出典: meddic

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「(medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease」

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「the quality of being unaffected by something; "immunity to criticism"」

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「〈U〉(病気に対する)免疫《+『from』(『to, against』)+『名』》 / (義務・税などの)免除《+『from』(『to, against』)+『名』》」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2013/05/30 16:55:30」(JST)

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  • HIV takes double hit before entry.
  • Sanders RW.SourceLaboratory of Experimental Virology, Department of Medical Microbiology, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  • BMC biology.BMC Biol.2013 Dec 7;10:99. doi: 10.1186/1741-7007-10-99.
  • In the absence of a vaccine or a cure, identification of novel HIV-1 inhibitors remains important. A paper in Retrovirology describes a rationally designed bi-specific protein that irreversibly damages the viral envelope glycoprotein complex via a two-punch mechanism. In contrast to traditional drug
  • PMID 23216951
  • Echium oil is better than rapeseed oil in improving the response of barramundi to a disease challenge.
  • Alhazzaa R, Bridle AR, Mori TA, Barden AE, Nichols PD, Carter CG.SourceNational Centre for Marine Conservation and Resource Sustainability, University of Tasmania, Launceston, TAS 7250, Australia; CSIRO Food Futures Flagship, Division of Marine and Atmospheric Research, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia. Electronic address:
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2013 Nov 15;141(2):1424-32. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.04.052. Epub 2013 Apr 25.
  • Pathogen infection stimulates the fatty acid (FA) metabolism and the production of pro-inflammatory derivatives of FA. Barramundi, Lates calcarifer, was fed on a diet rich in preformed long-chain (⩾C20) polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) from fish oil (FO), to compare with diets containing high
  • PMID 23790934
  • Promoting immunity during chronic infection-The therapeutic potential of common gamma-chain cytokines.
  • Toe JG, Pellegrini M, Mak TW.SourceThe Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Molecular immunology.Mol Immunol.2013 Nov;56(1-2):38-47. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2013.04.008. Epub 2013 May 14.
  • The continued global burden wrought by chronic infectious disease is unrelenting. Current therapies have curbed the severity of disease for patients, but Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Hepatitis B (HBV) infection remain incurable and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is rapidly becoming resis
  • PMID 23685259
  • Immune responses of prophenoloxidase and cytosolic manganese superoxide dismutase in the freshwater crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus against a virus and bacterium.
  • Liu YT, Chang CI, Hseu JR, Liu KF, Tsai JM.SourceDepartment of Marine Biotechnology, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung 81157, Taiwan, ROC.
  • Molecular immunology.Mol Immunol.2013 Nov;56(1-2):72-80. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2013.03.023. Epub 2013 May 10.
  • Prophenoloxidase (proPO) and cytosolic manganese superoxide dismutase (cytMnSOD) play crucial roles in crustacean innate immunity. In the present study, both of the above genes were cloned from hemocytes of the red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus. A phylogenetic analysis of the amino acid seque
  • PMID 23669811


  • High-dose cyclophosphamide induces specific tumor immunity with concomitant recruitment of LAMP1/CD107a-expressing CD4-positive T cells into tumor sites
  • Naito Tatsushi,Baba Tomohisa,Takeda Kazuyoshi,Sasaki Soichiro,Nakamoto Yasunari,Mukaida Naofumi
  • Cancer Letters 336(1), 93-96, 2015-09-28
  • … However, we observed that a single administration of high-dose CTX abolished tumors arising from subcutaneous injection of a mouse hepatoma cell line and subsequently induced specific tumor immunity. … Thus, CTX induces the expression of CCL3, which induces the intratumoral migration of CD4+ T cells expressing cytotoxic molecules, leading to tumor eradication and subsequent specific tumor immunity. …
  • NAID 120005646680
  • 発酵青バナナ末「バナファイン」の免疫力向上効果とインフルエンザ感染症に対する防御機能 (特集 スーパーフード/果実・野菜活用術)
  • がん免疫と分子標的治療 (特集 固形がんの分子標的薬 : 基礎研究から創薬・開発・臨床まで) -- (がん分子標的治療の臨床)
  • 地主 将久,秋田 弘俊
  • 日本臨床 73(8), 1349-1354, 2015-08
  • NAID 40020541249
  • 当医科大学学生・附属看護専門学校学生におけるB型肝炎ワクチン接種成績の検討 : ワクチン接種1シリーズ終了後および1年後のHBs抗体価の推移について
  • 渡邉 菜穂美,石川 弥生,知花 洋子,大類 方巳
  • Dokkyo journal of medical sciences 42(2), 63-70, 2015-07-25
  • B型肝炎ウィルス(hepatitis B virus:HBV)感染の防御は医療関連感染防止対策として重要である.当医科大学学生のB型肝炎(HB)ワクチン接種成績および1年後までのHBs抗体価の推移を観察し,HBワクチンの有用性について検討した.対象は2012年4月に入学した当医科大学の医学部学生・看護学部学生・附属看護専門学校学生とし,HBワクチン接種1シリーズ終了後,1年後まで経過観察できた27 …
  • NAID 110009929976


The online version of Immunity at, the world's leading platform for high quality peer-reviewed full-text journals. ... Entitled to full text Human Monocytes Undergo Functional Re-programming during Sepsis Mediated ...
Immunity is a monthly journal which publishes research articles and reviews of general interest in the entire discipline of immunology. Immunity ... ... Impact Factor: 2013: 19.748 The Impact Factor measures the average number of ...
immunityとは。意味や和訳。[名]1 [U][C](病気・毒の)免疫(性)((from, to ...));抗体give a person immunity to a disease人に病気に対する免疫性を与えるThe injection builds up immunity to diphtheria.その注射をすればジフテリアに免疫 ...


 Picture 2 is natural and active immunity adaptive immunity to blood-stage malariaImmunity and Our Daily DietWhat is Passive Immunity? (with pictures)Active and Passive Humoral Immunity immunity and cell-mediated immunityInfluenza, Part 2: Immunity | Medical types%20of%20immunity_0.jpg




immunity, immune

免疫の種類 (PT.246-251)

  主に関与するリンパ球 働き リンパ節での局在
細胞免疫 T細胞 (1)免疫の活性化 傍皮質
液性免疫 B細胞 抗体産生 皮質


細胞の種類 補レセプター 抗原を提示する細胞 MHC抗原
キラーT細胞(Tc) CD8 抗原提示細胞 MHCクラスI
ヘルパーT細胞(Th) CD4 全ての細胞 MHCクラスII


T細胞 関連する因子 産生する物質 機能
Th1 IL-12


IL-2,IFN-γなど 細胞性免疫を促進'

 (1)キラーT細胞NK細胞マクロファージを活性化  (2)遅延型過敏反応により自己免疫疾患に関与

Th2 IL-4


IL-4,IL-5,IL-6,IL-10など 液性免疫を促進'

 (1)B細胞好酸球肥満細胞に作用。  (2)即時型アレルギーに関与