- something or someone that has suffered ruin or dilapidation; "the house was a wreck when they bought it"; "thanks to that quack I am a human wreck"
- a ship that has been destroyed at sea
- suffer failure, as in some enterprise
- a wrecked ship (or a part of one)
- an accident that destroys a ship at sea (同)wreck
- an irretrievable loss; "that was the shipwreck of their romance"
- cause to experience shipwreck; "They were shipwrecked in one of the mysteries at sea"
- destroy a ship; "The vessel was shipwrecked"
- ruin utterly; "You have shipwrecked my career"
- the remaining parts of something that has been wrecked; "they searched the wreckage for signs of survivors"
- destroyed in an accident; "a wrecked ship"; "a highway full of wrecked cars"
- 《しばしば受動態で》〈乗り物など〉‘を'『江破(難破)させる』,破壊する / 《しばしば受動態で》〈人〉‘を'遭難させる / (一般に)…‘を'『だめにする』,台なしにする;取り壊す / 〈U〉(…の)『大破』,破壊,難破;破滅,崩壊《+of+名》 / 〈C〉(乗り物・建物などの)『残がい』 / 〈C〉やせ衰えた人,打ちひしがれた人 / 〈C〉壊れたもの,故障品
- 〈U〉〈C〉難船,難破 / 難破継[の残がい] / 〈U〉(計画などの)破滅,破壊《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈船・人〉‘を'難破(船)させる / …‘を'破壊する,破滅させる / 〈船が〉難破(船)する
- 《集合的に》(船・飛行機などの事故後の)残がい(debris);漂流物 / 大破,破壊,難破;破滅,崩壊
- 難破した / 打ちくだかれた,破滅した
- A multidisciplinary weight of evidence approach for environmental risk assessment at the Costa Concordia wreck: Integrative indices from Mussel Watch.
- Regoli F1, Pellegrini D2, Cicero AM3, Nigro M4, Benedetti M5, Gorbi S5, Fattorini D5, D'Errico G5, Di Carlo M5, Nardi A5, Gaion A2, Scuderi A2, Giuliani S2, Romanelli G3, Berto D6, Trabucco B3, Guidi P4, Bernardeschi M4, Scarcelli V4, Frenzilli G4.Author information 1Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell'Ambiente, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy. Electronic address: email@example.comISPRA, Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale, Livorno, Italy.3ISPRA, Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale, Roma, Italy.4Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Università di Pisa, Italy.5Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell'Ambiente, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy.6ISPRA, Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale, Chioggia, Italy.AbstractA complex framework of chemical, biological and oceanographic activities was immediately activated after the Costa Concordia shipwreck, to assess possible contamination events and the environmental impact during both emergency and wreck removal operations. In the present paper, we describe the results obtained with caged mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis, chosen as bioindicator organisms to detect variations of bioavailability and the early onset of molecular and cellular effects (biomarkers). Seven translocation experiments were carried out during the first year from the incident, with organisms deployed at 2 depths in 3 different sites. After 4-6 weeks, tissue concentrations were measured for the main classes of potentially released chemicals (trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, volatile and aliphatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, halogenated pesticides, organotin compounds, brominated flame retardants, anionic surfactants); a wide battery of biomarkers covered responses indicative of exposure, detoxification, oxidative stress, cell damage and genotoxic effects. Results excluded serious contamination events or a consistent increase of environmental pollution although some episodic spills with reversible effects were detected. Data were elaborated within a quantitative weight of evidence (WOE) model which provided synthetic hazard indices for each typology of data, before their overall integration in an environmental risk index, which generally ranged from slight to moderate. The proposed WOE model was confirmed a useful tool to summarize large datasets of complex data in integrative indices, and to simplify the interpretation for stakeholders and decision makers, thus supporting a more comprehensive process of "site-oriented" management decisions.
- Marine environmental research.Mar Environ Res.2014 May;96:92-104. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2013.09.016. Epub 2013 Oct 3.
- A complex framework of chemical, biological and oceanographic activities was immediately activated after the Costa Concordia shipwreck, to assess possible contamination events and the environmental impact during both emergency and wreck removal operations. In the present paper, we describe the resul
- PMID 24144855
- Sulfur and iron accumulation in three marine-archaeological shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea: The Ghost, the Crown and the Sword.
