- a contestant who loses the contest (同)also-ran
- a gambler who loses a bet
- (baseball) a relief pitcher who can protect a lead in the last inning or two of the game (同)finisher
- a person who closes something; "whoever is the closer has to turn out the lights and lock up"
- an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus
- suffer the loss of a person through death or removal; "She lost her husband in the war"; "The couple that wanted to adopt the child lost her when the biological parents claimed her"
- fail to make money in a business; make a loss or fail to profit; "I lost thousands of dollars on that bad investment!"; "The company turned a loss after the first year" (同)turn a loss
- allow to go out of sight; "The detective lost the man he was shadowing after he had to stop at a red light"
- fail to get or obtain; "I lost the opportunity to spend a year abroad"
- fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have, either physically or in an abstract sense; "She lost her purse when she left it unattended on her seat"
- fail to win; "We lost the battle but we won the war"
- miss from ones possessions; lose sight of; "Ive lost my glasses again!"
- 〈物〉‘を'『失う』,なくす,〈人・道など〉‘を'見失う,〈仕事・権利・命など》‘を'失う / 《『lose』+『名』+『名』》〈物事が〉〈人〉‘に'…‘を'失わさせる / 〈勝負事・訴訟・戦争など〉‘に'『負ける』 / …‘を'『保つことができなくなる』 / …‘を'免れる,脱する / …‘を'『逃す』,むだにする / 〈時計が〉〈ある時間〉‘だけ'『遅れる』 / (…で)損をする,(…を)失う《+『in』(『on』)+『名』》 / (試合・ゲームなどで)負ける《+『in』+『名』》 / 〈時計が〉遅れる
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- Empirical Bayes estimation of the selected treatment mean for two-stage drop-the-loser trials: a meta-analytic approach.
- Bowden J, Brannath W, Glimm E.Author information MRC Biostatistics Unit Hub for Trials Methodology Research, Cambridge, U.K.AbstractPoint estimation for the selected treatment in a two-stage drop-the-loser trial is not straightforward because a substantial bias can be induced in the standard maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) through the first stage selection process. Research has generally focused on alternative estimation strategies that apply a bias correction to the MLE; however, such estimators can have a large mean squared error. Carreras and Brannath (Stat. Med. 32:1677-90) have recently proposed using a special form of shrinkage estimation in this context. Given certain assumptions, their estimator is shown to dominate the MLE in terms of mean squared error loss, which provides a very powerful argument for its use in practice. In this paper, we suggest the use of a more general form of shrinkage estimation in drop-the-loser trials that has parallels with model fitting in the area of meta-analysis. Several estimators are identified and are shown to perform favourably to Carreras and Brannath's original estimator and the MLE. However, they necessitate either explicit estimation of an additional parameter measuring the heterogeneity between treatment effects or a quite unnatural prior distribution for the treatment effects that can only be specified after the first stage data has been observed. Shrinkage methods are a powerful tool for accurately quantifying treatment effects in multi-arm clinical trials, and further research is needed to understand how to maximise their utility. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
- Statistics in medicine.Stat Med.2014 Feb 10;33(3):388-400. doi: 10.1002/sim.5920. Epub 2013 Jul 22.
- Point estimation for the selected treatment in a two-stage drop-the-loser trial is not straightforward because a substantial bias can be induced in the standard maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) through the first stage selection process. Research has generally focused on alternative estimation strat
- PMID 23873666
- Marginal bone loss as success criterion in implant dentistry: beyond 2 mm.
- Galindo-Moreno P, León-Cano A, Ortega-Oller I, Monje A, O Valle F, Catena A.Author information Oral Surgery and Implant Dentistry Department, School of Dentistry, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.AbstractAIM: The aim of this study was to analyze marginal bone loss (MBL) rates around implants to establish the difference between physiological bone loss and bone loss due to peri-implantitis.
- Clinical oral implants research.Clin Oral Implants Res.2014 Jan 3. doi: 10.1111/clr.12324. [Epub ahead of print]
- AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze marginal bone loss (MBL) rates around implants to establish the difference between physiological bone loss and bone loss due to peri-implantitis.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred and eight implants were placed in the posterior maxilla in 208 patients. Data
- PMID 24383987
- Effects of age and experience on contest behavior in the burying beetle, Nicrophorus vespilloides.
- Lee VE1, Head ML2, Carter MJ1, Royle NJ1.Author information 1aCentre for Ecology and Conservation, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus , Treliever Road, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ , UK and.2Division of Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology , The Australian National University, Acton, ACT 0200 , Australia.AbstractContest behavior forms an important part of reproductive investment. Life-history theory predicts that as individuals age and their residual reproductive value decreases, they should increase investment in contest behavior. However, other factors such as social experience may also be important in determining age-related variation in contest behavior. To understand how selection acts on contest behavior over an individual's lifetime, it is therefore important to tease apart the effects of age per se from other factors that may vary with age. Here, we independently manipulate male age and social experience to examine their effects on male contest behavior in the burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides. We found that social experience, but not age, influenced male contest behavior but that these changes in behavior did not alter contest outcomes. Male size (relative to his opponent) was overwhelmingly the most important factor determining contest outcome. Our results suggest that in systems with high variation in fighting ability among males, there may be little opportunity for selection to act on factors that influence contest outcomes by altering motivation to win.
- Behavioral ecology : official journal of the International Society for Behavioral Ecology.Behav Ecol.2014 Jan;25(1):172-179. Epub 2013 Nov 8.
- Contest behavior forms an important part of reproductive investment. Life-history theory predicts that as individuals age and their residual reproductive value decreases, they should increase investment in contest behavior. However, other factors such as social experience may also be important in de
- PMID 24347998
- 野中 康生
- 経済系 : 関東学院大学経済学会研究論集 262, 53-63, 2015-01
- 本論文は私的価値財のネットオークションにおける「敗者の呪い」について考察する。現実のオークション市場では,入札者が対象商品の真の価値より高い価格で落札してしまう,「勝者の呪い」という問題が知られている。一方で,入札者が過小な入札によって落札による利益を獲得損ねる問題,いわゆる「敗者の呪い」がある。本論文では,執筆者の担当科目で履修学生を対象に実施している模擬オークションの結果を用い,対象商品の真の …
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- The Relationships between the Normative Performance Profiles and the Winning of Sets in Women's Singles Matches of Professional Tennis
- Takahashi Hiroo,Murakami Shunsuke,Kitamura Tetsu,Wada Tomohito,Maeda Akira
- International Journal of Sport and Health Science advpub(0), 2015
- … The difference of the total sum of percentile values between winner and loser significantly depends on types of set scores. …
- NAID 130005071419
- ディプタラマ,成澤 和志,篠原 歩
- 情報処理学会論文誌 55(11), 2344-2352, 2014-11-15
- … We analyze the property of the game and decide whether animals are winner, loser or draw for each game. …
- NAID 110009843040
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