- competing interest
- excite the curiosity of; engage the interest of
- (law) a right or legal share of something; a financial involvement with something; "they have interests all over the world"; "a stake in the companys future" (同)stake
- a fixed charge for borrowing money; usually a percentage of the amount borrowed; "how much interest do you pay on your mortgage?"
- (usually plural) a social group whose members control some field of activity and who have common aims; "the iron interests stepped up production" (同)interest_group
- the power of attracting or holding ones attention (because it is unusual or exciting etc.); "they said nothing of great interest"; "primary colors can add interest to a room" (同)interestingness
- a sense of concern with and curiosity about someone or something; "an interest in music" (同)involvement
- be in conflict; "The two proposals conflict!"
- a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests; "his conflict of interest made him ineligible for the post"; "a conflict of loyalties"
- opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot); "this form of conflict is essential to Manns writing"
- an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals); "the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph"--Thomas Paine; "police tried to control the battle between the pro- and anti-abortion mobs" (同)struggle, battle
- an incompatibility of dates or events; "he noticed a conflict in the dates of the two meetings"
- opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings; "he was immobilized by conflict and indecision"
- go against, as of rules and laws; "He ran afoul of the law"; "This behavior conflicts with our rules" (同)run afoul, infringe, contravene
- having or showing interest; especially curiosity or fascination or concern; "an interested audience"; "interested in sports"; "was interested to hear about her family"; "interested in knowing who was on the telephone"; "interested spectators"
- arousing or holding the attention
- (人・物事に対する)『興味』,『関心』《+『in』+『名』(do『ing』)》 / 〈C〉『関心事』,興味のまと / 〈U〉興味をそそる(関心を引く)力 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》『利益』,ため / (利益などにあずかる)権利;所有権,利権 / 〈U〉(借金などの)『利子』 / 《しばしば複数形で》《集合的に》同業者たち,関係者たち / (…に)〈人〉‘に'『興味を持たせる』,関心を起こさらる《+『名』+『in』+『名』(do『ing』)》 / (…に)〈人〉‘を'関係させる,‘に'関心を持たせる《+『名』〈人〉+『in』+『名』(do『ing』)》
- (比較的長期にわたる)(…との)『争い』,闘争,戦闘《+『with』+『名』》 / (意見・利害などの)(…との)『衝突』,矛盾,食い違い《+『of』+『名』+『with』+『名』》 / (…と)『争う』《+『with』+『名』》 / (…と)衝突する,矛盾する,両立しない《+『with』+『名』》
- 《所有・所属》…『の』,…のものである,…に属する・《材料・要素》…『でできた』,から成る・《部分》…『の』[『中の』] ・《数量・単位・種類を表す名詞に付いて》…の・《原因・動機》…『で』,のために(because of) ・《主格関係》…『の』,による,によって・《目的格関係》…『を』,の・《同格関係》…『という』・《関係・関連》…『についての』[『の』],の点で・《抽象名詞などと共に》…の[性質をもつ] ・《『It is』+『形』+『of』+『名』+『to』 doの形で,ofの後の名詞を意味上の主語として》・《分離》…『から』・《起原・出所》…『から』[『の』](out of) ・《『名』+『of』+『a』(『an』)+『名』の形で》…のような・《『名』+『of』+『mine』(『yours, his』など独立所有格)の形で》…の…・《時》(1)《副詞句を作って》…に《形容詞句を作って》…の・《時刻》《米》…前(to,《米》before)
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- Simulation of safety: A review of the state of the art in road safety simulation modelling.
- Young W1, Sobhani A2, Lenné MG3, Sarvi M4.Author information 1Institute of Transport Studies, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. Electronic address: Bill.Young@monash.edu.2Institute of Transport Studies, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. Electronic address: Amir.Sobhani@monash.edu.3Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. Electronic address: Michael.Lenne@monash.edu.4Institute of Transport Studies, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. Electronic address: Majid.Sarvi@monash.edu.AbstractRecent decades have seen considerable growth in computer capabilities, data collection technology and communication mediums. This growth has had considerable impact on our ability to replicate driver behaviour and understand the processes involved in failures in the traffic system. From time to time it is necessary to assess the level of development as a basis of determining how far we have come. This paper sets out to assess the state of the art in the use of computer models to simulate and assess the level of safety in existing and future traffic systems. It reviews developments in the area of road safety simulation models. In particular, it reviews computer models of driver and vehicle behaviour within a road context. It focuses on stochastic numerical models of traffic behaviour and how reliable these are in estimating levels of safety on the traffic network. Models of this type are commonly used in the assessment of traffic systems for capacity, delay and general performance. Adding safety to this assessment regime may allow more comprehensive assessment of future traffic systems. To date the models have focused primarily on vehicular traffic that is, cars and heavy vehicles. It has been shown that these models have potential in measuring the level of conflict on parts of the network and the measure of conflict correlated well with crash statistics. Interest in the prediction of crashes and crash severity is growing and new models are focusing on the continuum of general traffic conditions, conflict, severe conflict, crash and severe crashes. The paper also explores the general data types used to develop, calibrate and validate these models. Recent technological development in in-vehicle data collection, driver simulators and machine learning offers considerable potential for improving the behavioural base, rigour and application of road safety simulation models. The paper closes with some indication of areas of future development.