- Fors Y1, Grudd H2, Rindby A3, Jalilehvand F4, Sandström M5, Cato I6, Bornmalm L7.Author information 1Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.2Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Sweden.3Cox Analytical Systems, Mölndal, Sweden.4Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, Canada.5Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University, Sweden.6Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, and Geological Survey of Sweden.7Department of Earth Sciences and Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.AbstractSulfur and iron concentrations in wood from three 17(th) century shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, the Ghost wreck, the Crown and the Sword, were obtained by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) scanning. In near anaerobic environments symbiotic microorganisms degrade waterlogged wood, reduce sulfate and promote accumulation of low-valent sulfur compounds, as previously found for the famous wrecks of the Vasa and Mary Rose. Sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analyses of Ghost wreck wood show that organic thiols and disulfides dominate, together with elemental sulfur probably generated by sulfur-oxidizing Beggiatoa bacteria. Iron sulfides were not detected, consistent with the relatively low iron concentration in the wood. In a museum climate with high atmospheric humidity oxidation processes, especially of iron sulfides formed in the presence of corroding iron, may induce post-conservation wood degradation. Subject to more general confirmation by further analyses no severe conservation concerns are expected for the Ghost wreck wood.
- Scientific reports.Sci Rep.2014 Feb 27;4:4222. doi: 10.1038/srep04222.
- Sulfur and iron concentrations in wood from three 17(th) century shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, the Ghost wreck, the Crown and the Sword, were obtained by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) scanning. In near anaerobic environments symbiotic microorganisms degrade waterlogged wood, reduce sulfate and promote ac
- PMID 24573214
- Formation of membrane ridges and scallops by the F-BAR protein Nervous Wreck.
- Becalska AN1, Kelley CF, Berciu C, Stanishneva-Konovalova TB, Fu X, Wang S, Sokolova OS, Nicastro D, Rodal AA.Author information 1Rosenstiel Basic Medical Sciences Research Center, Department of Biology, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454, USA.AbstractEukaryotic cells are defined by extensive intracellular compartmentalization, which requires dynamic membrane remodeling. FER/Cip4 homology-Bin/amphiphysin/Rvs (F-BAR) domain family proteins form crescent-shaped dimers, which can bend membranes into buds and tubules of defined geometry and lipid composition. However, these proteins exhibit an unexplained wide diversity of membrane-deforming activities in vitro and functions in vivo. We find that the F-BAR domain of the neuronal protein Nervous Wreck (Nwk) has a novel higher-order structure and membrane-deforming activity that distinguishes it from previously described F-BAR proteins. The Nwk F-BAR domain assembles into zigzags, creating ridges and periodic scallops on membranes in vitro. This activity depends on structural determinants at the tips of the F-BAR dimer and on electrostatic interactions of the membrane with the F-BAR concave surface. In cells, Nwk-induced scallops can be extended by cytoskeletal forces to produce protrusions at the plasma membrane. Our results define a new F-BAR membrane-deforming activity and illustrate a molecular mechanism by which positively curved F-BAR domains can produce a variety of membrane curvatures. These findings expand the repertoire of F-BAR domain mediated membrane deformation and suggest that unique modes of higher-order assembly can define how these proteins sculpt the membrane.
- Molecular biology of the cell.Mol Biol Cell.2013 Aug;24(15):2406-18. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E13-05-0271. Epub 2013 Jun 12.
- Eukaryotic cells are defined by extensive intracellular compartmentalization, which requires dynamic membrane remodeling. FER/Cip4 homology-Bin/amphiphysin/Rvs (F-BAR) domain family proteins form crescent-shaped dimers, which can bend membranes into buds and tubules of defined geometry and lipid com
- PMID 23761074
- Nadeau BL.
- Scientific American.Sci Am.2013 Aug;309(2):80-3.
- PMID 23923212
- 共同海損 : 海運・海上輸送におけるリスクマネジメントに関する一考察
- 髙﨑 亨,タカサキ トオル,高崎 亨,Takasaki Tohru,Takasaki Toru
- 同志社政策科学院生論集 2, 1-12, 2013-01-10
- … A risk of taking up in this paper says the possibility of damage generating accompanying the occurrence of a wreck at sea. … A general average is the international risk management technique which exists with the history of a wreck at sea and is used from B.C. …
- NAID 120005223126
- 山田 泰広
- アカデミア. 文学・語学編 : Journal of the Nanzan Academic Society (93), 107-120, 2013-01
- NAID 40019647247
- wreckとは。意味や和訳。[名]1 [U][C]破損，破壊；難破，海難save a ship from wreck船を難破から救う.2 壊れたもの，難破船，残骸(ざんがい)；難破船の漂着[漂流]物The remains of a wreck were washed ashore.難破船の漂流物が ...
- wreck 【自動】 〔物が〕壊れる 〔船が〕難破する 【他動】 〔故意に物を〕壊す... - アルクがお届けする進化するオンライン英和・和英辞書データベース。一般的な単語や連語から、イディオム、専門用語、スラングまで幅広く収録。
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