smooth

出典: meddic

滑らかな、平らな、滑面の、スムーズな、スムースな

evenflatplanesmooth-surfacedsmoothly

WordNet   license wordnet

「of the margin of a leaf shape; not broken up into teeth」

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「the act of smoothing; "he gave his hair a quick smooth"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「free from obstructions; "smooth the way towards peace negotiations"」
smooth out

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「make smooth or smoother, as if by rubbing; "smooth the surface of the wood"」
smoothen

WordNet   license wordnet

「having a surface free from roughness or bumps or ridges or irregularities; "smooth skin"; "a smooth tabletop"; "smooth fabric"; "a smooth road"; "water as smooth as a mirror"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「lacking obstructions or difficulties; "the bill''s path through the legislature was smooth and orderly"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「of motion that runs or flows or proceeds without jolts or turbulence; "a smooth ride"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(表面が)『滑らかな』,すべすべした;『平らな』平坦(へいたん)な / (動きが)円滑な,揺れのない / (物事が)すらすら運ぶ,順調な,平隠な / (味など)滑らかな;(練り粉など)つぶつぶ(むら)のない / 愛想のよい,取り入るような / …‘を'『滑らかにする』,平らにする,〈髪など〉‘を'なでつける《+『out(down)』+『名,』+『名』+『out(down)』》 / 〈物事〉‘を'容易にする,円滑にする《+『away(out)』+『名,』+『away(out)』》 / 〈人・気持ちなど〉‘を'静める,和らげる《+『down』+『名,』+『名』+『down』》 / 滑らか(平ら)になる;隠やかになる《+『down』》 / =smoothly」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/10/08 19:46:19」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Vasoactive effects of stable aqueous suspensions of single walled carbon nanotubes in hamsters and mice.
  • Frame MD, Dewar AM, Mullick Chowdhury S, Sitharaman B.Author information Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University , Stony Brook, NY 11794 , USA.AbstractAbstract Single-walled carbon nanotubes synthesized with iron (Fe-SWCNT) or gadolinium (Gd-SWCNT) show promise as high performance multimodal contrast and drug-delivery agents. Our purpose was to evaluate potential vasoactive effects of SWCNT. Stable aqueous solutions of Fe-SWCNTs or Gd-SWCNTs were made using the biocompatible amphiphilic polymer N-(carbonyl-methoxypolyethyleneglycol 2000)-1,2-distearoylsn-glycero-3- phosphoethanolamine (PEG-DSPE). Both aggregated and non-aggregated (sonicated) formulations were tested. The initial vasoactivity of the formulations and their potential for inducing pro-inflammatory endothelial dysfunction were investigated in the hamster cheek pouch and murine cremaster muscle intravital microscopy models. These models provide an assay to test several formulations/dosages in a paired fashion. Abluminal exposure to small arterioles exposes both endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells. Using abluminal exposures of dosages that would approximate the first pass of an i.v. bolus injection, both Fe-SWCNTs and Gd-SWCNTs were immediately vasoactive. Aggregated formulations induced dilation and non-aggregated formulations induced constriction in both hamsters and mice. Endothelial dysfunction was evident after exposure to either aggregated or non-aggregated forms. General loss of dilator capability was seen after exposure to non-aggregated but not aggregated forms. Thus concentrations mimicking bolus dosing of PEG-DSPE coated SWCNT induce both acute and chronic vascular responses.
  • Nanotoxicology.Nanotoxicology.2014 Dec;8:867-75. doi: 10.3109/17435390.2013.837209. Epub 2013 Sep 30.
  • Abstract Single-walled carbon nanotubes synthesized with iron (Fe-SWCNT) or gadolinium (Gd-SWCNT) show promise as high performance multimodal contrast and drug-delivery agents. Our purpose was to evaluate potential vasoactive effects of SWCNT. Stable aqueous solutions of Fe-SWCNTs or Gd-SWCNTs were
  • PMID 23992463
  • Encapsulation of plai oil/2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes in polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) electrospun nanofibers for topical application.
  • Tonglairoum P, Chuchote T, Ngawhirunpat T, Rojanarata T, Opanasopit P.Author information Pharmaceutical Development of Green Innovations Group (PDGIG), Faculty of Pharmacy, Silpakorn University , Thailand.AbstractAbstract The aim of this study was to prepare electrospun polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) nanofiber mats and to incorporate plai oil (Zingiber Cassumunar Roxb.). The plai oil with 10, 20 and 30% wt to polymer were incorporated in the PVP/HPβCD solution and electrospun to obtain nanofibers. The morphology and structure of the PVP and PVP/HPβCD nanofiber mats with and without the plai oil were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The thermal behaviors of the nanofiber mats were characterized using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Terpinen-4-ol was used as a marker of the plai oil. The amount of plai oil remaining in the PVP/HPβCD nanofiber mats was determined using gas chromatography-mass spectoscopy (GC-MS). The SEM images revealed that all of the fibers were smooth. The average diameter of fibers was 212-450 nm, and decreased with the increasing of plai oil content. The release characteristics of plai oil from the fiber showed the fast release followed by a sustained release over the experimental time of 24 h. The release rate ranged was in the order of 10% > 20% ∼ 30% plai oil within 24 h. Electrospun fibers with 20% plai oil loading provided the controlled release and also showed the highest plai oil content. Hence, this electrospun nanofiber has a potential for use as an alternative topical application.
  • Pharmaceutical development and technology.Pharm Dev Technol.2014 Jun;19(4):430-7. doi: 10.3109/10837450.2013.788659. Epub 2013 May 7.
