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  • A new method for detection of five alternaria toxins in food matrices based on LC-APCI-MS.
  • Prelle A, Spadaro D, Garibaldi A, Gullino ML.SourceCentre of Competence for the Innovation in the Agro-Environmental Sector (AGROINNOVA), University of Turin, Grugliasco (TO), Italy.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2013 Sep 1;140(1-2):161-7. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.12.065. Epub 2013 Feb 27.
  • A new method for the detection of alternariol (AOH), alternariol monomethyl ether (AME), altenuene (ALT), tentoxin (TEN), and tenuazonic acid (TeA), five alternaria toxins (ATs) was developed by liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry equipped with atmospheric pressure chemical ion
  • PMID 23578628
  • Polyphasic approach to the identification of Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from Brazil nuts.
  • Baquião AC, de Oliveira MM, Reis TA, Zorzete P, Diniz Atayde D, Correa B.SourceDepartamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 1374, CEP 05508-000 São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2013 Aug 15;139(1-4):1127-32. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.01.007. Epub 2013 Jan 16.
  • The aim of this study was to use a polyphasic approach to identify Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from Brazil nuts collected in the Amazon forest: investigation of macro- and microscopic morphology, production of extrolites, heat-resistance fungi, and sequencing of DNA regions. The following Asp
  • PMID 23561218
  • Screening test for rapid food safety evaluation by menadione-catalysed chemiluminescent assay.
  • Yamashoji S, Yoshikawa N, Kirihara M, Tsuneyoshi T.SourceShizuoka Institute of Science and Technology, 2200-2 Toyosawa, Fukuroi, Shizuoka 437-8555, Japan. Electronic address:
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2013 Jun 15;138(4):2146-51. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.12.037. Epub 2012 Dec 29.
  • The chemiluminescent assay of menadione-catalysed H2O2 production by living mammalian cells was proposed to be useful for rapid food safety evaluation. The tested foods were extracted with water, ethanol and dimethylsulfoxide, and each extract was incubated with NIH3T3, Neuro-2a and HepG2 cells for
  • PMID 23497869


  • 下痢性貝毒(オカダ酸群)検査法
  • 大城 直雅
  • 食品衛生研究 = Food sanitation research 65(4), 29-36, 2015-04
  • NAID 40020427347
  • 貝類の下痢性貝毒について
  • 仲川 玲,川越 匡洋
  • 食品衛生研究 = Food sanitation research 65(4), 21-27, 2015-04
  • NAID 40020427341
  • Isolation of B subunit-specific monoclonal antibody clones that strongly neutralize the toxicity of Shiga toxin 2
  • Arimitsu Hideyuki,Sasaki Keiko,Iba Yoshitaka [他]
  • Microbiology and immunology 59(2), 71-81, 2015-02
  • NAID 40020388170


Toxins — Open Access Toxinology Journal Toxins (ISSN 2072-6651; CODEN: TOXIB7) is an open access journal of toxinology published monthly online by MDPI. Open Access - free for readers, with publishing fees paid by authors or their institutions.
(tŏk'sĭn) A poisonous substance, especially one produced by a living organism. Toxins can be products or byproducts of ordinary metabolism, such as lactic acid, and they must be broken down or excreted before building up to ...


Terrible ToxinsToxicity and Detoxification SolutionsNo-Nonsense Look at Toxins and How Your Hidden ToxinsHow To Get Rid Of Toxins?is given to cure a patient, these toxins




外毒素 内毒素
ポリペプチド リポ多糖体(lipopolysaccharide: LPS)
細菌細胞からの分泌 グラム陰性菌の細胞壁の外膜に存在
宿主組織内-拡散 細菌細胞の崩壊により放出
多くは熱不安定性 熱安定性
分泌部位~遠隔部位に作用 血行性に拡散しエンドトキシンショック
トキソイド化可 トキソイド化不可(毒性中心はリピドA)



Staphylococcal enterotoxins, SE



  • n.

WordNet   license wordnet

「a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species」

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