characteristic, characteristically, clear, clearly, definite, definitely, diagnostic, differ, different, differently, discrete, discriminative, discriminatively, discriminatory, disparate, dissimilar, distinctive, distinctively, distinctly, explicit, explicitly, pathognomonic, separate, separately, unambiguous, unambiguously, variant, vary

WordNet   license wordnet

「easy to perceive; especially clearly outlined; "a distinct flavor"; "a distinct odor of turpentine"; "a distinct outline"; "the ship appeared as a distinct silhouette"; "distinct fingerprints"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『別の』,別個の(separate) / 『明りょうな』,はっきりした;まぎれもない / 特異な,独特な;目立つ,目ざましい」

WordNet   license wordnet

「recognizable; marked; "noticed a distinct improvement"; "at a distinct (or decided) disadvantage"」
decided

WordNet   license wordnet

「(often followed by `from'」
distinguishable


characteristic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 特徴的な、独特の、特有の、特性の、特徴ある
  • n.
charactercharacteristicallydiagnosticdiscriminatorydistinctdistinctiondistinctivedistinctivelyfeaturehallmarkparticularpathognomonicpeculiarpeculiarityprofilepropertysalienceunique

WordNet   license wordnet

「typical or distinctive; "heard my friend''s characteristic laugh"; "red and gold are the characteristic colors of autumn"; "stripes characteristic of the zebra"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『特有の』,独特の / 『特性』,特色,特微」

WordNet   license wordnet

「any measurable property of a device measured under closely specified conditions」
device characteristic

WordNet   license wordnet

「a distinguishing quality」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the integer part (positive or negative) of the representation of a logarithm; in the expression log 643 = 2.808 the characteristic is 2」


diagnostic」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 診断上の、診断の、特徴的な
assessmentcharacteristiccharacteristicallydiagnosediagnosesdiagnosisdiagnosticallydiscriminatorydistinctdistinctivedistinctivelypathognomonic

WordNet   license wordnet

「concerned with diagnosis; used for furthering diagnosis; "a diagnostic reading test"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「診断の,診断のために役立つ」

WordNet   license wordnet

「characteristic or indicative of a disease; "a diagnostic sign of yellow fever"; "a rash symptomatic of scarlet fever"; "symptomatic of insanity"; "a rise in crime symptomatic of social breakdown"」
symptomatic


distinctive」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 特有の、特徴的な、弁別的な
characteristiccharacteristicallydiagnosticdiscriminativediscriminativelydiscriminatorydistinctdistinctivelypathognomonicpeculiar

WordNet   license wordnet

「of a feature that helps to distinguish a person or thing; "Jerusalem has a distinctive Middle East flavor"- Curtis Wilkie; "that is typical of you!"」
typical

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「はっきりした差異のある,特有の,独特の」




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