  • Abstract The aim of this study was to prepare electrospun polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) nanofiber mats and to incorporate plai oil (Zingiber Cassumunar Roxb.). The plai oil with 10, 20 and 30% wt to polymer were incorporated in the PVP/HPβCD solution and elec
  • PMID 23651060
  • Naltrexone-loaded poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] polymeric microspheres for the treatment of alcohol dependence: in vitro characterization and in vivo biocompatibility assessment.
  • Pagar KP, Vavia PR.Author information Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology, University under Section 3 of UGC Act- 1956, Elite Status & Centre of Excellence - Govt. of Maharashtra , TEQIP Phase II Funded, Matunga, Mumbai, Maharashtra , India.AbstractAbstract The poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] copolymer was applied in the present investigation as polymeric carrier to fabricate naltrexone (NTX)-loaded poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] microspheres in the single emulsion solvent evaporation technique for the long-term treatment of alcohol dependence. Newly synthesized poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] copolymer exhibited diminished crystallanity, good biocompatibility and favorable biodegradability to be explored for drug delivery application. Scanning Electron Microscopy study revealed smooth and spherical-shaped NTX-loaded polymeric microspheres with a mean size of 10-90 µm. Influence of various decisive formulation variables such as amount of polymer, stabilizer concentration, homogenization speed, homogenization time, drug loading and organic-to-aqueous phase ratio on particle size, and entrapment efficiency was studied. Differential scanning calorimeter and X-ray diffractometry study confirmed the drug entrapment within polymer matrix into the microsphere environment. In vitro drug release showed the sustained drug release of formulation for the period of 28 d giving biphasic release pattern. Histological examination of NTX-loaded poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] microspheres injected intramuscularly into the thigh muscle of Wistar rats showed minimal inflammatory reaction, demonstrating that NTX-loaded microspheres were biocompatible. Insignificant increase in the serum creatine phosphokinase level (p < 0.05) as compared with the normal value revealed good muscle compatibility of the poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] microsphere system. Biocompatible nature and sustained drug-release action of poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] microspheres may have potential application in depot therapy.
  • Pharmaceutical development and technology.Pharm Dev Technol.2014 Jun;19(4):385-94. doi: 10.3109/10837450.2013.784334. Epub 2013 Apr 16.
  • Abstract The poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] copolymer was applied in the present investigation as polymeric carrier to fabricate naltrexone (NTX)-loaded poly[La-(Glc-Leu)] microspheres in the single emulsion solvent evaporation technique for the long-term treatment of alcohol dependence. Newly synthesized poly[
  • PMID 23590187
  • Urocortin 2 is associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm and mediates anti-proliferative effects on vascular smooth muscle cells via corticotrophin releasing factor receptor 2.
  • Emeto TI, Moxon JV, Biros E, Rush CM, Clancy P, Woodward L, Moran CS, Jose RJ, Nguyen T, Walker PJ, Golledge J.Author information *The Vascular Biology Unit, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, James Cook Drive, Douglas, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia.AbstractAAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm) is an important cause of sudden death in older adults, but there is no current effective drug therapy for this disease. The UCNs (urocortins1-3) and their receptors: CRFR (corticotrophin-releasing factor receptor)-1 and -2 have been implicated in various CVDs (cardiovascular diseases). We assessed the relative expression of UCN1-3 in AAA by qRT-PCR (quantitative reverse transcription-PCR) and ELISA, and examined in vitro how UCN2 affects human aortic VSMC (vascular smooth muscle cell) Akt phosphorylation, pro-inflammatory cytokine IL (interleukin)-6 secretion, proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis. UCN2 and CRFR2 expression were significantly up-regulated in biopsies from the AAA body. AAA body biopsies released high amounts of UCN2 in vitro. Median plasma UCN2 concentrations were 2.20 ng/ml (interquartile range 1.14-4.55 ng/ml, n=67) in AAA patients and 1.11 ng/ml (interquartile range 0.76-2.55 ng/ml, n=67) in patients with non-aneurysmal PAD (peripheral artery disease) (P=0.001). Patients with UCN2 in the highest quartile had a 4.12-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.37-12.40) greater prevalence of AAA independent of other risk factors, P=0.012. In vitro, UCN2 significantly inhibited VSMC Akt phosphorylation and proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. UCN2 induced VSMC G1 cell-cycle arrest and increased IL-6 secretion over 24 h. The CRFR2 antagonist astressin-2B significantly abrogated the effects of UCN2 on VSMCs. In conclusion, UCN2 is significantly associated with AAA and inhibits VSMC proliferation by inducing a G1 cell cycle arrest suggesting a plausible regulatory role in AAA pathogenesis.
  • Clinical science (London, England : 1979).Clin Sci (Lond).2014 Apr 11;126(7):517-27. doi: 10.1042/CS20130425.
  • AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm) is an important cause of sudden death in older adults, but there is no current effective drug therapy for this disease. The UCNs (urocortins1-3) and their receptors: CRFR (corticotrophin-releasing factor receptor)-1 and -2 have been implicated in various CVDs (cardiov
  • PMID 24107226

