confound

出典: meddic

  • ct.
  • (やや古い)(人・事・物)を(間違って)(~と)混同する(confuse)(with,and)
  • (物・事が)(人)を当惑させる(puzzle)。(be ~ed)(物・事に/~ということに)まごつく、うろたえる、泡を食う(at,by,that節)
  • ~を打ち負かす。~を妨げる
  • ~に反駁する、反論させる
  • ~に恥をかかせる、赤面させる
  • ~を悪化させる
  • (予想などに)反する
confuseconfusionderangederangementdisarraydisorganizeddisorientdisruptdisruptionembarrassembarrassmentperplexityperturbationupset

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「〈情況など〉'を'『混乱させる』,〈人〉'を'困惑させる,面くらわせる / (…と)…'を'『混同する』《+『名』+『with』+『名』》 / 〈計画・希望・敵など〉'を'破る,くじく(defeat) / 《遠回しに腹立たしさなどを表して》〈神〉が…'を'地獄に落とす」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2013/04/05 18:47:25」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Switching from approach to withdrawal is easier than vice versa.
  • Kuhbandner C1, Vogel CM, Lichtenfeld S.
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  • A fundamental property of emotional responses is a change in action tendencies that allow the individual to cope with the situation. Most basically, there are two types of behaviour one can switch to when responding emotionally: approach or withdrawal. The present study examined whether the ability
  • PMID 25325610
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  • Lacy MK1, Stryjewski ME2, Wang W1, Hardin TC1, Nogid B1, Luke DR1, Shorr AF3, Corey GR4, Barriere SL1.
  • Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.Clin Infect Dis.2015 Sep 15;61 Suppl 2:S87-93. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ536.
  • BACKGROUND: When hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP) is caused by gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens or both (mixed infections), the adequacy of gram-negative coverage (GNC) can confound the assessment of a gram-positive agent under study. This analysis
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  • There are no long-term interventions examining the effects of salt reduction in people with diabetes, and these are urgently required. Sodium reduction is controversial as it appears that an intake below 2.5 g and above 6 g/day of salt is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Howe
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関連リンク

tr.v. con·found·ed, con·found·ing, con·founds. 1. To cause to become confused or perplexed. See Synonyms at puzzle. 2. To fail to distinguish; mix up: confound fiction and fact. 3. To make (something bad) worse: Do not confound the problem  ...
Definition of confound from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio pronunciations, thesaurus, Word of the Day, and word games.
/kɒnˈfaʊnd, kən-; for 6 usually ˈkɒnˈfaʊnd/ Show Spelled [kon-found, kuhn-; for 6 usually kon-found] Show IPA. verb (used with object). 1. to perplex or amaze , especially by a sudden disturbance or surprise; bewilder; confuse: The ...

関連画像

Confound these poniesagain by Warren ConfoundConfound Vocab Meme Dictionary – English Confound These Wings by Abion47 on that most don’t use anymore… Confound ConFound Sniping Logo by ConFoundDesignz Confound you book by SierraEx on Confound


★リンクテーブル★
先読みpuzzle
リンク元upset」「confuse」「perturbation」「embarrass」「disrupt
拡張検索confounder」「confounding variable
関連記事confounded」「confounding

puzzle」

  [★]

  • n.
  • v.
  • 当惑させる
disconcertembarrassenigmaenigmaticmysteriousmystery

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「be uncertain about; think about without fully understanding or being able to decide; "We puzzled over her sudden departure"」

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「a game that tests your ingenuity」

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「a particularly baffling problem that is said to have a correct solution; "he loved to solve chessmate puzzles"; "that''s a real puzzler"」
puzzler, mystifier, teaser

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「《単数形で》(頭を)『悩ませる物』(『事』,『人』),難問,難物 / 《しばしば複合語で用いて》(遊び用の)『パズル』,判じ物,なぞ / 〈難問が〉〈人〉‘の'頭を悩ませる;(…について)〈頭〉をひねって考える《+『名』+『about』(『over』)+『名』》 / (…に)頭を悩ませる,(…を)頭をひねって考える《+『about』(『as to, over』)+『名』》」


upset」

  [★]

  • v.
  • (過去-過去分詞も同形)転覆させる、混乱させる
  • n.
confoundconfuseconfusionderangederangementdisarraydisorganizeddisorientdisruptdisruptionout ofperturbationsickness

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「used of an unexpected defeat of a team favored to win; "the Bills'' upset victory over the Houston Oilers"」

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「the act of disturbing the mind or body; "his carelessness could have caused an ecological upset"; "she was unprepared for this sudden overthrow of their normal way of living"」
derangement, overthrow

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「the act of upsetting something; "he was badly bruised by the upset of his sled at a high speed"」
overturn, turnover

