- an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
- thin in diameter; resembling a thread (同)filiform, filamentlike, threadlike, thready
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- Microbial lectins and their prospective mitogenic potential.
- Singh RS1, Walia AK.Author information 1Carbohydrate and Protein Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Punjabi University , Patiala 147 002, Punjab , India.AbstractThe binding of mitogenic lectins to the glycoconjugates on cell surface receptor triggers multitude of reactions involving different signal transduction pathways which ultimately results in cell proliferation. Since 1960 after the chance discovery of mitogenic property of lectins by Nowell, it has attracted more attention. The property of stimulation of mature lymphocytes aided the immunological investigations to study and analyse the mechanism of cell stimulation and division. Plant lectins are extensively studied for mitogenic activity and their widespread applications are also reported. During the past two decades, the study of biological properties of microbial lectins has increased tremendously. Their biological activities including mitogenic potential are equally applicable as that of plant lectins. The review mainly focuses on mitogenic potential of microbial lectins. It will provide a comprehensive view regarding distribution of this remarkable property among microbes including algae, fungi and bacteria, mechanisms and models of mitogenic stimulation, and also assays being employed to detect the mitogenic activity.
- Critical reviews in microbiology.Crit Rev Microbiol.2014 Nov;40(4):329-47. doi: 10.3109/1040841X.2012.733680. Epub 2012 Dec 6.
- The binding of mitogenic lectins to the glycoconjugates on cell surface receptor triggers multitude of reactions involving different signal transduction pathways which ultimately results in cell proliferation. Since 1960 after the chance discovery of mitogenic property of lectins by Nowell, it has a
- PMID 23215777
- An important role of carotenoids in protection of photosynthetic apparatus under VAM inoculation on Momordica charantia.
- Azmat R.Author information Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan. email@example.com.AbstractThe effect of mixed inoculums of VAM (Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizas) fungi on seed growth and photosynthetic apparatus in green house was monitored. The plants were watered daily with tap water. Plants were cultivated in natural environment in mid of March (2011). A direct relation between root length and water contents suggests a defense mechanism of MP (microrihzal plants) against the fungal stress. It was also supported by the fact that the leaf area of MP was much greater as compared to the NMP (non microrihzal plants) with elevated concentration of all chlorophyllus pigments in 30 days. An increase in the surface area of the leaf and concentration of the pigments, may be for an acceleration in absorption of CO₂ for reduction of it into glucose through oxidation of water molecule. The non-significant decline in glucose contents support the above hypothesis of rapid redox reaction mechanism which was established to overcome the stress. The positive effects of mycorrhizal which were already mentioned in the literature were reported in this article in relations of survival strategies of the plant, adapted in stress conditions. An increase in the chlorophyll contents (30 d) and leaf area of plants possibly attributed with absorption of solar radiation for the protection of plants. It was also supported by the higher concentration of carotenoids (30 d) that may have an additional function of regulation of certain developmental responses and screening of light to save the plants from stress conditions.
- Current pharmaceutical biotechnology.Curr Pharm Biotechnol.2014 Oct;14(9):829-34.
- The effect of mixed inoculums of VAM (Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizas) fungi on seed growth and photosynthetic apparatus in green house was monitored. The plants were watered daily with tap water. Plants were cultivated in natural environment in mid of March (2011). A direct relation between root l
- PMID 24372263
- Indoor fungal contamination: health risks and measurement methods in hospitals, homes and workplaces.
- Méheust D1, Le Cann P, Reboux G, Millon L, Gangneux JP.Author information 1INSERM, U1085-IRSET , F-35043 Rennes , France .AbstractIndoor fungal contamination has been associated with a wide range of adverse health effects, including infectious diseases, toxic effects and allergies. The diversity of fungi contributes to the complex role that they play in indoor environments and human diseases. Molds have a major impact on public health, and can cause different consequences in hospitals, homes and workplaces. This review presents the methods used to assess fungal contamination in these various environments, and discusses advantages and disadvantages for each method in consideration with different health risks. Air, dust and surface sampling strategies are compared, as well as the limits of various methods are used to detect and quantify fungal particles and fungal compounds. In addition to conventional microscopic and culture approaches, more recent chemical, immunoassay and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods are described. This article also identifies common needs for future multidisciplinary research and development projects in this field, with specific interests on viable fungi and fungal fragment detections. The determination of fungal load and the detection of species in environmental samples greatly depend on the strategy of sampling and analysis. Quantitative PCR was found useful to identify associations between specific fungi and common diseases. The next-generation sequencing methods may afford new perspectives in this area.
- Critical reviews in microbiology.Crit Rev Microbiol.2014 Aug;40(3):248-60. doi: 10.3109/1040841X.2013.777687. Epub 2013 Apr 16.
- Indoor fungal contamination has been associated with a wide range of adverse health effects, including infectious diseases, toxic effects and allergies. The diversity of fungi contributes to the complex role that they play in indoor environments and human diseases. Molds have a major impact on publi
- PMID 23586944
- Isolation of Aromatic Compounds Produced by Eurotium herbariorum NU-2 from Karebushi, a Katsuobushi, and their DPPH-Radical Scavenging Activities
- Miyake Yoshiaki,Ito Chihiro,Kimura Takuya,Suzuki Ayaka,Nishida Yoshio,Itoigawa Masataka
- Food Science and Technology Research 20(1), 139-146, 2014
- … herbariorum NU-2 exhibited high radical scavenging activity compared to other filamentous fungi from katsuobushi, and also contained higher levels of isoechinulin B (C1), echinulin (C5), tetrahydroauroglaucin (D1), and flavoglaucin (D3). … The concentration of tetrahydroauroglaucin (D1) in the filamentous fungus extract was highly correlated with the radical scavenging activity. …
- NAID 130003392430
- Transgenic tobacco and tomato plants expressing Wasabi defensin genes driven by root-specific LjNRT2 and AtNRT2.1 promoters confer resistance against Fusarium oxysporum
- Kong Kynet,Ntui Valentine Otang,Makabe So,Khan Raham Sher,Mii Masahiro,Nakamura Ikuo
- Plant Biotechnology, 2014
- … Wasabi defensin (WD) gene (0.5 kb) consists of cysteine-rich peptides that show potent growth inhibition of pathogenic filamentous fungi, such as Botrytis cinerea. … In a bioassay for resistance to Fusarium oxysporum, all transgenic plants showed increased resistance to the fungus as compared to non-transformed plants. …
- NAID 130003391374
- Characterization of a trifunctional fatty acid desaturase from oleaginous filamentous fungus Mortierella alpina 1S-4 using a yeast expression system.
- Kikukawa Hiroshi,Sakuradani Eiji,Kishino Shigenobu [他],Park Si-Bum,Ando Akinori,Shima Jun,Ochiai Misa,Shimizu Sakayu,Ogawa Jun
- Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 116(6), 672-676, 2013-12
- A ω3-fatty acid desaturase gene (maw3) which is involved in biosynthesis of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) was previously isolated from Mortierella alpina 1S-4. In this report, we investigate …
- NAID 120005351860
- Contributors describe the basics, then delineate the role of oxidative stress with different model systems, including retrograde response to oxidative stress and cellular senescence and oxidative stress in filamentous fungus, budding ...
- Résultats pour "Filamentous fungus" sur Internet, dans les universités et dans les œuvres littéraires cyclopaedia.net ... Animals and plants rule the world - or do they? A cup of seawater contains 100 million cells which are preyed ...
- filamentous fungus, filamentous fungi, mold mould
- filamentous fungus