glaucoma

出典: meddic

緑内障

WordNet   license wordnet

「an eye disease that damages the optic nerve and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness); "contrary to popular belief, glaucoma is not always caused by elevated intraocular pressure"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「あおそこひ,緑内障(視力が減退する眼病)」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/06/12 07:56:54」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/07/15 10:12:43」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/02/29 11:35:21」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/08/18 22:08:36」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/10/02 05:53:24」(JST)

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UpToDate Contents

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英文文献

  • Controversies in intraocular lens implantation in pediatric uveitis.
  • Phatak S1, Lowder C2, Pavesio C3,4.
  • Journal of ophthalmic inflammation and infection.J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect.2016 Dec;6(1):12. doi: 10.1186/s12348-016-0079-y. Epub 2016 Mar 24.
  • Cataract is one of the most common and visually debilitating complications of pediatric uveitis. It develops as a consequence of chronic inflammation and steroid use and is seen most often in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. Cataract extraction with intraocular lens (IOL) inse
  • PMID 27009616
  • Development of a novel CsA-PLGA drug delivery system based on a glaucoma drainage device for the prevention of postoperative fibrosis.
  • Dai Z1, Yu X1, Hong J1, Liu X1, Sun J2, Sun X3.
  • Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications.Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl.2016 Sep 1;66:206-14. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2016.04.077. Epub 2016 Apr 22.
  • The formation of a scar after glaucoma surgery often leads to unsuccessful control of intraocular pressure, and should be prevented by using a variety of methods. We designed and developed a novel drug delivery system (DDS) comprising cyclosporine A (CsA) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) bas
  • PMID 27207056
  • The Effect of Eye Drop Technique Education in Patients With Glaucoma.
  • Carpenter DM1, Sayner R2, Blalock SJ1, Muir KW3, Hartnett ME4, Lawrence SD5, Giangiacomo AL6, Goldsmith JA4, Tudor GE7, Robin AL8, Sleath BL1.
  • Health communication.Health Commun.2016 Aug;31(8):1036-42. doi: 10.1080/10410236.2015.1020263. Epub 2016 Jan 11.
  • Education about how to administer eye drops may improve a patient's ability to instill his or her eye drops correctly. Our objectives were to (a) document the methods providers use to educate glaucoma patients about eye drop technique; (b) determine whether eye drop technique education varies by pro
  • PMID 26751938
  • Thermosensitive hexanoyl glycol chitosan-based ocular delivery system for glaucoma therapy.
  • Cho IS1, Park CG2, Huh BK3, Cho MO4, Khatun Z1, Li Z5, Kang SW6, Choy YB7, Huh KM8.
  • Acta biomaterialia.Acta Biomater.2016 Jul 15;39:124-32. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2016.05.011. Epub 2016 May 6.
  • Conventional eye drops quickly move away from the surface of the eye; as a result, ocular bioavailability is very limited. To overcome this issue, we developed a thermosensitive hexanoyl glycol chitosan (HGC) as a carrier for topical drug delivery to the eye. Here, we modulated the degree of N-hexan
  • PMID 27163401

和文文献

  • Bevacizumab硝子体内注射による血管新生緑内障の新生血管への影響
  • Journal of UOEH = 産業医科大学雑誌 37(4), 299-304, 2015-12-01
  • NAID 40020687084
  • 緑内障 (特集 視覚障害の早期発見と治療)
  • 日本医師会雑誌 = The Journal of the Japan Medical Association 144(9), 1807-1810, 2015-12
  • NAID 40020666314
  • レーザースペックル法 (特集 眼循環と眼病変)
  • 原発開放隅角緑内障の全身的危険因子の検討

関連リンク

The two main types of glaucoma are open-angle glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma (also called angle closure glaucoma). Open-angle glaucoma accounts for 90% of glaucoma cases in the United States. It is painless and does not ...
Home page of Glaucoma Australia which offers counselling to sufferers of glaucoma, produces an informative newsletter and holds regular support group meetings. ... Research and Scholarship Fund The rate at which people continue ...
Get the Facts About Glaucoma Understanding the basics of glaucoma is the first step to protecting your vision. Types of Glaucoma Five Common Glaucoma Tests Are You at Risk? Looking for Treatment Options? From medication to ...

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★リンクテーブル★
国試過去問105F015
リンク元緑内障」「急性原発閉塞隅角緑内障」「黒内障」「glaucomatous
拡張検索chronic glaucoma」「open-angle glaucoma」「primary angle-closure glaucoma

105F015」

  [★]

  • 疾患と診療分野の組合せで適切でないのはどれか。


[正答]


※国試ナビ4※ 105F014]←[国試_105]→[105F016

緑内障」

  [★]

glauc 青みがかった緑 + oma
glaucoma ()
あおそこひいしそこひ

分類 SOP.92

  • I. 原発緑内障
  • 1. 原発開放隅角緑内障(広義)
  • 2. 原発閉塞隅角緑内障
  • 3. 混合緑内障
  • 1. 続発開放隅角緑内障
  • 2. 続発閉塞隅角緑内障
  • 1. 早発型発達緑内障
  • 2. 遅発型発達緑内障
  • 3. 他の先天異常を伴う発達緑内障

症状


治療

  • 薬物療法、手術療法
  • 薬物療法
  • プロスタグランジン関連薬 ← 原発開放隅角緑内障
  • ぶどう膜強膜経路の房水排出を促進
  • 交感神経遮断薬 ← 原発開放隅角緑内障
  • 房水産生を抑制
  • 炭酸脱水酵素阻害薬
  • 房水産生を抑制
  • 副交感神経刺激薬
  • シュレム管経路の房水流出を促進
  • 交感神経刺激薬
  • 眼房水産生を抑制しぶどう膜強膜流出を増加する ← 交感神経遮断薬と矛盾しない?
  • 高張浸透圧薬


参考

  • 1. 緑内障診療ガイドライン(第2版)
http://www.nichigan.or.jp/member/guideline/glaucoma2.jsp




急性原発閉塞隅角緑内障」

  [★]

acute primary angle-closure glaucoma
緑内障 glaucoma急性緑内障発作原発閉塞隅角緑内障 primary angle-closure glaucoma PACG

黒内障」

  [★]

amauros 'dim'
amaurosis
クロゾコヒ
緑内障 glaucoma白内障 cataract
  • 眼自体に異常のない重度の視覚障害



glaucomatous」

  [★]

  • 緑内障の
glaucoma

chronic glaucoma」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「glaucoma caused by blockage of the canal of Schlemm; produces gradual loss of peripheral vision; "open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma"」
open-angle glaucoma

open-angle glaucoma」

  [★]

開放隅角緑内障

pigmentary glaucomasimple glaucoma

primary angle-closure glaucoma」

  [★] 原発性閉塞隅角緑内障 PACG




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