和文文献

  • 静電紡糸法により窒素雰囲気中で紡糸した紫外線硬化型液晶性モノマーを用いた微細ファイバーによる液晶配向
  • High-quality InN films on GaN using graded InGaN buffers by MBE
  • 7-Octenyltrichrolosilane/trimethyaluminum hybrid dielectrics fabricated by molecular-atomic layer deposition on ZnO thin film transistors
  • In situ annealing and high-rate silicon epitaxy on porous silicon by mesoplasma process

関連リンク

年齢にこだわらず、ジャンルにこだわらず、集合したくなる、 そんなネイルサロンです。 Smoothは、ネイルのアイコンストアを目指します。 ENGLISH · YOKOSO JAPAN. 03- 3977-8522, WEB予約 · ポイントがご利用可能です · スムースネイルホーム · スムース ...
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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元even」「flat」「plane」「smoothly」「平ら
拡張検索smoothie, smoothy」「vascular smooth muscle cell」「smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum
関連記事smoothed

even」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 平らな、平均の、偶数の
  • adv.
  • (名刺、代名詞を修飾)~さえ、~すら
  • (比較級を強調)いっそう([[still])
  • 実のところ(indeed)
  • ~にもかかわらず(in spite of)
albeitalthoughaveragedespiteeven numbereven-numberedflatin spite ofmeanneverthelessnonethelessnotwithstandingplaneregardlesssmoothstillthoughyet

WordNet   license wordnet

「used as an intensive especially to indicate something unexpected; "even an idiot knows that"; "declined even to consider the idea"; "I don''t have even a dollar!"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『平らな』,平たんな / 『同じ高さの』,同一平面の,平行の / (運動・動作・品質などが)『均一の』,規則的な,一様の,むらのない / (数・量などが)『同じの』,等しい,釣り合のとれた互角の / 『偶数の』 / 公平な,公正な(fair) / 平静な,穏やかな,落ち着いた(calm) / 貸借にない,清算済みの / 端数のない,ちょうどの,きっかりの / 《意味を強めて,不審や意外の念を含み》…『でさえも』,までも / 《比較級の前に用いて》『なおいっそう』,さらに(still,yet) / 《形容詞の前または後の用いて》(…と)すら言える;《古》《時を表す副詞の前に用いて》ちょうど / …‘を'平らにする,ならす / …‘を'釣り合わせる,平均させる《+『up』+『名』,+『名』+『up』》 / …‘の'変動をなくする,‘を'安定させる《+『out』+『名』,+『名』+『out』》」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「夕べ,晩」

WordNet   license wordnet

「become even or more even; "even out the surface"」
even out

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「make even or more even」
even out

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「equal in degree or extent or amount; or equally matched or balanced; "even amounts of butter and sugar"; "on even terms"; "it was a fifty-fifty (or even) split"; "had a fifty-fifty (or even) chance"; "an even fight"」
fifty-fifty

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「occurring at fixed intervals; "a regular beat"; "the even rhythm of his breathing"」
regular

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「symmetrically arranged; "even features"; "regular features"; "a regular polygon"」
regular

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「to a greater degree or extent; used with comparisons; "looked sick and felt even worse"; "an even (or still) more interesting problem"; "still another problem must be solved"; "a yet sadder tale"」
yet, still

WordNet   license wordnet

「being level or straight or regular and without variation as e.g. in shape or texture; or being in the same plane or at the same height as something else (i.e. even with); "an even application of varnish"; "an even floor"; "the road was not very even"; "the picture is even with the window"」