- Accident; analysis and prevention.Accid Anal Prev.2014 May;66:89-103. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2014.01.008. Epub 2014 Jan 20.
- Recent decades have seen considerable growth in computer capabilities, data collection technology and communication mediums. This growth has had considerable impact on our ability to replicate driver behaviour and understand the processes involved in failures in the traffic system. From time to time
- PMID 24531111
- Roving females and patient males: a new perspective on the mating strategies of chimpanzees.
- Newton-Fisher NE.Author information School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT4 7NR, U.K.AbstractMating strategies are sets of decisions aimed at maximizing reproductive success. For male animals, the fundamental problem that these strategies address is attaining mating access to females in a manner that maximizes their chances of achieving paternity. For chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), despite substantial interest in mating strategies, very little attention has been paid to the most fundamental problem that mating strategies need to solve: finding mates. Only a single model, Dunbar's general model of male mating strategies, exists to explain mate-searching behaviour in chimpanzees. Under this model, males in most populations are regarded as pursuing a 'roving' strategy: searching for and sequestering fertile females who are essentially passive with respect to mate searching. The roving mating strategy is an assumption deeply embedded in the way chimpanzee behaviour is considered; it is implicit in the conventional model for chimpanzee social structure, which posits that male ranging functions both to monitor female reproductive state and to ward these females from other groups of males through collective territoriality: essentially, ranging as mating effort. This perspective is, however, increasingly at odds with observations of chimpanzee behaviour. Herein, I review the logic and evidence for the roving-male mating strategy and propose a novel alternative, a theoretical framework in which roving is a strategy pursued by female chimpanzees in order to engage successfully in promiscuous mating. Males, unable to thwart this female strategy, instead maximise the number of reproductive opportunities encountered by focusing their behaviour on countering threats to health, fertility and reproductive career. Their prolonged grooming bouts are seen, in consequence, as functioning to mitigate the negative impacts of socially induced physiological stress. In this new framework, the roving-male strategy becomes, at best, a 'best of a bad job' alternative for low-ranking males when faced with high levels of competition for mating access. Male chimpanzees do not search for mates, but for one another, for food, and, at times, for rivals in other communities. To the extent that female promiscuity functions to counter infanticide risk, mate searching by female chimpanzees-and any associated costs-can be seen as an unavoidable consequence of male sexual coercion. This novel framework is a better fit to the available data than is the conventional account. This review highlights the desperate need for additional work in an area of chimpanzee biology that has been somewhat neglected, perhaps in part because assumptions of roving males have remained unquestioned for too long. It also highlights the need, across taxa, to revisit and revise theory, and to test old assumptions, when faced with contrary data.
- Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society.Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc.2014 May;89(2):356-74. doi: 10.1111/brv.12058. Epub 2014 Jan 2.
- Mating strategies are sets of decisions aimed at maximizing reproductive success. For male animals, the fundamental problem that these strategies address is attaining mating access to females in a manner that maximizes their chances of achieving paternity. For chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), despite
- PMID 24393574
- Association of heme oxygenase-1 with the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome in non-obese women.
- Gao H1, Meng J, Xing H, Nie S, Xu M, Zhang S, Jin Y, Sun T, Huang H, Zhang H, Wang D, Liu L.Author information 1Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, People's Republic of China.AbstractSTUDY QUESTION: Is circulating heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) associated with the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
- Human reproduction (Oxford, England).Hum Reprod.2014 May;29(5):1058-66. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deu029. Epub 2014 Feb 28.
- STUDY QUESTION: Is circulating heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) associated with the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) SUMMARY ANSWER: Lower circulating HO-1 is associated with a higher risk of PCOS in non-obese women, in a dose-related manner.WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PCOS is one of the most common endoc
- PMID 24585089
- 目からウロコの医学英語論文作法 : Simple & Effective Medical Writing(第16回)Effective translation strategies : Application to English writing
- 利益相反取引における情報の非対称性と法人格否認の法理 (<特集I>法と情報)
- Conflicts of Interest The ICMJE Conflict of Interest form is used by many journals. Download the form to your computer. Open the form in Adobe Acrobat Reader, fill it out and then save it to your computer. Submit the form directly to ...
- 利益相反（Conflicts of Interest：COI）に関する情報開示 投稿論文では、著者はその研究にバイアスをもたらす可能性のある全ての利害関係（金銭的・個人的関係）を開示することが求められています。 一般的に開示が必要とされる利害関係
- conflict of interest、competing interest
- conflict of interest、competing interest
- conflict of interest
- interesting、intriguing、of interest
- interested、intriguing、of interest