出典: meddic


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「visual impairment without apparent organic pathology」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2014/04/14 12:37:10」(JST)

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  • Controversies in intraocular lens implantation in pediatric uveitis.
  • Phatak S1, Lowder C2, Pavesio C3,4.
  • Journal of ophthalmic inflammation and infection.J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect.2016 Dec;6(1):12. doi: 10.1186/s12348-016-0079-y. Epub 2016 Mar 24.
  • Cataract is one of the most common and visually debilitating complications of pediatric uveitis. It develops as a consequence of chronic inflammation and steroid use and is seen most often in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. Cataract extraction with intraocular lens (IOL) inse
  • PMID 27009616
  • Visual outcomes after spectacles treatment in children with bilateral high refractive amblyopia.
  • Lin PW1, Chang HW2, Lai IC3, Teng MC3.
  • Clinical & experimental optometry.Clin Exp Optom.2016 Nov;99(6):550-554. doi: 10.1111/cxo.12412. Epub 2016 Jul 17.
  • PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the visual outcomes of treatment with spectacles for bilateral high refractive amblyopia in children three to eight years of age.METHODS: Children with previously untreated bilateral refractive amblyopia were enrolled. Bilateral high refractive amblyopia was defin
  • PMID 27426739
  • Effect of Anisometropia on the Predictability and Accuracy of Refractive Surgery.
  • Shapira Y1, Vainer I, Mimouni M, Levartovsky S, Sela T, Munzer G, Kaiserman I.
  • Cornea.Cornea.2016 Nov;35(11):1410-1415.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictability and accuracy of refractive surgery among adults with myopic anisometropia.METHODS: Consecutive cases of myopic eyes that underwent bilateral laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) or bilateral photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) during a 12-year period in
  • PMID 27467042


  • 幼児の視力検査に関する一考察(2)-早期発見により弱視を救済するために-
  • 高橋 ひとみ/衞藤 隆
  • 桃山学院大学総合研究所紀要 41(1), 1-18, 2015-07-27
  • … We can relieve a child becoming amblyopia by early detection, early treatment if we carry out the near visual acuity test in kindergartens, nursery schools of the whole country and an infant medical checkup. … We think that children can finish the amblyopia training if we can detect amblyopia at 3 years old before compulsory education begins. …
  • NAID 110009924103
  • 幼児の視力検査に関する一考察(2)早期発見により弱視を救済するために
  • 髙橋 ひとみ,衞藤 隆
  • 桃山学院大学総合研究所紀要 41(1), 1-18, 2015-07
  • NAID 40020555152
  • 前眼部疾患(角膜・結膜疾患,感染症や先天異常を含む) (特集 小児眼科診療のコツと注意点)
  • 中村 葉,外園 千恵
  • Oculista = オクリスタ (28), 23-29, 2015-07
  • NAID 40020547516


What is amblyopia? Amblyopia is decreased vision in one or both eyes due to abnormal development of vision in infancy or childhood. In amblyopia, there may not be an obvious problem of the eye. Vision loss occurs because nerve ...
National Eye Institute, NIH, is dedicated to vision research that saves sight & reduces visual impairment & blindness. ... Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the ...



リンク元弱視」「amblyopic」「lazy eye」「diminished vision





  • 視覚発達の感受性期に視力の発達が抑制されることにより起こる視力障害で、基質障害によるものだけでは説明できないものをいう。
  • 視覚の感受性期は8歳までといわれており、これまでの時期に視覚の発達を妨げる要因を除去しておかなければ不可逆的な視力の低下が生じる。
  • 人の大脳皮質の視覚野の神経回路は生後3ヶ月から2歳頃までが最も視的環境の影響を受けやすく、この時期を視覚発達の臨界期という。これ以降は徐々に視覚の感受性が低下していく。(SOP.288)


=? 視性刺激遮断弱視 ocular stimulus-deprivation amblyopia


  • 視力検査
  • 屈折検査


  • 遮蔽療法:健眼を遮蔽。



  • adj.
  • 弱視の
amblyopiadiminished visionlazy eye

WordNet   license wordnet

「pertaining to a kind of visual impairment without apparent organic pathology」

lazy eye」



amblyopiaamblyopicanisometropic amblyopiadiminished vision

diminished vision」



amblyopiaamblyopiclazy eyelow visionreduced vision