nutrition

出典: meddic

  • n.


WordNet   license wordnet

「(physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans)」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(生物の)栄養摂取 / 栄養分,食物」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/08/13 13:49:47」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2017/09/07 17:47:22」(JST)

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UpToDate Contents

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英文文献

  • Weighing the Evidence of Common Beliefs in Obesity Research.
  • Casazza K1, Brown A, Astrup A, Bertz F, Baum C, Brown MB, Dawson J, Durant N, Dutton G, Fields DA, Fontaine KR, Heymsfield S, Levitsky D, Mehta T, Menachemi N, Newby PK, Pate R, Raynor H, Rolls BJ, Sen B, Smith DL Jr, Thomas D, Wansink B, Allison DB.
  • Critical reviews in food science and nutrition.Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr.2015 Dec 6;55(14):2014-53. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2014.922044.
  • Obesity is a topic on which many views are strongly held in the absence of scientific evidence to support those views, and some views are strongly held despite evidence to contradict those views. We refer to the former as "presumptions" and the latter as "myths." Here, we present nine myths and 10 p
  • PMID 24950157
  • Veganism Is a Viable Alternative to Conventional Diet Therapy for Improving Blood Lipids and Glycemic Control.
  • Trepanowski JF1, Varady KA.
  • Critical reviews in food science and nutrition.Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr.2015 Dec 6;55(14):2004-13. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2012.736093.
  • The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) have each outlined a set of dietary recommendations aimed at improving glycemic control and blood lipids, respectively. However, traditional vegan diets (low-fat diets that proscribe animal product consumpt
  • PMID 24922183
  • Association and relative importance of multiple obesity measures with bone mineral density: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006.
  • Yang S1, Shen X.
  • Archives of osteoporosis.Arch Osteoporos.2015 Dec;10(1):219. doi: 10.1007/s11657-015-0219-2. Epub 2015 May 9.
  • All obesity measures were positively associated with femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD), but not with lumbar spine BMD. Hip circumference was the most important obesity measure in relation to BMD.PURPOSE: Multiple measures are used to quantify obesity; different obesity measures have diverse re
  • PMID 25957066
  • The effects of pre-salting methods on salt and water distribution of heavily salted cod, as analyzed by (1)H and (23)Na MRI, (23)Na NMR, low-field NMR and physicochemical analysis.
  • Gudjónsdóttir M1, Traoré A2, Jónsson Á3, Karlsdóttir MG3, Arason S4.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2015 Dec 1;188:664-72. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.05.060. Epub 2015 May 14.
  • The effect of different pre-salting methods (brine injection with salt with/without polyphosphates, brining and pickling) on the water and salt distribution in dry salted Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) fillets was studied with proton and sodium NMR and MRI methods, supported by physicochemical analysis
  • PMID 26041245

和文文献

  • スポーツニュートリションの市場動向
  • エピジェネティクスと栄養 : 基礎的側面から食品によるエピジェネティックな調節までの概説 (特集 DHA・EPAの新機能を求めて)
  • ヘルシーフード ワールドウォッチ 12 Key Trends in Food, Nutrition & Health 2014を読み解く(第8回)
  • 不規則な摂食タイミングが肝臓概日時計異常とコレステロール代謝異常を導く分子メカニズムの解析 (特集 様々な側面からみた脂質・糖代謝)
  • 小田 裕昭
  • オレオサイエンス 15(2), 61-67,51, 2015-02
  • NAID 40020339535

関連リンク

The journal Nutrition presents advances in nutrition research and science, informs its readers on new and advancing technologies and new data in... ... Track accepted paper Once your article has been accepted you will receive an ...
U.S. federal guide offering access to all government web sites with reliable and accurate information on nutrition and dietary guidance.
The online version of Nutrition at ScienceDirect.com, the world's leading platform for high quality peer-reviewed full-text journals. ... Highlights • We investigated serum 25(OH)D levels with lipid and metabolic components in Korean ...

