injection drug users

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/04/26 17:07:57」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection Induces Consistent Changes in Circulating MicroRNAs That Are Associated with Nonlytic Hepatocyte Release.
  • El-Diwany R1, Wasilewski LN1, Witwer KW2, Bailey JR1, Page K3, Ray SC1, Cox AL1, Thomas DL1, Balagopal A4.
  • Journal of virology.J Virol.2015 Sep 15;89(18):9454-64. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00955-15. Epub 2015 Jul 8.
  • Plasma microRNAs (miRNAs) change in abundance in response to disease and have been associated with liver fibrosis severity in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, the early dynamics of miRNA release during acute HCV infection are poorly understood. In addition, circulating miRNA signa
  • PMID 26157120
  • Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus in HIV-infected patients.
  • Peters L1, Klein MB.
  • Current opinion in HIV and AIDS.Curr Opin HIV AIDS.2015 Sep;10(5):297-302. doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000183.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will give an update on the prevalence of HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection, and describe recent trends in all-cause and cause-specific mortality. The focus is mainly on patients followed in clinics in high-income countries and their heterogeneity in terms of risk
  • PMID 26248117

和文文献

  • Multiple routes of hepatitis C virus transmission among injection drug users in Hai Phong, Northern Vietnam
  • Tanimoto Tomoaki,Cuong Nguyen Hung,Ishizaki Azumi,Chung Phan Thi Thu,Huyen Hoang Thi Thanh,Trung Nguyen Vu,Kageyama Seiji,Oka Shinichi,Thuc Pham Van,Ichimura Hiroshi
  • Journal of Medical Virology 82(8), 1355-1363, 2010-08-00
  • … To identify hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission routes among injection drug users in Northern Vietnam, plasma samples were collected from 486 drug users in Hai Phong. … The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection rate among HCV-infected injection drug users was 52.6-55.4% and did not differ significantly by HCV genotype. …
  • NAID 120002463520
  • Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infective Endocarditis with Panton-Valentine Leukocidin Gene in an Injection Drug User with HIV Infection
  • Tsai Hung-Chin,Chao Pei-Jiuan,Sy Cheng-Len,Shin-Jung Lee Susan,Chen Yao-Shen,Wann Shue-Ren,Liu Yung-Ching
  • Internal Medicine 47(16), 1485-1489, 2008
  • … Reports of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) isolates carrying Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) gene that causes infective endocarditis in injection drug users (IDUs) with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are rare in the English language literature. …
  • NAID 130000079563

関連リンク

Publications on injecting drug use 2016 Global AIDS Update UNAIDS report 31 May 2016 Prevalence and burden of HCV co-infection in people living with HIV A global systematic review and meta-analysis 7 March 2016 Integrating ...
Infective endocarditis (IE) was initially recognized to be a complication of injection drug use in the 1950s. Aspects of IE that are unique to or characteristic of injection drug users will be reviewed here. Diagnostic criteria, complications ...

関連画像

the Human Rights of Injection Drug Users  HIV Risk in IV Drug Users | Medpage Today-HCV Outbreak Among Injection Drug Users Drug injectionHepatitis Surging Among IV Drug UsersRates of Injection Drug Users with HIV


★リンクテーブル★
関連記事use」「injection」「drug」「user

use」

  [★]

  • vt.
  • vi.
  • n.
  • 使うこと、使用、使用/利用'(されている)状態
  • (~の)津jかいみち、用途、使用目的
  • (しばしば疑問・否定文で)役に立つこと、効用、有用
  • 使用する能力、機能
  • 使用する権利、使用許可
  • 使い方、使用法
  • (~を)使用する必要/機会(for)
  • (正式)慣習、習わし、しきたり
  • (法律)(財産収益権の)享受。(信託された土地などからの)収益権を享受すること。
  • (教会・教区などの)独特の典礼、儀式
  • (哲学・論理・言語)言及的言語使用
  • 麻薬の常用
employemploymentexploitexploitationharnessmake use oftake advantage ofusageutilisationutiliseutilizationutilize

WordNet   license wordnet

「seek or achieve an end by using to one''s advantage; "She uses her influential friends to get jobs"; "The president''s wife used her good connections"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「(law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy the benefits of owning property; "we were given the use of his boat"」
enjoyment

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈道具など〉‘を'『使う』,用いる / …‘を'『費す』,消費する / 《副詞[句]を伴って》〈人など〉‘を'『扱う』 / …‘を'自分の都合のいいように合用する / 〈U〉『使用』,利用 / 〈U〉『役に立つこと』,効用,利益(usefulness) / 〈U〉使う必要(場合),使用する機会,入り用 / 〈C〉〈U〉使用の目的,用途 / 〈U〉使用する権利 / 〈U〉使い方 / 〈U〉(身体などを)使う能力」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers"」
usage, utilization, utilisation, employment, exercise

WordNet   license wordnet

「a particular service; "he put his knowledge to good use"; "patrons have their uses"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「use up, consume fully; "The legislature expended its time on school questions"」
expend

WordNet   license wordnet

「take or consume (regularly or habitually); "She uses drugs rarely"」
habituate

WordNet   license wordnet

「put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can''t use this tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?"; "I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic bags to store the food"; "He doesn''t know how to use a computer"」
utilize, utilise, apply, employ

WordNet   license wordnet

「habitually do something (use only in the past tense); "She used to call her mother every week but now she calls only occasionally"; "I used to get sick when I ate in that dining hall"; "They used to vacation in the Bahamas"」


injection」

  [★]

  • n.
congestiveengorgementhyperaemiahyperemiainfuseinfusioninjectinjectableinjectablesinstillshottransfusetransfusion

WordNet   license wordnet

「any solution that is injected (as into the skin)」
injectant

WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of putting a liquid into the body by means of a syringe; "the nurse gave him a flu shot"」
shot

WordNet   license wordnet

「the forceful insertion of a substance under pressure」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉〈C〉注射,注入 / 〈C〉注射液」


drug」

  [★]

drugs

WordNet   license wordnet

「use recreational drugs」
do drugs

WordNet   license wordnet

「administer a drug to; "They drugged the kidnapped tourist"」
dose

WordNet   license wordnet

「a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『薬』,薬品,薬剤 / 『麻薬』,麻酔剤 / 〈人〉‘に'薬(特に麻酔剤)を与える / 〈飲食物〉‘に'(麻酔薬・毒薬などの)薬を混ぜる」


user」

  [★]

  • n.

linux

  • ユーザ一覧
cat /etc/passwd

WordNet   license wordnet

「a person who makes use of a thing; someone who uses or employs something」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「使用者,消費者 / 財産権[の使用]」




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