出典: meddic

ノルエピネフリン norepinephrine

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/11/25 14:45:08」(JST)

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  • A preliminary evaluation of synthetic cannabinoid use among adolescent cannabis users: Characteristics and treatment outcomes.
  • Blevins CE1, Banes KE2, Stephens RS2, Walker DD3, Roffman RA3.
  • Addictive behaviors.Addict Behav.2016 Dec;63:114-9. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.07.005. Epub 2016 Jul 8.
  • Little is known regarding the use of synthetic cannabinoids (SC), particularly use among adolescent substance users who may be at higher risk. The present exploratory study seeks to describe SC use and subjective effects among cannabis-using adolescents as well as compare the characteristics of cann
  • PMID 27454353
  • Effects of parental monitoring on alcohol use in the US and Sweden: A brief report.
  • Carroll HA1, Heleniak C2, Witkiewitz K3, Lewis M2, Eakins D2, Staples J2, Andersson C4, Berglund M4, Larimer ME2.
  • Addictive behaviors.Addict Behav.2016 Dec;63:89-92. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.07.014. Epub 2016 Jul 17.
  • OBJECTIVE: Adolescent alcohol use predicts a myriad of negative mental and physical health outcomes including fatality (Midanik, 2004). Research in parental influence on alcohol consumption finds parental monitoring (PM), or knowing where/whom your child is with, is associated with lower levels of a
  • PMID 27450154
  • A case of patulous Eustachian tube associated with dizziness induced by nasal respiration.
  • Kitajima N1, Sugita-Kitajima A2, Kitajima S3.
  • Auris, nasus, larynx.Auris Nasus Larynx.2016 Dec;43(6):702-5. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2016.03.008. Epub 2016 Apr 16.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between Eustachian tube function and inner ear function in patulous Eustachian tube (pET).METHODS: We encountered a patient with pET accompanied by dizziness that was induced by nasal respiration. Eye movements were recorded using video-oculography, and Eusta
  • PMID 27089972


  • Measurement of Electron Density and Electron Temperature in Decaying Arcs Containing Decomposed Gas from Polymer
  • Engineering sciences reports, Kyushu University 37(2), 6-11, 2016-02
  • NAID 120005703599
  • Mass-selected ion beam study on etching characteristics of ZnO by methane-based plasma
  • Nonproliferative and Proliferative Lesions ofthe Gastrointestinal Tract, Pancreas andSalivary Glands of the Rat and Mouse





  [★] ノルアドレナリン



noradrenarine NA
ノルエピネフリン norepinephrin NEノルエピレナミン norepirenamine l‐アルテレノール l‐arterenol、レバルテレノール levarterenol
塩酸ノルエピネフリン norepinephrine hydrochloride
  • MAOCOMTによって代謝される
  • ノルアドレナリン合成阻害薬


ドパミン dopamine
 -ドーパミン β-モノオキシゲナーゼ dopamine β-monoxygenase, dopamine β-odidase
 ←O2 + ビタミンC(アスコルビン酸)
 →H2O + デヒドロアスコルビン酸


  [★] ノルエピネフリン NEノルアドレナリン NA



long interspersed nuclear element, long interspersed nucleotide element, long interspersed element, long interspersed repetitive elements, LINEs, long interspersed repeat sequences
quoted from
  • Long interspersed nuclear elements[8] are a group of genetic elements that are found in large numbers in eukaryotic genomes. They are transcribed (or are the evolutionary remains of what was once transcribed) to an RNA using an RNA polymerase II promoter that resides inside the LINE. LINEs code for the enzyme reverse transcriptase, and many LINEs also code for an endonuclease (e.g. RNase H). The reverse transcriptase has a higher specificity for the LINE RNA than other RNA, and makes a DNA copy of the RNA that can be integrated into the genome at a new site.
  • The 5' UTR contains the promoter sequence, while the 3' UTR contains a polyadenylation signal (AATAAA) and a poly-A tail.[10] Because LINEs move by copying themselves (instead of moving, like transposons do), they enlarge the genome. The human genome, for example, contains about 20,000-40,000 LINEs, which is roughly 21% of the genome.



short interspersed element, short interspersed nuclear element, short interspersed nucleotide element, SINEs

quoted from
  • Short interspersed repetitive elements or Short interspersed nuclear elements[8] are short DNA sequences (<500 bases) that represent reverse-transcribed RNA molecules originally transcribed by RNA polymerase III into tRNA, rRNA, and other small nuclear RNAs. SINEs do not encode a functional reverse transcriptase protein and rely on other mobile elements for transposition. The most common SINEs in primates are called Alu sequences. Alu elements are 280 base pairs long, do not contain any coding sequences, and can be recognized by the restriction enzyme AluI (hence the name). With about 1,500,000 copies, SINEs make up about 13% of the human genome.[11] While historically viewed as "junk DNA", recent research suggests that in some rare cases both LINEs and SINEs were incorporated into novel genes, so as to evolve new functionality. The distribution of these elements has been implicated in some genetic diseases and cancers.


  [★] メチラポン metyrapone




cortisol sodium phosphate



West Nile encephalitis



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