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「divisible by two」

WordNet   license wordnet

「in spite of; notwithstanding; "even when he is sick, he works"; "even with his head start she caught up with him"」

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「to the full extent; "loyal even unto death"」

flat」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 平らな、扁平の
evenplanesmooth

WordNet   license wordnet

「with flat sails; "sail flat against the wind"」

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「a deflated pneumatic tire」
flat tire

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「a shallow box in which seedlings are started」

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「scenery consisting of a wooden frame covered with painted canvas; part of a stage setting」

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「a level tract of land; "the salt flats of Utah"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a musical notation indicating one half step lower than the note named」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「平『平らな』,平たんな / 《補語にのみ用いて》べったりと広がった(横になった) / 薄っぺらな(shallow) / 《名詞の前にのみ用いて》露骨な,あからさまな;(positive) / (料金・価格などが)均一(一律)の(uniform) / たいくつな,おもしろくない,気の抜けた / (発泡飲料が)気の抜けた / 空気のはいっていない,しぼんだ / (絵画で色調が)変化に乏しい,光沢を消した / (音楽で)変音の,半音下がった / 『きっぱりと』 / 正確に,きっかり / 本来の音程より下げて / 『平面』,平たい部分 / 平地,低地;《複数形で》湿地,沼地,浅瀬 / 枠張り物(舞台背景用のベニヤ・布などを張った枠組み) / 《おもに米》空気の抜けたタイヤ;パンク / 半音低い音,変音;変音記号」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「=apartment(同一階にある居間・食事部屋・台所・寝室などぐ含んだ住居)」

WordNet   license wordnet

「having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another; "a flat desk"; "acres of level farmland"; "a plane surface"; "skirts sewn with fine flat seams"」
level, plane

WordNet   license wordnet

「not reflecting light; not glossy; "flat wall paint"; "a photograph with a matte finish"」
mat, matt, matte, matted

WordNet   license wordnet

「sounded or spoken in a tone unvarying in pitch; "the owl''s faint monotonous hooting"」
monotone, monotonic, monotonous

WordNet   license wordnet

「stretched out and lying at full length along the ground; "found himself lying flat on the floor"」
prostrate

WordNet   license wordnet

「(of a musical note) lowered in pitch by one chromatic semitone; "B flat"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「commercially inactive; "flat sales for the month"; "prices remained flat"; "a flat market"」

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「having a relatively broad surface in relation to depth or thickness; "flat computer monitors"」

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「having lost effervescence; "flat beer"; "a flat cola"」

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「horizontally level; "a flat roof"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「lacking contrast or shading between tones」

plane」

  [★]

  • n.
  • adj.
  • 平らな
aspectchamferevenfacefacetflatplanarsidesmoothsurface

WordNet   license wordnet

「make even or smooth, with or as with a carpenter''s plane; "plane the top of the door"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「(mathematics) an unbounded two-dimensional shape; "we will refer to the plane of the graph as the X-Y plane"; "any line joining two points on a plane lies wholly on that plane"」
sheet

WordNet   license wordnet

「a level of existence or development; "he lived on a worldly plane"」

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「a carpenter''s hand tool with an adjustable blade for smoothing or shaping wood; "the cabinetmaker used a plane for the finish work"」
carpenter''s plane, woodworking plane

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「a power tool for smoothing or shaping wood」
planer, planing machine

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「cut or remove with or as if with a plane; "The machine shaved off fine layers from the piece of wood"」
shave

WordNet   license wordnet

「travel on the surface of water」
skim

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『平面』,水平面 / 『水準』,程度 / 《話》『飛行機』 / (面が)平らな,平たんな / 平面の,平面図形の;平面上にある / 〈飛行機〉滑走する」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「かんな / …‘に'かんなをかける;…‘を'平らにする / かんなをかける」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「=plane tree」


smoothly」

  [★]

  • 滑らかに
smooth

WordNet   license wordnet

「in a smooth and diplomatic manner; "`And now,'' he said smoothly, `we will continue the conversation''"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「with no problems or difficulties; "put the plans into effect quickly and smoothly"; "despite of some mishaps, everything went swimmingly"」
swimmingly

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(またsmooth)滑らかに,円滑に;平隠に」

平ら」

  [★]

flatsmoothplaneeven
滑面偶数滑らか平均平面扁平にもかかわらずスムーススムーズ


smoothie, smoothy」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「上品な人,洗練された人;女性扱いのじょうずな人」

vascular smooth muscle cell」

  [★]

VSMC

smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum」

  [★]

滑面小胞体

smooth endoplasmic reticulum


smoothed」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「made smooth by ironing」
smoothened

"http://meddic.jp/smooth" より作成


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