- trace a line through or across; "cross your `t"
- any affliction that causes great suffering; "that is his cross to bear"; "he bears his afflictions like a crown of thorns" (同)crown_of_thorns
- a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece
- extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis; "cross members should be all steel"; "from the transverse hall the stairway ascends gracefully"; "transversal vibrations"; "transverse colon" (同)transverse, transversal, thwartwise
- to cover or extend over an area or time period; "Rivers traverse the valley floor", "The parking lot spans 3 acres"; "The novel spans three centuries" (同)traverse, span, sweep
- fold so as to resemble a cross; "she crossed her legs"
- meet and pass; "the trains crossed"
- something resembling a bridge in form or function; "his letters provided a bridge across the centuries"
- make a bridge across; "bridge a river"
- a circuit consisting of two branches (4 arms arranged in a diamond configuration) across which a meter is connected (同)bridge circuit
- an upper deck where a ship is steered and the captain stands (同)bridge deck
- a denture anchored to teeth on either side of missing teeth (同)bridgework
- the link between two lenses; rests on the nose (同)nosepiece
- a structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as a river or canal or railway etc. (同)span
- a wooden support that holds the strings up
- any of various card games based on whist for four players
- the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose; "her glasses left marks on the bridge of her nose"
- connect or reduce the distance between (同)bridge over
- cross over on a bridge
- a path (often marked) where something (as a street or railroad) can be crossed to get from one side to the other (同)crosswalk, crossover
- a voyage across a body of water (usually across the Atlantic Ocean)
- traveling across
- a point where two lines (paths or arcs etc.) intersect
- a belief that can guide behavior; "the architect has a theory that more is less"; "they killed him on the theory that dead men tell no tales"
- a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena; "theories can incorporate facts and laws and tested hypothes
- placed crosswise; "spoken with a straight face but crossed fingers"; "crossed forks"; "seated with arms across"
- (of a check) marked for deposit only as indicated by having two lines drawn across it
- 〈C〉(昔,罪人のはりつけの刑に用いた)『十字架』 / 《the C-》キリストがはりつけになった十字架;キリスト教の象徴としての十字架 / 〈C〉十字(キリスト教徒が右手で切る) / 〈C〉イエスのために耐える苦しみ,受難 / 〈C〉十字架像;(紋章などの)十字形 / 〈C〉キリスト教信仰;《集合的に》キリスト教徒 / 〈C〉十字記号(crisscross)(+または×) / 〈C〉《修飾語を伴って》十字勲章 / 《『the Cross』》南十字星(the Southern Cross) / 〈C〉(動物・植物の)(…間の)異種交配;雑種《+『between』+『名』+『and』+『名』》 / 〈C〉(ボクシングの)クロスパンチ / (信仰のしるしとして)〈人・自分〉‘に'『十字を切る』 / …'を'『交差させる』(『する』) / …‘に'『交差させて線を引く』;《英》〈小切手〉‘に'線引きする;…'を'横線(×印)をつけて消す《+『名』+『out』(『off』),+『out』(『off』)+『名』》 / …'を'『横切る』,横断する,渡る / 〈心〉'を'よぎる,‘に'ふと浮かぶ / …‘と'すれ違う,行き違う / …'を'妨げる,‘の'じゃまをする / …'を'交配する / 『交差する』,交わる / (…へ)『横切る』,渡る《+『over to』+『名』》 / すれ違いになる / 〈動物・植物が〉交配する,雑種になる / おこりっぽい,ふきげんな / (風が)反対の / 十文字に交差した,横切った
- 橋 / 船橋,艦橋 / 鼻柱 / (めがねの)ブリッジ(2つのレンズを接続し鼻の上にのせる部分) / (弦楽器の)こま / ブリッジ(隣接する歯に両端を固定した義歯) / 〈川・道路・線路など〉‘に'橋渡しをする,‘を'連結する
- 横断,横切ること;渡航 / 交差点,十字路;踏切,《英》横断歩道(《米》crosswalk),(河川・水路の)横断場所 / 異種交配(crossbreeding)
- 〈C〉(…の)(学問的な)『理論』,学説《+of+名》 / 〈C〉〈U〉(…の実地に対する)『理論』《+of+名》 / 〈C〉(…という)『推測』,憶測;見解,孝え《+that節》
- (十字形に)交差した / 十字を引いてある,線引きの
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- Dynamics of cross-bridge cycling, ATP hydrolysis, force generation, and deformation in cardiac muscle.
