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- 1. 遺伝学およびゲノミクスのためのツール：遺伝子発現プロファイリング tools for genetics and genomics gene expression profiling
- 2. 進展型小細胞肺癌：初期マネージメント extensive stage small cell lung cancer initial management
- 3. 成人における古典型ホジキンリンパ腫の治療の概要 overview of the treatment of classical hodgkin lymphoma in adults
- 4. 開腹手術における切開 incisions for open abdominal surgery
- 5. 超音波内視鏡検査：正常な食道の解剖学 endoscopic ultrasound anatomy of the normal esophagus
- Dual-species biofilm formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 and environmental bacteria isolated from fresh-cut processing facilities.
- Liu NT1, Nou X2, Lefcourt AM3, Shelton DR3, Lo YM4.Author information 1Environmental Microbial and Food Safety Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20740, United States.2Environmental Microbial and Food Safety Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States. Electronic address: email@example.comEnvironmental Microbial and Food Safety Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States.4Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20740, United States.AbstractBiofilm formation is a mechanism adapted by many microorganisms that enhances the survival in stressful environments. In food processing facilities, foodborne bacterial pathogens, which many are poor biofilm formers, could potentially take advantage of this protective mechanism by interacting with other strong biofilm producers. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of bacteria native to fresh produce processing environments on the incorporation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in biofilms. Bacteria strains representing 13 Gram-negative species isolated from two fresh produce processing facilities in a previous study were tested for forming dual-species biofilms with E. coli O157:H7. Strong biofilm producing strains of Burkholderia caryophylli and Ralstonia insidiosa exhibited 180% and 63% increase in biofilm biomass, and significant thickening of the biofilms (B. caryophylli not tested), when co-cultured with E. coli O157:H7. E. coli O157:H7 populations increased by approximately 1 log in dual-species biofilms formed with B. caryophylli or R. insidiosa. While only a subset of environmental isolates with strong biofilm formation abilities increased the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in biofilms, all tested E. coli O157:H7 exhibited higher incorporation in dual-species biofilms with R. insidiosa. These observations support the notion that E. coli O157:H7 and specific strong biofilm producing bacteria interact synergistically in biofilm formation, and suggest a route for increased survival potential of E. coli O157:H7 in fresh produce processing environments.
- International journal of food microbiology.Int J Food Microbiol.2014 Feb 3;171:15-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2013.11.007. Epub 2013 Nov 18.
- Biofilm formation is a mechanism adapted by many microorganisms that enhances the survival in stressful environments. In food processing facilities, foodborne bacterial pathogens, which many are poor biofilm formers, could potentially take advantage of this protective mechanism by interacting with o
- PMID 24296258
- Environmental determinants of the urinary concentrations of herbicides during pregnancy: The PELAGIE mother-child cohort (France).
- Chevrier C1, Serrano T2, Lecerf R3, Limon G4, Petit C2, Monfort C2, Hubert-Moy L3, Durand G4, Cordier S2.Author information 1INSERM (National Institute of Health and Medical Research) U1085-IRSET, Rennes, France; University of Rennes I, Rennes, France. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.orgINSERM (National Institute of Health and Medical Research) U1085-IRSET, Rennes, France; University of Rennes I, Rennes, France.3LETG-Rennes-COSTEL, UMR CNRS 6554, University of Rennes 2, Rennes, France.4IDHESA, Plouzané, France.AbstractHerbicides are generally the most extensively used of the pesticides applied to agricultural crops. However, the literature contains little evidence useful in assessing the potential sources of the general population's exposure to herbicides, including by residential proximity to crops. The objective of this study was to take advantage of data from the PELAGIE mother-child cohort to identify the main determinants of the body burden of exposure to the chloroacetanilide and triazine herbicides commonly used on corn crops in Brittany, France, before 2006. Urine samples from a randomly selected subcohort of women in the first trimester of pregnancy (n=579) were assayed for herbicide metabolites. The residential exposure resulting from proximity to corn crops was assessed with satellite-image-based scores combined with meteorological data. Data on diet, drinking tap water (from the public water supply), occupations, and household herbicide use were collected by questionnaires. Herbicides were quantified in 5.3% to 39.7% of urine samples. Alachlor and acetochlor were found most frequently in the urine of women living in rural areas. The presence of dealkylated triazine metabolites in urine samples was positively associated with residential proximity to corn crops (OR=1.38, 95% CI: 1.05-1.80). Urinary metabolites of both atrazine and dealkylated triazine were correlated with tap water consumption (OR=2.94, 1.09-7.90, and OR=1.82, 1.10-3.03, respectively); hydroxylated triazine metabolites were correlated with fish intake (OR=1.48, 1.09-1.99). This study reinforces previous results that suggest that environmental contamination resulting from agricultural activities may contribute to the general population's exposure to herbicides.
- Environment international.Environ Int.2014 Feb;63:11-8. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2013.10.010. Epub 2013 Nov 16.
- Herbicides are generally the most extensively used of the pesticides applied to agricultural crops. However, the literature contains little evidence useful in assessing the potential sources of the general population's exposure to herbicides, including by residential proximity to crops. The objectiv
- PMID 24246238
- Continuing education-"the action level"®.