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「a tool used to thicken or spread metal (the end of a bar or a rivet etc.) by forging or hammering or swaging」
swage

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「cause to lose one''s composure」
discompose, untune, disconcert, discomfit

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「defeat suddenly and unexpectedly; "The foreign team upset the local team"」

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「disturb the balance or stability of; "The hostile talks upset the peaceful relations between the two countries"」

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「mildly physically distressed; "an upset stomach"」

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「『…‘を'ひっくり返す』,転覆させる / 〈計画など〉‘を'『だめにする』,だいなしにする,狂わす / 〈人〉‘の'『心お乱す』,'を'ろうばいさせる / 〈体など〉‘の'調子お狂わせる / 《米》(競技などで)〈相手〉'を'思いがけなく負かす / ひっくり返った / (計画などが)だいなしの,狂った / 《捕語にのみ用いて》(精神的に)混乱した,ろうばいした / (体などの)調子がおかしくなった / 〈U〉〈C〉『転倒』,転落 / 〈C〉(計画.心などの)『混乱』,乱れ;(体の)不調 / 〈C〉《話》けんか / 〈C〉《米》(競技などでの)番狂わせ」

confuse」

  [★]

  • v.
  • 混乱させる、錯乱する、混同する
confoundconfusionderangederangementdisarraydisorganizeddisorientdisruptdisruptionperturbationupset

WordNet   license wordnet

「be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly; "These questions confuse even the experts"; "This question completely threw me"; "This question befuddled even the teacher"」
throw, fox, befuddle, fuddle, bedevil, confound, discombobulate

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「(…と)'を'『混同する』,取り違える《+『名』+『with』+『名』》 / 〈人〉'を'『とまどわせる』,当惑させる / 〈論点・情況・順序など〉'を'混乱させる」

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「make unclear, indistinct, or blurred; "Her remarks confused the debate"; "Their words obnubilate their intentions"」
blur, obscure, obnubilate

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「mistake one thing for another; "you are confusing me with the other candidate"; "I mistook her for the secretary"」
confound

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「cause to feel embarrassment; "The constant attention of the young man confused her"」
flurry, disconcert, put off

perturbation」

  [★]

  • n.
  • 心の動揺、狼狽、不安、心配。不安/心配の原因。(天・理)摂動
agitate, confound, confuse, confusion, deflection, derange, derangement, disarray, disorganized, disorient, disrupt, disruption, disturbance, perturb, perturbate, surge, swing, unbalance, upset

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「(physics) a secondary influence on a system that causes it to deviate slightly」

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「a disposition that is confused or nervous and upset」
fluster

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「activity that is a malfunction, intrusion, or interruption; "the term `distress'' connotes some degree of perturbation and emotional upset"; "he looked around for the source of the disturbance"; "there was a disturbance of neural function"」
disturbance

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「〈U〉動揺,不安;混乱 / 〈C〉不安(混乱)のもと」


embarrass」

  [★]

em-(中に) + -barass(障害物、横木=bar) = 中に障害物を置く
  • vt.
  • (人)を恥ずかしがらせる/当惑させる。(人)を辱めて(~)させる(shame)(into doing)。(be ~ed)(人が)(人前で)恥ずかしい思いをする、(~で)まごつく(at, with, by, about, that節)
  • (正式)(be ~ed)(人が)財政困難になる、借金を負う
  • (問題など)を複雑にする、こじらせる。(政府・行動など)を妨害する
  • (消化・肺など)の機能を損なう、~に障害を来す。
confound, disconcert, embarrassment, perplexity, puzzle

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「cause to be embarrassed; cause to feel self-conscious」
abash

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「〈人〉‘の'『まごつかせる』,困惑させる,きまり悪がらせる / …‘を'『じゃまする』,妨げる / 〈人・会社など〉‘を'『財政困難にする』」

disrupt」

  [★]

  • v.
  • 破壊する、分裂させる、混乱させる、乱す
abolishbreakconfoundconfuseconfusionderangederangementdestroydestructiondisarraydismantledisorganizeddisorientdisruptantdisruptiondividedivisionfissionfragmentationlesionperturbperturbationrupturesplitsubversionsubvertupset

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「throw into disorder; "This event disrupted the orderly process"」

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「…‘を'混乱させる / (一時的に)…‘を'中断させる」


confounder」

  [★]

  • n.
confounding factor

confounding variable」

  [★] 交絡変数

交絡因子


confounded」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「混乱した,まごついた / 《名詞の前にのみ用いて》《遠回しに》ひどい,いまいましい」

confounding」

  [★]

  • n.
  • adj.
  • 交絡の

WordNet   license wordnet

「that confounds or contradicts or confuses」
contradictory




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