- a situation in golf where an opponents ball blocks the line between your ball and the hole (同)stymy
- a thwarting and distressing situation (同)stymy
- (ゴルフの)スタイミー(相手のボールが自分のボールとホール線上にある状態) / 〈相手・ボール・自分〉‘を'スタイミーの位置にする / …‘の'じゃまをする,妨害する
- Legal briefing: Shared decision making and patient decision aids.
- Pope TM, Hexum M.Author information Health Law Institute, Hamline University School of Law, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA. email@example.comAbstractThis "Legal Briefing" column covers recent legal developments involving patient decision aids.This topic has been the subject of recent articles in JCE. It is included in the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. And it has received significant attention in the biomedical literature, including a new book, a thematic issue of Health Affairs, and a recent article in the New England Journal of Medicine. Moreover, physicians and health systems across the United States are increasingly integrating decision aids into their clinical practice. Both federal and state laws play a significant role in promoting this expanded use. On the other hand, concerns about liability could stymie development and implementation. We categorize legal developments concerning patient decision aids into the following five sections: 1. Development of decision aids. 2. Effectiveness of decision aids. 3. Federal regulation of decision aids. 4. State regulation of decision aids. 5. Legal concerns regarding decision aids.
- The Journal of clinical ethics.J Clin Ethics.2013 Spring;24(1):70-80.
- This "Legal Briefing" column covers recent legal developments involving patient decision aids.This topic has been the subject of recent articles in JCE. It is included in the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. And it has received significant attention in the biomedical literature, incl
- PMID 23631339
- The Limits of Corporate Social Responsibility: Techniques of Neutralization, Stakeholder Management and Political CSR.
- Fooks G, Gilmore A, Collin J, Holden C, Lee K.Author information Department of Health, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK.AbstractSince scholarly interest in corporate social responsibility (CSR) has primarily focused on the synergies between social and economic performance, our understanding of how (and the conditions under which) companies use CSR to produce policy outcomes that work against public welfare has remained comparatively under-developed. In particular, little is known about how corporate decision-makers privately reconcile the conflicts between public and private interests, even though this is likely to be relevant to understanding the limitations of CSR as a means of aligning business activity with the broader public interest. This study addresses this issue using internal tobacco industry documents to explore British-American Tobacco's (BAT) thinking on CSR and its effects on the company's CSR Programme. The article presents a three-stage model of CSR development, based on Sykes and Matza's theory of techniques of neutralization, which links together: how BAT managers made sense of the company's declining political authority in the mid-1990s; how they subsequently justified the use of CSR as a tool of stakeholder management aimed at diffusing the political impact of public health advocates by breaking up political constituencies working towards evidence-based tobacco regulation; and how CSR works ideologically to shape stakeholders' perceptions of the relative merits of competing approaches to tobacco control. Our analysis has three implications for research and practice. First, it underlines the importance of approaching corporate managers' public comments on CSR critically and situating them in their economic, political and historical contexts. Second, it illustrates the importance of focusing on the political aims and effects of CSR. Third, by showing how CSR practices are used to stymie evidence-based government regulation, the article underlines the importance of highlighting and developing matrices to assess the negative social impacts of CSR.
- Journal of business ethics : JBE.J Bus Ethics.2013 Jan;112(2):283-299.
- Since scholarly interest in corporate social responsibility (CSR) has primarily focused on the synergies between social and economic performance, our understanding of how (and the conditions under which) companies use CSR to produce policy outcomes that work against public welfare has remained compa
- PMID 23997379
- The importance of infrastructure development to high-quality literacy instruction.
- Cohen DK, Bhatt MP.Author information University of Michigan, USA.AbstractAlthough the education community has identified numerous effective interventions for improving the literacy of U.S. schoolchildren, little headway has been made in raising literacy capabilities. David K. Cohen and Monica P. Bhatt, of the University of Michigan, contend that a major obstacle is the organizational structure of the U.S. education system. Three features in particular--the lack of educational infrastructure, a decentralized governance system, and the organization of teaching as an occupation--stymie efforts to improve literacy instruction. The authors emphasize that the education system in the United States has always been a patchwork of local school systems that share no common curricula, student examinations, teacher education, or means of observing and improving instruction. Although localities have broad powers over education, few have built the capability to judge or support quality in educational programs. The quality criteria that have developed chiefly concern teachers, not teaching. The decentralization and weak governance of U.S. schooling also deprives teachers of opportunities to build the occupational knowledge and skill that can inform standards for the quality of work, in this case instruction. And, unlike practitioners in other professions teachers have little opportunity to try to strengthen teaching quality by setting standards for entry to the occupation. Cohen and Bhatt review six types of organizational reforms undertaken over the past several decades to improve literacy and other academic outcomes for U.S. students. After briefly describing accountability, comprehensive school reforms, knowledge diffusion, improvement of human capital, and market-based reforms, the authors turn to the Common Core State Standards, an effort initiated by state governors and school leaders to raise student achievement. The authors conclude that the fundamental question about the Common Core, as with the other reforms they discuss, is whether educators and policy makers can mobilize the capability to help states and localities invent, adapt, and implement reliable ways to improve instruction.
- The Future of children / Center for the Future of Children, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation.Future Child.2012 Fall;22(2):117-38.
- Although the education community has identified numerous effective interventions for improving the literacy of U.S. schoolchildren, little headway has been made in raising literacy capabilities. David K. Cohen and Monica P. Bhatt, of the University of Michigan, contend that a major obstacle is the o
- PMID 23057134
- 'Devastating impact'. Budget cuts could stymie user-fee deals, cost jobs.
- Lee J.
- Modern healthcare.Mod Healthc.2012 Sep 24;42(39):8-9.
- PMID 23163193
- 儒教とアジアの政治 : 中国が「民主主義」という表現を使う理由 (特集 儒教文化とアジアの政治体制)
- stymieとは。意味や和訳。[名]1 ゴルフスタイミー：球とホールの間に障害物のある状態.2 ((略式))困難な障害[状況，問題]. [動](他)1 ゴルフ((通例～ -self))スタイミーの状態にする.2 ((通例受身))((略式))…をじゃまする，挫折(ざせつ ...
- Stymie allows bystanders to send anonymous notifications to Your School, about someone who they believe is being bullied. Menu Home What is Stymie? The Stymie Story Copyright Make a Notification I'm a Student I'm a Parent I ...
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