- Tewari SG1, Bugenhagen SM2, Palmer BM3, Beard DA4.
- Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology.J Mol Cell Cardiol.2015 Feb 11. pii: S0022-2828(15)00043-7. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2015.02.006. [Epub ahead of print]
- Despite extensive study over the past six decades the coupling of chemical reaction and mechanical processes in muscle dynamics is not well understood. We lack a theoretical description of how chemical processes (metabolite binding, ATP hydrolysis) influence and are influenced by mechanical processe
- PMID 25681584
- Decay of force transients following active stretch is slower in older than young men: support for a structural mechanism contributing to residual force enhancement in old age.
- Power GA1, Herzog W2, Rice CL3.
- Journal of biomechanics.J Biomech.2014 Oct 17;47(13):3423-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.08.026. Epub 2014 Sep 8.
- Following active lengthening of muscle, force reaches an isometric steady state above that which would be achieved for a purely isometric contraction at the same muscle length. This fundamental property of muscle, termed "residual force enhancement (RFE)," cannot be predicted by the force-length rel
- PMID 25242133
- Titin force is enhanced in actively stretched skeletal muscle.
- Powers K1, Schappacher-Tilp G2, Jinha A1, Leonard T1, Nishikawa K3, Herzog W4.
- The Journal of experimental biology.J Exp Biol.2014 Oct 15;217(Pt 20):3629-36. doi: 10.1242/jeb.105361. Epub 2014 Aug 21.
- The sliding filament theory of muscle contraction is widely accepted as the means by which muscles generate force during activation. Within the constraints of this theory, isometric, steady-state force produced during muscle activation is proportional to the amount of filament overlap. Previous stud
- PMID 25147246
- Modeling dynamic contraction of muscle using the cross-bridge theory
- Distribution of cross-bridges in isometrically contracting muscle: Its deduction from the huxley-simmons theory and the effect of filament elasticity.
- TAMEYASU Tsukasa
- The Japanese Journal of Physiology 39(1), 191-197, 1989
- … The author attempted to deduce a possible cross-bridge (XB) distribution as a function of x, the amount of stretch of the XB, by applying the Huxley-Simmons theory with their recent experimental data to a steady isometric contraction. … I found no XB distribution which satisfied at once the Huxley-Simmons theory, their data and observations in muscle energetics and biochemistry. …
- NAID 130003477384
- Force-velocity relation and contractility in striated muscles.
- 真島 英信
- The Japanese Journal of Physiology 34(1), 1-17, 1984
- … After the development of the sliding filament theory, Hill's equation was generalized to all partially activated isometric tensions and the meaning of Hill's dynamic constants was interpreted from the kinetic analysis of the cross-bridge cycle. …
- NAID 130003477048
- cross-bridge theory (kraws brij thēŏ-rē) Concept that during muscular contraction a bond forms linking thin (e.g., actin) and thick (e.g., myosin) filaments. ... Disclaimer All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus ...
- Definition The cross-bridge theory of muscle contraction states how force is produced, and how the filaments actin and myosin are moved relative to each other to produce muscle shortening. In the cross-bridge theory, sidepieces that ...
- cross-bridge theory
- crossbred、crossbreeding、crossing、crossing over、crosslink、crossreact、decussation、hybridization、hybridize、intersect、intersection、pass、pass through、passage、transect、transit、transversal、transverse