関連画像

NUTRITION CHARTSport NutritionThe Science Of NutritionnutritionNutrition Month 2013Functional Nutritionnutrition2Cherry Fruit Nutrition Facts And Health


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元100Cases 14」「diet」「vegetative」「栄養」「栄養法
拡張検索fetal nutrition disorder」「protein malnutrition

100Cases 14」

  [★]

☆case14 複視
glossary
diplopia n. 複視
筋力低下筋無力筋脱力 muscle weakness, muscular weakness
sunken
vt. sinkのpp.
adj.
沈没した、沈んだ、水中の
沈下した、一段低いところにある
落ち込んだ、くぼんだ
3,4-ジアミノピリジン 3,4-diaminopyridine 3,4-DAP K+チャネル阻害薬;ランバートイートン筋無力治療
症例
43-year-old woman
cheif complaint: diplopia
present history: diplopia and holding her head up ; more marked in the evenings, for the last 3 months. difficulty of chewing. voice has become quieter. weight loss (3kg / 6months). non-smoker. drinks about 15 units/week. no regular medication.
past history: no significant previous medical illnesses.
family history: lives with her husband and three children.
診察 examination
looks well.
organ systems: normal; cardiovascular, respiratory, and abdominal systems.
muscle power; grossly normal. decrease after testing a movement repetitively.
motor function: normal; tone, coordination, reflexes and sensation.
bilateral ptosis. exacerbated by prolonged upward gaze
eye: normal; pupillary reflexes, eye movements, and funduscopy
■答え
diagnosis: myathenia gravis
differential diagnoses:
CASES
上位and/or下位運動ニューロン motor neurone disease 運動ニューロン疾患線維束性攣縮進行例では筋力低下
muscular dystrophy 筋ジストロフィー:ある種の筋肉選択的筋力低下する。家族歴がある。
dystrophia myotonica 強直性筋ジストロフィー咬筋側頭筋胸鎖乳突筋筋萎縮四肢遠位端の筋萎縮顔貌特徴的(前頭部脱毛、無表情、窪んだ頬)。家族歴ある。筋電図診断有用(急降下爆撃音)。
polymyositis 多発筋炎普通皮疹関節痛出現CK上昇筋生検診断有用
myopathy ミオパチー:甲状腺中毒性ミオパチー甲状腺機能低下症によるミオパチークッシング症候群によるミオパチーアルコール性のミオパチー
神経筋接合部non-metastatic associations of malignancy (paraneoplastic syndrome(傍腫瘍性症候群 = 腫瘍随伴症候群)のこと):胸腺腫症例の10%に重症筋無力症がみられる。ランバートイートン筋無力症候群小細胞癌関連がある。
HIM.2674
Treatment with penicillamine (used for scleroderma or rheumatoid arthritis) may result in true autoimmune MG, but the weakness is usually mild, and recovery occurs within weeks or months after discontinuing its use.
 重症筋無力症の誘発ペニシラミン(強皮症関節リウマチ治療に用いられる)。
  mildだし、薬剤中断改善する。
Aminoglycoside antibiotics or procainamide can cause exacerbation of weakness in myasthenic patients; very large doses can cause neuromuscular weakness in normal individuals.
 重症筋無力症の悪化:アミドグリコシド系抗菌薬、プロカインアミド
  MG患者筋脱力悪化する。
参考文献
HIM = Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 17th Edition
CASES = 100 Cases in Clinical Medicine Second edition
IMD = 内科診断学第2版


diet」

  [★]

  • n.
  • 食べ物、食事。食生活、食習慣。ダイエット、食事療法、治療食、規定食、節食
feeding, nutrition


WordNet   license wordnet

「follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons; "He has high blood pressure and must stick to a low-salt diet"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)」
dieting

WordNet   license wordnet

「a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan)」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a prescribed selection of foods」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal)」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(日本・デンマーク・スウェーデンなどの)『議会』,国会」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(日常の)『飲食物』,常食 / (健康・体重調節などのための)『規定食』,制限食 / (健康増進などのために)〈人〉‘に'規定食を取らせる / 規定食を取る,食物を制限する」

WordNet   license wordnet

「eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight」


vegetative」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 植物性の、(植物)栄養の、(ファージ)増殖型の
nutrientnutritiontachyzoitevegetalvegetatively

WordNet   license wordnet

「relating to involuntary bodily functions; "vegetative functions such as digestion or growth or circulation"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「植物の / 無気力な,活気のない」

WordNet   license wordnet

「of or relating to an activity that is passive and monotonous; "a dull vegetative lifestyle"」
vegetive


栄養」

  [★]

nutritionnutrientvegetative, alimentation
nutritio
栄養性栄養素栄養分栄養法植物性増殖型栄養剤
  • 1日に必要な水、有機・無機栄養
水:体重x30ml
Na:体重x 1mEq
K:体重x 0.5mEq

参考

  • 食品成分データベース
[display]http://fooddb.mext.go.jp




栄養法」

  [★]

alimentation, nutrition
[[]]
  • 消化管が機能している場合
  • 経鼻チューブ
  • 胃瘻・腸瘻
  • 消化管が機能していない場合


fetal nutrition disorder」

  [★]

fetal malnutrition


protein malnutrition」

  [★] 低タンパク栄養失調症




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