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「a chronic contagious viral disease marked by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye and the formation of scar tissue」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/01/04 16:31:25」(JST)

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  • Challenges and key research questions for yaws eradication.
  • Marks M1, Mitjà O2, Vestergaard LS3, Pillay A4, Knauf S5, Chen CY4, Bassat Q6, Martin DL7, Fegan D8, Taleo F9, Kool J10, Lukehart S11, Emerson PM12, Solomon AW13, Ye T14, Ballard RC14, Mabey DC15, Asiedu KB16.
  • The Lancet. Infectious diseases.Lancet Infect Dis.2015 Sep 8. pii: S1473-3099(15)00136-X. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00136-X. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Yaws is endemic in west Africa, southeast Asia, and the Pacific region. To eradicate yaws by 2020, WHO has launched a campaign of mass treatment with azithromycin. Progress has been made towards achievement of this ambitious goal, including the validation of point-of-care and molecular diagnostic te
  • PMID 26362174
  • Sex-related alcohol expectancies and high-risk sexual behaviour among drinking adults in Kampala, Uganda.
  • Nash SD1, Katamba A, Mafigiri DK, Mbulaiteye SM, Sethi AK.
  • Global public health.Glob Public Health.2015 Aug 28:1-14. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Alcohol consumption, a risk factor for HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, is considered high in Uganda. A cross sectional study was conducted to determine whether sex-related expectations about the effects of alcohol explain the association between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviours in a p
  • PMID 26315308
  • The Potential Use of Natural and Structural Analogues of Antimicrobial Peptides in the Fight against Neglected Tropical Diseases.
  • Angélique L1, Frederik WJ2, Garmi J3, Hester du PL4.
  • Molecules (Basel, Switzerland).Molecules.2015 Aug 24;20(8):15392-433. doi: 10.3390/molecules200815392.
  • Recently, research into the development of new antimicrobial agents has been driven by the increase in resistance to traditional antibiotics and Emerging Infectious Diseases. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are promising candidates as alternatives to current antibiotics in the treatment and prevention
  • PMID 26305243
  • Eye health outreach services in the Pacific Islands region: an updated profile.
  • Lees J, McCool J1, Woodward A.
  • The New Zealand medical journal.N Z Med J.2015 Aug 21;128(1420):25-33.
  • BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports indicate a decreasing number of patients presenting for assessment, and in particular a reduction in the number of patients requiring cataract surgery in Pacific Island Countries (PICs). Furthermore, research and routine surveillance is uncommon.AIM: To analyse and desc
  • PMID 26367510


  • 1930年代地域社会の様相 : 青森県におけるトラホーム問題対策を中心に
  • ミャンマーにおける「JICAハンセン病対策・基礎保健サービス改善プロジェクト」
  • 石田 裕,疋田 和生
  • 日本ハンセン病学会雑誌 74(3), 185-190, 2005
  • … Beside leprosy, the project conducted a series of refresher trainings for primary health care givers, Basic Health Service Staff (BHS), of project areas (48 townships) to improve the services on tuberculosis, Malaria, Leprosy, Trachoma and HIV/AIDS for 3 years (2001-2003), which was evaluated in 2004. …
  • NAID 130000760138
  • A critical review of the SAFE strategy for the prevention of blinding trachoma


Includes information on trachoma, prevention, treatment, initiative and programs. Founded by Pfizer Inc and The Edna McConnell Clark Foundation.
Trachoma: WHO health topic page on trachoma provides links to descriptions of activities, reports, publications, statistics, news, multimedia and events, as well as contacts and cooperating partners in the various WHO programmes ...
Definition Active trachoma is chronic inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by infection with Chlamydia trachomatis. The World Health Organization simplified trachoma grading scheme defines active trachoma as TF and ...


Trachoma PicturesTrachoma. Tarsal conjunctival scarringDistribution of trachoma worldwide, 2009 Trachoma: facies of active trachoma in a Is the end in sight for trachoma?download the trachoma grading cards side 1 trachoma: trichiasis, pannus, and corneal Trachoma

拡張検索Chlamydia trachomatis



see. マイナーエマージェンシー第1版 p.65 SOP.174


  • 結膜に起こる炎症疾患の総称。


  • ウイルス性結膜炎
  • 病原体:アデノウイルス、エンテロウイルス、単純ヘルペスウイルス、インフルエンザウイルス、水痘・帯状疱疹ウイルス、風疹ウイルス、麻疹ウイルス、EBウイルス。
  • 治療法:対症療法。単純ヘルペスに対してはアシクロビル眼軟膏。
  • 症状:透明な滲出液、耳介前リンパ節腫脹、結膜濾胞
  • 細菌性結膜炎
  • 症状:黄白色の眼脂、軽度疼痛


  疾患名 病原体 潜伏期 病型 症状、経過
感染性結膜炎 流行性角結膜炎 epidemic keratoconjunctivitis はやりめ アデノウイルス8,19,37型(ときに4型) 7-14日 急性濾胞性結膜炎 眼脂、流涙、羞明。眼瞼腫瘤、結膜充血、浮腫、結膜の小出血斑。耳前リンパ節の腫脹と圧痛。2-4週間で消退。発症後10日後に角膜に点状上皮化混濁。
咽頭結膜熱 pharyngoconjunctival fever プール熱 アデノウイルス3型(ときに4,7型) 5-6日 急性結膜炎 急性結膜炎、咽頭炎、発熱。点状上皮化混濁は少ない。
急性出血性結膜炎 acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis   エンテロウイルス70型 1日 球結膜下出血。眼球は浮腫状、結膜充血、濾胞形成は軽度。耳前リンパ節腫脹軽度。発症より3-4日にびまん性の多発性びらん。眼痛、異物感、羞明。約1週間で治癒。罹患後2,3週間後に四肢の弛緩性の運動麻痺や脳神経麻痺があり得る。  
トラコーマ trachoma          
封入体結膜炎 inclusion conjunctivitis          
新生児封入体結膜炎 neonatal inclusion conjunctivitis          
細菌性結膜炎 bacterial conjunctivitis          
淋菌性結膜炎 gonococcal conjunctivitis          
新生児膿漏眼 blennorrhea of the newborn          
アレルギー性結膜疾患 アレルギー性結膜炎 allergic conjunctivitis          
春季カタル vernal conjunctivitis          
その他の結膜炎 フリクテン性結膜炎 phlyctenular conjunctivitis 束状結膜炎        
慢性濾胞性結膜炎 chronic follicular conjunctivitis          
Stevens-Johnson症候群 Stevens-Johnson syndrome          
眼類天疱瘡 ocular pemphigoid          
結膜弛緩症 conjunctivochalasis          




Chlamydia trachomatis」




  • 扁性細胞寄生菌 ← 細胞内への移行性・ペプチドグリカン無く、βラクタム無効、アミノグリコシド無効
  • 細胞壁有り
  • ペプチドグリカン無し





  • 潜伏期間2-3週間で、多くは無症状で経過。帯下は軽度増量し、水様透明の漿液性


  • 尿道炎
  • 精巣上体炎