- Pierce JT.AbstractAccess "The Action Level"® Questions online at: http://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alquestions.htm Access "The Action Level"® Answers online at: http://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alanswers.htm Access "The Action Level"® Registration Form online at: https://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alregfrm.htm "The Action Level,"® a self-study, continuing education program, provides a convenient and interesting opportunity for individuals to expand their knowledge in relevant areas of industrial hygiene, as well as occupational and environmental safety and health. The program is approved by both the American Board of Industrial Hygiene and the Board of Certified Safety Professionals, which award Certification Maintenance (CM) points and Continuance of Certification (COC) points, respectively, for successful Participants. participation must read each issue of the Journal, answer "The Action Level"® questions, and return the completed answer sheet at the end of that issue's "The Action Level"® column. To earn the designated CM or COC credit, a score of 70 percent or better is required within a 12-month period. Certified Industrial Hygienists and Certified Associate Industrial Hygienists may earn 2 points per year. Certified Safety Professionals may earn 1.2 points per year. Enrollment is possible each month, but points are awarded only four times each year-in March, June, September, and December-to participants who score an average of 70 percent or better within each three-month period. If you register in February 2014, you will receive 0.5 CM points and/or 0.3 COC points after you have completed answers sheets for February and March, 2014, and scored a 70 percent or better average on them (only in your first quarter of enrollment, if enrolling in the middle of the quarter, will you be permitted to submit answer sheets for two months and receive full credit; three answer sheets are required for all other quarters). In the next quarter, you'll receive 0.5 CM points and/or 0.3 COC points after satisfactorily completing answer sheets for the April, May, and June 2014 issues, and so on. To enroll, complete the registration form and the answer sheet at the end of this "The Action Level"® column or register online at https://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alregfrm.htm . The cost is $219 (ACGIH®/AIHA members)/$249 (nonmembers) for one year. Nonmembers are encouraged to become members to take advantage of the member discount. For more information regarding ACGIH® membership, call 513-742-2020, or apply online at http://www.acgih.org/members/memberform.htm . Checks must be in U.S. currency, drawn on a U.S. bank, and payable to ACGIH®. We also accept AmEx, MasterCard, Discover, and Visa. This continuing education program fee is separate from the Journal subscription cost. The fee covers administration costs and is nonrefundable.
- Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene.J Occup Environ Hyg.2014 Feb;11(2):D34-6. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2014.854997.
- Access "The Action Level"® Questions online at: http://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alquestions.htm Access "The Action Level"® Answers online at: http://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alanswers.htm Access "The Action Level"® Registration Form online at: https://www.acgih.org/products/joeh/alregfrm.ht
- PMID 24369937
- 数理基礎科目におけるクリティカルシンキングの活用事例－クリティカルシンキングを活用させる授業工夫と課題の作成－;Case Study in Utilizing Critical Thinkingin Mathematical Foundation Courses－Teaching management and problem preparationto take advantage of critical thinking－
- 山岡 英孝;Hidetaka YAMAOKA,谷口 進一;Shin-ichi TANIGUCHI,西 誠;Makoto NISHI
- 工学教育研究;KIT progress (22), 201-213, 2015-03-31
- … 告では，数理基礎科目の中で，学生に「クリティカルシンキング」を意識させるために作成した課題や，授業運営に関する教育上の工夫を紹介し，その効果についての分析結果を報告する．;It is expected that the mathematical foundation courses of engineering college don't supply the basic knowledge of mathematics but also cultivate "abstract thinking", such as consideration by modeling problems, and "logical thinking", to derive the correct solutions to …
- NAID 120005600670
- 栗原 佑介
- 情報処理学会論文誌 56(3), 1099-1106, 2015-03-15
- … This paper addresses the issue of the right of publicity in regard to rights clearance, and clarifies the limitations on this right. … There are certain critical issues regarding this right since the Supreme Court of Japan provided a legal definition for the term on February 2, 2012. …
- NAID 170000121277
- 栗原 佑介
- 情報処理学会論文誌 56(3), 1099-1106, 2015-03-15
- MOOC等のオープン型教育コンテンツや文化財(文化資源)のデジタルアーカイブ化が政府主導によって,推進または推奨されている.本稿では,このようなデジタルコンテンツの権利処理過程において,残存あるいは事後的に生成されうるパブリシティ権の問題点を明らかにする.特に,ピンク・レディー事件(平成24年2月2日)の最高裁判決をふまえ,なお残る論点との関係で言及する.パブリシティ権の問題は,学説判例によって権 …
- NAID 110009884105
- take advantage ofとは。意味や和訳。(1) 〈機会などを〉利用するtake advantage of an opportunity好機に乗じるtake full advantage of the scientific breakthrough科学上の画期的な成果を十分活用する.(2) 〈人を〉だます, 〈人の弱み・善意 ...
- advantage (ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ) —n (often foll by over or of) 1. superior or more favourable position or power: he had an advantage over me because of his experience 2. benefit or profit (esp in the phrase to one's advantage) 3. tennis a.
- employ、employment、exploit、exploitation、harness、make use of、take advantage of、usage、utilisation、utilise、utilization、utilize
- employ、equip、equipment、exploit、exploitation、furnish、furnishment、make use of、take advantage of、usage、use、utilisation、utilise、utilization、utilize
- rein in, draw rein, rein
- develop, development, employ, exploitation, harness, make use of, pioneer, take advantage of, usage, use, utilisation, utilise, utilization, utilize
- develop、development、employ、exploit、harness、make use of、pioneer、take advantage of、usage、use、utilisation、utilise、utilization、utilize
- employment、exploit、exploitation、harness、make use of、take advantage of、usage、use、utilisation、utilise、utilization、utilize
- get hold of
- occupy, use up